Leipzig Trade Fair

The Leipzig Trade Fair (German: Leipziger Messe) was a major fair for trade across Mitteleuropa for nearly a millennium. After the Second World War, its location happened to lie within the borders of East Germany, whereupon it became one of the most important trade fairs of Comecon and was traditionally a meeting place for businessmen and politicians from both sides of the Iron Curtain.

History

The history of the Leipzig fairs goes back to the Middle Ages. A fair held at Leipzig is first mentioned in 1165. In 1190 Otto the Rich, margrave of Saxony instigated two trade fairs in Leipzig, at Easter (Jubilate) and Michelmas. No other fair was to be held up to a mile away (Marktbann), and the bridges and streets were freed from toll. The Michelmas fair was held at the church of St. Nikolai, built in 1176. At this time, there were fairs at other Saxon towns like Freiberg, Leisnig, Pegau and Regis as well. In 1268 all foreign merchants travelling to or living in Leipzig got safe conduct for their persons and their goods, even if their Rulers were at war with Saxony. This led to the settlement of numerous merchants in Leipzig. Trade goods now included herrings, cloth, wine and pepper. In 1380, Leipzig got the privilege to force all passing merchants to offer their goods for sale (Stapelrecht). A third fair, at the first of January was founded by Friedrich II of Saxony (the Gentle) in 1458. It had an Imperial privilege.

In 1507 Emperor Maximilian I made the Leipzig fairs imperial fairs (Reichsmessen) and banned any fairs in a 15 mile area around the town, which further increased Leipzig's importance. Towns like Halle, Naumburg, Erfurt and Magdeburg now became dependent on the Leipzig trade. In 1523, the Augsburg merchant family Welser built a big house with stores, shops at the Markt 8 (today's Barthels Hof), the rival Fuggers had factories as well.

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Symbol of the Leipzig Trade Fair


In the 18th century, Leipzig became the centre for trade with Poland and English goods. It was called 'the marketplace of all Europe'. In 1678/87, a stock exchange was built (Alte Handelsbörse, Naschmarkt, destroyed in 1943, rebuilt).

In 1895, the old Jubilate-fair was replaced by the modern "Muster-Messe", dominated by factory owners presenting samples of their goods. 30 Fair-houses (Messe-Häuser) were built in the years leading up to 1917. They normally contained several inter-connected courtyards with shops, storage areas and living-space (Mädler-Passage, Petershof, Handelshof, Specks Hof, Drei Könige etc.). Leipzig became the main German fair for books and consumer-goods. The fair's MM-symbol was designed by Erich Gruner in 1917.

In 1920 the technical fairground was opened in the southeast of the town, between Reudnitz and the Battle of Leipzig Monument. It included 19 pavillons in 1940. Between the wars, the Ring-Messehaus and the Messehaus Bugra were built. During the war, the area of the technical fair was used for military production and partly destroyed by bombs.

In 1946, the first spring fair ('Peace fair') took place. When the GDR joined the RGW (Comecon) in 1950, the fair was used to present the production of the fellow socialist countries. The technical fair ground was rebuilt and contained over 50 pavilions.

The Leipzig fair today

In 1996, a new fairground was opened. The Congress Centre Leipzig was also opened, built after designs by Gerkan, Marg and Partner. The old fair area is used for shops, events, supermarkets, figure skating events, but many are empty and unused. Today, the most important fairs are the Games Convention, the Leipziger Buchmesse and the Auto Mobil International.

General Facts

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New Trade Fair building
The new Leipzig Trade Fair was built in 1995, and was opened in April 1996. The new fairground consists of six halls: five exhibition halls, which have a size of 20,000m², and the world largest levitated Glass Hall, designed by Ian Ritchie Architects. The fair ground has about 7,000 parking spaces. You can get directly to the fair ground by the tram, train, bus, or car.

Location

Company Facts

Leipziger Messe GmbH was founded after the reunification of Germany in the early 1990's. It is owned equally by Saxony and the city of Leipzig. The firm employs about 300 people, working in the parent company and its subsidiaries. There are two people leading the Leipziger Messe GmbH: the CEO is Mr. W. Marzin and the CTO is Mr. J. Rahmen. The subsidiaries are:
  • Fairnet (booth construction)
  • Show - Sport – Event (event organization)
  • Leipziger Messe International (international trade fair organization)
  • Maxicom (bringing foreign companies to Germany)
  • Leipziger Messe Gastronomie (gastronomical services)
Leipziger Messe GmbH also has about 25 departments abroad, most of which are autonomous.

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German language (Deutsch, ] ) is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages.
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Mitteleuropa (Central/Middle Europe) is a German term approximately equal to Central Europe. In Germany and Austria, the term usually refers to the territory covered by the modern states of:
  •  Austria
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Germany

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Allied powers:
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
...et al. Axis powers:
 Germany
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German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR; commonly and informally known in English as East Germany
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trade fair (or trade show) is an exhibition organised so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their new products and services. Some trade fairs are open to the public, while others can only be attended by company representatives (members of the
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Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON / Comecon / CMEA / CAME), (Russian: Совет экономической
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Iron Curtain" was the boundary which symbolically, ideologically, and physically divided Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II until the end of the Cold War, roughly 1945 to 1991.
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Leipzig
St Thomas' Church in the evening.
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Middle Ages form the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three "ages": the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages and Modern Times.
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Otto, Count of Ballenstedt, called Otto the Rich (died 9 February 1123), was the first Ascanian prince to call himself count of Anhalt, and was also briefly named duke of Saxony.
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Margrave (Latin: marchio) is the English and French form (recorded since 1551) of the German title Markgraf (from Mark "march" and Graf "count") and certain equivalent nobiliary ("princely") titles in other languages.
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Freistaat Sachsen (de)
Swobodny stat Sakska (wen)  
Free State of Saxony

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Michaelmas (pronounced /'mɪkəlməs/; also the Feast of Ss. Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael or the Feast of Michael and All Angels) is a day in the Christian calendar which occurs on 29 September.
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Freiberg (German: free mountain) may refer to:

Places

  • Freiberg, Saxony, Germany
  • Freiberg (district), Saxony, Germany
  • Freiberg am Neckar, Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Leisnig

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Pegau

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Maximilian I may refer to:
  • Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico
  • Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
  • Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria
  • Maximilian I of Bavaria

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Augsburg
The Town Hall of Augsburg
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Welser is the surname of an important German banking and merchant family, originally from Augsburg. Along with the Fugger family, the Welser family controlled various sectors of the European economy, and accumulated enormous wealth through trade and the German colonization of the Americas.
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The Fugger (IPA: [fugɚ]) family was a historically prominent group of European bankers, members of the fifteenth and sixteenth-century mercantile patriciate of Augsburg, international mercantile bankers, and venture
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Battle of the Nations (or Battle of Leipzig or German: Völkerschlacht bei Leipzig) on 16–19 October, 1813 was one of the most decisive defeats suffered by Napoleon Bonaparte in the Napoleonic Wars.
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Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON / Comecon / CMEA / CAME), (Russian: Совет экономической
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Games Convention (sometimes called the Leipzig Games Convention, and abbreviated as GC) is an annual video game event in Leipzig, Germany, first held in 2002. Besides videogames, the event also covers Infotainment, Hardware and Edutainment.
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Leipzig Book Fair (German: Leipziger Buchmesse) is the second largest book fair in Germany after the Frankfurt Book Fair. The fair takes place annually over four days at the Leipzig Trade Fairground in the northern part of Leipzig,
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Ian Ritchie Architects is a leading British architectural practice, founded in London in 1981 by Ian Ritchie CBE RA. Ritchie also co-founded the engineering firm Rice Francis Ritchie (RFR) with Peter Rice in Paris in 1981.
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German reunification (German: Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) took place on 3 October 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR / East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG / West
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Freistaat Sachsen (de)
Swobodny stat Sakska (wen)  
Free State of Saxony

Flag Coat of arms

Details
Location

Coordinates
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)

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Leipzig
St Thomas' Church in the evening.
Coat of arms Location

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