Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia

Regno Lombardo-Veneto
Lombardo-Venezianisches Königreich

Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia
Client state to Austria

1815 – 1866

Flag

Enlarge picture
Location of Lombardy-Venetia
Lombardy and Venetia as parts of the kingdom
CapitalMilan
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy Lombardy-Venetia, 1815]]|Client state }}
King
 - 1815-1835Francis I
 - 1835-1848Ferdinand I
 - 1848-1866Francis Joseph I
Viceroy
 - 1857-1859Maximilian (of Habsburg)
History
 - Congress of Vienna9 June, 1815
 - RevolutionsMarch 22, 1848
 - Treaty of ZurichNovember 10, 1859
 - Treaty of ViennaOctober 12, 1866
Area
 - 185046,991 km² (0 sq mi)
Population
 - 1850 est.5,100,000 
     Density0 /km  (0 /sq mi)


The Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (Italian: Regno Lombardo-Veneto; German: Lombardo-Venezianisches Königreich) was a political entity established in northern Italy after the defeat of Napoleon, according to the decisions of the Congress of Vienna, on 9 June 1815. The Kingdom ceased to exist when the remaining portion of it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866.

The Congress of Vienna combined the territories of Lombardy (which had been ruled by the Habsburgs since the 16th century, and by the Austrian branch of the family from 1713 to 1796) and Venetia (which had been under Austrian rule intermittently since 1797) into a single unit under the Austrian Habsburgs.

Administratively the Kingdom comprised two independent governments in the two parts. Lombardy included the provinces of Milan, Como, Bergamo, Brescia, Pavia, Cremona, Mantova, Lodi-Cream, and Sondrio. Venetia included the provinces of Venice, Verona, Padova, Vicenza, Treviso, Rovigo, Belluno, and Udine.[1]

The Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia was first ruled by Francis from 1815 to his death in 1835. Ferdinand ruled from 1835 to 1848.

After a popular revolution on 22 March 1848 (The Five Days of Milan), the Austrians fled from Milan, which become the capital city of the Governo Provvisorio della Lombardia (Lombardy Provisional Government). The next day, Venice also arose against the Austrians, forming the Governo Provvisorio di Venezia (Venice Provisional Government). The Austrians, after defeating the Sardinian troops at the Custoza (24-25 July 1848), entered in Milan (6 August) and Venice (24 August 1849), restoring Austrian rule.

Francis Joseph ruled over the Kingdom for the rest of its existence. His younger brother Maximilian, who later became Emperor of Mexico, served as his viceroy in Milan between 1857 and 1859.

Lombardy was annexed to the embryonic Italian state in 1859, by the Treaty of Zurich after the Second Italian War of Independence; Venetia was ceded to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866 in the aftermath of the Seven Weeks War, by the Treaty of Prague.[1]

Kings of Lombardy-Venetia

See also

References

1. ^ Rosita Rindler Schjerve (2003) "Diglossia and Power: Language Policies and Practice in the 19th Century Habsburg Empire", ISBN 311017653X, pp. 199-200
Austrian empire may refer to:
  • The Austrian monarchy, see Habsburg Monarchy (1526–1867)
  • Austrian Empire (1804-1867)
  • Austria-Hungary (1867-1918)

See also

  • Holy Roman Empire (843-1806)
  • Countries of the Austrian Empire (1804-1867

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The Kingdom of Italy (Italian: Regno d'Italia, but also Regno Italico; 17 March 1805–11 April 1814) was founded in Northern Italy by Napoleon, and ended with his defeat and fall.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1780s  1790s  1800s  - 1810s -  1820s  1830s  1840s
1812 1813 1814 - 1815 - 1816 1817 1818

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1830s  1840s  1850s  - 1860s -  1870s  1880s  1890s
1863 1864 1865 - 1866 - 1867 1868 1869

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Regione Lombardia


Map highlighting the location of Lombardy in Italy

Capital Milan
President Roberto Formigoni
(Forza Italia-House of Freedoms)
Provinces 12
Comuni 1546
Area 23,861 km
 - Ranked 4th (7.
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Venetia is a female given name.
  • Venetia Stanley (1600-1633), an Elizabethan Catholic and wife of Kenelm Digby
  • Venetia Stanley (1887–1948), a British aristocrat and socialite remembered for her 1910-1915 correspondence with Prime Minister Herbert Asquith

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Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. This is a list of such cities, sorted by country and then by date.
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MILAN (French: Missile d´infanterie léger antichar = Anti-Tank Light Infantry Missile) is a European anti-tank guided missile. Design of the MILAN started in 1962. It was ready for trials in 1971, and was accepted for service in 1972.
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government is a body that has the power to make and the authority to enforce rules and laws within a civil, corporate, religious, academic, or other organization or group.[1]
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constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a constitution and is the sole source of political
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Client state is one of several terms used to describe the subordination of one state to a more powerful state in international affairs. It is the least specific of these terms and may be treated as a broad category which includes satellite state, puppet state, neo-colony,
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monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. Monarchs almost always inherit their titles and are rulers for life; that is, they have no term limit. Historically monarchs have been more or less absolute rulers.
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Francis II (Francis I of Austria)
Holy Roman Emperor, Emperor of Austria,
King of Hungary and Bohemia


Reign as Holy Roman Emperor -
March 1 1792 - August 6 1806;
as Emperor of Austria -
August 11 1804 - March 2 1835

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Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as emperor and king (as Ferdinand V) in 1835. He chose to abdicate, after a series of revolts in 1848.
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Franz Joseph I
Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary

Reign 2 December, 1848–21 November, 1916
Born 18 July 1830(1830--)
Died 21 November 1916 (aged 86)

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A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning "in the place of" and French roi, meaning king.
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Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico

Reign April 10, 1864 – May 15, 1867
Coronation April 10, 1864
Born July 6 1832(1832--)
Schönbrunn, Vienna, Austria
Died
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The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from late September, 1814, to June 9, 1815.
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June 9 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, appeared to be a revolutionary wave which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the revolutions of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest
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March 22 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperors.

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1845 1846 1847 - 1848 - 1849 1850 1851

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The Treaty of Zurich was signed by the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia (allied to the French Empire) on November 10, 1859.
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November 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 1444 - Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka

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1856 1857 1858 - 1859 - 1860 1861 1862

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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According to the Treaty of Vienna signed on October 12 1866, the Austrian Empire ceded Venetia to the French Empire, which in turn ceded it to the Kingdom of Italy. This represented the final division of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, as Lombardy had been ceded to the Kingdom of
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October 12 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
  • St. Wilfrid
  • St. Heribert
  • Saint Wilfrid
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  • Spain - National Day
  • Columbus Day (traditionally) - United States.

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list of countries ordered according to population. The list includes and ranks sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories. Figures are based on the most recent estimate or projection by the national census authority where available and generally rounded off.
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Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular.

Biological population densities


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