Louis of Portugal

Portuguese Royalty
House of House of Braganza>Braganza-Wettin

Pedro V
Lus I
Children
   Carlos, Prince Royal and Duke of Braganza (future Carlos I)
   Infante Afonso, Duke of Porto
Carlos I
Children
   Lus Filipe, Prince Royal and Duke of Braganza
   Infante Manuel, Duke of Beja (future Manuel II)
Manuel II


Luís I, King of Portugal KG (pron. IPA [lu'iʃ]; English: Louis, whose full name was Luís Filipe Maria Fernando Pedro de Alcântara António Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Francisco de Assis João Augusto Júlio Valfando de Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha e Bragança), the Popular (Port. o Popular) (Lisbon, October 31, 1838 – October 19 1889 in Cascais) was the 32nd (or 33rd according to some historians) King of Portugal and Algarves between 1861 and 1889. He was the second son of Maria II and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and was created Duke of Porto and Viseu.

Louis was a cultured man who wrote vernacular poetry, but otherwise had no distinguishing gifts in the political field into which he was thrust by the deaths of his brothers Pedro V and Ferdinand in 1861. Luis' domestic reign was a tedious and ineffective series of transitional governments formed at various times by the Progressives (Liberals) and Regenerators (Conservatives – the party generally favoured by King Luis, who secured their long term in office after 1881). Despite a flirtation with the Spanish succession prior to the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, Louis's reign was otherwise one of domestic stagnation as Portugal fell ever further behind the nations of western Europe in terms of public education, political stability, technological progress and economic prosperity. In colonial affairs, Delgoa Bay was confirmed as a Portuguese possession in 1875, whilst Belgian activities in the Congo (1880s)and an English ultimatum denied Portugal a land link between Angola and Mozambique at the peak of the Scramble for Africa.

Louis was mostly a man of the sciences, with a passion for oceanography. He invested great amounts of his fortune in funding research boats to collect specimens in the oceans of the world. He was responsible for the establishment of one of the World's first Aquariums, Aquário Vasco da Gama in Lisbon, which is still open to the public with its vast collection of maritime life forms, including a 10 meter long squid. His love for sciences and things new was passed to his two sons.

Ancestors

Louis' ancestors in three generations
Louis I of PortugalFather:
Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (II of Portugal)
Father's father:
Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg, Prince of Kohary
Father's father's father:
Francis Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Father's father's mother:
Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf
Father's mother:
Princess Antonie of Kohary
Father's mother's father:
Prince Franz Joseph of Kohary
Father's mother's mother:
Maria Gabriela, Countess Cavriani
Mother:
Maria II of Portugal
Mother's father:
Peter I of Brazil (IV of Portugal)
Mother's father's father:
John VI of Portugal
Mother's father's mother:
Charlotte of Spain
Mother's mother:
Maria Leopoldina of Austria
Mother's mother's father:
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother's mother's mother:
Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies

Marriages and descendants

Louis married Maria Pia of Savoy, daughter of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Adelheid, Archduchess of Austria. They had two sons, and the King had one love-child, born in 1874, in Lisbon, and named: Carlos August.

Name Birth Death Notes
By Maria Pia of Savoy (October 16 1847-July 5 1911; married on October 6 1862)
Prince CharlesSeptember 28 1863February 1 1908Who succeeded him as Charles I, the 33rd (or according to some historians 34th) King of Portugal, killed in 1908 by Republicans.
Infante AfonsoJuly 31 1865February 21 1920Duke of Porto.


Luís I of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 31 October 1838 Died: 19 October 1889
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Peter V
King of Portugal and the Algarves
1861 – 1889
Succeeded by
Charles I
The House of Wettin was a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors (Kurfürsten) and kings that ruled the area of today's German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding at times the kingship of Poland.
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Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. IPA ['pedɾu]; English: Peter; Pedro de Alcântara Maria Fernando Miguel Rafael Gonzaga Xavier João António Leopoldo Vítor Francisco de Assis Júlio Amélio de Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha e
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Carlos I, King of Portugal KG pron. IPA ['kaɾɫuʃ]; Eng. Charles), the Martyrized (Port.
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Infante Afonso Henriques of Portugal, Duke of Porto GCVO (Portuguese pron. IPA [ɐ'fõsu ẽ'ʁikɨʃ dɨ bɾɐ'gãsɐ
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Carlos I, King of Portugal KG pron. IPA ['kaɾɫuʃ]; Eng. Charles), the Martyrized (Port.
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Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. IPA [mɐnu'ɛɫ]; English: Emanuel II), the Patriot (Port. o Patriota) or the Missed King (Port.
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Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. IPA [mɐnu'ɛɫ]; English: Emanuel II), the Patriot (Port. o Patriota) or the Missed King (Port.
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The Most Noble Order of the Garter is a medieval English order of chivalry or knighthood, and the pinnacle of the British honours system. Membership in it is limited to the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales and no more than twenty-four members, or Companions; men are known as Knights
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English}}} 
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Official language of: 53 countries
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Portuguese}}} 
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Lisbon

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Location  
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  • St. Arnulf
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    Cascais

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    list of Portuguese monarchs dating from the independence of Portugal from the kingdom of León in 1128 under Afonso Henriques, who proclaimed himself King in 1139, to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on October 5, 1910, during the reign of Manuel II, "the Patriot," or
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    Capital
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    Official languages Portuguese1
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    Algarve (pron. IPA: [aɫ'gaɾv(ɨ)]; from the Arabic الغرب — al-gharb
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    Maria II da Gloria (Rio de Janeiro, April 4, 1819 – November 15, 1853 in Lisbon), named Maria da Glória Joana Carlota Leopoldina da Cruz Francisca Xavier de Paula Isidora Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga da Áustria e Bragança was Queen of Portugal from 1826 to 1853.
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    Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29 1816 - December 15 1885) was king consort to Maria II of Portugal from their marriage in 1836 to her death in 1853. In keeping with Portuguese law, only after the birth of his son in 1837 was he styled Ferdinand II of Portugal.
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    Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. IPA ['pedɾu]; English: Peter; Pedro de Alcântara Maria Fernando Miguel Rafael Gonzaga Xavier João António Leopoldo Vítor Francisco de Assis Júlio Amélio de Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha e
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    Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War (19 July 1870-10 May 1871) was a conflict between France and Prussia, which was backed by the North German Confederation and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and Bavaria.
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    Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth Sciences that studies the Earth's oceans and seas.
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    Lisbon

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    Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29 1816 - December 15 1885) was king consort to Maria II of Portugal from their marriage in 1836 to her death in 1853. In keeping with Portuguese law, only after the birth of his son in 1837 was he styled Ferdinand II of Portugal.
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