Kotlin class destroyer (Project 56)

Kotlin class destroyer
Enlarge picture
SAM Kotlin class destroyer Vozbuzhdenyy.

SAM Kotlin class destroyer Vozbuzhdenyy.
Class Overview
Type:destroyer
Name:Kotlin
Number of ships:27
Preceded by:Neustrashimy class destroyer
General characteristics
Displacement:2,662 tons (standard), 3,230 tons (full load)
Length:126.1 m
Beam:12.7 m
Draught:4.2 m
Propulsion:2× shaft geared steam turbines, 4 boilers, 72,000 hp
Speed:38 knots
Complement:284
Armament:4× 130 mm guns (2×2)
16× 45 mm (4×4)
10× 533 mm torpedo tubes (2×5)
6 depth charge throwers (later replaced by ASW mortars)
50× mines


The Kotlin class ships were cold-war era destroyers built for the Soviet Navy, The Russian name for this class was Project 56 Spokoinyy. 27 ships were built between 1955 and 1958, they were all decommissioned in the late 1980s. Kildin class is based on Kotlin's design. The Chinese Luda class destroyer, which is based on the Neustrashimy class destroyer, also borrows some design concepts from the Kotlin class.

Design

This design was a smaller version of the Neustrashimy class destroyer which was seen as being too large and expensive for economic series production, as well as too slow. Detailed design changes eliminated some of the problems seen during trials of the Neustrashimyy. A production run of 100 ships was planned but this was curtailed because of the advent of the guided missile. 32 were ordered, but 4 ships were completed as Kildin class (Project 56E/EM), and the last was canceled.

11 ships were modified for enhanced ASW capabilities by adding rocket depth charge launchers (Project 56PLO, Kotlin Mod.).

In 1962, the Soviet navy installed the navalized version of S-125 Neva, SA-N-1 'Goa' to a Project 56K Kotlin SAM class destroyer, the Bravyi (Bravyy) for testing. The system used 4K90 (V-600) missile that could engage targets from 4 to 15km distance, and altitutde from 0.1 to 10 km. Fire control and guidance was provided by 4R90 Yatagan radar. The system could only track one target a time. The missiles were loaded on the dual-arm launcher ZIF-101, with under-deck magazine for 16 missiles.

The Soviet navy would eventually retrofit 7 Kotlin ships to carry SAMs, these ships were known to NATO as the Kotlin SAM class (Project 56A), one more was modified and sold to Poland (Project 56AE, being the only Project 56 destroyer exported). Later versions of the SAM system, such as the Volna-M (SA-N-1B), Volna-P, and Volna-N provided greater missile range and capability. For more information, please see the SA-N-1 entry.

Ships

Ship Builder Launched Commissioned Modernisation Decommissioned
Spokoinyy - Спокойный - PeacefulZhdanov, Leningrad28 November 195327 Jue 1956none19 April 1990
Svetlyy - Светлый - Bright ( or Light)Zhdanov, Leningrad27 October 195317 September 1955none25 April 1989
Speshnyy - Спешный - RapidZhdanov, Leningradnone25 April 1989
Skromnyy - Скромный - ModestZhdanov, LeningradSAM (56A)25 April 1989
Svedushchiy - Сведущий - KnowledgeableZhdanov, LeningradSAM (56A)
Smyshlenyy - Смышленый - Sharp (quickwitted)Zhdanov, LeningradASW (56PLO)
Skrytnyy- Скрытный - SecretiveZhdanov, Leningradnone
Soznatelnyy - Сознательный - AwareZhdanov, LeningradSAM (56A)
Spravedlivyy - Справедливый - JustZhdanov, LeningradSAM (56AE)Transferred to the Polish navy as the ORP Warszawa 1970
Nesokrushimyy - Несокрушимый - IndestructibleZhdanov, LeningradSAM (56A)
Nakhodchivyy- Находчивый - ResourcefulZhdanov, LeningradSAM (56A)
Nastoychivyy - Настойчивый - PeristentZhdanov, LeningradSAM (56A)
Byvalvyy - Бывалый - ExperiencedNikolayevASW (56PLO)
Bravyy - Бравый - BraveNikolayevSAM (56K)
Besslednyy - Бесследный - UntracableNikolayevASW (56PLO)
Burlivyy - Бурливый - Turbulent or TempestousNikolayevASW (56PLO)
Blagorodnyy - Благородный - NobleNikolayevASW (56PLO)
Blestyashchyy - Блестящий - BrilliantNikolayevASW (56PLO)
Plammeny- Пламенный - Fiery or ArdentNikolayevASW (56PLO)
Naporystyy - Напористый - ForcefulNikolayevASW (56PLO)
Vyzyvayushchiy- Вызывающий - ChallengingKomsomolsk na AmureASW (56PLO)
Veskiy - Веский - ConvincingKomsomolsk na Amurenone
Vdokhnovenyy -Вдохновенный - InspiringKomsomolsk na AmureASW (56PLO)
Vozmuschenyy- Возмущенный - IndignantKomsomolsk na AmureASW (56PLO)
Vozbuzhdenyy- Возбужденный -ExcitedKomsomolsk na AmureSAM (56A)
Vliyatelnyy - Влиятельный -InfluentialKomsomolsk na Amurenone17 July 1988
Vyderzhannyy- Выдержанный - ConsistentKomsomolsk na Amure24 June 195710 December 1957none24 April 1992
  • Bravyy - was the Kotlin SAM prototype
The ships were scrapped between 1987 and 1990

References

  • Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995

External links


     [ e] 
Soviet naval ship classes of the Cold War
Aircraft Carriers
Moskva | Orel |Kiev | Ulyanovsk | Kuznetsov
Battlecruisers
Stalingrad | Kirov
Cruisers
Sverdlov | Kynda | Kresta I | Kresta II | Kara | Slava
Destroyers
Skoryy | Neustrashimy | Kotlin | Kildin | Krupny/Kanin | Kashin | Sovremenny | Udaloy
Frigates
Kola | Riga | Petya | Mirka | Koni | Krivak | Neustrashimy
Corvettes
Pauk | Parchim | Nanuchka | Tarantul | Grisha
Neustrashimy (Неустрашимый, Fearless) was a destroyer built for the Soviet Navy in the early 1950's. She was to be the prototype for an extended production run but only one ship was built.
..... Click the link for more information.
destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range but powerful attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft).
..... Click the link for more information.
Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР, Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR
..... Click the link for more information.
The Kildin Class destroyer was a series of destroyers built for the Soviet Navy in the late 1950s. They were a missile armed version of the Kotlin class destroyer Four ships were built around the KSShch (КСЩ, SS-N-1) anti-ship missile.
..... Click the link for more information.
Type 051 destroyer (NATO code name Luda class) missile destroyer was the first surface warfare oriented vessel ever designed and built in China, and the first Chinese ship to be fitted with an integrated combat direction system.
..... Click the link for more information.
Neustrashimy (Неустрашимый, Fearless) was a destroyer built for the Soviet Navy in the early 1950's. She was to be the prototype for an extended production run but only one ship was built.
..... Click the link for more information.
Neustrashimy (Неустрашимый, Fearless) was a destroyer built for the Soviet Navy in the early 1950's. She was to be the prototype for an extended production run but only one ship was built.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Kildin Class destroyer was a series of destroyers built for the Soviet Navy in the late 1950s. They were a missile armed version of the Kotlin class destroyer Four ships were built around the KSShch (КСЩ, SS-N-1) anti-ship missile.
..... Click the link for more information.
For the town in Argentina, see 28 de Noviembre.
November 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.
..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
1950 1951 1952 - 1953 - 1954 1955 1956

Year 1953 (MCMLIII
..... Click the link for more information.
1775: American Revolution begins]]
  • 1775 - American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Lexington and Concord which began the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1809 - The army of Austria attacks and is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of

..... Click the link for more information.
20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1987 1988 1989 - 1990 - 1991 1992 1993

Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar).
..... Click the link for more information.
October 27th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
  • Abban of Magheranoidhe
  • Abban of New Ross
  • St.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
  • 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
    1950 1951 1952 - 1953 - 1954 1955 1956

    Year 1953 (MCMLIII
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    September 17 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 1176 - The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought.

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
    1952 1953 1954 - 1955 - 1956 1957 1958

    Year 1955 (MCMLV
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    April 25 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    It is also the latest possible day that Easter can occur.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1950s  1960s  1970s  - 1980s -  1990s  2000s  2010s
    1986 1987 1988 - 1989 - 1990 1991 1992

    Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    April 25 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    It is also the latest possible day that Easter can occur.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1950s  1960s  1970s  - 1980s -  1990s  2000s  2010s
    1986 1987 1988 - 1989 - 1990 1991 1992

    Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    April 25 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    It is also the latest possible day that Easter can occur.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1950s  1960s  1970s  - 1980s -  1990s  2000s  2010s
    1986 1987 1988 - 1989 - 1990 1991 1992

    Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    :For other ships of the Polish Navy to bear that name see: ORP Warszawa (disambiguation)


    ORP Warszawa was an armed a monitor of the Riverine Flotilla of the Polish Navy, serving with it between 1920 and 1939.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    July 17 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa executed for being Christians.

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1950s  1960s  1970s  - 1980s -  1990s  2000s  2010s
    1985 1986 1987 - 1988 - 1989 1990 1991

    Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    June 24 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces.

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
    1954 1955 1956 - 1957 - 1958 1959 1960

    Year 1957 (MCMLVII
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    December 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events


    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
    1954 1955 1956 - 1957 - 1958 1959 1960

    Year 1957 (MCMLVII
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    April 24 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events


    ..... Click the link for more information.


    This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.