List of web browsers

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Timeline representing the history of various web browsers.
The following is a list of web browsers.

Historical

Historically important browsers

In order of release:

Early browsers

Graphical

Trident & Gecko-based browsers

The Trident layout engine was developed by Microsoft for use in the Windows version of their web browser, Internet Explorer.

The Gecko layout engine is developed by the Mozilla Foundation.

Browsers that use both engines include:

Trident-based browsers

Other software publishers have extended the functionality of Microsoft's Trident engine by creating Internet Explorer shells. The following browsers are all based on the Trident rendering engine:

Gecko-based browsers

KHTML and WebKit-based browsers

The KHTML layout engine is developed by the KDE project. WebKit is an open-source fork of that engine by Apple Inc..

Browsers for the Java platform

  • HotJava (discontinued)
  • ICE Browser
  • Jazilla
  • Lobo
  • WebRenderer

Specialty Browsers (Current)

Browsers Created for enhancements of specific browsing activities.
  • BloinkBOX ( For building bookmark libraries and channel-scanning websites using a slider system [patent pending])
  • BrailleSurf (For rendering pages in braille)
  • Buddy Browser (A hybrid browser/portal/search engine with parental controls, allowing kids to visit all of their favorite websites in a safe way.)
  • Deck-It (WML website viewing | for developers)
  • Flock (To enhance blogging, photosharing, and RSS newsreading)
  • Ghostzilla (Blends into the GUI to hide activity)
  • Heatseek (Designed to hide adult web browsing activity behind encryption)
  • Image Xplorer (For viewing and downloading images only)
  • Kirix Strata (For accessing data from the web (CSV, HTML tables, RSS Feeds) and then for manipulating it like you would with a spreadsheet or desktop database)
  • Public Web Browser (Designed for unenhancement of specific browsing activities.)
  • Songbird (software) (browser with advanced audio streaming features and built in media player with library.)
  • Surf Knight (Browser for kids)
  • SpaceTime (Search the web in 3D)
  • Swoot (the first web-based browser, build your own browser)
  • Wyzo (A media browser that integrates BitTorrent)

Specialty Browsers (Discontinued)

  • Alis Tango (For non-English language)
  • AOL (For use with their proprietary intranet)
  • Mathbrowser (Designed to help render math equations on the web)

Other browsers

Mobile browsers

See Microbrowser

Text-based

See also

Notes

1. ^ Eolas releases WebRouser via the Internet. Eolas Information (September 18, 1995). Retrieved on 2007-10-18.

External links

A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network.
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Maintainer: Tim Berners-Lee for CERN

OS: NeXTSTEP

Use: Web browser
License: Public domain
Website: www.w3.org/.../WorldWideWeb.html
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Erwise was a popular web browser in the early days of the World Wide Web. At the time of its release in April 1992, one month prior to ViolaWWW, it was the world's first web browser with a graphical user interface for non-NeXT computers.
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ViolaWWW, first developed in the early 1990s, was the first popular web browser (though to a limited audience) which until Mosaic, was the most frequently used for access to the World Wide Web.
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Erwise was a popular web browser in the early days of the World Wide Web. At the time of its release in April 1992, one month prior to ViolaWWW, it was the world's first web browser with a graphical user interface for non-NeXT computers.
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A line-mode browser is a form of web browser that is operated from a single command line.

WWW - The Libwww Line Mode Browser

The first such browser was WWW - The Libwww Line Mode Browser, based on and shipped with the libwww library.
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This article relates to the browser produced by NCSA. For the browser that was renamed Netscape Navigator, see that article.

Mosaic

Mosaic 3.
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Maintainer: Netscape Communications Corporation

OS: Cross-platform

Use: Web browser

Website: [1] Netscape Navigator, also known as Netscape
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Maintainer: Netscape Communications Corporation

OS: Cross-platform

Use: Internet suite

Website: wp.netscape.com/browsers/4

Netscape Communicator was a proprietary Internet suite produced by Netscape Communications Corporation.
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Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems
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Maintainer: Microsoft

OS: Mac OS X, Mac OS

Use: Web browser
License: Proprietary
Website: [1] Internet Explorer for Mac (also referred to as Internet Explorer:mac, IE:mac or
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Maintainer: Microsoft

OS: Solaris, HP-UX

Use: Web browser
License: Proprietary
Internet Explorer for UNIX was a proprietary and freely available graphical web browser that was produced by Microsoft for use in the X Window System on
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Internet Explorer 1.0 in August 1995 in two packages: at retail in Microsoft Plus! add-on for Windows 95 and via the simultaneous OEM release of Windows 95. Version 1.5
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Maintainer: Opera Software ASA

OS: Cross-platform

Use: Internet suite
License: Proprietary
Website: [1] Opera is a cross-platform web browser and Internet suite developed by the Opera Software corporation.
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The Opera Internet suite began in 1994 as a research project at Telenor, the largest Norwegian telecommunications company. In 1995, it branched out into an independent company named Opera Software ASA.[1]

The Opera browser was, until version 2.
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AMosaic is an Amiga port of the Mosaic web browser. It was the first non-*NIX port of Mosaic, and the first graphical web browser made available for the Amiga. AMosaic was based on NCSA's Mosaic, but was not distributed by the University of Illinois or NCSA.
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Arena is a web browser developed by the W3C for testing support for HTML 3 and Cascading Style Sheets.

The W3C halted work on the Arena browser, and switched to the Amaya browser as their new testbed. Yggdrasil Computing then took over the role of developing the browser.
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Cello was an early web browser and Gopher client for Windows 3.1. It was developed by Thomas R. Bruce of the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School, and publicly released on June 8, 1993. The last edition was version 1.01a, released on April 9, 1994.
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Cyberdog is an internet suite that was developed by Apple Computer for the Mac OS line of operating systems. It was introduced as a beta in February 1996 [2] and abandoned in March 1997 [3] .
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Grail was a free extensible multi-platform web browser written in the Python programming language. Its last release was of version 0.6 in 1999 and has been unmaintained since then.
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IBM WebExplorer was an early web browser designed at IBM facilities in the Research Triangle Park for OS/2.

Name

Not to be confused with IBM Web Browser, a later program based on Mozilla, or with Microsoft Internet Explorer.
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Maintainer: Thomas Dickey

OS: Cross-platform

Use: web browser
License: GPL
Website: lynx.isc.org Lynx is a text-only Web browser and Gopher client for use on cursor-addressable, character cell terminals.
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MacWeb was an early Mac OS-only web browser for 68k and PowerPC Apple Macintosh computers, developed by TradeWave (formerly EINet) between 1994 and 1996. MacWeb's major attraction was its ability to run well on low-end hardware, with small memory (1 MB or less) and disk (680 kB,
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MidasWWW was one of the earliest web browsers, developed at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). It ran under Unix and VMS. The last release was version 2.2.

External links

  • MidasWWW version 2.1 source code .

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Oracle PowerBrowser was a web browser created in 1996 by Oracle Corporation. It also offered the possibility to act as a web server allowing users to host webpages in their computers.

PowerBrowser has been discontinued.
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SlipKnot was one of the earliest World Wide Web browsers, available to Microsoft Windows users between November 1994 and January 1998. It was created by Peter Brooks of MicroMind, Inc. to provide a fully graphical view of the web for users without a TCP/IP connection to the net.
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WebRouser was an innovative 1995 web browser, created by the founders of Eolas, that provided a number of cutting edge capabilities, including plugins, client-side image maps, and web-page-defined browser button bars and page-defined browser menu trees.
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Trident (also known as MSHTML) is the name of the layout engine for the Microsoft Windows version of Internet Explorer. It was first introduced with the release of Internet Explorer version 4 in October 1997, has been steadily upgraded and remains in use today.
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A layout engine, or rendering engine, is software that takes web content (such as HTML, XML, image files, etc.) and formatting information (such as CSS, XSL, etc.) and displays the formatted content on the screen.
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Microsoft Corporation

Public (NASDAQ:  MSFT )
Founded Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA (April 4 1975)[1]
Headquarters Redmond, Washington, United States

Key people Bill Gates, Co-founder and Executive Chairman ;
Paul Allen, Co-founder ;
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