Mahajan is an Indian surname, found among the Vaishya castes (business communities). In India surname Mahajan is used by two communities: - one residing in North of India(mainly on the Amritsar to Jammu belt) and another belonging to North Maharashtra.

Most of the Mahajans speak Hindi or Punjabi.

Mahajans from Northern India strictly go according to the definition of the caste(business community) where as the Mahajans from Maharashtra acquired the surname from the title given to their community by the kings court.

At times Mahajans and Baniyas are confused, just to clarify the difference, in the olden times Banyias usually involved in the practice of trading where as the Mahajans were usually involved in money lending.

Mahajans were the early bankers and were able to meet the credit needs of the society for centuries. The lending risk was usually mitigated by getting a collateral in the form of land or property.

Notable Mahajans from North of India: - Notable Mahajans from Maharashtra(India): -
In the Hindu varna (class) system, a Vaishya (Sanskrit वैश्य vaiśya) is a member of the third of the four classes of traditional Indian society. It comprises merchants, artisans, and landowners.
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The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian Subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous, hereditary groups often termed as jātis or castes.
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Mehr Chand Mahajan (born December 23, 1889 in Tika Nagrota, Kangra district) was the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India. Prior to that he was the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir during the regin of Maharaja Hari Singh and played a key role in the accession of J&K
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Sat Mahajan is the Rural Development Minister of Himachal Pradesh. He was born 27 July 1927 in Nurpur, Kangra District. He is a political and a social worker.

He was the Secretary of the Current Affairs Society during his college years.
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Harsh Mahajan is the current Animal Husbandry minister of Himachal Pradesh, India. He is the son of a former Vidhan Sabha Speaker and Cabinet Minister, Des Raj Mahajan. He was born at Chamba on 12 December, 1955. He has done B.Com. and MBA.
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Pramod Venkatesh Mahajan (प्रमोद वेंकटेश महाजन in Devanagari) (30 October, 1949 – 3 May, 2006) [1] was a prominent Indian politician.
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