Malaysia-Singapore Second Link

Coordinates:
Malaysia-Singapore Second Link
Official nameMalaysia-Singapore Second Link
Malay nameLaluan Kedua Malaysia-Singapura
LocaleMalaysia: Second Link Expressway
Singapore: Ayer Rajah Expressway
CarriesMotor vehicles
CrossesStraits of Johor
Longest span--
Total length--
Width--
Opening date1998
Maintained byMalaysia: PLUS Expressway Berhad
Linkedua Malaysia Berhad
Singapore: Land Transport Authority
Designbox girder bridge
Designer/clientsMalaysia: Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM) United Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM)
Singapore: Land Transport Authority
Contractor/constructionUnited Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM)
Malaysia-Singapore Second Link (Malay: Laluan Kedua Malaysia-Singapura) is a bridge connecting Singapore and Johor, Malaysia. In Singapore, it is officially known as the Tuas Second Link. The bridge was built to reduce the traffic congestion at the Johor-Singapore Causeway, and was opened to traffic on 2 January 1998. The twin-deck bridge supports a dual-three lane carriageway linking Kampong Ladang at Tanjung Kupang, Johor to Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim at Tuas, Singapore. The total length of the bridge over water is 1,920 m (6,300 ft).

At Malaysian side, the bridge is connected to the Second Link Expressway E 3 (Malay: Lebuhraya Laluan Kedua Malaysia-Singapura) also known as Linkedua Expressway, which links from Senai North EXIT 253 at North-South Expressway, Senai Airport and Taman Perling, Johor Bahru via its extension known as Johor Bahru Parkway. In Singapore, the bridge connects to Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim at the western end of Ayer Rajah Expressway.

The checkpoint on Singapore side, the Tuas Checkpoint, was built on 19.6 ha (47.4 acres) of reclaimed land at a cost of S$485 million. Designed by CPG Corporation, it involved the use of 54,000 cubic metres of concrete and 18,000 tones of reinforcing steel, and won the Architectural Design Award and Best Buildable Design Award awarded by the Singapore Institute of Architects and the Building and Construction Authority respectively [1].

Usually, travelling along the second link is much faster than travelling on the Causeway, as the traffic is smoother in both directions. However, during festive periods (especially Chinese New Year, Hari Raya, Christmas and Deepavali), massive traffic jams still arise as the huge amount of traffic going between Malaysia and Singapore during these periods leads to massive jams on both the causeway and the second link.

How to get there

From Malaysia

Enlarge picture
View from the Second Link bridge, facing towards Malaysia.
The approach to the bridge is via the Second Link Expressway, which can be accessed by exiting the North-South Expressway E 2 at EXIT 253 Senai North. Alternatively, motorists can also enter the expressway via Taman Perling which also joins with Pasir Gudang Highway (Federal route 17 and Skudai Highway (Federal route 1). The expressway link to Taman Perling is also known as Pontian-Johor Bahru Parkway.

From Singapore

The bridge is directly accessed via the Ayer Rajah Expressway, along with other supporting roads around the vicinity of the Tuas industrial area.

Toll charges

Tanjung Kupang Toll Plaza (TTK) (Malaysia)

ClassType of vehiclesRate (in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
0MotorcyclesRM1.30
1Passenger CarsRM8.40
2Vans and other small good vehiclesRM15.00
3Large TrucksRM30.00
4TaxisRM5.00
5BusesRM8.00


RM 6.40 charged for U-Turn back to Malaysia.


Singapore dollar is also accepted but at the rate of 1:1 (i.e. Pay S$1.00 for RM1.00)

Tuas Checkpoint (Singapore)

ClassType of vehiclesRate (in Singapore Dollar (S$))
MotorcyclesS$0.60
Passenger CarsS$3.70
Vans and other small good vehiclesS$6.00
Large TrucksS$12.00
TaxisS$2.00
BusesS$3.00

Navigational channels

When travelling by Sea, navigational aids consists of lights mounted on the bridge piers and lighted buoys placed at strategic navigational locations. The 3 sea channels dimensions are 75m wide by 25m high; 50m wide by 9m (-- ft) high; and 75m (-- ft) wide by 12m (-- ft) high.

History

In July 1989, United Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM) submitted a proposal to the government of Malaysia to privatize the construction of a second link to Singapore. The acceptance of the proposal brought about the signing of a concession agreement in July 1993, giving exclusive rights and authority to UEM to design, construct, manage, operate and maintain the bridge and expressways for a period of 30 years commencing 27 July 1993.

Following this, a novation agreement was executed in May 1994, whereby UEM assigned all its rights, liabilities and obligations in respect of the concession agreement to Linkedua (Malaysia) Berhad, a wholly owned subsidiary of UEM.

The construction of the bridge required the cooperation of the government of Malaysia and the government of the Republic of Singapore. On 22 March 1994, an inter-government agreement was signed defining the responsibilities of both governments with regard to the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of the bridge. Each government was responsible for the construction of the portion the bridge which fell within its borders, based on a common agreed design. A joint committee comprising representatives of each government was formed to oversee the implementation of this Malaysia-Singapore Second Crossing project.

The major components of the project are the Second Crossing bridge, forty-four kilometers of expressways, a Customs, Immigration and Quarantine complex, 3 toll plazas, 2 rest and service areas and other ancillary facilities. The bridge was designed to accommodate up to 200,000 vehicles a day.

The Second Link was first opened to traffic on 2 January 1998. It was officially opened on 18 April the same year by the Prime Ministers of both countries, namely Dato' Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia and Goh Chok Tong of Singapore. The Malaysia-Singapore Second Crossing heralded a new era in bilateral relations, and brought with it the promise of improved economic and social ties.

Major events

Johor-Singapore International 2nd Link Bridge Run

Since 1999, an annual 2nd Link Bridge Run is organized to promote sports and cross-border ties. Both countries take turns to host the event that has seen increasing numbers of participants.

On October 2, 2005, the sixth Bridge Run event attracted 10,000 participants who took part in two categories: a half-marathon and a shorter 10-kilometer run.

Technical specifications

Bridge Specifications
  • Overall length of bridge: 1920m (6400 ft)
  • Length within Malaysian waters: 1769m (5897 ft)
  • Construction period: Oct 1994 to Oct 1997
  • Total length of piles: 10,230m (34100 ft)
  • Total volume of concrete: 54000 cubic metres (-- ib)
  • Total weight of reinforcing steel: 18,000 tonnes
  • Total number of precast box segments: 840 units
  • Longest span: 165m (550 ft)
Navigational Channels
  • Malaysian main navigational channel: 75m (250 ft) wide by 25m (83 ft) high.
  • Malaysian secondary navigational channel: 50m (167 ft) wide by 9m (30 ft) high.
  • Singaporean navigational channel: 75m (250 ft) wide by 12m (40 ft) high

References

See also

External links

Malaysia

Singapore

Others

  • Google Maps link showing the Second Link, with Tanjung Kupang, Malaysia, at left and Tuas, Singapore, at right.


geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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Malay}}} 
Writing system: Rumi (Latin alphabet) (official) and Jawi (Arabic script); historically written in Pallava, Kawi and Rencong 
Official status
Official language of:
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Motto
"Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"
"Unity Is Strength" 1

Anthem
Negaraku
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The Second Link Expressway E 3, also known as Linkedua Expressway
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Ayer Rajah Expressway (Abbreviation: AYE; Simplified Chinese: 亚逸拉惹高速公路; Pinyin: Yàyìlārě Gāosù Gōnglù
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A motor vehicle is a machine which incorporates a (sometimes known as an engine), and which is used for transportation. The internal combustion engine is the most common motor choice, although electric motors or other types are sometimes used.
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Straits of Johor (also known as the Tebrau Strait, Johor Strait, Selat Johor, Selat Tebrau, and Tebrau Reach) is a strait of water that separates Johor state, Malaysia from Singapore.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1995 1996 1997 - 1998 - 1999 2000 2001

Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII
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Motto
"Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"
"Unity Is Strength" 1

Anthem
Negaraku
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Land Transport Authority (Abbreviation: LTA; Chinese: 陆路交通管理局; Malay: Penguasa Pengangkutan Darat) of Singapore is a statutory board of the Ministry of Transport.
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A box girder bridge is a bridge where the main beams comprise girders in the shape of a hollow box. The box girder normally comprises either prestressed concrete, structural steel, or a composite of steel and reinforced concrete.
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Motto
"Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"
"Unity Is Strength" 1

Anthem
Negaraku
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Lembaga Lebuhraya Malaysia (LLM) or Malaysian Highway Authority is a government agency under the Malaysian Ministry of Works. The agency was founded in 24 October 1980 to build the North-South Expressway, but now the main function of Malaysian Highway Authority is to
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United Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM Group)

Berhad / corporation (Bursa Malaysia:UEMBUILDERS, UEMWORLD)
Founded 1970s
Headquarters Jalan Robson off Jalan Syed Putra Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Industry infrastructures
constructions
properties
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Land Transport Authority (Abbreviation: LTA; Chinese: 陆路交通管理局; Malay: Penguasa Pengangkutan Darat) of Singapore is a statutory board of the Ministry of Transport.
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United Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM Group)

Berhad / corporation (Bursa Malaysia:UEMBUILDERS, UEMWORLD)
Founded 1970s
Headquarters Jalan Robson off Jalan Syed Putra Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Industry infrastructures
constructions
properties
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Malay}}} 
Writing system: Rumi (Latin alphabet) (official) and Jawi (Arabic script); historically written in Pallava, Kawi and Rencong 
Official status
Official language of:
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States and Territories of Malaysia
جوهر دارالتّعظيم Johor Darul Ta'zim


Flag'' Coat of arms''
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Motto
"Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"
"Unity Is Strength" 1

Anthem
Negaraku
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Johor-Singapore Causeway (Malay: Tambak Johor) is a 1,056 metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore. It serves as a road, rail, and pedestrian link, as well as water piping into Singapore.
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Traffic is the movement of motorized vehicles, unmotorized vehicles and pedestrians on roads. Traffic laws are the laws which govern traffic and regulate vehicles, while rules of the road
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January 2 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 366 - Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.

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Tanjung Kupang is a small village near Bandar Nusajaya in Gelang Patah, Johor, Malaysia.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 653

Tanjung Kupang was the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 653 on December 4, 1977.
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States and Territories of Malaysia
جوهر دارالتّعظيم Johor Darul Ta'zim


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TUAS - the tactical use of the armed struggle was the name given by Irish Republicans to the strategy of 'military cessation' (ceasefire is a termed frowned upon by republicans for historical reasons) implemented between August 1994 and February 1996.
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