Lincoln Town Car

Lincoln Town Car
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
Production1981–present
PredecessorLincoln Continental
ClassFull-size luxury car
Body style(s)4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
PlatformFord Panther platform


The Lincoln Town Car is a rear wheel drive full-size luxury sedan and serves as the flagship of Ford's Lincoln luxury car division. Often referred to as a traditional American luxury sedan, the Town Car features a V8 engine, rear wheel drive, very generous exterior and interior dimensions as well as a "Pillowy ride and chrome aplenty."[1] (Forbes) The Town Car is currently the largest American-made car, measuring nearly 18 feet (5.49 m) in length for a standard Town Car and 18 1/2 ft (5.64 m) for an L Edition.[2] The Town Car's main competitors include the Lexus LS 460, BMW 7-Series and Cadillac DTS. Manufactured in the Wixom Assembly Plant, the Town Car is, despite recently declining sales numbers, one of the best selling American luxury cars. It also serves as America's most used limousine and chauffered car.[3] While relatively affordable when compared to European flagship luxury sedans, the Town Car is currently the most expensive American luxury sedan (according to base MSRP) with prices ranging from $43,075 for a basic Signature Series to $56,745 for a top-of-the-line Signature L Series.[2][1] The Town Car has been available featuring ballistic protection since 2003 with prices starting at $144,995.[6]

Ford, at one time, had considered ending production on Lincoln's flagship model after the planned closing of the Wixom Assembly Plant in Wixom, Michigan in 2007. Ford ultimately decided to keep the model and move assembly to the St. Thomas Assembly Plant in Ontario, Canada where the Ford Crown Victoria and Mercury Grand Marquis, which also use the Ford Panther platform, are currently built. The Town Car's manufacture will resume at its new location in late 2007.[7] According to Consumer Guide the vehicle's strengths are comfort, materials, and ride quality, while acceleration and handling are named as being the vehicle's weaknesses.[8] The Town Car is one of the safest cars available on the North American market.[9]

Name

It is probably not a coincidence that "Town Car" is English for "Sedan de Ville," Cadillac's model that was gaining popularity in the 1950s. Both names refer to a classic style of limousine, popular in the 1920s, which had an open chauffeur's compartment up front, but only Lincoln has sometimes attempted to make its modern models visually suggest their older namesakes. Many examples from the 70s and 80s have a vinyl roof style which sweeps down the center pillar as part of a raised molding, complete with opera lamps, which suggests a partition between front and rear seats, while no vinyl is applied to the front section of the roof over the driver.

History

Enlarge picture
1978 Lincoln Continental Town Car. This was the final full-size body before downsizing in 1980.
The Town Car name first appeared in the Lincoln line in 1922, on a custom built Lincoln for Henry Ford. The Town Car name later appeared on several trim levels on the Lincoln Continental flagship sedan in from 1959 to 1980. In 1981, the Lincoln Town Car became a model in its own right and became Lincoln's largest sedan as well as its flagship vehicle. Since then, there have been three generations of the Town Car with additional minor redesigns, one in 1995 and another one in 2003.

Pre-1981

It later reappeared in 1959, on a special limousine-like version of the standard Continental. This first Town Car was available only in black and was identifiable by a unique padded vinyl top, which was a rarity at that time.

After its first appearance in 1959, the Town Car name went dormant for 10 years, and re-emerged as an especially plush interior option package for the 1969 Lincoln Continental.

It next appeared as a trim option in 1971, and thereafter continued through 1980 as the top-line trim option package for the Lincoln Continental. Again, the Town Car trim featured an extra plush interior along with, usually but not always, a landau vinyl roof over the rear passenger compartment. The Town Car badge has always been applied to sedans, but from 1975 to 1980, there was a similar option for coupes called the Town Coupe.

First generation

First generation
Enlarge picture
1988 Lincoln Town Car
Production1981–1989
AssemblyWixom, Michigan
Engine(s)5.0 L Windsor V8
Transmission(s)4-speed AOD automatic
Wheelbase117.3 in (2979 mm)
Length219.2 in (5568 mm)
Width78.1 in (1984 mm)
Height55.9 in (1420 mm)
Curb weight4044 lb (1834 kg)
Fuel capacity18 US gal (68.1 L)
RelatedMercury Grand Marquis
Mercury Colony Park
Ford LTD Crown Victoria
Ford Country Squire
Since 1981, the Town Car has been considered a model in its own right, replacing the Continental (whose name reappeared a year later on a smaller model). Upon its introduction, the Town Car immediately became Lincoln's flagship model, a purpose it continues to serve to this day.

The first generation Town Car featured a body profile and grille similar to that of the late 1970s Lincoln Continental. The interior layout included new seats, dashboard and door panels. The exterior door panels and fenders were also completely new, while the taillights and trunk lid experienced a slight redesign. To keep up with current design trends, the previously covered headlights were now exposed and composed of two adjoining square units.

The first generation Town Car also featured many advanced luxury options for its time. While leather trim was available on the Cartier and Signature edition, all trim levels featured six-way power seats as well as an electronic six speaker audio system with integrated amplifier called "Premium Sound." A fully functioning trip computer with digital displays was optional on the Cartier and Signature Series.

The key pad entry system became available on upper models, allowing for the driver to use either a factory-programmed or self-programmed alternate five digit combination to gain entry to the vehicle and trunk. With this system being linked only to the vehicle, rather than a satellite, the need for drivers to share their identity with an operator in a potentally unsecure environment is not required. This feature is still in use on all contemporary Lincolns, most Mercurys and some Ford branded products.

Similar to the Continental Town Car package, a half-vinyl coach roof with frenched rear window was standard on every Town Car. Cloth (Canvas) roofs were optional. The introduction of the Panther platform Town Car in 1980 was also the end for 400 in³ and 460 in³ V8 engines in Lincoln's line-up; they were replaced with the very popular 302 in³ (5.0 L) V8 (carburated from 1980-1981; and with a throttle body fuel injection system an option at the start, replaced by Port Fuel Injection in 1986 through the 1989 model year). The transmission also changed to a 4-speed automatic with overdrive. All Town Cars from 1980-1989 featured an optional trailer towing package which included: dual exhausts, a shortened limited slip differential and an improved cooling package for the motor as well as transmission.

For the 1980 to 1983 model years, inclusive, a Mark VI version of the Town Car was produced with hidden headlights and the characteristic simulated spare tire shape on the trunk lid.

1985

For 1985, the Town Car received minor design updates. Like previous years, the design scheme introduced for 1985 included a reflector running in between both taillights above the license plate frame, a design feature kept for the second generation Town Car. 1985 also saw the introduction of newer more ergonomically designed seats, including four way adjustable front head restraints(1986-1989). Signaure and Cartier models featured boulstered seating.

In 1988, the Town Car went through a minor facelift including additional brushed metal work on the rear of the vehicle. On the front end of the vehicle, Lincoln returned the waterfall grill verses a crosshatch design from 1985-1987. For this restyle, a single disc factory installed JBL CD Player became an available option on Signature and Cartier Models.

While the Cadillac DeVille and Fleetwood were both downsized to more compact dimensions and converted to front-wheel drive for 1985 (Cadillac did keep the larger car in its line and renamed it the Fleetwood Brougham), Lincoln continued to field the Town Car as a traditional-sized luxury car during this time. In response to the downsized Cadillacs, Lincoln, began running a series of ads in late 1985 titled "The Valet" which depicted parking attendants having trouble distinguishing Cadillacs from lesser Buicks, Oldsmobiles, Pontiacs and even Chevrolets, with the question "Is that a Cadillac?" answered by the response "No, it's an Oldsmobile (or Buick, Chevy, etc.)." At the end the owner of a Lincoln would appear with the line "The Lincoln Town Car please." The commercial saw the emergence of the new advertising line, "Lincoln. What a Luxury Car Should Be." which was used into the 1990s.[10]

Second generation

Second generation
Production1990–1997
AssemblyWixom, Michigan
Engine(s)4.6 L Modular V8 (1991-1997)
5.0 L Windsor V8 (1990)
Transmission(s)4-speed AOD-E automatic
4-speed 4R70W automatic
Wheelbase117.4 in (2982 mm)
Length1990-94: 218.9 in (5560 mm)
1995-97: 219.0 in (5563 mm)
Width1990-91: 78.1 in (1984 mm)
1992-94: 76.9 in (1953 mm)
1995-97: 76.7 in (1948 mm)
Height1990-94: 56.7 in (1440 mm)
1995-97: 56.9 in (1445 mm)
Curb weight4040 lb (1818 kg)
Fuel capacity18 US gal (68.1 L) (1990-1991)
20 US gal (75.7 L) (1992-1997)
RelatedMercury Grand Marquis
Ford Crown Victoria

1990

In 1990, the Town Car's body went through a major redesign and a rear air suspension was added as standard equipment. That year, it was also named as Motor Trend's Car of the Year. Through most of this model run, the car was available in four trim levels: Town Car (Pre-cursor to the Executive Series ending in 1990), Executive (beginning with the 1991 model year), Signature, and Cartier, in increasing order of price and appointment of features.[11] The 1990 Lincoln Town Car also marked the end of the Town Car's 1970s-based angular design. The wedges on the side of the hood which contained the parking and signal lights were removed and the Rolls-Royce-like grille was replaced with a more modern and more aerodynamic front fascia. Parking lights were now located adjoining to the grille and the headlights wrapped around the corners of the front. The door panels and fenders were replaced as well, while the trunk lid and taillights remained somewhat more similar to the 1980s model. The revised interior featured a new dashboard, seats, and interior door panels.[12]

Introduced in 1990 were several new options that had never been available before on a Town Car. Memory seating with power front passenger and driver lumbar and recliner support was an option on Signature Town Car and standard on Cartier Town Car. The Electrochromatic Dimming Mirror was also a carryover option from the 1989 Town Car. Also being introduced as standard equipment for all Town Cars during the 1990 model year was a new digital instrumentation system with a more advanced message center, however the 1991 and 1992 model years featured a conventional analog instrument cluster as standard equipment. Many advanced safety features were made available on this generation Town Car. In 1990 a drivers air bag became standard. Dual front air bags and ABS braking was an available option for 1990. 1991 saw the introduction of Ford's new Modular V8, an SOHC design replacing the Ford 302 Windsor. ABS braking as well as dual front driver and passenger airbags became standard in 1992 as well.

1993 Saw a minor facelift on the front grill. Also a fully digitized electronic automatic temperature control(EATC) unit replaced a manually operated automatic temperature control thermostatic unit.

Overall the second generation Town Car was an overwhelming sales success and quickly became one of America's best selling full-size luxury sedans. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Town Car sales regularly exceeded 100,000 units with 120,121 Town Cars being sold in 1994 alone.[13]

With the demise of the Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham after 1996, the Town Car became the only traditional luxury car on the American market, as far as such cars were defined in earlier years before downsizing and conversion to front-wheel-drive began to take shape. Lincoln's other direct competitor in the domestic luxury car market, Chrysler Corporation's Imperial, was dropped after 1975 with two subsequent revivals of the Imperial nameplate made in 1981 and 1990 on much smaller vehicles that were unsuccessful and short-lived.

1995

Enlarge picture
1995-1997 Lincoln Town Car
The Town Car underwent a minor exterior facelift for the 1995 model year. Changes to the exterior included smaller, clear headlights as well as additional running lights in the rear.[12]

The interior was completely revamped. The Town Car received a new dashboard, new seats and new interior door panels. The angular interior shapes from the 1990 to 1994 model's interior were replaced by more modern-looking curved design elements. Many of the new interior components, such as the dashboard, featured a so-called "organic" design. 1995 also saw the introduction of a new steering wheel, which was used in all Panther-based sedans until 2004.[12]

Also introduced in 1995 was a new digital dash layout that featured a more italisized look to the readouts and a new feature called "Average Speed." This feature, on all digital instrument panels until the 2005 overhaul, calculated the average travel speed over a period of time. Every other function remained the same from the 1990 overhaul of the digital dash. Memory seats with power lumbar support also became standard on Signarture Series sedans during this time as well.

Special Editions

1992 to 1997 saw a special Signature Series sedan come to market: the Jack Nicklaus Signature Series, which featured a green body with a white vinyl top with white leather interior trimmed in green. Most of these editions have ornaments and wording on the exterior trimmed in gold.[16] Options included on the 1992 to 1997 Jack Nicklaus Signature Series included: Memory Seats with Power Lumbar/Recliner, Leather Seats, and Monotone Paint.

1995 also featured another special Signature Series edition called the Spinnaker Edition which featured tri-coat paint, the Spinnaker logo on the floor mats, and 16-inch spoked aluminum wheels.<ref name="Lincoln Town Car Special Editions" />

To celebrate Lincoln's 75th anniversary in 1996, the Town Car took on a "Diamond Anniversary" edition. This edition was applied to Signature Series sedans only. Options included a paint strip down the side, leather seats, wood instrument panel trim, window badging, cellular telephone, power moonroof, JBL audio system, auto electrochromatic dimming mirror w/compass, and traction assist.[17]

Also introduced in 1996 were the Ride Control and Touring Edition packages. Ride Control was only available on Signature and Cartier Town Cars while Touring Edition was available for all Town Car models. Ride control featured an auxiliary power steering fluid cooler, 16-inch aluminum wheels, 225/60/16 tires, 3.27 axle ratio, 28.5 mm stabilizer bar, and revised air springs and shocks. Touring Edition featured a power moonroof, JBL audio system, auto dimming headlights, auto electrochromatic dimming mirror, auxiliary power steering fluid cooler, 16-inch aluminum wheels, 225/60/16 tires, 3.27 axle ratio, 28.5 mm stabilizer bar, and revised air springs and shocks.<ref name="Lincoln Town Car Options list with Prices" /> Both the Ride Control and Touring Edition packages would last only between 1996 and 1997; however, the Touring Edition package would make a brief comeback during the 2000 model year.

Third generation

Third generation
Production1998–present
AssemblyWixom, Michigan (1998-2007)
St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada (2008-present)
Engine(s)4.6 L Modular V8
Transmission(s)4-speed 4R70W automatic
4-speed 4R75W automatic
WheelbaseSWB: 117.7 in (2990 mm)
LWB: 123.7 in (3142 mm)
Length1998-2002 SWB: 215.3 in (5469 mm)
2003-present SWB: 215.4 in (5471 mm)
1999-2002 LWB: 221.3 in (5621 mm)
2003-present LWB: 221.4 in (5624 mm)
Width1998-2002: 78.2 in (1986 mm)
Height1998-2002: 58.0 in (1473 mm)
2003-present SWB: 58.6 in (1488 mm)
2003-present LWB: 58.7 in (1491 mm)
Curb weight4467 lb (2100 kg)
Fuel capacity19 US gal (71.9 L)
RelatedMercury Grand Marquis
Mercury Marauder
Ford Crown Victoria


The 1990 body style remained primarily unchanged until the next new body style premiered in 1998, a redesign which included the removal of the car's hood ornament and more angular shapes. The Cartier model also received a 220 hp (164 kW) version of the Modular V8.

Enlarge picture
The redesigned door panels with new seat controls and additional wood trim
The more boxy Town Car design of the 1990s was replaced by a curvacious design scheme with a downwards sloping trunklid, pursed lip grille and cat-eye headlights.

While the Town Car lost three inches in overall length, the new Town Car was two inches wider, one inch taller, and weighed 600 pounds more. The post-1997 Town Car features a slightly longer wheelbase as well.

The interior was also completely redesigned. Door and instrument panels as well as the radio face, switches and controls were redone. Additional wood trim was added to the newly designed dashboard and the door panels. The power seat recliner and lumbar controls were moved to the door panels. Lincoln emblems remained on the door panels well as seatbacks.

A factory option available to individual owners of Town Cars since 2001 has been a version of the Town Car with an extra six inches of rear seat legroom, designated as the "L" or "long" version. This model provides extra amenities for rear-seat passengers, including a unique rear-seat switch that allows the front-passenger seat to be moved forward as desired for extra room in the rear.

A Touring Edition also became available in late 2000. The Touring Edition featured a more powerful 235 hp (175 kW) version of the Town Car's Modular V8 engine, dual exhaust pipes and unique 16 inch alloy wheels with larger tires.

According to Consumer Guide the car scores above average in the premium luxury segment for comfort, room and materials but scores below average for acceleration, steering and overall technical performance.[8] Otherwise, the Town Car has frequently received negative reviews with the car being considered "out of date." The Town Car is, however, still considered one of the best chauffeured vehicles[19] as it receives high marks for being among the most comfortable, quiet riding and roomiest luxury cars available.[20][19]

Gallery


Driver and passenger seat

Backseat

Rear


2003

Enlarge picture
Lincoln Town Car
A minor body redesign in 2003 added the hood ornament back again. 2003 also marked the last year that the Town Car was available in a trim package with the name "Cartier" (1981 to 2003). Beginning with the 2004 model year, the top-of-the-line Town Car was instead designated as the "Ultimate". The Touring edition (on the Signature model only) was dropped. The 4.6 L V8 with 239 hp (178 kW) and sportier handling thanks to rack and pinion speed sensitive steering was also introduced for the 2003 model year. A power trunk lid, that closes remotely was added as an option. Also factory rear ultrasonic park assist became standard on all except the Executive Series this feature has two round sensors located at the rear of the vehicle.

The interior remained largely unchanged for 2003. More brushed satin metals and an analog clock were added to the interior. The Lincoln emblems on the door panels were removed and the radio face including climate controls received a facelift. A full-featured DVD based Satellite navigation with THX sound processors became available on the Cartier model for 2003. In 2004 it was available on the Ultimate series. For 2005 and present on the Signature Limited series and for 2006 to present on the Designer Series. The steering wheel received a facelift in 2005. In 2006 the Gauge cluster received a facelift and a revised analog/digital speedometer. A tachometer became standard. On the exterior, parking sensors became hidden.

Fuel Tank Safety Concerns

see Fuel Tank Safety Concerns.

Popular Culture

Lincoln Town Cars make frequent appearances in mob/crime movies such as; Fled, Heat, The X-Files, Ocean's 11, Rush Hour, among others. They are also frequently seen as limousines/executive cars in many different films, music videos, and TV shows. As the most chauffered vehicle in the US the Town Car is commonly seen as a limousine for high profile individuals on news broadcasts, televisions shows, such as The Apprentice or movies, such as Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth. The latest version of the Town Car can be seen frequently in episodes of CBS' NCIS, transporting either the Director, Jenny Shepard, VIPs or other federal agency heads.

Trim levels

Enlarge picture
Signature Series Identification Label
In 1981 the Town Car was introduced in three trim levels, the base Executive Series, the mid-range Signature Series, and the top-of-the-line Cartier. The trim levels remained unchanged until 2003, when the Executive Series and Cartier names were dropped. The Signature Series did not any longer represent the mid-range model, rather it replaced the Executive Series with Ultimate designation being used for the mid-range and top model, which was formerly called the Cartier. In 2005, however, the lineup was changed again. For 2005 only, the Ultimate designation was dropped, with only the Signature Series designation being used for all three trim levels. In 2006, Lincoln introduced the Designer Series as an additional trim-level to fit in between the mid-range Signature Limited Series and the top Signature L Series.

Executive (1981 - 2003)
The Executive Series was the basic trim levels and thus also most affordable trim level on the Lincoln Town Car from 1981 through 2003. The Executive Series designation is still used today, but only on fleet vehicles.

Signature (1981 - present)
The Signature Series was the mid-level trim and was also the most popular trim level from 1981 through 2003. In 2004 the trim levels were renamed, and the Signature Series was now used to describe the basic trim level and Ultimate was now used to describe the mid-level trim. In 2005 the Ultimate was dropped and all trim levels were changed to a version of Signature. The basic trim level for 2005 was called Signature, the mid trim level was called Signature Limited and the top-of-line trim-level was called Signature L. The trim level designations were revised again for the 2006 model year. For 2006 a trim level called the Designer Series was added between the Signature Limited and top-of-line Signature L.

Cartier (1981 - 2003)
Cartier was used on the top-of-line Town Car from 1981 through 2003. The Cartier also featured its own version of Lincoln emblem which was stitched onto the seats. Golden Lincoln emblems on the tail-lights also became a staplemark on the Cartier Edition on 1998 through 2002 models.

Ultimate (2004 only)
Ultimate was only used on the 2004 Town Car. Ultimate designation was the mid-level trim, while Ultimate L was the designation used for the top-of-line Lincoln.

L Edition (2001 - present)
The designation "L" was used on Lincoln Town Cars with extended wheelbases. The L editions offer an additional six inches of legroom as well as separate audio and climate controls for rear passengers. While this designation is similar to that used on other luxury flagship sedans such as the BMW 7-Series or the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, the "L" designation was never its own trim option on the Town Car. Instead the L edition was applied to the top-of-line Cartier (2003), Ultimate (2004 only), and Signature (2005 - present) Series trim levels.

Designer (2006 - present)
The Designer Series is an upper-middle trim level in between the mid-level Signature Limited and top-of-the-line Signature L. The Designer Series is roughly $1,000 more expensive than the mid-level Signature Limited with a starting MSRP of $45,915. This trim includes two tone interior accents, a special higher quality leather called "Provence" leather. The rear seats also include four way adjustable head restraints exclusively on this trim for the standard wheelbase. On the exterior special chromed B pillars and Chrome wheels are included with this package.

Trim level timeline
Lincoln Town Car Timeline
Trim level1980s1990s2000s
'80'81'82'83'84'85'86'87'88'89'90'91'92'93'94'95'96'97'98'99'00'01'02'03'04'05'06
EntryExecutive SeriesSignature Series
Mid-levelSignature SeriesUltimateSignature Limited
High-endDesigner Series
Top-of-the-lineCartierUltimate LSignature L
L EditionL Series

Awards

Over its twenty-five year run, the Town Car has become one of best selling luxury cars of the United States and received several awards in the process.
  • Highest Customer Satisfaction. According to J.D. Power and Associates the Lincoln marque has the highest customer satisfaction of any car brand. "Lincoln outperforms other brands in the areas of service initiation and user-friendly service. Lincoln customers are particularly pleased with the dealership’s ability to get them in for an appointment within a reasonable amount of time and the fairness of charges. Lincoln is the first domestic make to rank highest in CSI for two consecutive years." - JD Power Associates 2005. Lincoln is followed by Cadillac, which ranked second, and Lexus which ranked fourth in the study.
  • Highest Customer Loyalty. Over two-thirds of Town Car buyers are repeat buyers with 60% not even considering the purchase of another luxury vehicle besides the Town Car.
  • Roominess. According to Forbes, Edmunds.com and NCTD, the Town Car is the most spacious luxury sedan under $200k; an honor easily proven by the interior's generous dimensions.[2] A standard wheel-base Town Car features 112.7 ft³ of interior volume versus 105 ft³ in the Mercedes-Benz S 600 or 111 ft³ in the extended wheelbase BMW 760il. The difference is even greater when comparing the Signature L Series with its enormous 120.5 ft³ of interior space.
  • One of the best chauffeured cars. Forbes magazine repeatedly named the Town Car one of the best cars to be chauffeured in, ahead of other, often more expensive flagship sedans, such as the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, BMW 7-Series and Lexus LS.[19] The Town Car Signature L features a rear seat comfort package which not only provides rear seat passengers with audio system and rear compartment climate controls, but also features a control function which allows for the rear seat occupants to move the passenger seat forward, a feature exclusive to few ultra-luxury sedans.[19] In addition to its many amenities, the Signature L also features an unrivaled 46.9 in of rear legroom, and 60 in of rear shoulder room.[2]
  • Highest Possible Safety Rating. The Town Car has repeatedly earned the government's highest five star safety rating, a rating that shouldn't come as surprise considering the vehicle's overall length, width, and large overhangs. "Five stars in five categories. Town Car is the first car in automotive history to receive a five-star rating in all five categories" - Lincoln web-site. The Town Car is also the only vehicles to receive a five star rating in all five categories for five years in a row, from 2001 to 2006.[26]
  • Quietness. The third generation Town Car is one of the quietest vehicles on the road with an interior noise level of only 36 decibels while idling. The average decibel rating for a vehicle is roughly 45 decibels with the world's quietest car, the Lexus LS averaging 32 decibels.[20]
  • Car of the Year. In 1990, upon the introduction of the second generation Town Car, the vehicle received the honor of being named Motor Trend Car of the Year.[28]

Engine Specifications

Trim level Year Engine Power Torque
First Generation
Executive
Signature
Cartier
19815.0 L Windsor V8130 hp at 3400 rpm230 ft·lbf. at 2,200 rpm
19825.0 L Windsor V8134 hp at 3400 rpm232 ft·lbf. at 2,200 rpm
19835.0 L Windsor V8130 hp at 3200 rpm240 ft·lbf. at 2,000 rpm
1984–19855.0 L Windsor V8140 hp at 3200 rpm250 ft·lbf. at 1,600 rpm
1984–1985(Dual Exhaust)155 hp at 3600 rpm265 ft·lbf. at 2,000 rpm
1986–19895.0 L Windsor V8150 hp (112 kW)270 ft·lbf. at 2,000 rpm
1986(Dual Exhaust)160 hp (119 kW)280 ft·lbf. at 2,200 rpm
1987–1989(Dual Exhaust)160 hp (119 kW)265 ft·lbf. at 2,200 rpm
Second Generation
Executive Series19905.0 L Windsor V8150 hp (112 kW)270 ft·lbf. at 2,000 rpm
1991–19964.6 L Modular V8210 hp (157 kW)275 ft·lbf. at 3,250 rpm
1997190 hp (142 kW)265 ft·lbf. at 3,250 rpm
Signature Series
Cartier
19905.0 L Windsor V8160 hp (119 kW)265 ft·lbf. at 2,200 rpm
1991–19974.6 L Modular V8210 hp (157 kW)275 ft·lbf. at 3,250 rpm
Third Generation
Executive Series
Signature Series
1998–20004.6 L Modular'' V8205 hp (153 kW)
2001–2002220 hp (164 kW)275 ft·lbf. at 3,500 rpm
2003–239 hp (178 kW)287 ft·lbf. at 4,100 rpm
Signature Touring
Signature Limited
Ultimate
Designer Series
2000–2002239 hp (178 kW)287 ft·lbf. at 4,100 rpm
2004-present
2004
2006-present
Cartier1998–2000220 hp (164 kW)290 ft·lbf. at 3,500 rpm
L Edition2001–2002235 hp (175 kW)285 ft·lbf.
2003–239 hp (178 kW)287 ft·lbf. at 4,100 rpm

References

1. ^ Forbes, Lincoln Town Car review, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.
2. ^ Official Lincoln Town Car technical specifications. Retrieved on 2006-06-22.
3. ^ Author: Spero News. "[Lincoln Town Car wins stay of execution]" Publication: Spero News. Article Date: 9/19/06. Date Retrieved: 9/22/06. [1]
4. ^ Official Lincoln Town Car technical specifications. Retrieved on 2006-06-22.
5. ^ Forbes, Lincoln Town Car review, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.
6. ^ Armored Town Car pricing. Retrieved on 2007-03-25.
7. ^ Author: Spero News. "[Lincoln Town Car wins stay of execution]" Publication: Spero News. Article Date: 9/19/06. Date Retrieved: 9/22/06. [2]
8. ^ Consumer Guide 2007 review. Retrieved on 2007-01-18.
9. ^ Forbes.">Lienert, D. (11 May, 2007). Safest Cars 2007. Forbes.. Retrieved on 2007-08-15.
10. ^ Youtube, 1993 Lincoln Commercial. Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
11. ^ 1990 Lincoln Town Car Brochure. Retrieved on 2006-11-18.
12. ^ Design changes description for second generation Design changes for the second generation Town Car. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.
13. ^ Forbes on the Town Car, sales figures since 1994. Retrieved on 2006-10-03.
14. ^ Design changes description for second generation Design changes for the second generation Town Car. Retrieved on 2006-11-18.
15. ^ Design changes description for second generation Design changes for the second generation Town Car. Retrieved on 2006-11-18.
16. ^ 1Town Car Special Editions. Retrieved on 2006-11-18.
17. ^ Town Car Options list with Prices. Retrieved on 2006-11-18.
18. ^ Consumer Guide 2007 review. Retrieved on 2007-01-18.
19. ^ Forbes, best chauffeured cars.
20. ^ Quiteness. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.
21. ^ Forbes, best chauffeured cars.
22. ^ Official Lincoln Town Car technical specifications. Retrieved on 2006-06-22.
23. ^ Forbes, best chauffeured cars.
24. ^ Forbes, best chauffeured cars.
25. ^ Official Lincoln Town Car technical specifications. Retrieved on 2006-06-02.
26. ^ Safety Rating. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.
27. ^ Quiteness. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.
28. ^ Motor trend car of the year 1990. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.

See also

External links


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Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. Not all car types are sold in all countries and names for the same vehicle can differ by region. The following are commonly used classifications.
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A full-size car is a marketing term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car. The American EPA uses "large car" to denote full-size cars.

Full-size is defined in measurement as greater than 120 ft³ (3,300 L) of interior volume.
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luxury vehicle is a relatively expensive vehicle that includes additional features designed to increase the comfort of the driver and passengers. Luxury vehicles usually place more emphasis on comfort, appearance, and amenities such as technological upgrades and higher quality
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body styles. Some are still in production, while others are of historical interest only. These styles are largely (though not completely) independent of a car's classification in terms of price, size and intended broad market; the same car model might be available in multiple body
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sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. At its most basic, the sedan is a passenger car with two rows of seats and adequate passenger space in the rear compartment for adult
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In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are.

Types

Front-engine, front-wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle.
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FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. This was the traditional automobile layout for most of the 20th century.
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An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. Many vendors refer to this as a vehicle architecture. Originally, a platform was a literally shared chassis from a previously-engineered vehicle, as in the case for the
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Panther platform is one of Ford Motor Company's full-size, rear-wheel drive sedan automobile platforms, the other is the Australian Ford Falcon. Today, it is the oldest platform still in use in the United States and Canada.
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A full-size car is a marketing term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car. The American EPA uses "large car" to denote full-size cars.

Full-size is defined in measurement as greater than 120 ft³ (3,300 L) of interior volume.
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luxury vehicle is a relatively expensive vehicle that includes additional features designed to increase the comfort of the driver and passengers. Luxury vehicles usually place more emphasis on comfort, appearance, and amenities such as technological upgrades and higher quality
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A flagship vehicle is the most prestigious vehicle in the line-up of an auto marque. The vehicles are the highest ranking in the company's line-up and represent the marque's image as well, usually serving as the representation of the marque's most iconic design and engineering
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Lincoln

Luxury division
Founded 1917
Headquarters Dearborn, Michigan, USA

Key people Henry M. Leland, founder of the Lincoln Motor Company

Area served North America
Industry Automobile
Products Luxury vehicles
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luxury vehicle is a relatively expensive vehicle that includes additional features designed to increase the comfort of the driver and passengers. Luxury vehicles usually place more emphasis on comfort, appearance, and amenities such as technological upgrades and higher quality
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BMW 7 Series is a line of full-size luxury vehicles produced by the German automaker BMW. It replaced the "New Six" models in 1977. It is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan.
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Cadillac DTS (DeVille Touring Sedan) is a full-size luxury sedan from the Cadillac luxury division of General Motors. The DTS replaces the Cadillac DeVille as that carmaker's largest luxury car for the 2006 model year, following the naming and styling direction set by the earlier
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Wixom Assembly Plant is a former Ford Motor Company automobile assembly plant in Wixom, Michigan. It was one of the company's largest and oldest manufacturing sites. The Wixom plant opened April 15, 1957, and encompassed 4.7 million ft², employing 1,600 workers.
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Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea,
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A flagship vehicle is the most prestigious vehicle in the line-up of an auto marque. The vehicles are the highest ranking in the company's line-up and represent the marque's image as well, usually serving as the representation of the marque's most iconic design and engineering
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luxury vehicle is a relatively expensive vehicle that includes additional features designed to increase the comfort of the driver and passengers. Luxury vehicles usually place more emphasis on comfort, appearance, and amenities such as technological upgrades and higher quality
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armored (or armoured) car (see spelling differences#-our / -or) is one of several types of wheeled armored vehicles: a military wheeled armored vehicle, a civilian bullet-proof passenger car, or a special-purpose armored cargo vehicle for transporting valuable
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Wixom Assembly Plant is a former Ford Motor Company automobile assembly plant in Wixom, Michigan. It was one of the company's largest and oldest manufacturing sites. The Wixom plant opened April 15, 1957, and encompassed 4.7 million ft², employing 1,600 workers.
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City of Wixom
Location in Oakland County and the state of Michigan
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Michigan
County Oakland
Government
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Ontario


Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains)

Capital Toronto
Largest city Toronto
Official languages English (de facto)
Government
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Police Interceptor version used by law enforcement, see Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor. For the 1979–1991 version known as the LTD Crown Victoria, see Ford LTD Crown Victoria.
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