Kodava

Kodava people
ಕೊಡ?
Total population
122,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 India,[2]122,000
Languages
Kodava Takk
Religions
Hinduism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Aryan people, Dravidian people


The Kodava (ಕೊಡವ in Kannada script) are a people of southern India, most of whom trace their orgins to the region of Kodagu. The primary language of the Kodava is Kodava Takk, although they are bilingual in Kannada.

Demographics and Distribution

The Kodava community numbers about 100,000 in Kodagu district, out of a total population of over 500,000. Bangalore and Mysore together have more than 300,000 Kodava, most of them migrating to these cities for better job prospects.

History

They are of unknown origin, and are ethnically and culturally distinct from the other people of the area. There are several claims regarding the origin of the Kodavas.

Some historians suggest that the Kodavas might have migrated into their present area in the Coorg district around the 3rd century A.D.

There are different theories about the origin of Kodavas. One view is that the Kodava culture resembles the culture of the ancient trading stock of Arabia (Moeling 1855). Another view is that the Kodavas are descendants of Scythians (Connor 1870, Rice 1878). According to yet another view, the Kodavas belong to the Indo-Scythian race. Kodavas have no resemblance to any other people group of South India since their average cephalic index is 80.6 and the nasal index is 65.2. This may prove that the Kodavas are the descendants of the Brachycephalic stock who entered into the Indus Valley during the Mohenjodaro period and migrated to the Coorg region (Hutton, as quoted in Balakrishnan 1976). These are all theories, and we do not have any definite clue or evidence to prefer one theory over another. ETHNOLINGUISTIC STUDY

Customs and Traditions

The names of Kodava people are characteristic and include a clan name. The clan is central to Kodava culture and families trace their lineage through clans. Marriage within a clan is discouraged.

Kodavas have many cultural differences from other communities in southern India. Though they are Hindu, Kodavas do not usually accept Brahmin priests, preferring that ceremonies are conducted by their own elders. The elders of the community help in organising the ceremonies. The importance of fire god found in most of the Hindu rituals is usually absent in Kodava culture. Usage of slokas and vedic chants is also not present.

They have distinctive dresses, the men wearing wraparound robes called the Kupya (now only seen at ceremonial occasions), and the women with a distinctive style of wearing the sari. The Kodava woman wears a sari with the pleats at the back.They have many distinctive practices such as carrying ceremonial knives, and martial war dances. The culture also includes communal gatherings where drink, dance and special meat dishes seasoned with Garcinia are central attractions.

Language

The Kodava language, Kodava takk, itself is related to, and borrows heavily from the neighbouring languages of Kannada, Malayalam, and Tamil; a point which has led ethnologists to speculate that their female ancestry is from the surrounding regions of Kodagu. Kodava takk has a lot of similarity in accent and pronunciation with that of Beary bashe, a dilect spoken by Bearys of Tulunadu.

Achievements

Armed forces

Enlistment in the Indian army has been common among the Kodavas. The most famous son of Kodagu is Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa the first Commander-in-Chief (as a general) of the armed forces of free India. General Kodendera Subayya Thimayya, of the same clan as K.M. Cariappa, served as a consecutive Army chief ( as a general ).

Sports

Hockey


Kodavas in the have a long history of association with the game of field hockey. The district of Kodagu is considered as the cradle of Indian hockey.[3][4] More than 50 Kodavas have represented India in international hockey tournaments, out of which 7 have also participated in Olympics.[3] B P Govinda, M P Ganesh, M M Somaiya and Arjun Halappa are some of the prominent Kodavas who have represented India. The passion for hockey in Kodagu is so much that more than 200 families participate in an annual Kodava Hockey Festival. This festival is recognised as one of the largest field hockey tournaments in the world and has been referred to the Guinness Book of Records.[3] However it has already found a mention in the Limca Book of Records, which is an Indian variant of the Guinness Book.[3]

Notable Kodavas

  • K M Cariappa, Field Marshal
  • K. S. Thimayya, General
  • Appachu Kavi, A veteran poet who has contributed for kodava poetry.
  • P.I.Belliappa,freedom fighter
  • B.D.Ganapathy, noted writer & philosopher
  • Ashwini Nachappa, Athlete
  • Nikhil Chinappa, MTV VJ & music composer
  • Rohan Bopanna, Tennis player
  • Robin Uthappa, Cricketer
  • Joshna Chinappa, Ace squash player
  • Len Aiyappa, Ace hockey player
  • Biddu, Kung Fu fighting song fame
  • N Ponnappa, cartoonist
  • Brinda Somaya, architect and conservationist
  • Poonam Bojanna, Athlete
  • Prasad Bidapa, fashion designer, choreographer, model trainer.
  • N U Nachappa, Codava National Council
  • Uma Poonacha, Bharata Natyam performer & Member UN International Dance Council (UNCID)
  • Shruthi Medappa Berera, Best Cadet 1996 @National Cadet Corp Held At Mathura UP.
  • Jagat and Anita Nanjappa, motor racing champions

Notes

1. ^ Ethnologue report for Kodagu
2. ^ Joshua Project: Kodaga of India
3. ^ Time-out. Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2004-06-13. 2004, The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
4. ^ Coorg: A nursery of Indian hockey. Online Edition of The Deccan Herald, dated 2006-04-04. 2005, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd.. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.

External links

This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
Protection is not an endorsement of the current [ version] ([ protection log]).
..... Click the link for more information.
Kodava Takk or Kodava takka, (Kannada script:ಕೊಡವ ತಕ್‌) is the original language of the south Karnataka district of Kodagu. The language is often called Kodava or Coorg language in English.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hinduism (known as Hindū Dharma in modern Indian languages[1]
..... Click the link for more information.
Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
Apostles Kingdom Gospel
History of Christianity Timeline
Bible
Old Testament New Testament
Books Canon Apocrypha
..... Click the link for more information.
Aryan race" is a concept in European culture that was influential in the period of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It derives from the idea that the original speakers of the Indo-European languages and their descendents up to the present day constitute a
..... Click the link for more information.
This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims.
Please help Wikipedia by adding references. See the for details.
This article has been tagged since October 2007.


Dravidian

Total population approx.
..... Click the link for more information.
Brahui people or Brohi people (Brahui/Urdu: بروہی) are a Dravidian ethnic group of about 2.2 million people with the majority found in Kalat, Pakistan, but also found in smaller numbers in neighboring Afghanistan, India, and Iran.
..... Click the link for more information.
Kannadiga (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡಿಗ |masculine|), or Kannadati (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡತಿ |feminine|) are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Karnataka in India and neighbouring areas like
..... Click the link for more information.
This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
Protection is not an endorsement of the current [ version] ([ protection log]).
..... Click the link for more information.
Tamils  • Telugus  • Tuluvas  • Gonds

Tamil people
..... Click the link for more information.
Telugu people are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India and neighbouring areas such as Pondicherry, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Chattisgarh and Orissa (the areas bordering Andhra Pradesh).
..... Click the link for more information.
Dravidian people
Brahui people  • Gonds  • Kannadigas  • Malayalis
..... Click the link for more information.
Kurubas or Kurumas are Hindus concentrated mainly in the southern states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. They are also known as Dhangars in Maharashtra, Kurumba / Kurumans / Kurumbar in Tamilnadu, Gaddi, Bharwad, Gadaria, Nikher, Pal, Baghel in North India, Bakarwal in
..... Click the link for more information.
Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.

The Kannada script is an abugida of the Brahmic family[1], primarily to write the Kannada language, one of the Dravidian languages in India.
..... Click the link for more information.
This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
Protection is not an endorsement of the current [ version] ([ protection log]).
..... Click the link for more information.
This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling.
You can assist by [ editing it] now. A how-to guide is available, as is general .
This article has been tagged since January 2007.
..... Click the link for more information.
Kodava Takk or Kodava takka, (Kannada script:ಕೊಡವ ತಕ್‌) is the original language of the south Karnataka district of Kodagu. The language is often called Kodava or Coorg language in English.
..... Click the link for more information.
Kannada}}} 
Official status
Official language of:  India (Karnataka)
Regulated by: Various academies and the Government of Karnataka
Language codes
ISO 639-1: kn
ISO 639-2: kan
ISO 639-3: kan

Kannada
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates: Bangalore (Indian English: ] ), officially Bengaluru
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates:

Mysore (officially Mysuru) (Kannada: ಮೈಸೂರು pronunciation  
..... Click the link for more information.
Scythians (/'sɪθɪən/, also /'sɪðɪən/) or Scyths (/'sɪθs/
..... Click the link for more information.
Cephalic index is the ratio of the maximum width of the head to its maximum length (i.e., in the horizontal plane, or front to back), sometimes multiplied by 100 for convenience.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hindu ( pronunciation  , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the
..... Click the link for more information.
brahmin moths, see Brahmaeidae.


The term Brahmin denotes both a member of the priestly class in the Hindu varna system, and a member of the highest caste in the caste system of Hindu society.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hinduism and Indian religions for details of continued religious practices. See Śrauta for the continuing practice of performance of rituals by an oral passing of hymns/chants through generations.
..... Click the link for more information.
Chant (from Old French chanter[1]) is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two pitches called reciting tones.
..... Click the link for more information.
A sari / saree is the traditional female garment in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, pakistan and Sri Lanka.[1] A sari is a very long strip of unstitched cloth, ranging from four to nine metres in length, which can be draped in
..... Click the link for more information.
Garcinia
L.

Species

See text

Garcinia is a plant genus of the family Clusiaceae native to Asia, Australia, tropical and southern Africa, and Polynesia.
..... Click the link for more information.
Kodava Takk or Kodava takka, (Kannada script:ಕೊಡವ ತಕ್‌) is the original language of the south Karnataka district of Kodagu. The language is often called Kodava or Coorg language in English.
..... Click the link for more information.
Ethnology (from the Greek ethnos, meaning "people") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyses the origins, distribution, technology, religion, language, and social structure of the racial or national divisions of humanity.
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.