List of kings of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

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The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's head of state and monarch. He serves as the head of the Saudi Monarchy and House of Saud.

Within Saudi Arabia the king is known by the title of The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (خادم الحرمين الشريفين), which refers to Saudi Arabia's jurisdiction over the mosques of Masjid al Haram in Mecca and Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina.

Kings of Saudi Arabia (1932-Present)

Name Born-Died King from King until Notes
King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud)1876 - 195322 September 19329 November 1953Founder of Saudi Arabia
King Saud1902 - 19699 November 19532 November 1964Son of King Abdul Aziz, deposed
King Faisal1906 - 19752 November 196425 March 1975Son of King Abdul Aziz, assassinated
King Khalid1913 - 198225 March 197513 June 1982Son of King Abdul Aziz
King Fahd1923 - 200513 June 19821 August 2005Son of King Abdul Aziz
King Abdullah1924 -1 August 2005PresentSon of King Abdul Aziz


King Abdul Aziz began conquering today's Saudi Arabia in 1902, by restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh. He then proceeded to conquer first the Nejd (1922) and then the Hejaz (1925). He progressed from Sultan of Nejd, to King of Hejaz and Nejd, and finally to King of Saudi Arabia (1932).

The other kings have all been sons of his, and all likely immediate successors to the reigning King Abdullah are his sons as well. Sons of Ibn Saud are considered to have primary claim on the Kingship of Saudi Arabia. This makes the Saudi Monarchy quite distinct from Western monarchies, which usually feature large, clearly defined royal families and orders of succession. The kings after Faisal have named a "second Deputy Prime Minister" as the subsequent heir after the Crown Prince, who is also the "Deputy Prime Minister." The current Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia is Abdullah's half-brother, Prince Sultan, and it is intended that a family assembly choose heirs from their or the next generation at some time in the future, however at the current time, Abdullah has named no "second Deputy."

The King of Saudi Arabia is also considered the Head of the House of Saud and Prime Minister.

Saudi Arabia is ruled by Islamic law and purports to be an Islamic state; but many Muslims see a monarchy as being a non-Islamic system of government. This attitude stems in part from traditional Sunni doctrine, which prefers selecting rulers based on who is most qualified, even though the caliphate became a hereditary system after the time of the first four Sunni Caliphs (the Rashidun). The ruling family itself is often perceived as unreligious due to rumours of decadent behaviour. This is part of a deeper underlying tension in Saudi Arabia between the strive for modernization and conservation of culture and values.

See also

Line of succession to the Saudi Arabian Throne

Motto
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger" (the Shahadah)
Anthem
"Aash Al Maleek"
"Long live the King"
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King Abdullah
الملك عبد الله

King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques


Reign August 1 2005 – Present

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Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
مطوعين), or Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (i.e., the religious police), enforces the prohibition on the public practice of non-Muslim religions.
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Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.


Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty.
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Motto
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger" (the Shahadah)
Anthem
"Aash Al Maleek"
"Long live the King"
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Head of state or Chief of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a monarchic or republican nation-state, federation,
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Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Saudi Arabia

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Saudi Arabia


  • King
  • Abdullah
  • House of Saud
  • Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

..... Click the link for more information.
Al-Masjid al-Ḥarām
Isha at the Masjid al-Haram, 2006

Basic information
Location Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Religious affiliation Islam

Province Hejaz

Ecclesiastical status Mosque

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Makkah al-Mukarramah مكة المكرمة

Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates:
Province Makkah
Government
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Mosque of the Prophet ( Arabic: المسجد النبوی ) [IPA /mæsʤıd ænːæbæwı], in Medina, is the second holiest mosque in Islam.
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Please help [ improve the article] or discuss these issues on the talk page.
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Motto
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger" (the Shahadah)
Anthem
"Aash Al Maleek"
"Long live the King"
..... Click the link for more information.
`Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd, King of Saudi Arabia (?, 1876 – November 9, 1953) (Arabic: عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia.
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`Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd, King of Saudi Arabia (?, 1876 – November 9, 1953) (Arabic: عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia.
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