March of Pannonia

The March of Pannonia was a frontier march of the Carolingian Empire erected in the mid-ninth century against the threat of Great Moravia and lasting only as long as the strength of that state.

The Pannonian march succeeded the Avar march. It occupied the territory south of the Danube between the Enns and the Wienerwald. It was referred to in some documents as terminum regni Baioariorum in Oriente or "the end of the kingdom of the Bavarians in the east" and from this is sometimes called the "(Bavarian) eastern march," a term more commonly used to refer to the later March of Austria, established in 976 as a sort of late successor state. The Pannonian march itself does not appear to have survived into the tenth century.

Margraves

This list is incomplete.

Sources

For other uses, see March (disambiguation).


Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka ("boundary") and refer to a border region, e.g.
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Carolingian Empire is a historiographical term sometimes used to refer to the realm of the Franks under the dynasty of the Carolingians. This dynasty would later be seen as the founders of the Holy Roman Empire.
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Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. It represented the first West Slavic state and was inhabited and ruled by the ancestors of modern Moravians and Slovaks.
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Avar March (German: Awarenmark) was a frontier district established by Charlemagne against Avaria in the southeast of the Carolingian Empire.

In the late 8th century, Charlemagne destroyed the Avar fortress called the Ring and made the people tributary to him.
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Danube
Donau, Dunaj, Duna, Dunav, Dunărea
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Leeeeeee For the chain of fast-food restaurants, see Wienerwald (restaurant).
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March or Margraviate of Austria was created in 976 out of the territory that probably formed the earlier March of Pannonia. It is also called the Bavarian Eastern March or Ostmark in German and marcha Orientalis in Latin.
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Carloman (German: Karlmann; 830 – 880) was the eldest son of Louis the German, king of East Francia (Germany), and Emma, daughter of the count Welf. He was king of Bavaria from 876 and of Italy from 877 until he was incapacitated in 879 and died in 880.
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William (II) was the margrave (comes terminalis, "frontier count") of the March of Pannonia in the mid ninth century until his death on campaign against the Moravians in 871.
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Engelschalk I was the margrave (comes terminalis, "frontier count") of the March of Pannonia in the mid ninth century until his death on campaign against the Moravians in 871.
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Aribo or Arbo (circa 850 – 909) was the margrave (comes terminalis, "frontier count") of the March of Pannonia, from 871 until his death. In his day, the march orientalis
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Engelschalk II was the margrave (comes terminalis, "frontier count") of the March of Pannonia in the late ninth century in opposition to Aribo. In his day, the march orientalis
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Timothy Reuter (1947 – 2002), grandson of the former mayor of Berlin Ernst Reuter, was a British historian who specialized in the study of medieval Germany, particularly the social, military and ecclesiastical institutions of the Ottonian and Salian periods (10th-12th
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