Mexican Cession

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The Mexican Cession from the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (red) and the Gadsden Purchase (beige). Part of the area marked as Gasden Purchase near modern-day Mesilla, New Mexico was disputed after the Treaty.


The Mexican Cession is a historical name for the region of the present day southwestern United States that was ceded to the U.S. by Mexico in 1848 under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican-American War. The cession of this territory from Mexico was a condition for the end of the war, as United States troops occupied Mexico City, and Mexico risked being completely annexed by the U.S. The United States also paid $15,000,000 ($298,310,309 in 2005) for the land, and agreed to assume $3.25 million in debts to US citizens.[1] The land ceded by Mexico is 12% of the total area of the current United States territory.[2]

For the 38 years between 1810 when Mexico declared its independence from Spain (or from 1821, when Mexican independence was secured), and 1848, the region had formed approximately 42.1% of the country of Mexico; prior to that, it had been a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain for some three centuries. Beginning in the early seventeenth century, a chain of Spanish missions and settlements extended into the New Mexico region, mostly following the course of the Rio Grande from the El Paso area to Santa Fe, which was a colonial capital under the Spanish, and which is now the capital city of the U.S. state of New Mexico. Spanish settlement and missionary work followed the course of the Colorado River northward from its mouth along the current border between California and Arizona. Beginning in the late eighteenth century, Spain had also built a system of fortresses and missions throughout Alta California (now southern half of the US state of California), from San Diego to San Rafael north of San Francisco.

The region includes all of the present-day states of California, Nevada, and Utah, as well as portions of: The treaty also specified the Texas-Mexican border as being at the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte). Previously the portion of Texas between the Nueces River and the Rio Grande had remained disputed throughout the existence of the Republic of Texas. The United States had already claimed the area as part of the Texas Annexation in 1845.

The land of the Mexican Cession was an unorganized possession of the United States until Congress created three successor entities, on September 9, 1850:

References

1. ^ Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Articles XII-XV
2. ^ Table 1.1 Acquisition of the Public Domain 1781-1867


Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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Anthem
Himno Nacional Mexicano


Capital
(and largest city) Mexico City

Official languages Spanish (
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1810s  1820s  1830s  - 1840s -  1850s  1860s  1870s
1845 1846 1847 - 1848 - 1849 1850 1851

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is the peace treaty, largely dictated by the United States[1][2] to the interim government of a militarily occupied Mexico, that ended the Mexican-American War (1846–1848).
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Mexican-American War[1] was an armed military conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas. Mexico did not recognize the secession of Texas in 1836; it considered Texas a rebel province.
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Anthem
Himno Nacional Mexicano


Capital
(and largest city) Mexico City

Official languages Spanish (
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Mexico City
Ciudad de México

Skyline of Mexico City at night

Seal
Nickname: Ciudad de los palacios (City of Palaces)
Motto: Capital en movimiento
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Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity (either adjacent or non-contiguous).
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1780s  1790s  1800s  - 1810s -  1820s  1830s  1840s
1807 1808 1809 - 1810 - 1811 1812 1813

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Motto
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"Further Beyond"
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The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España) was the name of the viceroy-ruled territories of the Spanish Empire in Asia, North America, South America, and its peripheries from 1535 to 1821.
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Origin southern Colorado, in Saguache County
Mouth Gulf of Mexico; Cameron County, Texas, and Matamoros municipality, Tamaulipas
Basin countries United States, Mexico
Length 3,034 km (1885 mi)
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City of El Paso

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La Villa Real de la Santa Fé
de San Francisco de Asís,
Royal City of the Holy Faith
of St. Francis of Assisi,
New Mexico


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State of New Mexico

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Nickname(s): Land of Enchantment / Tierra del Encanto
Motto(s): Crescit eundo

Capital Santa Fe
Largest city Albuquerque
Largest metro area
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Mouth Gulf of California
Basin countries United States, Mexico
Length 2,330 km (1,450 mi)
Source elevation ~2700 m (~9000 ft)

Avg. discharge 620 m³/s (22,000 ft³/s)[1]
Basin area 629,100 km² (242,900 mi²)
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The Spanish missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Catholic faith among the local Native
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City of San Diego
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San Rafael (the Spanish-language name of the Archangel Raphael) is a common place-name in areas where that tongue is or was spoken:

Towns, cities, municipalities, etc.

  • Argentina

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City and County of San Francisco
"The Painted Ladies"

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State of Nevada

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Gadsden Purchase (known as Venta de La Mesilla in Mexico) is a 45,535 mi² (76,770 km²) region of what is today southern Arizona and New Mexico that was purchased by the United States from Mexico in 1853.
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Republic of Texas was a sovereign state in North America between the United States and Mexico that existed from 1836 to 1845. Formed as a break-away republic from Mexico as a result of the Texas Revolution, the nation claimed borders that encompassed an area that included all of
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State of New Mexico

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Capital Santa Fe
Largest city Albuquerque
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Origin southern Colorado, in Saguache County
Mouth Gulf of Mexico; Cameron County, Texas, and Matamoros municipality, Tamaulipas
Basin countries United States, Mexico
Length 3,034 km (1885 mi)
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