Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi

Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was an Indian Muslim religious and political leader, who was a student of Shaikhul Hind Maulana Mehmud Hasan. Under the movement "Tehrek-a-Reshmi Rumal," which was raised by Hasan from the Darul Uloom Deoband.

Early Life

Ram Singh Zargar was a Sikh of Chilanwali in the district of Sialkot. On 12 Muharrarm 1289 AH (10 March 1872) he had a son. However, he died 4 months prior to the birth of his son. The grandfather took the responsibility of the child’s upbringing. After 2 years the grandfather also died. The mother took the child and came away to the maternal grandfather's house. After the maternal grandfather’s demise, the child went to Jampur where his uncle lived. It was at this town that he received his initial secular education. In 1884, he borrowed a book of Maulana Ubaidullah Paaily, namely Tuhfatul Hind and read it with much interest. Thereafter he had the opportunity of reading Maulana Shah Ismail Shaheed's book, Taqwiatul Iman. In this way, the desire for Islam was created in his heart. On his own, he named himself Ubaidullah after the author of Tuhfatul Hind and he learnt to perform Salah as well. On 15 August 1887, he decided to leave his home and family out of the love for Islam. He was 15 years old at the time. With a Muslim friend, Abdul Qader, he reached Kotla in Muzaffargarh where he embraced Islam on 29 August 1887. When his relatives began searching for him, he left for Sindh and lived with Hafez Muhammad Siddique, a great saint of his time. He developed a deep attachment for him and regarded him as his spiritual father. It was also due to him that he made Sindh his motherland, hence the tide Sindhi. Hafez Muhammad made special dua for him to obtain an excellent tutor. In September 1888, he proceeded to Deoband where he took admission at Darul Uloom Deoband. He was afforded the grand opportunity of benefiting from Sheikhul Hind. Thus, the dua of Hafez Muhammad was accepted. Very soon, he mastered Arabic and all the Islamic subjects. He was so intelligent that he studied Sunan Nasai and Ibn Majah (detailed works of hadith) in only 4 days each while he completed As Sirajiyyah (a text book on the laws of succession) in a mere 2 hours. After qualifying, he left for Sukkhur where he was married to the daughter of Maulana Azeemullah Khan, a teacher at Islamiyah High School. In 1901, he established the Darul Irshaad. He remained engrossed in propagation for 7 years. He was requested in l909 by Sheikhul Hind to proceed to Deoband. Here he accomplished much for the student body, Jamiatul Ansaar. Sheikhul Hind then requested him to transfer his work to Delhi where he worked with Hakeem Ajmal Khan and Dr. Ansari. In 1912, he established a madrassah, Nazzaaratul Ma'arif which achieved much in the field of propagating Islam. At the suggestion of Sheikhul Hind in 1915, he migrated to Afghanistan. He stayed for 7 years in Kabul. He encouraged King Amanullah Khan of Afghanistan to fight the British. For this reason he had to leave Afghanistan as well. He proceeded to Russia where he spent 7 months. He was afforded official treatment as a guest of the state. During this period, he studied the ideology of socialism. He was unable to meet Lenin because he (Lenin) was severely ill at the time. Thereafter in 1923, he left for Turkey and initiated the third phase of the Waliullah Movement in 1924. He issued the Charter for the Independence of India from Istanbul. He left for Makkah in 1927 and remained there until 1929. During this period, he brought the message of the rights of Muslims and other important Deeni issues to the masses. In 1936, the Indian National Congress requested his return to India and subsequently he was given permission to return.

Maulana Ubaidullah entire life was one of endeavor and difficulty. He was once asked if he ever had a day of comfort during his 30 years of exile. He replied: "Undoubtedly I did not sleep for even one night with ease for this entire period".

Maulana Saeed Ahmed Akbarabadi describes the return of Maulana Ubaidullah to Delhi after his exile thus:

"All the people proceeded to the Delhi station to await his arrival. I had conjured up an image of Maulana by looking at the present leaders. I expected him to have a turban on his head and to be wearing a juba (robe). He would be a passenger of the first class, he would at least have one servant with him, at least 2-3 heavy suitcases, a heavy bedding, 2-3 flasks, 3 -4 heavy receptacles of food and majesty and grandeur apparent on his countenance. However, when the train reached, all these thoughts were left stagnant. The people frantically began searching the first and second -class coaches. Meanwhile, a man with nothing on his head, wearing a kurta of coarse cotton cloth with a coarse sheet around his neck emerged from the third class. Those who recognised him immediately ran towards him. This was Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi. The hair of his beard and head was completely white. He was about 65 years old. People began searching for his goods, but where did he have any luggage? Whatever was on his body was all that he owned. I have not seen a person and probably will not see in future one who has renounced material pleasures so totally". Once Maulana came from Okla to Delhi (a distance of approximately 8 miles) on foot during a hot day. He returned on foot as well because he did not have sufficient money to board the bus. Maulana Saeed Akbarabadi comments that he (Maulana Ubaidullah) did not mention this to anyone nor could they realize this from his countenance. Someone who came by bus saw him walking and when Maulana was asked if he had indeed come walking, he admitted doing so. In addition, because of having to travel on foot he had to leave very early that day. As the food was not yet ready when he departed, he had to forgo the meal, which he only had after Asar in Delhi. This is the mettle, which he was made of. He made a programme of teaching Shah Waliullah’s Hujjatullahil Baalighah to Maulana Akbarabadi who would then write an exegesis in his own words. Thereafter he had to leave for Lahore to visit his daughter. Here he fell seriously ill and died on 22 August 1944.

References

  • Mawlānā ʻUbayd Allāh Sindhī : ʻālāt-i zandagī, taʻlīmāt awr siyāsī afkār
by Muḥammad Sarwar. Publisher: Lahore, [1976]
  • Khutbāt o maqālāt-i Maulānā ʻUbaidullāh Sindhī. murattib Muḥammad Sarvar.
by ʻUbaidullāh Sindhī; Muhammad Sarwar Publisher: Lāhaur, Sindh Sāgar Ikādamī [1970]

     [ e]            Indian Independence Movement             
History:Colonisation - British East India Company - Plassey - Buxar - British India - French India - Portuguese India -
Philosophies:Indian nationalism - Swaraj - Gandhism - Satyagraha - Hindu nationalism - Indian Muslim nationalism - Swadeshi - Socialism
Events and movements:Rebellion of 1857 - Partition of Bengal - Revolutionaries - Champaran and Kheda - Jallianwala Bagh Massacre - Non-Cooperation - Flag Satyagraha - Bardoli - 1928 Protests - Nehru Report - Purna Swaraj - Salt Satyagraha - Act of 1935 - Legion Freies Indien - Cripps' mission - Quit India - Indian National Army - Bombay Mutiny
Organisations:Indian National Congress - Ghadar - Home Rule - Khudai Khidmatgar - Swaraj Party - Anushilan Samiti - Azad Hind -
Indian leaders:Mangal Pandey - Rani of Jhansi - Bal Gangadhar Tilak - Gopal Krishna Gokhale - Lala Lajpat Rai - Bipin Chandra Pal - Mahatma Gandhi - M. Ali Jinnah - Sardar Patel - Subhash Chandra Bose - Badshah Khan - Jawaharlal Nehru - Maulana Azad - Chandrasekhar Azad - Rajaji - Bhagat Singh - Sarojini Naidu - Purushottam Das Tandon - Tanguturi Prakasam - Alluri Sitaramaraju -
British Raj:Robert Clive - James Outram - Dalhousie - Irwin - Linlithgow - Wavell - Stafford Cripps - Mountbatten -
Independence:Cabinet Mission - Indian Independence Act - Partition of India - Political integration - Constitution - Republic of India
This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
Protection is not an endorsement of the current [ version] ([ protection log]).
..... Click the link for more information.
Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. The feminine form of 'Muslim' is Muslimah (Arabic: مسلمة).
..... Click the link for more information.
Maulana Mehmud Hasan (1851–November 30, 1920) was an Indian political leader and Muslim religious scholar popularly known as Shaikhul Hind (Leader of India).

Early life

Mehmud Hasan was born in the town of Bareilly (in modern Uttar Pradesh).
..... Click the link for more information.
The Darul Uloom (Urdu: dārul ulūm devband) is an Islamic madrassa (seminary), where Deobandi Islamic movement was started. It is located at Deoband, a town in Uttar Pradesh, India.
..... Click the link for more information.
Spoken & written script of holy Guru Granth Sahib:
Written language of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is: Gurmukhi, Sahiskriti and Sant Bhasha[19]
Spoken words: Punjabi, Bengali, Brij Bhasha and Persian[20]
Predominant spoken languages:
..... Click the link for more information.
Sialkot (Urdu/Punjabi: سیالکوٹ ) is a city situated in the north-east of the Punjab province in Pakistan at the feet of the snow-covered peaks of Kashmir near the Chenab river.
..... Click the link for more information.
Grandparents are family members, the father or mother of a person's own father or mother, being respectively grandfather and grandmother. Grandparents form an important element of the extended family.
..... Click the link for more information.
Jampur is a small city located in the district of Rajanpur, south of Dera Ghazi Khan, in the centre of Pakistan. It comprises an area of about 5 square kilometres and has a population of 80'000.
..... Click the link for more information.
Secularity (adjective form secular) is the state of being separate from religion.[1] For instance, eating and bathing may be regarded as examples of secular activities, because there is nothing inherently religious about them.
..... Click the link for more information.
Shāh Ismā'il Abu'l-Mozaffar bin Sheikh Haydar bin Sheikh Junayd Safawī (Persian: شاه اسماعیل - Azerbaijani:
..... Click the link for more information.
Editing of this page by unregistered or newly registered users is currently disabled due to vandalism.
If you are prevented from editing this page, and you wish to make a change, please discuss changes on the talk page, request unprotection, log in, or .
..... Click the link for more information.
namāz in Persian, (Arabic: صلاة, Qur'anic Arabic: صلوة) is the ritual prayer practiced by Muslims in supplication to Allah.
..... Click the link for more information.
Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. The feminine form of 'Muslim' is Muslimah (Arabic: مسلمة).
..... Click the link for more information.
Friendship is a term used to denote co-operative and supportive behavior between two or more humans. This article focuses on the notion specific to interpersonal relationships.
..... Click the link for more information.
Kotla is the name of:
  • four villages:
  • Kotla in Pakistan
  • Kotla Musa Khan in Pakistan
  • Kotla in Poland
  • the municipality of Gmina Kotla in Poland

..... Click the link for more information.
Muzaffargarh (Urdu: مظفر گڑھ ) is a town in southwestern Punjab, Pakistan located on the bank of the Chenab River. It is the chief city of Muzaffargarh District.
..... Click the link for more information.
Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. Different cultural and ethnic groups also reside in Sindh including Urdu speaking people who migrated from India
..... Click the link for more information.
Du'a (دُعَاء) is supplication in Islam.

Du'a is an Arabic term which means to 'call out' or to 'summon'. Muslims use this term and call out to God, and Muslims regard this as one of the greatest acts of worship in Islam.
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates: Deoband (Hindi: देवबन्द, Urdu: دیوبند, Devband) is a city and a municipal board in Saharanpur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Darul Uloom (Urdu: dārul ulūm devband) is an Islamic madrassa (seminary), where Deobandi Islamic movement was started. It is located at Deoband, a town in Uttar Pradesh, India.
..... Click the link for more information.
al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
..... Click the link for more information.
as-Sunan as-Sughra (Arabic: السنن الصغرى), also known as Sunan an-Nasa'i
..... Click the link for more information.
Abu `Abdallah Muhammad ibn Yazid Ibn Maja al-Rab`i al-Qazwini
Title: Ibn Maja
Birth: 824CE
death: 887

Maddhab: Sunni
Main interests: hadith, Tafsir and history
works: Sunan Ibn Maja, Kitaab at-Tafseer and
..... Click the link for more information.
Coordinates: Delhi (Hindi: दिल्ली, Punjabi: ਦਿੱਲੀ, Urdu:
..... Click the link for more information.
Madrasah (Arabic: مدرسة, madrasa pl. madāris) is the Arabic word for any type of school, secular or religious (of any religion). It has been loaned into various other languages.
..... Click the link for more information.
This page has been semi-protected from editing to deal with vandalism.
Semi-protection is not an endorsement of the current version. To see other versions, view the [ page history].
..... Click the link for more information.
Kabul

Coordinates:
Province Kabul
Coordinates
Population (2005)[1]
2994000 (1st)
UN estimate of city proper
City Districts
..... Click the link for more information.
Amanullah Khan (June 1, 1892 - April 25, 1960) was the king of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929. He led Afghanistan to independence over its foreign affairs from the United Kingdom, and his rule was marked by dramatic political and social change.
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Hymn of the Russian Federation


Capital
(and largest city) Moscow

..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.