M77 motorway

M77 motorway
Length0 miles (0 km)
DirectionNorth - South
StartGlasgow
Kinning Park
Primary destinationsA77
South-west Scotland
EndFenwick
Construction dates1977 - 2005
Motorways joined
M8 motorway
Enlarge picture
South of Newton Mearns.


The M77 motorway is a motorway in Scotland. It originally began in southern Glasgow at the M8 motorway at Kinning park, and terminates near Kilmarnock at the village of Fenwick. However, changes were made in autumn 2005 segregating a lane on the M8 motorway almost as far as the Kingston Bridge, which in January 2006 was extended further actually onto the bridge itself. It forms the most northerly part of the A77 trunk road which links Glasgow to Stranraer in the South West of Scotland. (The A77 itself continues to Portpatrick in The Rinns of Galloway, the closest Scottish town to Belfast.)

The original M77 was merely a short 1½ mile (2.4 km) long spur route which took traffic from the M8 motorway in the Kinning Park area of Glasgow, ending at a roundabout located on Dumbreck Road close to Bellahouston Park (although prior to this had been an unused spur running to roughly Ibrox telephone exchange on Gower Street. However, a large number of accidents and pollution problems caused in the Giffnock and Newton Mearns districts by commuter traffic and heavy lorries (the A77 is also the main route for ferry-bound traffic sailing to Northern Ireland), saw an extension being built to the motorway in 1994 to bypass these areas, which was opened in 1997. This was fiercely opposed by environmentalists, as it meant that the motorway would cut a tranche through the historic Pollok Country Park. However, approval for the extension was granted and construction went ahead. It has been suggested that the Conservative Government of the day pushed the project through because Newton Mearns, which stood to benefit from the extension, lay in the middle of a Conservative-controlled constituency. However, a threatening visit in 1995 to the protesters of 'Pollok Free State' by the Conservative Member of Parliament Allan Stewart (then the MP for Eastwood, the constituency including Newton Mearns, accompanied by his airgun-wielding son, resulted in a political shot in the foot, contributing to his subsequent resignation, and a fine for his son in Paisley Sheriff Court[1].

Tree carvings made by the residents of 'Pollok Free State', can still be seen from the road in the woods to the left of the Pollok southbound turn off.

The latest upgrade was instigated in 2004, and involved extending the M77 a further 9 miles (15 km) south to the village of Fenwick, near Kilmarnock. This replaced the dangerous 4-lane unsegregated dual carriageway of the A77 that dropped to a two lane single carriageway for the bend just north of the Mearnskirk turn-off, and the A77/B764 (Eaglesham) junction (causing vehicles to queue dangerously on the outside lane on a bend to enter the B764 from the south) which were prone to fatal accidents. The scheme also included the Glasgow Southern Orbital (GSO) which bypasses the B764 Eaglesham Moor road to East Kilbride. It was completed in April 2005.

In 2006, Junction 2 was rebuilt in conjunction with the building of the adjacent Silverburn Shopping Centre. The northbound off-ramp and southbound on-ramp are now routed via the access roundabout to the shopping centre.

Much of the original section of the A77 that carried the traffic now accommodated by the M77 has been converted into a two lane single carriageway and a parallel cyclepath.

Junctions

M77 Motorway
Northbound exitsJunctionSouthbound exits
Glasgow, Edinburgh M8
East Kilbride, Tradeston A8
M8 J22Start of Motorway
Govan, Pollokshields B768
M8 (West)
J1Govan, Pollokshields B768
Crookston, Pollokshaws B762J2Crookston, Pollokshaws B762
Nitshill, Darnley, Deaconsbank, Thornliebank, Barrhead A727J3Nitshill, Darnley, Deaconsbank, Thornliebank, Barrhead A727
No exitJ4Newton Mearns
East Kilbride, Eaglesham A726
Newton Mearns A77
J5East Kilbride, Eaglesham A726
Newton Mearns A77
No exitJ6Galston A77
No exitJ7Stewarton, Fenwick '''B778
Start of MotorwayJ8Fenwick B7061
Fenwick B7061Road continues as A77 to Kilmarnock

See also

External links

Motorways in the United Kingdom
Great Britain: M1M2M3M4M5M6M6 TollM8M9M10M11M18M20M23M25M26M27M32M40M42M45M48M49M50M53M54M55M56M57M58M60M61M62M65M66M67M69M73M74 • M77 • M80M90M180M181M271M275M602M606M621M876M898
A1(M)A3(M)A38(M)A48(M)A57(M)A58(M)A64(M)A66(M)A74(M)A167(M)A194(M)A308(M)A329(M)A404(M)A601(M)A627(M)A823(M)
Northern Ireland: M1M2M3M5M12M22A8(M)[ edit]
Past: M16M41M63A18(M)A40(M)A41(M)A102(M)A6144(M)    Unbuilt: M12M13M15M31M64    Future: M4 Toll
Glasgow
Gaelic - Glaschu
Scots - Glesca, Glesga


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Kinning Park is a southern suburb of Glasgow, Scotland. It had a population in 1901 census of 15851 .

Political History

Originally a separate Police burgh founded in 1871, it became part of Glasgow in 1905.
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primary status is indicative of the importance of locations, with respect to road traffic.

The status is awarded to settlements and structures of importance (the primary destinations) and to the roads that connect them (the primary routes).
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This article is written like a personal reflection or and may require .
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The A77 road is a major road in Scotland.
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Fenwick is a village in East Ayrshire, Scotland, UK. As of 2001, its population was 863.

Fenwick is the terminus of the M77 following its extension which was opened in April 2005, at the beginning of the Kilmarnock bypass.
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M8 motorway

Length 0 miles (0 km)
Direction East - West
Start Edinburgh
City Bypass
Primary destinations Glasgow
Paisley
Erskine Bridge
End Langbank
Construction dates 1965 - 1995
Motorways joined 2 -
M9 motorway
8 -
M73 motorway
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Motorway is a term for both a type of road and a classification or designation. Motorways are high capacity roads designed to carry fast motor traffic safely. In the UK they are predominantly dual-carriageway roads, with two, three or four lanes in each direction (usually three),
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Motto
Nemo me impune lacessit   (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   
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Glasgow
Gaelic - Glaschu
Scots - Glesca, Glesga


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M8 motorway

Length 0 miles (0 km)
Direction East - West
Start Edinburgh
City Bypass
Primary destinations Glasgow
Paisley
Erskine Bridge
End Langbank
Construction dates 1965 - 1995
Motorways joined 2 -
M9 motorway
8 -
M73 motorway
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Kinning Park is a southern suburb of Glasgow, Scotland. It had a population in 1901 census of 15851 .

Political History

Originally a separate Police burgh founded in 1871, it became part of Glasgow in 1905.
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Kilmarnock
Gaelic - Cill Mhearnáig
Scots - Kilmarnock, Killie


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Fenwick is a village in East Ayrshire, Scotland, UK. As of 2001, its population was 863.

Fenwick is the terminus of the M77 following its extension which was opened in April 2005, at the beginning of the Kilmarnock bypass.
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M8 motorway

Length 0 miles (0 km)
Direction East - West
Start Edinburgh
City Bypass
Primary destinations Glasgow
Paisley
Erskine Bridge
End Langbank
Construction dates 1965 - 1995
Motorways joined 2 -
M9 motorway
8 -
M73 motorway
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Kingston Bridge is a ten lane road bridge crossing the River Clyde in Glasgow, Scotland. The bridge carries the M8 motorway through the city centre. The Kingston Bridge is one of the busiest road bridges in Europe, carrying over 150,000 vehicles every day.
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This article is written like a personal reflection or and may require .
Please [ improve this article] by rewriting this article in an . (, talk)
The A77 road is a major road in Scotland.
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worldwide view of the subject.
Please [ improve this article] or discuss the issue on the talk page.
A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major road—usually connecting one or more cities, ports, airports, etc.
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Stranraer
Gaelic - An t-Sròn Reamhar
Scots - Stranraer


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This article is written like a personal reflection or and may require .
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The A77 road is a major road in Scotland.
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Portpatrick
Gaelic - Port Phàdraig


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Motto
Nemo me impune lacessit   (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   
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Belfast
Irish - Béal Feirste

Pro Tanto Quid Retribuamus
"What shall we give in return for so much"

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A spur route is a short road forming a branch from a longer, more important route (typically a major road, freeway, Interstate Highway or motorway). A bypass or beltway is never considered a true spur route as it typically reconnects with the major road.
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M8 motorway

Length 0 miles (0 km)
Direction East - West
Start Edinburgh
City Bypass
Primary destinations Glasgow
Paisley
Erskine Bridge
End Langbank
Construction dates 1965 - 1995
Motorways joined 2 -
M9 motorway
8 -
M73 motorway
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Bellahouston Park is a park in south west Glasgow, Scotland (grid reference NS550636 ), between the areas of Mosspark, Craigton, Ibrox, and Dumbreck covering an area of 71 hectares (175 acres).
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Ibrox can be:
  • Ibrox - a district of the city of Glasgow in western Scotland.
  • Ibrox Stadium, the home of Rangers F.C..
  • Ibrox subway station - A subway station that is a part of the Glasgow Subway system.
  • Ibrox - the Gaelic term for 'badger's sett'.

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The Union Flag is the official flag used by the government to represent Northern Ireland. The former official flag, the Ulster Banner, continues to be used by groups (such as some sports teams) representing the territory in an unofficial manner (see Northern Ireland flags issue).
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In structured finance, the word tranche (sometimes traunche) refers to one of several related securitized bonds offered as part of the same deal. The word tranche is French for slice; in the financial sense of the word, each bond is a slice of the deal's risk.
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Pollok Country Park is a large country park located in Pollok, south Glasgow. Prior to the building of the M77 motorway it was the largest urban green space in Europe.
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Conservative Party

Leader David Cameron

Founded Historical 1671, Modern 1830
Headquarters 30 Millbank, London SW1

Political Ideology Conservatism
Liberal conservatism
Political Position Centre-right

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