Krymchak language

Krymchak (кърымчах тыль?)
Spoken in:Crimea
Region:
Total speakers:about 100
Ranking:
Genetic classification:
Official status
Official language of:
Regulated by:
Language codes
ISO 639-1
ISO 639-2
SIL
See also: LanguageList of languages


The Krymchak language (кърымчах тыльы) is the language spoken in Crimea by the Krymchak people. It is often considered to be a Crimean Tatar dialect. The language is sometimes referred to as Judeo-Crimean Tatar.

Like most Jewish languages, it contains a large number of Hebrew loanwords. Before the Soviet era it was written using Hebrew characters. In the Soviet Union in the 1930s this language was written with the Uniform Turkic Alphabet (a variant of the Latin alphabet), like Crimean Tatar and Karaim). Now it is written in Cyrillic script.

The community was decimated during the Holocaust. When in May 1944 almost all Crimean Tatars were deported to Soviet Uzbekistan, many speakers of Krymchak were among them, and some remained in Uzbekistan. Nowadays the language is almost extinct. According to the Ukrainian census of 2001, less than 300 Krymchak people remain in Crimea, and just about a hundred people still can speak the language.

References

External links






 Jewish Languages
    [ e]
Afro-Asiatic
'''Hebreweras:Biblical | Mishnaic | Medieval | Modern
dialects:Ashkenazi | Sephardi | Yemenite | Sanaani | Tiberian | Mizrahi | Samaritan Hebrew
Judeo-Aramaic (Aramaic):Biblical | Targum | Talmudic | Barzani | Hulaul | Lishana Deni | Lishn Didn | Lishanid Noshan | Samaritan Aramaic
Judeo-Arabic (Arabic):Southern Iraqi | Northern Iraqi | Moroccan | Yemenite | Libyan | Algerian
Other:Cushitic: Kayla | QwaraBerber: Judeo-Berber
Indo-European
Yiddish (Germanic)dialects:Eastern | Western | Litvish | Poylish | Ukrainish
argots:Klezmer-loshn
Jewish English:Yeshivish | Yinglish
Judeo-Romance (Romance):Catalanic | Judeo-Italian | Ladino | Haketia | Tetuani | La‘az | Shuadit | Zarphatic | Lusitanic | Judeo-Aragonese
Judeo-Persian (Iranian):Bukhori | Juhuri | Dzhidi | Judeo-Hamedani | Judeo-Shirazi | Judeo-Esfahani | Judeo-Kurdish | Judeo-Yazdi
Judeo-Kermani | Judeo-Kashani | Judeo-Borujerdi | Judeo-Khunsari | Judeo-Golpaygani | Judeo-Nehevandi
Other:Yevanic (Hellenic) | Knaanic (Slavic) | Judo-Marathi (Indo-Aryan)
Turkic DravidianKartvelian
Krymchak | KaraimJudeo-MalayalamGruzinic


    [ e]
Turkic languages
OghurBulgar† | Chuvash | Hunnic† | Khazar† | Turkic Avar†
UyghurOld Turkic† | Aini| Chagatay† | Ili Turki | Lop | Uyghur | Uzbek
KypchakBaraba | Bashkir | Crimean Tatar | Cuman† | Karachay-Balkar | Karaim | Karakalpak | Kazakh | Kipchak† | Krymchak | Kumyk | Nogai | Old Tatar† | Tatar | Urum | Altay | Kyrgyz
OghuzAfshar | Azerbaijani | Crimean Tatar | Gagauz | Khorasani Turkish | Ottoman Turkish† | Pecheneg† | Qashqai | Salar | Turkish | Turkmen | Urum
ArghuKhalaj
NortheasternChulym | Dolgan | Fuy Grgs | Khakas | Northern Altay | Shor | Tofa | Tuvan | Western Yugur | Sakha/Yakut
Notes: Listed in more than one group, Mixed language, Disputed, †Extinct
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This is a list of languages, ordered by the number of native-language speakers, with some data for second-language use. Languages are listed for secondary locations only when spoken by more than 1% of the population.
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Arabic Academy of the Arabic Language (مجمع اللغة العربية, Syria, Egypt, Jordan,
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ISO 639 is the set of international standards that lists short codes for language names.

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A language is a system of symbols and the rules used to manipulate them. Language can also refer to the use of such systems as a general phenomenon.
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Motto
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The Krymchaks (Krymchak: sg. кърымчах - qrymchakh, pl. кърымчахлар - qrymchakhlar
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The Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili
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Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
Official status
Official language of:  Israel
Regulated by: Academy of the Hebrew Language

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A loanword (or loan word) is a word directly taken into one language from another with little or no translation. By contrast, a calque or loan translation is a related concept whereby it is the meaning or idiom that is borrowed rather than the lexical item itself.
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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (abbreviated USSR, Russian: ; tr.
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Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century

1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s
1930 1931 1932 1933 1934
1935 1936 1937 1938 1939

- -
- The 1930s
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The Uniform Turkic Alphabet was a Latin based alphabet used by non-Slavic peoples of the USSR in the 1930s. The alphabet used ligatures from Jaŋalif as it was also a part of the uniform alphabet. The uniform alphabet utilized Latin ligatures, excluding "w.
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Latin alphabet
Child systems Numerous: see Alphabets derived from the Latin
Sister systems Cyrillic
Coptic
Armenian
Runic/Futhark
Unicode range See Latin characters in Unicode
ISO 15924 Latn

Note
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The Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili
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The Karaim language (Crimean dialect: къарай тили, Trakai dialect: karaj tili) is a Turkic language with Hebrew influences, in a similar manner to Yiddish or Ladino.
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Cyrillic alphabet

Sister systems Latin alphabet
Coptic alphabet
Armenian
Unicode range U+0400 to U+052F
ISO 15924 Cyrl

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The Jewish languages are a set of languages that developed in various Jewish communities around the world, more notably in Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. The usual course of development for these languages was through the addition of Hebrew words and phrases, used to express
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Afro-Asiatic languages constitute a language family (Languages of Africa) with about 375 languages (SIL estimate) and more than 300 million speakers spread throughout North Africa, East Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and Southwest Asia (including some 200 million speakers of
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Writing system: Hebrew abjad
Language codes
ISO 639-1: he
ISO 639-2: sem
ISO 639-3: variously:
heb  — 
aoq  — 
obm  — 
xdm
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Biblical Hebrew, sometimes called Classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of the Hebrew language, in which the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh was written, and which the ancient Israelites spoke.
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Medieval Hebrew has many features that distinguish it from older forms of Hebrew. These affect grammar, syntax, sentence structure, and also include a wide variety of new lexical items, which are usually based on older forms.
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Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
Official status
Official language of:  Israel
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