Kwidzyn

For other places called Marienwerder, see Marienwerder (disambiguation)
Kwidzyn
Kwidzyn castle

Flag

Coat of arms
Enlarge picture
Kwidzyn (Poland)

Kwidzyn
Coordinates:
Country Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
Powiat Kwidzyn County
Gmina Kwidzyn
Estabilished 11th century
City Rights 1233
Government
 - Mayor Andrzej Krzysztof Krzysztofiak
Area
 - Town 21.82 km  (0 sq mi)
Elevation 42 m (0 ft)
Population (2004)
 - Town 40,008
 - Density 1738.2/km (0/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 82-500
Area code(s) +48 55
Car Plates GKW
Website: www.kwidzyn.pl


Kwidzyn (German: Marienwerder) is a town in northern Poland on the Liwa River, with 40,008 inhabitants (2004). It has been a part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999, and was previously in the Elbląg Voivodeship (1975-1998). It is the capital of Kwidzyn County.

History

The Teutonic Knights founded an Ordensburg castle in 1232 and a town the following year. This new settlement of Marienwerder became the seat of the Bishops of Pomesania within Prussia. The town was populated with Masurian settlers from the Duchy of Masovia. Werner von Orseln, who died in Marienburg (Malbork) in 1330, was buried in the cathedral of Marienwerder. St. Dorothea of Montau lived in Marienwerder from 1391 until her death in 1394; pilgrims would later come to pray in the town at her shrine. The rebellious Prussian Confederation was founded in Marienwerder on March 14 1440. In 1466, the town became a Polish fief together with the remainder of the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights after their defeat in the Thirteen Years' War.

The town became part of the Duchy of Prussia, a fief of Poland, upon its creation in 1525. The duchy was inherited by the House of Hohenzollern in 1618 and was elevated to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701. From 1773-1818 the town was in the administrative province of East Prussia, but was then transferred to West Prussia. According to statistics, in 1818 it was populated by a Polish speaking, Masurian majority. The policy of forceful Germanization, however, gradually decreased the share of Polish speaking inhabitants who participated in the social life of the province that spoke German. After 1871, when Marienwerder was included in the newly created German Empire, the Kulturkampf was aimed mainly at Catholics. In 1885 Marienwerder had 8,079 mostly Lutheran inhabitants, many of whose trades were connected with the manufacturing of sugar, vinegar, and machines. Other trades were brewing, dairy farming, and fruit-growing. According to official statistics, ca. 1910 35.7% of the county's population was Polish.

After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 transferred most of West Prussia to the Polish Second Republic. Only in few areas, the treaty permitted a plebiscite. To determine if Marienwerder would remain in Germany as part of East Prussia or join Poland; 92% voted on 11 July 1920 for East Prussia, and Marienwerder was transferred to the District of West Prussia within East Prussia.

During the Weimar Republic a Polish High School was founded in the town. On August 25 1939, pupils of the school were deported to Nazi concentration camps.

In 1945 during World War II, Marienwerder was plundered by the Soviet Red Army but not destroyed. The post-war Potsdam Conference placed it under Polish administration in 1945. Parts of the town's old center were dismantled to provide material for the rebuilding of Warsaw after its destruction in the Warsaw Uprising.

The castle

Enlarge picture
Gothic castle as in 1912
Kwidzyn contains the partially-ruined 14th century Brick Gothic Ordensburg castle of the Teutonic Order, namely the Bishops of Pomesania within the Order. Connected to the castle to the east is a large cathedral (built 1343-1384) containing the tombs of the bishops as well those of three Grand Masters of the Teutonic Knights.

The literally outstanding feature of the castle is a sewer tower which is connected to it by a bridge. The tower used to be placed at the river which has changed its course since, leaving it on dry land.

Modern town

Enlarge picture
Castle in present-day
The town also has a Catholic church and a cathedral-castle presently used for the museum of Lower Powiśle.

Other sights include the appellate court for Kwidzyn County, a new town hall, and government buildings.

A branch of the company International Paper is located in Kwidzyn, as is the Kwidzyn School of Management.

Twin towns

References

This article incorporates text translated from as of June 9 2006.

External links

Coordinates:
The German place name Marienwerder refers to:
  • a community in the administrative district of Barnim, Brandenburg: see Marienwerder, Brandenburg
  • a part of the urban district Herrenhausen-Stöcken in the city of Hanover
  • the Polish town of Kwidzyn

..... Click the link for more information.
country, state, and nation can have various meanings. Therefore, diverse lists of these entities are possible. Wikipedia offers the following lists:

..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
none1
Anthem
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego   (Polish)
Dąbrowski's Mazurek
..... Click the link for more information.
Voivodeship, also spelled Voivodship, Voivodina or Vojvodina (Romanian: voievodat, Polish: województwo, Serbian: vojvodina (војводина), vojvodstvo
..... Click the link for more information.
województwo pomorskie

Flag Coat of arms

Capital city Gdańsk
Area 18,293 km
Population (2004)
 - Density 2,192,000
120/km
Powiats
 - Urban counties
 - Land counties
4
16
Communes 123
..... Click the link for more information.
Administrative divisions
of Poland

Voivodeships
Counties (list)
Gminas (list)

..... Click the link for more information.
Kwidzyn County (Polish: powiat kwidzyński) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Pomeranian Voivodeship. The county seat is the town of Kwidzyn. Its population numbers 80,796 (2005).
..... Click the link for more information.
Administrative divisions
of Poland

Voivodeships
Counties (list)
Gminas (list)

..... Click the link for more information.
As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100.

In the history of European culture, this period is considered the early part of the High Middle Ages.
..... Click the link for more information.
1233 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1233
MCCXXXIII
Ab urbe condita 1986
Armenian calendar 682
ԹՎ ՈՁԲ
Bah' calendar -611 – -610
Buddhist calendar 1777
..... Click the link for more information.
Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. The term Surface area is the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object.

Units

Units for measuring surface area include:
square metre = SI derived unit

..... Click the link for more information.
Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
  • 1,000,000 m²
  • 100 ha (hectare)
Conversely:
  • 1 m² = 0.

..... Click the link for more information.
square mile is an imperial and US unit of area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. It should not be confused with the archaic miles square, which refers to the number of miles on each side squared.
..... Click the link for more information.
elevation of a geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point, often the mean sea level. Elevation, or geometric height, is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height
..... Click the link for more information.
1 metre =
SI units
1000 mm 0 cm
US customary / Imperial units
0 ft 0 in
The metre or meter[1](symbol: m) is the fundamental unit of length in the International System of Units (SI).
..... Click the link for more information.
1 foot =
SI units
0 m 0 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0 yd 0 in
A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes,
..... Click the link for more information.
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular.

Biological population densities


..... Click the link for more information.
time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. Most adjacent time zones are exactly one hour apart, and by convention compute their local time as an offset from UTC (see also Greenwich Mean Time).
..... Click the link for more information.
Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used in most European and some North African countries.

Its time offset is UTC+1. During daylight saving time CEST is used instead (UTC+2).
..... Click the link for more information.
UTC+1 is used in the following locations:
  • Central European Time
  • West Africa Time
  • Western European Summer Time*
  • British Summer Time*
  • Irish Summer Time*

..... Click the link for more information.
Daylight saving time (DST; also summer time in British English) is the convention of advancing clocks so that afternoons have more daylight and mornings have less.
..... Click the link for more information.
Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used as a summer daylight saving time in most European and some North African countries. During the winter, Central European Time (UTC+1) is used.
..... Click the link for more information.
UTC+2 corresponds to the following time zones:
  • Eastern European Time
  • Egypt Standard Time
  • Central Africa Time
  • Israel Standard Time
  • South Africa Standard Time
  • Central European Summer Time
  • West Africa Summer Time

..... Click the link for more information.
In common with many countries, Polish car numer plates indicate the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate.

General

The registration plate is linked to the owner of the vehicle and depends on where that person is registered as living, or
..... Click the link for more information.
German language (Deutsch, ] ) is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages.
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
none1
Anthem
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego   (Polish)
Dąbrowski's Mazurek
..... Click the link for more information.
województwo pomorskie

Flag Coat of arms

Capital city Gdańsk
Area 18,293 km
Population (2004)
 - Density 2,192,000
120/km
Powiats
 - Urban counties
 - Land counties
4
16
Communes 123
..... Click the link for more information.
Kwidzyn County (Polish: powiat kwidzyński) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Pomeranian Voivodeship. The county seat is the town of Kwidzyn. Its population numbers 80,796 (2005).
..... Click the link for more information.
Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order (Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, "Order of the German House of St. Mary in Jerusalem", German: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St.
..... Click the link for more information.
An Ordensburg (plural in German: Ordensburgen) was a fortress built by crusading German military orders during the Middle Ages. "Ordensburg" was also used during Nazi Germany to refer to training schools for Nazi leaders.
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.