Lecythidaceae

Lecythidaceae
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Bertholletia excelsa fruit

Bertholletia excelsa fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Ericales
Family:Lecythidaceae
A.Rich.
Genera


See text.


The Lecythidaceae is a family of about 20 genera and 250-300 species woody plants native to tropical South America and Madagascar.

There are two subfamilies, subdivided into several separate families by some authors:
  • Foetidioideae (Foetidiaceae). Madagascar. Includes only Foetidia.
  • Lecythidioideae (including Barringtoniaceae). South America. Includes all the other genera.
The most important member of the family in world trade is the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa), valued for its edible nuts; the Paradise nut (Lecythis species) is also eaten.

The APG II system of 2003 includes genera from the family Scytopetalaceae in the Lecythidaceae, including Rhaptopetalum and Brazzeia.

List of Genera

References

1. ^ Takhtajan, A. (1997). Diversity and classification of flowering plants. ISBN 0-231-10098-1. 

External links

Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. Scientific classification also can be called scientific taxonomy, but should be distinguished from folk taxonomy, which lacks scientific basis.
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Plantae
Haeckel, 1866[1]

Divisions

Green algae
  • Chlorophyta
  • Charophyta
Land plants (embryophytes)
  • Non-vascular land plants (bryophytes)

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Magnoliophyta

Classes

Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Liliopsida - Monocots

The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. The flowering plants and the gymnosperms comprise the two extant groups of seed plants.
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Magnoliopsida

Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class of flowering plants. By definition the class will include the family Magnoliaceae, but its can otherwise vary, being more inclusive or less inclusive depending upon the classification system being
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Ericales
Dumort., 1829

Families

See text.

The Ericales (azalea) are a large and diverse order of dicotyledons. The order is represented with many various life forms, starting from trees and bushes, to lianas and herbaceous plants.
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family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. Exact details of formal nomenclature depend on the Nomenclature Code which applies.
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A woody plant is any vascular plant that has a perennial stem that is above ground and covered by a layer of thickened bark. Woody plants are adapted to survive from one year to the next; the stem supports continued vegetative growth above ground from one year to next.
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South America is a continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie
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Motto
Tanindrazana, Fahafahana, Fandrosoana   (Malagasy)
Patrie, liberté, progrès   (French)
"Ancestral-land, Liberty, Progress"
Anthem

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Foetidia Comm. ex Lam.

Species

See text.

Foetidia is a genus of between 5-18 species of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae, the sole genus in the subfamily Foetidioideae (sometimes treated in its own family Foetidiaceae).
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Bertholletia

Species: B. excelsa

Binomial name
Bertholletia excelsa
Humb. & Bonpl.
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nut can be either a seed or a fruit.

Botanical definitions

A nut in botany is a simple dry fruit with one seed (rarely two) in which the ovary wall becomes very hard (stony or woody) at maturity, and where the seed remains unattached or unfused with the
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A modern system of plant taxonomy, the APG II system of plant classification was published in 2003 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, APG, in
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003).

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Brazzeia

Brazzeia is a genus of plant in family Lecythidaceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete):
  • Brazzeia longipedicellata, Verdc.

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Abdulmajidia
Whitmore

Species

See text.

Abdulmajidia is a genus in the Lecythidaceae family, consists of two species from Malay Peninsula, listed as endangered species.
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Armen Takhtajan (born 1910), aka Armen Leonovich Takhtadjan or Takhtadzhian, is a Soviet-Armenian botanist, one of the most important figures in 20th Century plant evolution and systematics and biogeography.
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Asteranthos

Asteranthos is a genus of woody plant in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species:
  • Asteranthos brasiliensis

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Barringtonia
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Species
See text

Barringtonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae. It contains the following species:[1]
  • Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn.

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Bertholletia

Species: B. excelsa

Binomial name
Bertholletia excelsa
Humb. & Bonpl.
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Cariniana
Casar.

Cariniana is a genus of woody plant in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species:
  • Cariniana ianeirensis
  • Cariniana integrifolia
  • Cariniana kuhlmannii

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Corythophora
R.Knuth

Corythophora is a genus of woody plant in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species:
  • Corythophora labriculata

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Couratari Aublet

Species

See text.

Couratari is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae, native to tropical South America. They are large trees,often rising above the rainforest canopy.
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Couroupita
Aubl.

Species
See text.

Couroupita is a genus of flowering plants of Lecythidaceae family. It consists of four species native to tropical South America.
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Crateranthus

Crateranthus is a genus of woody plant in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species:
  • Crateranthus talbotii

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Eschweilera

Eschweilera is a genus of woody plant in the Lecythidaceae family. It contains the following species:
  • Eschweilera alvimii
  • Eschweilera amazonicaformis
  • Eschweilera amplexifolia

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Foetidia Comm. ex Lam.

Species

See text.

Foetidia is a genus of between 5-18 species of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae, the sole genus in the subfamily Foetidioideae (sometimes treated in its own family Foetidiaceae).
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Grias L.

Species

See text.

Grias is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae, native to tropical South America and the Caribbean. They are small to medium-sized trees, growing to 5-15 m tall.
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Gustavia
L.

Species
See text.

Gustavia is a genus of flowering plants of Lecythidaceae family. It consists of about 41 species native to tropical South America.
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