Mangalore

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  Mangalore
Karnataka • India
Enlarge picture
Sunset at Panambur beach in Mangalore
Sunset at Panambur beach in Mangalore
Coordinates:
Area
Elevation| | 111.18 km (0 sq mi)
•  m ( ft)
District(s)| | Dakshina Kannada
Mayor| style="border-top: 2px dotted #DCDCDC;" | Vijaya Arun
Website: www.mangalorecity.gov.in
Coordinates:

Mangalore (Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalooru; Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ, Kudla; Konkani: ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್, Kodial; Beary: ಮೈಕಾಲ, Maikala) pronunciation  is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on the west coast of the country on the Arabian Sea, with the Western Ghats to Mangalore's east.

Mangalore is the administrative headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada (South Kanara) district in the southwestern corner of Karnataka, and developed as a port on the Arabian Sea - to this day it remains one of the major ports of India. Lying on the backwaters formed by the Netravati and Gurupura rivers, it has long been a roadstead along the Malabar Coast.

Mangalore is known for its beaches, temples and industries. There are several languages spoken there, including Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, and Beary.

The landscape is dominated by the characteristic coconut palms accompanying rolling hills and streams flowing into the sea. The landscape is dotted with tiled-roof buildings, topped with the famous Mangalore tiles made with the local hard red clay and typically walled with laterite blocks. Older houses are commonly found with elaborate wood-work.

Origin of the name

The city Mangalore was named after the local Hindu deity Mangaladevi.[1] According to legend Matsyendranath, one of the important protagonist of the Nath cult had arrived at Mangalore with the princess of Kerala, Premaladevi. He converted the princess to his cult and named her Mangaladevi. It is believed that they could not proceed further as Mangaladevi died after a brief period of illness and a temple was consecrated in her name at Bolar. Later the Mangaladevi temple was renovated by the Alupa king Kundavarma in 968 AD.

One of the earliest references to this city name is made by Pandya King Chettian, who called the city as Managalapuram in 715 AD. Yet another historical reference is by the 11th century Arabian traveler Ibn Batuta, whose chronicles refer to Mangalore as Manjarur. This variation in spelling is attributed to the pronunciation gap between and Arabic and the local language. [2] Mangalore has been known as Mangaluru, Mangalapura, Mangaruth, Manjuran, Mandjaur, Mandegora, Corial, Codial Bunder, or Kuddala throughout the ages.

Other names

The cosmopolitan nature of Mangalore is centuries old. This is reflected in the names used by the various linguistic groups in this region. In the native Tulu language, the city is known as ‘Kudla’ meaning ‘junction’ as the city is situated at the confluence of the two rivers – Nethravathi and Phalguni. Konkanis use the variant Kodial. The Bearys, a Muslim community who speak a dialect of their own, call it Maikala.

On the occasion of "Suvarna Karnataka" in 2006, the Karnataka state government stated that the city would be renamed Mangalooru in English. [3]

History

Enlarge picture
Town Hall, Mangalore
There are many historical references regarding to the town. Cosmas Indicopleustes referred to the port of Mangarouth [4]. Pliny, a Roman historian made references of a place called Nithrias [5], and Greek historian Ptolemy referred to Nitre. Both the references probably referred to River Netravathi. Roman writer Arien called Mangalore Mandegora. A copper inscription belonging to 7th century called Mangalore, Mangalapura. This region, given away as a reward to sage Parashurama by Samudraraja, is well known for its Kadali fruits. It is the land of enchantment of Sahyadri mountains, where the great sages Kanva, Vysa, Vashista, Vishwamitra and other in the Loral past spent their days of meditation.

The ancient history proved Mangalore had been the capital of Alupa dynasty till 14th century
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References

1. ^ "Mahatobhara Shree MangalaDevi Temple, Mangalore", Our Karnataka.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-07. 
2. ^ MANGALORE–THE CITY NAME. Mangalore City Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-08-03.
3. ^ "They will be Belagavi, Mangalooru, Mysuru", The Hindu, 2005-12-19. Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 
4. ^ Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian Topography (1897) pp. 358-373. Book 11. The Tertullian Project. Retrieved on 2007-05-24.
5. ^ KODUNGALLUR - THE CRADLE OF CHRISTIANITY IN INDIA. Indian Christianity.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-24.
Coordinates: Karnātakā pronunciation  
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Panambur is the name of place where New Mangalore Port is situated. It is located in Dakshina Kannada (formerly South Canara ) district of Karnataka state,India. There is a Nandaneshwara temple in Panambur.
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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. India comprises most of the Indian subcontinent situated on the Indian Plate, the northerly portion of the Indo-Australian Plate.
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elevation of a geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point, often the mean sea level. Elevation, or geometric height, is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height
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district is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. Districts are further subdivided, in some cases into Sub-Divisions, and otherwise directly into tehsils or talukas.
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Dakshina Kannada (Tulu,Kannada:ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಕನ್ನಡ), (earlier known as South Kanara, or South Canara), is a coastal Karnataka district in the state of Karnataka in India.
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A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "larger", "greater") is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer.

In many systems, the mayor is an elected politician who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of
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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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Kannada}}} 
Official status
Official language of:  India (Karnataka)
Regulated by: Various academies and the Government of Karnataka
Language codes
ISO 639-1: kn
ISO 639-2: kan
ISO 639-3: kan

Kannada
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Tulu}}} 
Writing system: Kannada script, Tigalari
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: dra
ISO 639-3: tcy Tulu (Kannada script: ತುಳು) is a Dravidian language of India with fewer than two million
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Konkani}}} 
Writing system: Devanāgarī (official), Latin alphabet, Kannada abugida, Malayalam and Arabic 
Official status
Official language of:  India (Goa)
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1:
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Beary (also known as Byari) (Kannada: ಬ್ಯಾರಿ) is a small, vibrant Muslim community concentrated mostly in coastal South Kanara (Dakshina Kannada) district of Karnataka, a southern Indian state.
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Coordinates: Karnātakā pronunciation  
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The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-'Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately,
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Western Ghats (Sahyadri)

The Western Ghats at Matheran near Mumbai


Country | India
States |
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Dakshina Kannada (Tulu,Kannada:ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಕನ್ನಡ), (earlier known as South Kanara, or South Canara), is a coastal Karnataka district in the state of Karnataka in India.
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The Netravati River (or Nethravathi River) has its origins at Gangamoola at Samse in Chikkamagaluru district of Karnataka, India. It provides water supply to Mangalore city. It merges with the Kumaradhara River at Uppinangadi before flowing to the Arabian Sea.
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Gurupura is a small town near the city of Mangalore in Karnataka, India. The Gurupura river gets its name because of this town. It lies close to Vamanjoor and Kaikamba.

Nearby Places

  • Kaikamba
  • Polali
  • Mangalore

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Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea.The name is thought to be derived from the Malayalam word Mala (Hill) and Persian word Bar(Kingdom).
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Tulu}}} 
Writing system: Kannada script, Tigalari
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: dra
ISO 639-3: tcy Tulu (Kannada script: ತುಳು) is a Dravidian language of India with fewer than two million
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Konkani}}} 
Writing system: Devanāgarī (official), Latin alphabet, Kannada abugida, Malayalam and Arabic 
Official status
Official language of:  India (Goa)
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1:
..... Click the link for more information.
Kannada}}} 
Official status
Official language of:  India (Karnataka)
Regulated by: Various academies and the Government of Karnataka
Language codes
ISO 639-1: kn
ISO 639-2: kan
ISO 639-3: kan

Kannada
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Arecaceae
Schultz-Schultzenstein

Genera

Many; see list of Arecaceae genera

Arecaceae or Palmae (also known by the name Palmaceae, which is taxonomically invalid[1]
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Clay is a naturally occurring material, composed primarily of fine-grained minerals, which show plasticity through a variable range of water content, and which can be hardened when dried or fired.
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Laterite is a surface formation in hot and wet tropical areas which is enriched in iron and aluminium and develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock.
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The Goddess Mangaladevi gives the city of Mangalore its name. She is the main deity of the Mangaladevi Temple at Bolar (Location) in Mangalore. The temple was built in memory of the princess of Malabar Mangale in the 10th century. The Goddess Mangale is worshiped as Shakti.
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