Macedonian Pine

Macedonian Pine
Enlarge picture
Macedonian Pine foliage and cones

Macedonian Pine foliage and cones
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Pinophyta
Class:Pinopsida
Order:Pinales
Family:Pinaceae
Genus:Pinus
Subgenus:Strobus
Species:P. peuce
Binomial name
Pinus peuce
Griseb.


The Macedonian Pine (Pinus peuce; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine tree that occurs in the mountains of Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, Albania, Serbia and the extreme north of Greece in southeastern Europe, growing typically at (600-) 1,000-2,200 (-2,300) m altitude. It often reaches the alpine tree line in this area. The mature size is up to 35-40 m height, and 1.5 m trunk diameter.

It is a member of the white pine group, Pinus subgenus Strobus, and like all members of that group, the leaves ('needles') are in fascicles (bundles) of five, with a deciduous sheath. They are 6-11 cm long. Macedonian Pine cones are mostly 8-16 cm long, occasionally up to 20 cm long. The 6-7 mm long seeds have a 2 cm wing and can be wind-dispersed, but are also very often dispersed by Spotted Nutcrackers.

Like other European and Asian white pines, Macedonian Pine is very resistant to White Pine Blister Rust (Cronartium ribicola). This fungal disease was accidentally introduced from Europe into North America, where it has caused severe mortality in the American native white pines (e.g. Western White Pine, Sugar Pine, Whitebark Pine) in many areas. Macedonian Pine is of great value for research into hybridisation and genetic modification to develop rust resistance in these species.

Macedonian Pine is also a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, giving reliable steady though not fast growth on a wide range of sites. It is very tolerant of severe winter cold, hardy down to at least -45°C, and also of wind exposure.

References

External links

conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. Many factors are taken into account when assessing the conservation status of a species: not simply the number remaining, but the
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Near Threatened (NT) is a conservation status assigned to species or lower taxa which may be considered threatened with extinction in the near future, although it does not currently qualify for the threatened status.
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Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. Scientific classification also can be called scientific taxonomy, but should be distinguished from folk taxonomy, which lacks scientific basis.
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Plantae
Haeckel, 1866[1]

Divisions

Green algae
  • Chlorophyta
  • Charophyta
Land plants (embryophytes)
  • Non-vascular land plants (bryophytes)

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Pinophyta

Class: Pinopsida

Orders & Families

Cordaitales †
Pinales
  Pinaceae - Pine family
  Araucariaceae - Araucaria family
  Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family
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Pinophyta

Class: Pinopsida

Orders & Families

Cordaitales †
Pinales
  Pinaceae - Pine family
  Araucariaceae - Araucaria family
  Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family
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Pinales

Families

Pinaceae, pine family
Araucariaceae, araucaria family
Podocarpaceae, yellow-wood family
Sciadopityaceae, umbrella-pine family
Cupressaceae, cypress family
Cephalotaxaceae, plum-yew family
Taxaceae, yew family
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Pinaceae
Lindley

Genera

Subfamily Pinoideae
    Pinus - pines (about 115 species)
Subfamily Piceoideae
    Picea - spruces (about 35 species)
Subfamily Laricoideae
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Pinus
L.

Subgenera
  • Subgenus Strobus
  • Subgenus Ducampopinus
  • Subgenus Pinus
See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level.
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There are three main subgenera of Pinus, the subgenus Strobus (White pines or soft pines), the subgenus Ducampopinus (Pinyon, Bristlecone and Lacebark pines), and the subgenus Pinus (Typical pines
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binomial nomenclature is the formal system of naming species. The system is also called binominal nomenclature (particularly in zoological circles), binary nomenclature (particularly in botanical circles), or the binomial classification system.
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August Heinrich Rudolf Grisebach was a German botanist and phytogeographer. Born in Hannover on April 17, 1814, he died at Göttingen on May 9, 1879.

Works

  • Die Vegetation der Erde nach Ihrer Klimatischen Anordnung

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Pinaceae
Lindley

Genera

Subfamily Pinoideae
    Pinus - pines (about 115 species)
Subfamily Piceoideae
    Picea - spruces (about 35 species)
Subfamily Laricoideae
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Pinus
L.

Subgenera
  • Subgenus Strobus
  • Subgenus Ducampopinus
  • Subgenus Pinus
See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level.
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tree is a perennial woody plant. It is sometimes defined as a woody plant that attains diameter of 10 cm (30 cm girth) or more at breast height (130 cm above ground).
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Anthem
Денес над Македонија   (Macedonian)
"Today over Macedonia"
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Motto
Съединението прави силата   (Bulgarian)
"Suedinenieto pravi silata"
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Motto
Ti Shqipëri më jep nder më jep emrin shqipëtar ( Albania give me honor, give me the Albanian name.)
Anthem
Rreth flamurit të përbashkuar''
("United Around the Flag")

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Anthem
Bože pravde
God of Justice



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Motto
Ελευθερία ή θάνατος
Eleftheria i thanatos  
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Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea,
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tree line or timberline is the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing. Beyond the tree line, they are unable to grow due to inappropriate environmental conditions.
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There are three main subgenera of Pinus, the subgenus Strobus (White pines or soft pines), the subgenus Ducampopinus (Pinyon, Bristlecone and Lacebark pines), and the subgenus Pinus (Typical pines
..... Click the link for more information.
Pinus
L.

Subgenera
  • Subgenus Strobus
  • Subgenus Ducampopinus
  • Subgenus Pinus
See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level.
..... Click the link for more information.
There are three main subgenera of Pinus, the subgenus Strobus (White pines or soft pines), the subgenus Ducampopinus (Pinyon, Bristlecone and Lacebark pines), and the subgenus Pinus (Typical pines
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For other meanings of seed, see seed (disambiguation).


SEED

General
KISA
1998

Cipher detail
Key size(s):| 128 bits

Block size(s):| 128 bits
Nested Feistel network
16

SEED
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N. caryocatactes

Binomial name
Nucifraga caryocatactes
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Spotted Nutcracker, or just Nutcracker, (Nucifraga caryocatactes
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Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent. It covers 8.6% of the Earth's total surface area (or 29.4% of its land area) and, with almost 4 billion people, it contains more than 60% of the world's current human population.
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C. ribicola

Binomial name
Cronartium ribicola
J.C.Fisch.

Cronartium ribicola (White Pine Blister Rust) is a species of rust fungi in the family Cronartiaceae.
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Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea,
..... Click the link for more information.


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