menkyo kaiden

Menkyo kaiden (免許皆伝) is a Japanese term meaning "license of total transmission." It is a certificate that is granted by a school, ryū, or other organization meaning that the recipient has learned everything that the organization or school can teach, and is licensed to pass on all aspects of his training.

In the older menkyo system of licenses and certificates that predates the more prevalent kyū/dan (dan'i) system of colored belts created by Jigoro Kano in the 19th century for Kodokan judo, the menkyo kaiden is typically the highest level of license that exists, and the highest rank achievable under the menkyo system. A holder of a menkyo kaiden is often, but not always, the de facto successor to the sōke of the ryū. Some schools that use the dan'i system still retain the menkyo kaiden as a method of denoting a successor to the head of the school.

See also

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Japanese
日本語
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Dan rank (段位 dan'i)
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Kano Jigoro
(嘉納 治五郎 Kanō Jigorō)


Kano Jigoro, the founder of judo.
Born September 28 1860(1860--)
Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan
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Judo ( jūdō)
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De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact" or "in practice" but not spelled out by law. It is commonly used in contrast to de jure (which means "by law") when referring to matters of law, governance, or technique (such as standards), that are found in the
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worldwide view of the subject.
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The term black belt has become widely known as way to describe an expert in martial arts,
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Dan rank (段位 dan'i)
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