Lake Hayq

Lake Hayq
CoordinatesCoordinates:
Primary outflowsnone
Basin countriesEthiopia
Max length6.7 km
Max width6 km
Surface area23 km²
Max depth88 m
Surface elevation2,030 m
Lake Hayq or Lake Haik (Ge'ez ሐይቅ hāyḳ, Amh. "lake") is a freshwater lake of Ethiopia. It is located north of Dessie, in the Debub Wollo Zone of the Amhara Region (or kilil). The town of Hayq is to the west of the lake.

Lake Hayq is 6.7 km long and 6 km wide, with a surface area of 23 km²[1]. It has a maximum depth of 88 m and is at an elevation of 2,030 m.

History

According to a local legend, the lake was created to avenge a pregnant woman was wronged by a princess. God was greatly angered by this injustice, and in his wrath turned all of the land surrounding the woman (except the ground she was sitting on) into water forming a lake, destroying the princess along with her friends and family in the process. Where the pregnant woman was sitting became an island (now a peninsula) where Istifanos Monastery, founded in the middle of the 13th century by Iyasus Mo'a, is located.

A former student of Iyasus Mo'a, Tekle Haymanot went on to found the monastery of Debra Asbos (renamed in the 15th century to Debre Libanos) in Shewa.[2] Tekle Haymanot was one of five bright young religious stodents who became the "five lights of Christianity" for the south of Ethiopia. Iyasus Mo'a also played a role in Yekuno Amlak's overthrow of the Zagwe dynasty, and helped restore the Solomonic dynasty. Upon Yekuno Amlak's ascension to the throne, Istifanos Church became Istifanos Monastery.[3] The church, too, has a long history. It was established around the 8th century during the Axumite era and was the first church in what was then the Amhara province. Imam Ahmad Gragn looted and burned this church in November, 1531. [4]

The events surrounding the establishment the church, however, are not clear. Some legends suggest that there was an Aksumite palace in Ambasselle opposite the modern Istifanos monastery, located on the opposite side of the Lake Hayq. Its ruins are still visible, and the legend states that the kings and princes who lived in that palace established the church.

References

1. ^ Baxter, R.M.; Golobitsh, D.L. (1970). "A note on the limnology of Lake Hayk, Ethiopia". Limnology and Oceanography 15: 144–149. 
2. ^ Taddesse Tamrat, Church and State in Ethiopia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972), p. 110.
3. ^ Taddesse Tamrat, pp. 66-7.
4. ^ This is how Taddesse Tamrat (Church and State, p. 36) interprets its date of 720 in the Futuh al-Habasha. Pankhurst's note on this passage proposes a different interpretation, that the existing church had been built in AH 720, which would have been the first year of the reign of Emperor Newaya Krestos, whom the author of the Futuh credits built the church. (Sihab ad-Din Ahmad bin 'Abd al-Qader, Futuh al-Habasa: The conquest of Ethiopia, translated by Paul Lester Stenhouse with annotations by Richard Pankhurst [Hollywood: Tsehai, 2003], p. 265 and n. 614)
geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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A drainage basin is a region of land where water from rain or snow melt drains downhill into a body of water, such as a river, lake, dam, estuary, wetland, sea or ocean. The drainage basin includes both the streams and rivers that convey the water as well as the land surfaces from
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Orders of magnitude for area Conversion of units for area
1 E-30 m =1 fm 1 E-24 
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Ge'ez abugida

ISO 15924 Ethi

Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.

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Amharic}}} 
Writing system: Ge'ez alphabet abugida 
Official status
Official language of: Ethiopia and the following specific regions: Addis Ababa City Council, Amhara Region, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Dire Dawa Administrative council, Gambela Region, SNNPR
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lake (from Latin ligacus) is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. A vast majority of lakes on Earth are fresh water, and most lie in the Northern Hemisphere at higher latitudes.
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Ethiopia (IPA: /i.θi.oʊ.pi.ə/) ( ʾĪtyōṗṗyā), officially the
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Dessie (also spelled Dese or Dessye) is a city and a woreda in north-central Ethiopia. Located on the paved Addis Ababa - Asmara highway in the Debub Wollo Zone of the Amhara Region, this city has a latitude and longitude of .
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Debub Wollo (or "South Wollo") is one of 10 Zones in the Ethiopian Amhara Region. Debub Wollo acquired its name from the former province of Wollo.

Debub Wollo is bordered on the south by Semien Shewa and the Oromia Region, on the west by Mirab Gojjam, on the northwest by
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Amhara (አማራ) is one of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia, containing the homeland of the Amhara people. Previously known as Region 3, its capital is Bahir Dar.
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Hayq (or Haik) is a town in northern Ethiopia. Located 28 kilometers north of Dessie in the Debub Wollo Zone of the Amhara Region, it has a longitude and latitude of .
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Istifanos Monastery (or St Stephen Monastery) is in Ethiopia, located in Lake Hayq. (The Stephen commemorated at the monastery is not the Saint Stephen of Acts.) The monastery was built around an 8th century church of Aksumite origins[1]
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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages, and after its conquests in Asia the Mongol Empire stretched from Korea to
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Iyasus Mo'a (Iyäsus Mo'a, "Jesus has Conquered" c. 1214 – c. 1294) is a saint of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church; his feast day is 26 Hedar (or 5 December).
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Tekle Haymanot or Takla Haymanot (Ge'ez ተክለ፡ ሃይማኖት takla hāymānōt, modern tekle hāymānōt, "Plant of Faith"; known in the Coptic Church as
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15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500.

Events

  • 1402: Ottoman and Timurid Empires fight at the Battle of Ankara resulting in Timur's capture of Bayezid I.
  • 1402: The conquest of the Canary Islands signals the beginning of the Spanish Empire.

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Debre Libanos is a monastery in Ethiopia, lying northwest of Addis Ababa in the Oromia Region. Founded in the thirteenth century by Saint Tekle Haymanot, the monastery's chief abbot, called the Ichege
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Shewa (Ge'ez ሽዋ šawā, modern šewā also spelled Shoa) is a historical region of Ethiopia. Formerly an autonomous kingdom within the Ethiopian Empire, the Ethiopian modern capital Addis Ababa is located at its center.
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Emperor Yekuno Amlak (throne name Tasfa Iyasus) was nəgusä nägäst (10 August 1270 - 19 June 1285)[1] of Ethiopia and restorer of the Solomonic dynasty.
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The Zagwe dynasty ruled Ethiopia from the end of the Kingdom of Axum at an uncertain date in the 9th or 10th century to 1270, when Yekuno Amlak defeated and killed the last Zagwe king in battle. It is thought to derive its name from the Agaw people, meaning "Agaw" (adj.
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The Solomonic dynasty is the traditional royal house of Ethiopia, claiming descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, who is said to have given birth to the traditional first king Menelik I after her Biblically-described visit to Solomon in Jerusalem.
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Istifanos Monastery (or St Stephen Monastery) is in Ethiopia, located in Lake Hayq. (The Stephen commemorated at the monastery is not the Saint Stephen of Acts.) The monastery was built around an 8th century church of Aksumite origins[1]
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The 8th century is the period from 701 to 800 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era.

Overview

During this century the Middle East, the coast of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula comes rapidly under Islamic Arab domination.
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መነገሠ ፡ አከሰመ
Mangiśta Aksum
Kingdom of Aksum

The Kingdom of Aksum at its greatest extent.
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An imam (Arabic: إمام, Persian: امام) is an Islamic leader, often the leader of a mosque.

The ruler of a country might be called the imam, for example.
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Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi (c.1506 - February 21, 1543) was an Imam and General of Adal who defeated Emperor Lebna Dengel of Ethiopia. Nicknamed Gran (Gurey in Somali) "the left-handed", he embarked on a conquest which brought three-quarters of Ethiopia under the power of the
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1500s  1510s  1520s  - 1530s -  1540s  1550s  1560s
1528 1529 1530 - 1531 - 1532 1533 1534

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwīm al-hijrī
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Newaya Krestos, Emperor of Ethiopia (throne name Sayfa Ar`ed) was nəgusä nägäst (1344 - 1372) of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the oldest son of Amda Seyon I.
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