Kitab al-Aghani

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Illustration from Kitab al-aghani (Book of Songs), 1216-20, by Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani, a collection of songs by famous musicians and Arab poets.


Kitab al-Aghani (Arabic: كتاب الأغاني, The Book of Songs), is a collection of poems and songs with the stories of the composers and singers in many volumes from the oldest epoch of Arabic literature down to the 9th century, written by the Arab scholar Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani. The poems were put to music, but the musical signs are no longer readable. Because of the accompanying biographical annotations on the authors and composers, the work is an important historical source. It contains a mass of information as to the life and customs of the early Arabs, and is the most valuable authority we have for their pre-Islamic and early Islamic days.

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References

al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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Arabic literature (Arabic ,الأدب العربي ) Al-Adab Al-Arabi, is the writing produced, both prose and poetry, by speakers (not necessarily native speakers) of the Arabic language.
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As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900.

Western European

"Dark Ages" applied later to this period


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Academia is a collective term for the scientific and cultural community engaged in higher education and research, taken as a whole.

The word comes from the akademeia just outside ancient Athens, where the gymnasium was made famous by Plato as a center of learning.
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`Ali ibn al-Husayn ul-Isbahānī (Arabic: أبو الفرج الأصفهاني), also known as Abu-l-Faraj or, in the West, as Abulfaraj
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`Ali ibn al-Husayn ul-Isbahānī (Arabic: أبو الفرج الأصفهاني), also known as Abu-l-Faraj or, in the West, as Abulfaraj
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Notice:
  • Both the Arabic and Latin names are given.
  • The following Arabic articles are not used for indexing:
  • Al - the
  • ibn, bin, banu

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Ameru' al-Qays, or Imru'u al Quais, Ibn Hujr Al-Kindi, Arabic (امرؤ القيس بن حجر بن الحارث الكندي
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Maqamat Badi' al-Zaman al-Hamadhani, (Arabic مقامات بديع الزمان الهمذاني
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