Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia

Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia, (Mariya Vladimirovna Romanova, Cyrillic: Мари́я Влади́мировна Рома́нова) (born December 23, 1953) is regarded by some genealogists and Russian monarchists as the Head of the Imperial Family of Russia and Titular Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias since 1992. Throughout her life she has used as her title and style of pretention Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia.
Pretender
Maria Vladimirovna
BornNovember 23 1953 (1953--) (age 55)
Madrid, Spain
Title(s)Grand Duchess of Russia
Throne(s) claimedRussia
Pretend fromApril 21, 1992
Monarchy abolished1917
Last monarchNicholas II
Connection withCousin
Royal HouseHolstein-Gottorp-Romanov
FatherGrand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich
MotherPrincess Leonida Bagration-Moukhransky
PredecessorGrand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich

Biography

She was born in 1953, the daughter of Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia, considered by some as the Head of the Imperial Family of Russia and Titular Emperor of Russia,[1] and Leonida Georgievna Kirby née Princess Bagration-Moukhransky (the divorced wife of the American-born Sumner Moore Kirby). Maria studied Russian and Russian history at Oxford University and lives in France and Spain.[2]

Her paternal grandparents were Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Victoria Feodorovna née Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

On September 22, 1976, she married Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia. He was granted the title and style of "His Imperial Highness Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia" by Maria's father. The couple separated in 1982. When they divorced on June 19, 1985, he reverted to his Prussian title and style.[3] From this marriage, Maria has one child, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich.

Maria Vladimirovna's father, Vladimir Cyrillovich, was considered by some to be the last male dynast of the Romanov Family.[2] The arguments over whether she is the valid head of the Imperial Family of Russia are detailed in the article on the line of succession to the Russian throne.

Following the discovery of the remains of Emperor Nicholas II and most of his family in 1991 Maria Vladimirovna did not reconginse the authenticity of the remains and refused to attend the reburial ceremony in 1998.[4]

Maria Vladimirovna is 109th in line of succession to the British Throne.

Attitude toward succession controversy

Maria was declared Curatrix to the Throne by her father on December 23, 1969 which drew objections from the undisputed male dynasts.[5][6] Her grandfather's claim as Tsar in Exile was strongly disputed by other members of his family. One said: "To say the family is divided is a euphemism. The family is raving mad."[7] Maria hopes for the restoration of the monarchy someday, but opinion polls have shown a very discouraging response to this prospect. When questioned about a rift in the Romanov family, Maria said;

Insert the text of the quote here, without quotation marks.

Regnal actions

In 2002, Maria became frustrated with the internal strife within the Russian monarchist movement. When representatives of the Union of Descendants of Noble Families, one of two rival nobility associations (the other, older one being the Russian Nobility Association) were apprehended in distributing chivalric titles and awards of the Order of St Nicholas the Wonderworker, without having them expressly approved and undersigned by herself, she published a relatively strongly-worded disclaimer.[8]

See also

Notes

External links

Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 23 September 1953
Preceded by
Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich
— TITULAR —
Empress of Russia
1992-
* Reason for succession failure *
Empire abolished in 1917 
Incumbent
Designated heir:
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich
British royalty
Preceded by
Constanza Snyder
Line of succession to the British Throne
109th position
Succeeded by
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia
Pretenders to the Russian
throne since 1917
Russian Empire
October Revolution
Emperor Nicholas II (1917-1918)
— vacant —
Grand Duke Cyril (1924-1938)
Grand Duke Vladimir (1938-1992)
Grand Duchess Maria (1992-)
Prince Nicholas (1992-)
See also House of Romanov
For other people named Romanov see Romanov (disambiguation).


The House of Romanov or Romanese (Рома́нов, pronounced
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External links

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Year 1953 (MCMLIII
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The word Russia has been used to refer to several Russian states:
  • Russian Federation, the modern successor state of Russian SFSR and the Soviet Union
  • The Soviet Union, albeit only informally and inaccurately describing a multinational union of Soviet republics

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Grand Duchess is the wife of a Grand Duke or a woman who rules a Grand Duchy in her own right. The title of Grand Duchess is currently used by Maria Teresa Mestre, the consort of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg.
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Madrid
Puerta de Alcalá at night with El Retiro gardens in the background.

Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: De Madrid al Cielo
(Spanish for "From Madrid to Heaven")
Location
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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Anthem
Hymn of the Russian Federation


Capital
(and largest city) Moscow

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Emperor Nicholas II
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias

Reign 1 November, 1894 – 15 March, 1917
Coronation 26 May [O.S. 14 May] 1896
Born 19 May 1868(1868--)
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Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia (Vladimir Kirillovich Romanov, cyrillic: Влад́имир Кир́иллович
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Grand Duchess Leonida Georgievna of Russia, Leonida Georgiyevna Romanova (Леонида Георгиевна Романова
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Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia (Vladimir Kirillovich Romanov, cyrillic: Влад́имир Кир́иллович
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Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia (Vladimir Kirillovich Romanov, cyrillic: Влад́имир Кир́иллович
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Grand Duchess Leonida Georgievna of Russia, Leonida Georgiyevna Romanova (Леонида Георгиевна Романова
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University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. for post-nominals, from "Oxoniensis"), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world.
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia, (Kirill Vladimirovich Romanov) (October 12 1876 (N.S.)–October 12, 1938) was a member of the Russian Imperial Family. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the death of Tsar Nicholas II and his brother Michael, Cyril became the
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Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodorovna of Russia born Princess Victoria Melita (Victoria Melita; 25 November 1876 – 2 March 1936) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
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September 22 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.
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Prince Franz Wilhelm Victor Christoph Stephan of Prussia (born September 3, 1943) is a member of the House of Hohenzollern, the royal house of Prussia. From 1976 to 1986 he was known as Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia.
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  • 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros.

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Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (Russian: Georgiy Mikhailovich Romanov, Russian cyrillic:
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