List of Succession to the Spanish Throne

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Spain uses the same system of (male-preference) primogeniture as the United Kingdom. Male children of a parent succeed before female, and otherwise in order of age. If descent from male children of a parent does not exist (ever or any longer), female and her heirs succeed. Dynasts who marry against the express prohibition of the king or the Cortes are excluded from the succession together with their descendants. Disputes about the succession are to be settled by legislation.

In its 2004 election manifesto the victorious Socialist party (PSOE) included plans to adopt a gender-blind succession rule like that used in Sweden, a proposal which was supported by the leader of the main opposition party, the conservative Partido Popular. It was initially thought that the change would only apply to future generations but with all the major political parties in agreement that the system of primogeniture conflicts with the constitutionally-established principle of sexual equality it is now planned that the law will be changed before the Princess of Asturias bears any male children, thereby securing the Infanta Leonor's position as second in line. The subsequent announcement, in 2006, that the Princess was pregnant with a second daughter has however removed any immediate urgency in the passage of the necessary legislation.

Line of succession

Current Monarch: Juan Carlos I of Spain
  1. HRH The Prince of Asturias, son of King Juan Carlos.
  2. HRH The Infanta Leonor, elder daughter of The Prince and Princess of Asturias
  3. HRH The Infanta Sofía, younger daughter of The Prince and Princess of Asturias
  4. HRH The Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, eldest daughter of King Juan Carlos.
  5. HE Felipe Juan Froilán de Marichalar y de Borbón, son of Infanta Elena.
  6. HE Victoria Federica de Marichalar y de Borbón, daughter of Infanta Elena.
  7. HRH The Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, younger daughter of King Juan Carlos.
  8. HE Juan Urdangarín y de Borbón, eldest son of Infanta Cristina.
  9. HE Pablo Urdangarín y de Borbón, middle son of Infanta Cristina.
  10. HE Miguel Urdangarín y de Borbón, youngest son of Infanta Cristina.
  11. HE Irene Urdangarín y de Borbón, daughter of Infanta Cristina.

Succession to the Spanish Throne

Section 57 of the Spanish Constitution provides that "The Crown of Spain shall be inherited by the successors of H. M. Juan Carlos I de Borbón." To date, the Spanish government has not seen fit to clarify whether this provision includes anyone beyond the descendants of King Juan Carlos. "Successor" is not the same as "descendant" but can be understood to mean such successors as brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, cousins, etc. Presumably in the line of Borbón which surname is mentioned in the constitution. The king's two sisters renounced their rights of succession but those renunciations took place before the adoption of the Constitution and were not ratified by the Cortes as required by Section 57. The rights of earlier generations are similarly clouded by numerous renunciations and unapproved marriages which may or may not exclude the individuals involved from the throne.

Section 57 further provides that "Abdications and renunciations and any doubt in fact or in law that may arise in connection with the succession to the Crown shall be settled by an organic act." Presumably, legislation would be adopted to clarify the situation if all the descendants of Juan Carlos die off. As a final catch-all provision, Section 57 states that "Should all the lines designated by law become extinct, the Cortes Generales shall provide for succession to the Crown in the manner most suitable to the interests of Spain."

King Juan Carlos' three children are married and of child-bearing age. His daughters have already given him six grandchildren and his son, the Prince, has two daughters. As a result, it seems unlikely that Spain will need to look beyond the descendants of Juan Carlos to find future monarchs. Unless and until an organic act clarifies the rights of other members of the king's family, there is no way to determine who, if anyone, follows Infanta Cristina's descendants in the Line of Succession. As of 2007, there are no plans to legislate on the question.

Presumed lines

  1. King's elder sister Infanta Doña Pilar de Borbón, Duchess of Badajoz, and her descendants.
  2. King's younger sister Infanta Doña Margarita de Borbón, Duchess of Soria, and her descendants.
  3. Descendants of daughters of Alfonso XIII.
  4. Descendants of Doña María de las Mercedes de Borbón (1880–1904), Princess of Asturias, eldest daughter of Alfonso XII.
  5. Descendants of Doña María Teresa de Borbón (1882–1912), Infanta of Spain, younger daughter of Alfonso XII.
  6. Descendants of Doña María de la Paz de Borbón (1862–1946), Infanta of Spain, younger daughter of Isabella II, etc.

See also

order of succession is a formula or algorithm that determines who inherits an office upon the death, resignation, or removal of its current occupant.

Monarchies and nobility


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List of forms of government
  • Anarchism
  • Aristocracy
  • Authoritarianism
  • Autocracy

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Succession to the Bahraini throne is determined by primogeniture amongst the male descendants of Hakim Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa. However the King has the right to appoint any of his other sons as his successor if he wishes to.
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Article 85 ''(1) The King's constitutional powers are hereditary through the direct, natural, and legitimate descent from HM Leopold George Christian Frederick of Saxe-Coburg, by order of primogeniture.
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Succession to the Cambodian throne is determined by the Royal Council of the Throne with the King not having the power to appoint an heir to the throne. In order to succeed to the Cambodian throne persons must be a member of the Cambodian Royal Family, of thirty years of age and be
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Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The reigning Emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his ascension to the throne; the nomination must also be approved by a majority of members of the National Assembly.
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Succession to the throne of Lesotho is laid down in Chapter V of the African kingdoms constitution. The current King is Letsie III

Chapter V Article 45 of Lesotho's constitution reads that:
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line of succession to the Monegasque Throne passes to the descendants of the reigning Prince of Monaco in accordance with male-preference primogeniture. The line of succession was most recently and notably modified by a constitutional change implemented by Princely Law 1.
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Line of succession to the Nepalese Throne is determined by agnatic primogeniture. In 2006 the Nepalese government proposed adopting equal primogeniture.[1] This would have meant that the eldest child of the monarch, regardless of gender would inherit.
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Notes
  • Queen's second son, Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, was removed from the line of succession when he married without parliamentary approval in 2004. His two daughters, Countess Luana and Countess Zaria are not in the line of succession.

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The order of succession as the Ruler of Qatar is determined by appointments within the Al Thani family.

The current Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ حمد بن خليفة
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The order of succession to the throne of Saudi Arabia is determined by, and within, the House of Saud. It follows very closely agnatic seniority, but a prince may be surpassed, or another elevated.
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1924 Palace Law of Succession (Thai: กฏมณเฑียรบาลว่าด้วยการสืบราชสันตติวง
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order of succession to the throne of Tonga is laid down in the 1875 constitution of the south Pacific island nation. This constitution specifies that the succession is confined to the descendants of King Siaosi Tāufa
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line of succession to the British Throne is an ordered list of the people in line to succeed to the throne of the United Kingdom. The succession is regulated by the Act of Settlement 1701, which limits it to the heirs of the Electress Sophia of Hanover, as determined by
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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Primogeniture is the common law right of the first born son to inherit the entire estate, to the exclusion of younger siblings. It is the tradition of inheritance by the first-born of the entirety of a parent's wealth, estate or office; or in the absence of children, by collateral
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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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Las Cortes Generales
The General Courts


Type Bicameral
Houses El Senado de España
Congreso de los Diputados
President of the Senate Francisco Javier Rojo García, PSOE PSE-EE
since 2004
President of the Congress Manuel Marín González, PSOE
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Motto
(Royal) "För Sverige - I tiden" 1
"For Sweden – With the Times" Â²

Anthem
Du gamla, Du fria
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The People's Party (Spanish: Partido Popular, PP) is the largest center-right political party in Spain.

The People's Party was a refoundation of the Popular Alliance (Alianza Popular
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