Maine

State of Maine
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Flag of Maine
Flag of MaineSeal
Nickname(s): The Pine Tree State
Motto(s): Dirigo
Map of the United States with Maine highlighted
Official language(s)None
(English and French de facto)
CapitalAugusta
Largest cityPortland
Area Ranked 39th
 - Total33,414 sq mi
(86,542 km)
 - Width210 miles (338 km)
 - Length320 miles (515 km)
 - % water13.5
 - Latitude42° 58′ N to 47° 28′ N
 - Longitude66° 57′ W to 71° 5′ W
Population Ranked 40th
 - Total (2000)1,274,923
 - Density41.3/sq mi 
15.95/km (38th)
Elevation 
 - Highest pointMount Katahdin[1]
5,268 ft  (1,606 m)
 - Mean591 ft  (180 m)
 - Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[1]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union March 15, 1820 (23rd)
GovernorJohn Baldacci (D)
'''U.S. SenatorsOlympia Snowe (R)
Susan Collins (R)
'''Congressional DelegationList
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
AbbreviationsME US-ME
Web sitewww.maine.gov


The State of Maine (IPA: /meɪn/) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. It is the northernmost portion of New England. The state is known for its scenery — its jagged, mostly rocky coastline, its low, rolling mountains, and its heavily forested interior — as well as for its seafood cuisine, especially lobsters and clams.

The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking peoples. The first European settlement in Maine was in 1604 by a French party. The first English settlement in Maine was established by the Plymouth Company at Popham in 1607, the same year as the settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. Both colonies were predated by the Roanoke Colony by 22 years. Because the Popham Colony did not survive the harsh Maine winters and the Roanoke Colony was lost, Jamestown enjoys the distinction of being regarded as America’s first permanent settlement. A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate, deprivations and Indian attacks wiped out many of them over the years. As Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen settlements still survived. American and British forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. Because it was physically separated from the rest of Massachusetts (properly speaking, the Department of Maine was an exclave of Massachusetts) and because it was growing in population at a rapid rate, Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820 as a component of the Missouri Compromise.

Origin of the name

There continues to be much interest in the origin of the name of Maine, as there is not a definitive answer. The Maine legislature in 2002 adopted a resolution establishing Franco-American Day which stated that the state was named after the ancient French province of Maine.[2] Other theories mention earlier places with similar names, or claim it's a nautical reference to the mainland.[3] Whatever the origin, the name was fixed in 1665 when the King's Commissioners ordered that the "Province of Maine" be entered from then on in official records.[4]

Geography

See also:  and
To the south and east is the Atlantic Ocean, and to the north and northeast is New Brunswick, a province of Canada. The Canadian province of Quebec is to the northwest. Maine is both the northernmost state in New England and the largest, accounting for nearly half the region's entire land area. Maine also has the distinction of being the only state to border just one other state (New Hampshire to the west). The municipalities of Eastport and Lubec are, respectively, the easternmost city and town in the 48 contiguous states. Maine's Moosehead Lake is the largest lake in New England (Lake Champlain being partially in New York). Mount Katahdin is both the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail, which extends to Springer Mountain, Georgia, and the southern terminus of the new International Appalachian Trail, which, when complete, will run to Belle Isle, Newfoundland and Labrador.

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Maine


Maine also has several unique geographical features. Machias Seal Island and North Rock, off its easternmost point, are claimed by both the U.S. and Canada and are within one of four areas between the two countries whose sovereignty is still in dispute, but is the only one of the disputed areas containing land. Also in this easternmost area is the Old Sow, the largest tidal whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere.

Maine is the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River. It is called the Pine Tree State; ninety percent of its land is forested. In the forested areas of the interior there is much uninhabited land, some of which does not have formal political organization into local units. For example, the Northwest Aroostook, Maine unorganized territory in the northern part of the state has an area of 2,668 square miles (6,910 km²) and a population of 27, or one person for every 100 square miles (255 km²).
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The rocky coast around Kennebunk.
Maine is equally well known for its dramatic ocean scenery, with almost 3,500 miles (0 km) of shoreline[1]. West Quoddy Head is the easternmost piece of land in the contiguous 48 United States. Along the famous rock-bound coast of Maine are lighthouses, sandy beaches, quiet fishing villages and thousands of offshore islands, including the Isles of Shoals, which straddle the New Hampshire border. Jagged rocks and cliffs and thousands of bays and inlets add to the rugged beauty of Maine's coast. Just inland, by contrast, are sparkling lakes, rushing rivers, green forests and towering mountains. This visual contrast, forested slopes sweeping down to the sea, has been aptly summed up by American poet Edna St. Vincent Millay of Rockland and Camden, Maine in "Renascence":
"All I could see from where I stood
was three long mountains and a wood
I turned and looked the other way
and saw three islands and a bay"
More prosaic geologists describe this type of landscape as a drowned coast, where a rising sea level has invaded former land features, creating bays out of valleys and islands out of mountain tops. A rise in the elevation of the land, due to the melting of heavy glacier ice, caused a slight rebounding effect of underlying rock; however, this land rise was not strong enough to eliminate all the effect of the rising sea level and its invasion of former land features.

Millions of people have enjoyed this coastal scenery at Maine's Acadia National Park, the only national park in New England.
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Boothbay Harbor


Areas under the protection and management of the National Park Service include:

Climate

Maine experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with warm (although generally not hot), humid summers. Winters are cold and snowy throughout the state, and are especially severe in the northern parts of Maine. Coastal areas are moderated somewhat by the Atlantic Ocean. Daytime highs are generally in the 75-80 °F (24-27 °C) range throughout the state in July, with overnight lows in the high 50s°F (around 15 °C). January temperatures range from highs near 32 °F, (0 °C) on the southern coast to overnight lows below 0 °F (-18 °C) in the far north.

Maine, on occasion, is affected by hurricanes and tropical storms although by the time they reach the state, many have become extratropical and few hurricanes have made landfall in Maine. Maine has fewer days of thunderstorms than any other state east of the Rockies, with most of the state averaging less than 20 days of thunderstorms a year. Tornadoes are rare in Maine with the state averaging less than 2 a year, mostly occurring in the southern part of the state.[5]

Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures (°F) For Various Maine Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Caribou 19/023/334/1547/2963/4172/5076/5574/5364/4451/3437/2425/8
Portland 31/1234/1642/2553/3563/4473/5379/5977/5769/4858/3747/3036/19
[2]

History

Main article: History of Maine


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Maine State House, designed by Charles Bulfinch, built 1829–1832
The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples including the Abenaki, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscots. The first European settlement in Maine was in 1604 by a French party that included Samuel de Champlain, the noted explorer. The French named the entire area, including the portion that later became the State of Maine, Acadia. English colonists sponsored by the Plymouth Company settled in 1607. The coastal areas of western Maine first became the Province of Maine in a 1622 land patent. Eastern Maine north of the Kennebec River was more sparsely settled and was known in the 17th century as the Territory of Sagadahock.

The province within its current boundaries became part of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652. Maine was much fought over by the French and English during the 17th and early 18th centuries. After the defeat of the French in the 1740s, the territory from the Penobscot River east fell under the nominal authority of the Province of Nova Scotia, and together with present day New Brunswick formed the Nova Scotia county of Sunbury, with its court of general sessions at Campobello. American and British forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. The treaty concluding revolution was ambiguous about Maine's boundary with British North America. The territory of Maine was confirmed as part of Massachusetts when the United States was formed, although the final border with British territory was not established until the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. (Indeed, in 1839 Governor Fairfield declared war on England over a boundary dispute between New Brunswick and northern Maine. Known as the Aroostook War, this is the only time a state has declared war on a foreign power. The dispute was settled, however, before any blood was shed.)

Because it was physically separated from the rest of Massachusetts and was growing in population at a rapid rate, Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820 through the Missouri Compromise. This compromise allowed admitting both Maine and Missouri (in 1821) into the union while keeping a balance between slave and free states. Maine's original capital was Portland until 1832, when it was moved to Augusta.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.%
179096,540
1800151,7190%
1810228,7050%
1820298,3350%
1830399,4550%
1840501,7930%
1850583,1690%
1860628,2790%
1870626,9150%
1880648,9360%
1890661,0860%
1900694,4660%
1910742,3710%
1920768,0140%
1930797,4230%
1940847,2260%
1950913,7740%
1960969,2650%
1970992,0480%
19801,124,6600%
19901,227,9280%
20001,274,9230%


As of 2005, Maine has an estimated population of 1,321,505, which is an increase of 6,520, or 0.5%, from the prior year and an increase of 46,582, or 3.7%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 6,413 people (that is 71,276 births minus 64,863 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 41,808 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 5,004 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 36,804 people.

Maine is a popular tourist destination, but it also experiences harsh winters and, consequently, the great temporary influx of visitors occurs during the warmer months. Many of these visitors establish an alternate secondary residence in Maine during some or all warm months and then depart for their primary residence in the off-season. These are the summer people of Maine lore, often referred to, along with all other out-of-staters, as "flatlanders". Official census figures normally count a person as a resident only once, at the place of the primary home. Therefore, there are some situations in which official census figures could be misleading for Maine. For example, some communities may have a much larger seasonal retail sector than their official, small population figure would imply.

The mean population center of Maine is located in Kennebec County, in or near the town of Mount Vernon.[6] The Greater Portland metropolitan area is the most densely populated with nearly 20% of Maine's population.[7]. As explained in detail under "Geography", there are large tracts of uninhabited land in some remote parts of the interior.
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Maine Population Density Map

Race, ancestry, and language

Demographics of Maine (csv)
By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI
AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native   -   NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
2000 (total population)98.08%0.77%1.03%0.93%0.06%
2000 (Hispanic only)0.66%0.06%0.03%0.02%0.01%
2005 (total population)97.81%1.02%1.00%1.06%0.06%
2005 (Hispanic only)0.91%0.07%0.03%0.02%0.00%
Growth 2000-2005 (total population)3.37%37.45%0.77%17.68%2.76%
Growth 2000-2005 (non-Hispanic only)3.09%38.61%0.95%18.10%9.48%
Growth 2000-2005 (Hispanic only)44.03%22.69%-5.57%-3.52%-43.56%
The largest ancestries in the state are: English, Scottish, and other British (30.8%), French or French Canadian (22.8%), Irish (15.1%), American (9.4%), and German (6.7%).

Maine is second only to New Hampshire in the percentage of French Americans among U.S. states. It also has the largest percentage of non-Hispanic whites of any state and the highest percentage of current French-speakers. Franco-Mainers tended to settle in rural northern Maine (particularly Aroostook County) and the industrial cities of inland Maine (especially Lewiston) whereas much of the midcoast and downeast sections remain strongly Anglo. Smaller numbers of various other groups, including Italian and Polish settled throughout the state.

The 2000 Census reported 92.25% of Maine residents age 5 and older speak English at home. Census figures show Maine has a greater proportion of people speaking French at home than any other state in the nation, a result of Maine's large French-Canadian community, who migrated from adjacent Quebec and New Brunswick. 5.28% of Maine households are French-speaking, compared with 4.68% in Louisiana. Spanish is the third most spoken language at 0.79%, followed by German at 0.33% and Italian at 0.12% [3].

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of Maine are shown below:

Economy

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Maine's total gross state product for 2003 was US$41 billion. Its per capita personal income for 2003 was US$29,164, 29th in the nation.

Maine's agricultural outputs include poultry, eggs, dairy products, cattle, wild blueberries, apples, maple syrup and maple sugar. Aroostook County is known for its potato crops. Commercial fishing, once a mainstay of the state's economy, maintains a presence, particularly lobstering and groundfishing. Western Maine aquifers and springs are a major source of bottled water. Maine's industrial outputs consist chiefly of paper, lumber and wood products, electronic equipment, leather products, food products, textiles, and bio-technology. Naval shipbuilding and construction remain key as well, with Bath Iron Works in Bath and Portsmouth Naval Yard in Kittery. Brunswick Naval Air Station is also in Maine, and serves as a large support base for the U.S. Navy. However, the BRAC campaign recommended Brunswick's closing, despite a recent government-funded effort to upgrade its facilities.

Tourism and outdoor recreation play a major and increasingly important role in Maine's economy. The state is a popular destination for sport hunting (particularly deer, moose and bear), sport fishing, snowmobiling, skiing, boating, camping and hiking, among other activities.

Maine ports play a key role in national transportation. Beginning around 1880, Portland's rail link and ice-free port made it Canada's principal winter port, until the aggressive development of Halifax, Nova Scotia, in the mid-1900s. In 2001, Maine's largest city of Portland surpassed Boston as New England's busiest port (by tonnage), due to its ability to handle large tankers. Maine's Portland International Jetport was recently expanded, providing the state with increased air traffic from carriers such as JetBlue.

Maine has very few large companies that maintain headquarters in the state, and fewer than before due to consolidations and mergers, particularly in the pulp and paper industry. Some of the larger companies that do maintain headquarters in Maine include Fairchild Semiconductor in South Portland; IDEXX Laboratories, in Westbrook; Unum, in Portland; L.L. Bean in Freeport; and Delorme, in Yarmouth. Maine is also the home of The Jackson Laboratory, a non-profit institution and the world's largest mammalian genetic research facility.

Maine has an income tax structure containing 4 brackets, which range from 2% to 8.5% of personal income. Maine's general sales tax rate is 5%. The state also levies charges of 7% on lodging and prepared food and 10% on short-term auto rentals. Commercial sellers of blueberries, a Maine staple, must keep records of their transactions and pay the state 1.5 cents per pound ($1.50 per 100 pounds) of the fruit sold each season. All real and tangible personal property located in the state of Maine is taxable unless specifically exempted by statute. The administration of property taxes is handled by the local assessor in incorporated cities and towns, while property taxes in the unorganized territories are handled by the State Tax Assessor.

Transportation

Airports

Maine receives passenger jet service at its two largest airports, the Portland International Jetport in Portland, and the Bangor International Airport in Bangor. Both are served daily by many major airlines to destinations such as New York, Atlanta, and Orlando. Essential Air Service also subsidizes service to a number of smaller airports in Maine, bringing small turboprop aircraft to regional airports such as the Augusta State Airport, Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport, Knox County Regional Airport, and the Northern Maine Regional Airport at Presque Isle. These airports are served by US Airways Express with small 19 to 30 seat planes. Many smaller airports are scattered throughout Maine, only serving general aviation traffic.

Highways

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Penobscot Narrows Bridge, carrying U.S. 1
Interstate 95 runs through Maine, as well as its easterly branch I-295. In addition, U.S. Route 1 starts in Florida and runs to Maine. The eastern terminus of the eastern section of U.S. Route 2 starts in Houlton, near the New Brunswick, Canada border to Rouses Point, New York, at US 11 . There is also another US 2A connecting Old Town and Orono, Maine, primarily serving the University of Maine campus. U.S. Route 2, Route 6 and Route 9 are often used by truckers and other motorists of the Maritime Provinces en route to other destinations in the United States or as a short cut to Central Canada.

Rail

Passenger

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The Downeaster
The Downeaster passenger train, operated by Amtrak, provides passenger service between Portland and Boston's North Station, with stops in Old Orchard Beach, Saco, and Wells. The Downeaster makes five southbound trips and five northbound trips every day.

Seasonal passenger excursions between Brunswick and Rockland are operated by the Maine Eastern Railroad, which leases the state-owned Rockland Branch rail corridor.

Freight

Freight service throughout the state is provided by a handful of regional and shortline carriers: Pan Am Railways (formerly known as Guilford Rail System), which operates the former Boston & Maine and Maine Central railroads; St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad; Maine Eastern Railroad; Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway; and New Brunswick Southern Railway.

See also: List of Maine railroads

Law and government

See also: , , , and
The Maine Constitution structures Maine's state government, composed of three co-equal branches - the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The state of Maine also has three Constitutional Officers (the Secretary of State, the State Treasurer, and the State Attorney General) and one Statutory Officer (the State Auditor).

The legislative branch is the Maine Legislature, a bicameral body composed of the Maine House of Representatives, with 151 members, and the Maine Senate, with 35 members. The Legislature is charged with introducing and passing laws.

The executive branch is responsible for the execution of the laws created by the Legislature and is headed by the Governor of Maine (currently John Baldacci, a Democrat). The Governor is elected every four years; no individual may serve more than two consecutive terms in this office. The current attorney general of Maine is G. Steven Rowe. As with other state legislatures, the Maine Legislature can by a two-thirds majority vote from both the House and Senate override a gubernatorial veto.

The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting state laws. The highest court of the state is the Maine Supreme Judicial Court. The lower courts are the District Court, Superior Court and Probate Court. All judges except for probate judges serve full-time; are nominated by the Governor and confirmed by the Legislature for terms of seven years. Probate judges serve part-time and are elected by the voters of each county for four-year terms.

State and local politics

In state general elections, Maine voters tend to accept independent and third-party candidates more frequently than most states. Maine has had two independent governors recently (James B. Longley, 1975–1979 and Angus King, 1995–2003). The Green Party candidate won nine percent of the vote in the 2002 gubernatorial election, more than in any election for a statewide office for that party until the 2006 Illinois gubernatorial election. The locally organized Maine Green Independent Party also elected John Eder to the office of State Representative in the Maine House of Representatives, the highest elected Green official nationwide. Pat LaMarche, 2004 Green Party vice-presidential candidate, resides in the southern coastal town of Yarmouth. Maine state politicians, Republicans and Democrats alike, are noted for having more moderate views than many in the national wings of their respective parties.

Maine is an Alcoholic beverage control state.

See also:

Federal politics

Maine's federal politics are notable and are dramatic for several reasons. In the 1930s, it was one of very few states which remained dominated by the Republican Party. In the 1936 Presidential election, Franklin D. Roosevelt received the electoral votes of every state other than Maine and Vermont. In the 1960s, Maine began to lean toward the Democrats, especially in Presidential elections. In 1968, Hubert Humphrey became just the second Democrat in half a century to carry Maine thanks to the presence of his running mate, Maine Senator Edmund Muskie. Maine has since become a left-leaning swing state and has voted Democratic in four successive Presidential elections, casting its votes for Bill Clinton twice, Al Gore in 2000 and John Kerry (with 53.6% of the vote) in 2004. Republican strength is greatest in Washington and Piscataquis counties. Though Democrats have carried the state in presidential elections in recent years, Republicans have largely maintained their control of the state's U.S. Senate seats, with Ed Muskie, William Hathaway and George Mitchell being the only Maine Democrats serving in the U.S. Senate in the past fifty years.

The Reform Party of Ross Perot achieved a great deal of success in Maine in the presidential elections of 1992 and 1996: in 1992 Perot came in second to Bill Clinton, despite the longtime presence of the Bush family summer home in Kennebunkport, and in 1996, Maine was again Perot's best state.

Since 1969, two of Maine's four electoral votes are awarded based on the winner of the statewide election. The other two go to the highest vote-winner in each of the state's two congressional districts.

Famous politicians from Maine include James Blaine, Thomas Brackett Reed, Edmund Muskie, Margaret Chase Smith, William Cohen, George J. Mitchell Olympia Snowe, Hannibal Hamlin, Susan Collins, Owen Brewster, and Percival Baxter.

Maine's U.S. senators are Republicans Olympia Snowe and Susan Collins. The state's two members of the U.S. House of Representatives are Democrats Tom Allen and Mike Michaud.

Municipalities

Organized municipalities

An organized municipality has a form of elected local government which administers and provides local services, keeps records, collects licensing fees, and can pass locally binding ordinances among other responsibilities of self-government. The governmental format of most organized towns and plantations is the Town Meeting while the format of most cities is the Council-Manager form. As of 2007 the organized municipalities of Maine consists of 22 cities, 432 towns, and 34 plantations. Collectively these 488 organized municipalities cover less than half of the state's territory. Maine also has 3 Reservations: Indian Island, Indian Township Reservation, and Pleasant Point Indian Reservation.[8]
  • The largest municipality in Maine, by population, is the city of Portland (pop. 64,249).
  • The smallest city by population is Eastport (pop. 1,640).
  • The largest town by population is Brunswick (pop. 21,172).
  • The smallest town by population is Frye Island, a resort town which reported zero year-round population in the 2000 Census; one plantation, Glenwood Plantation, Maine, also reported a permanent population of zero.
  • In the 2000 Census, the smallest town aside from Frye Island was Centerville with a population of 26, but since that Census, Centerville voted to disincorporate and therefore is no longer a town. The next smallest town with a population listed in that Census is Beddington, (pop. 29).
  • The largest municipality by land area is the town of Allagash (128 square miles).
  • The smallest municipality by land area is the plantation of Monhegan Island (0.86 square miles).

Unorganized territory

Unorganized territory has no local government. Administration, services, licensing, and ordinances are handled by the State Government. The Unorganized Territory of Maine consists of over 400 townships (towns are incorporated, townships are unincorporated), plus many coastal islands that do not lie within any municipal bounds. The UT land area is slightly over one half the entire area of the State of Maine. Year round residents in the UT number approximately 9,000, about 1.3% of the state's total population, with many more people residing only seasonally within the UT. Only four of Maine's sixteen counties are entirely incorporated, although a few others are nearly so, and most of the unincorporated area is in the vast and sparsely populated Great North Woods of Maine.[9]

Most populous cities and towns

Fact Finder US Census Maine Portland:
The 49 most populous cities and towns as of the year 2000 US Census
Portland
(64,249)
Lewiston
(35,690)
Bangor
(31,473)
South Portland
(23,324)
Auburn
(23,203)
Brunswick
(21,172)
Biddeford
(20,942)
Sanford
(20,806)
Augusta
(18,560)
Scarborough
(16,970)
Saco
(16,822)
Westbrook
(16,142)
Waterville
(15,605)
Windham
(14,904)
Gorham
(14,141)
York
(12,854)
Kennebunk
(10,476)
Falmouth
(10,310)
Kittery
(9,543)
Presque Isle
(9,511)
Wells
(9,400)
Standish
(9,285)
Bath
(9,266)
Orono
(9,112)
Topsham
(9,100)
Lisbon
(9,077)
Cape Elizabeth
(9,068)
Brewer
(8,987)
Old Orchard Beach
(8,856)
Skowhegan
(8,824)
Yarmouth
(8,360)
Caribou
(8,312)
Old Town
(8,130)
Freeport
(7,800)
Winslow
(7,743)
Rockland
(7,609)
Buxton
(7,452)
Farmington
(7,410)
Cumberland
(7,159)
Gray
(6,820)
South Berwick
(6,671)
Fairfield
(6,573)
Houlton
(6,476)
Rumford
(6,472)
Ellsworth
(6,456)
Belfast
(6,381)
Berwick
(6,353)
Hampden
(6,327)
Winthrop
(6,232)


Throughout Maine, many municipalities, although each separate governmental entities, never-the-less form portions of a much larger population base. There are many such population clusters throughout Maine, but some examples from the municipalities appearing in the above listing are:
  • Portland, South Portland and several other surrounding communities
  • Lewiston and Auburn
  • Bangor, Orono, Brewer, and Old Town
  • Biddeford and Saco
  • Brunswick and Topsham
  • Waterville and Winslow
  • [10]

Education

Colleges and universities

Professional sports teams

Miscellaneous topics

  • Four U.S. Navy ships have been named USS Maine in honor of the state.
  • The noted American ecologist Rachel Carson did much of her research at one of the Maine seacoast's most characteristic features, a tide pool for her classic "The Edge of the Sea." The spot where she conducted observations is now preserved as the Rachel Carson Salt Pond Reserve at Pemaquid Point.
  • George Lorenzo Noyes, known as the thoreauvian of Maine is a noted state naturalist, mineralogist, development critic, writer and landscape artist. He lived a devout wilderness lifestyle in the mountains of Norway, Maine, expressing in is paintings his spiritual reverence for nature and writing of the values of a simple life of sustainable living.
  • Maine is the only U.S. state to have a name one syllable long; all other 49 states have at least two syllables.
  • Maine is the only U.S. state to only be bordered by one state (New Hampshire); all other 49 states have multiple or zero bordering states.
  • The town of Lubec, Maine is the eastern-most point within the contiguous United States - for more information see extreme points of the United States. Eastport, Maine is the eastern-most city in the United States.
  • Estcourt Station is Maine's northernmost point and also the northernmost point in the New England region of the United States.
  • Maine is the number one exporter of blueberries and toothpicks. The largest toothpick manufacturing plant in the United States is located in Strong, Maine. The Strong Wood Products Incorporated plant produces twenty million toothpicks a day.[11]
  • Cadillac Mountain in Bar Harbor, Mt. Katahdin in Baxter State Park, and Mars Hill in the town of Mars Hill each battle to be the first site in the contiguous United States to see the morning's sunlight. http://aa.usno.navy.mil/faq/docs/first_sunrise.html#USMaine's first light depends on the time of year, as the sunrise moves from South to North. From October 7 to March 6, Cadillac Mountain is first. From March 7 to March 24, West Quoddy Head is first in the country. Warmer months, March 25 to September 18, Mars Hill sees first light. Then, when the sun starts getting lower in the sky, The country's day begins between September 19 to October 6 back at West Quoddy Head.
  • Noyes Mountain in Greenwood, Maine, and the Harvard Quarry at its summit. Excellent panoramic views and popular destination for rock and mineral collectors.
  • Maine has 62 lighthouses, of which more than 50 are still in use.
  • Maine has traditionally been a source for Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar), however economic considerations and environmental activism have caused some of the industry to move to Canada.

State symbols

(See also: www.maine.gov portal.)

Maine in fiction

  • The Cider House Rules, a novel by John Irving (and later a motion picture) is based in Maine and is set in fictional Maine towns such as St. Cloud's, Heart's Haven, Heart's Rock, and Three Mile Falls. Portland, a Maine city, is also mentioned.
  • "Darkness Falls", a 2003 horror film, is set in the fictional Maine town of Darkness Falls. While being filmed mostly in Australia, it includes some shots of Maine scenery.
  • H.P. Lovecraft, who set almost all of his stories in New England, occasionally mentions Maine.
  • Empire Falls, a motion picture based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name, was filmed almost entirely in the Maine towns of Waterville and Skowhegan.
  • Stephen King bases much of his fiction in Maine.
  • Murder, She Wrote, a television series starring Angela Lansbury, set in the fictional Maine village of Cabot Cove.
  • "M*A*S*H", the television sit-com (1972-1983) set in the Korean War has one of its central characters, Hawkeye Pierce (Alan Alda), as a resident of Crabapple Cove, Maine.

Famous Mainers

A citizen of Maine is known as a "Mainer," though the term "Downeaster" may be applied to residents of the northeast coast of the state. Citizens of Maine sometimes jokingly refer to themselves as "Maineiacs."

See also

References

1. ^ Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 6, 2006.
2. ^ Journal of the Senate (doc). State of Maine (2002-03-06). Retrieved on 2007-09-20. “"WHEREAS, the State of Maine is named after the Province of Maine in France..."
3. ^ Schroeder, Emily A.. Origin of Maine's Name. Maine State Library. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
4. ^ Stuart, George R. (1958). Names on the Land. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0938530022. 
5. ^ [4] NOAA National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved on October 24, 2006.
6. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2000 (US Census Bureau). Retrieved on 2007-05-01.
7. ^ City of Portland. Retrieved on 2007-05-01.
8. ^ Maine City and Town Index
9. ^ Maine Township Listing (Unorganized Territories)
10. ^ Fact Finder US Census Maine Portland
11. ^ Toothpick Capital of the World. The Center For Land Use Interpretation. Retrieved on 2007-04-21.

External links




Coordinates:
flag of Maine features the state coat of arms on a blue field. In the center of the shield a moose rests under a tall pine tree. A farmer and seaman represent the traditional reliance on agriculture and the sea by the state.
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The State Seal of Maine was adopted in June of 1820. There have been variations in the details of the seal, but the overall design and images remain true to the original.
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This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold).

State Nickname(s)
Alabama
(No official Nickname)
  • Cotton State[1]
  • Heart of Dixie[2][1]

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Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. To promote tourism, states also establish state slogans, which are unofficial and change more often than state mottos. A separate list of U.S. state slogans is also available, as well as a list of U.S.
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Dirigo (Latin "I direct" or "I lead") is the state motto of Maine, having once been the only state to hold its elections in September. (Politicians kept their eyes on these elections for evidence of a trend.
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Native American languages predate European settlement of the New World. In a few parts of the U.S. (mostly on Indian reservations) they continue to be spoken fluently. Most of these languages are endangered, although there are efforts to revive them.
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English}}} 
Writing system: Latin (English variant) 
Official status
Official language of: 53 countries
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: en
ISO 639-2: eng
ISO 639-3: eng  
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French (français, pronounced [fʁɑ̃ˈsɛ]) is a Romance language originally spoken in France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Switzerland, and today by about 300 million people around the world as either
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list of current and former national and subnational capital cities in the United States, which includes the legislature or seat of government of all states, territories, colonies, or kingdoms that are or were located in the United States, organized by current U.S. state location.
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Augusta, Maine
Augusta, Maine, taken from the bridge

Flag
Seal
Location in Kennebec County, Maine
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Maine
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This is a list of the largest cities of U.S. states by population. Capitals are designated in italics.

State Largest city 2nd Largest 3rd Largest
Alabama Birmingham Montgomery Mobile
Alaska Anchorage Fairbanks Juneau
Arizona
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Portland, Maine
The skyline of downtown Portland, Maine

Flag
Nickname: The Forest City
Motto: Resurgam (Latin for "I will rise again")

Coordinates:
Country
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Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. The term Surface area is the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object.

Units

Units for measuring surface area include:
square metre = SI derived unit

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This is a complete list of the states of the United States and its major territories ordered by total area, land area, and water area. The water area figures include inland, coastal, Great Lakes, and territorial waters.
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square mile is an imperial and US unit of area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. It should not be confused with the archaic miles square, which refers to the number of miles on each side squared.
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Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
  • 1,000,000 m²
  • 100 ha (hectare)
Conversely:
  • 1 m² = 0.

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1 kilometre =
SI units
0 m 0106 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0 ft 0 mi
A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer, symbol km
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population is the collection of people or organisms of a particular species living in a given geographic area or mortality, and migration, though the field encompasses many dimensions of population change including the family (marriage and divorce), public health, work and the
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list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2006, according to the 2005 estimates of the United States Census Bureau.
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The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census.
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list of the 50 United States of America (U.S.) states, ordered by population density. The data are from the 2000 U.S. Census.

Rank State Population density
(per sq. mi) Population density
(per km²)
1 New Jersey 1,138.0 439.
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<onlyinclude> This is a list of United States states by elevation. The highest point in the U.S. is Mount McKinley at 20,320 feet (6,194 m). The lowest point in the U.S. is Badwater in Death Valley at 282 feet (86 m) below sea level.
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Mount Katahdin (USGS name) is the highest mountain in Maine. Called Katahdin by people local to the peak and by the Penobscot Indians: the term means "The Greatest Mountain".
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Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest of the world's oceanic divisions; with a total area of about 106.4 million square kilometres (41.1 million square miles), it covers approximately one-fifth of the Earth's surface.
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list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. Although the first 13 states can be considered to have been members of the United States from the date of the Declaration of Independence – Thursday, July 4 1776 – they
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March 15 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

In the Roman calendar March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1790s  1800s  1810s  - 1820s -  1830s  1840s  1850s
1817 1818 1819 - 1820 - 1821 1822 1823

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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John Elias Baldacci (born January 30, 1955) is the current Governor of the U.S. State of Maine. A Democrat, he was born in Bangor, Maine, one of eight siblings in a family of Italian-Lebanese origin.
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United States Senate

Type Upper House

President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R
since January 20, 2001
President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D
since January 4, 2007

Members 100
Political groups Democratic Party
Republican Party
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Olympia Jean Bouchles Snowe (born February 21, 1947) is a Republican politician and the senior United States Senator from Maine.

A moderate Republican, Snowe has become widely known for her ability to influence close votes and Senatorial filibusters, making her among the
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