Miami-Dade

Miami-Dade County, Florida
Map
Enlarge picture
Map of Florida highlighting Miami-Dade County

Location in the state of Florida

Florida's location in the USA
Statistics
FoundedJanuary 18, 1836
SeatMiami
Largest CityMiami
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

6,297 km² (2,431 mi²)
5,040 km² (1,946 mi²)
1,257 km² (485 mi²), 19.96%
Population
 - (2006)
 - Density

2,402,208
447/km 
Website: www.miamidade.gov
Named for: Major Francis L. Dade
County flag
County logo


Miami-Dade County (formerly known as Dade County and many times referred to as simply Miami or Dade) is a county located in the southeastern part of the state of Florida. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the county population was 2,402,208 in 2006, making it the most populous county in Florida and the eighth-most populous county in the United States.[1] The county's population makes up approximately half of the South Florida metropolitan area population and holds most of the principal cities encompassing South Florida, making it the most important of the three counties that make up the area. The county seat is the city of Miami.

The county is home to 35 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas. The eastern portion of the county is heavily urbanized with many high rises up the coastline, as well as the location of the county's central business district, Downtown Miami. The western portion of the county consists of the Everglades National Park and is unpopulated. East of the mainland in Biscayne Bay is also Biscayne National Park, making Miami the only metropolitan area in the United States that borders two national parks.

The current county mayor is Carlos Alvarez.

History

Further information: History of Miami, Florida

Pre-European contact

The earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago.[2] The first inhabitants settled on the banks of the Miami River, with the main villages on the northern banks.

The inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami-Dade County, Broward County, and the southern part of Palm Beach County. The Tequesta Indians fished, hunted, and gathered the fruit and roots of plants for food, but did not practice any form of agriculture. They buried the small bones of the deceased with the rest of the body, and put the larger bones in a box for the village people to see. The Tequesta are credited with making the Miami Circle.

European contact

Juan Ponce de León was the first European to visit the area in 1513 by sailing into Biscayne Bay. His journal records that he reached Chequescha, which was Miami's first recorded name.[3] It is unknown whether he came ashore or made contact with the Indians. Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and his men made the first recorded landing when they visited the Tequesta settlement in 1566 while looking for Avilés' missing son, shipwrecked a year earlier.[4] Spanish soldiers led by Father Francisco Villarreal built a Jesuit mission at the mouth of the Miami River a year later but it was short-lived. After the Spaniards left, the Tequesta Indians were left to fend themselves from European-introduced diseases like smallpox. By 1711, the Tequesta sent a couple of local chiefs to Havana, Cuba, to ask if they could migrate there. The Cubans sent two ships to help them, but Spanish illnesses struck and most of the Indians died.[5]

The first permanent European settlers arrived in the early 1800s. People came from the Bahamas to South Florida and the Keys to hunt for treasure from the ships that ran aground on the treacherous Great Florida reef. Some accepted Spanish land offers along the Miami River. At about the same time, the Seminole Indians arrived, along with a group of runaway slaves. The area was affected by the Second Seminole War, during which Major William S. Harney led several raids against the Indians. Most non-Indian residents were soldiers stationed at Fort Dallas. It was the most devastating Indian war in American history, causing almost a total loss of population in the Miami area.

After the Second Seminole War ended in 1842, William English, re-established a plantation started by his uncle on the Miami River. He charted the “Village of Miami” on the south bank of the Miami River and sold several plots of land. In 1844, Miami became the county seat, and six years later a census reported that there were ninety-six residents living in the area.[6] The Third Seminole War) was not as destructive as the second one. Even so, it slowed down the settlement of southeast Florida. At the end of the war, a few of the soldiers stayed.

Birth of Dade County

Dade County was created on January 18, 1836 under the Territorial Act of the United States. The county was named after Major Francis L. Dade, a soldier killed in 1835 in the Second Seminole War, at what has since been named the Dade Battlefield. At the time of its creation, Dade County included the land that now contains Palm Beach and Broward counties, together with the Florida Keys from Bahia Honda Key north and the land of present day Miami-Dade County. The county seat was originally at Indian Key in the Florida Keys, then in 1844, the County seat was moved to Miami. The Florida Keys from Key Largo to Bahia Honda were returned to Monroe County in 1866. In 1888 the county seat was moved to Juno, near present-day Juno Beach, Florida, returning to Miami in 1899. In 1909, Palm Beach County was formed from the northern portion of what was then Dade County, and then in 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create what is now Broward County. There have been no significant boundary changes to the county since 1915.[7][8][9]

The second-costliest natural disaster to occur in the United States was the disastrous Hurricane Andrew, which hit this county early Monday morning on August 24, 1992. It struck the central part of the county from due east, south of Miami and very near Homestead, Kendall, and Cutler Ridge (now the Town of Cutler Bay). Damages numbered over US$25 billion in the county alone, and recovery has taken years in these areas where the destruction was greatest. This was the costliest natural disaster in US history until Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf region in 2005.

After the Cuban Revolution, exiles from Cuba migrated in large numbers to Dade County.

On November 13, 1997 voters changed the name of the county from Dade to Miami-Dade to acknowledge the international name recognition of Miami.[10]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,297 km² (2,431 mi²). 5,040 km² (1,946 mi²) of it is land and 1,257 km² (485 mi²) of it (19.96%) is water, most of which is Biscayne Bay, with another significant portion in the adjacent waters of the Atlantic Ocean.

The bay is divided from the Atlantic Ocean by the many barrier isles along the coast, one of which is where well-known Miami Beach is located, home to South Beach and the Art Deco district. The Florida Keys, which are also barrier islands are only accessible through Miami-Dade County, but which are otherwise part of neighboring Monroe County.

Miami is the largest city within Miami-Dade County as well as the county seat, with an estimated population of 404,048. Miami is the only metropolitan area in the United States that borders two national parks. Biscayne National Park is located east of the mainland, in Biscayne Bay, and the western third of Miami-Dade County lies within Everglades National Park.

Incorporated

There are 35 incorporated areas:
  1. City of Miami Gardens
  2. City of Aventura
  3. Town of Golden Beach
  4. City of Sunny Isles Beach
  5. City of North Miami Beach
  6. City of North Miami
  7. Village of Bal Harbour
  8. Town of Bay Harbor Islands
  9. Village of Indian Creek
  10. Town of Surfside
  11. Village of Biscayne Park
  12. Village of Miami Shores
  13. Village of El Portal
  14. Village of North Bay Village
  15. City of Opa-locka
  16. Town of Miami Lakes
  17. City of Hialeah
  18. City of Hialeah Gardens
  19. Town of Medley
  20. City of Doral
  21. City of Miami Springs
  22. Village of Virginia Gardens
  23. City of Sweetwater
  24. City of Miami
  25. City of Miami Beach
  26. Village of Key Biscayne
  27. City of West Miami
  28. City of Coral Gables
  29. City of South Miami
  30.   Village of Pinecrest
  31.   Village of Palmetto Bay
   32. City of Cutler Bay
   33. City of Homestead
    34. City of Florida City
    35. City of Islandia
  (Lettered areas
   listed below.)

Unincorporated communities

The following areas are unincorporated regions of the county which fall directly under the county government's jurisdiction. Most, but not all of them, are Census-designated places.

Any letters grouped "(xx)" after a name refer to the labeled gray areas of the map above.

City districts and neighborhoods

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.%
1840446
18501590%
1860830%
1870850%
18802570%
18908610%
19004,9550%
191011,9330%
192042,7530%
1930142,9550%
1940267,7390%
1950495,0840%
1960935,0470%
19701,267,7920%
19801,625,7810%
19901,937,0940%
20002,253,3620%


Enlarge picture
Age pyramid of Miami-Dade county


As of the census² of 2006, there were 2,253,362 people, 776,774 households, and 548,402 families residing in the county. The population density was 447/km² (1,158/mi²). There were 852,278 housing units at an average density of 169/km² (438/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 16.6% Non-Hispanic White, 17.5% Non-Hispanic Black (with a large part being of Caribbean descent) and African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 4.58% from other races, and 3.79% from two or more races. 65.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 776,774 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.35.

The age distribution is 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,966, and the median income for a family was $40,260. Males had a median income of $30,120 versus $24,686 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,497. About 14.5% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

51.4% of Miami-Dade County residents are foreign-born, a percentage greater than any other county in the United States.[11]

Language

As of 2000, 59.25% spoke Spanish as their first language, 32.09% English, 4.12% French Creole, and 0.89% spoke French as their mother language.[12] 51.4% of the county residents were born outside the United States, while 67.90% of the population speaks a language other than English at home.[13]

Law and government



Miami-Dade County has operated under a unique metropolitan system of government, a "two-tier federation," since 1957. This was made possible when Florida voters approved a constitutional amendment in 1956 that allowed the people of Dade County (as it was known then) to enact a home rule charter. Prior to this year, home rule did not exist in Florida, and all counties were limited to the same set of powers by the Florida Constitution and state law.

Federation, not total consolidation

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democrat
200446.6% ''361,09552.9% ''409,732
200046.3% ''289,57452.6% ''328,867
199637.9% ''209,74057.3% ''317,555
199243.2% ''235,31346.7% ''254,609
198855.3% ''270,93744.3% ''216,970
198459.2% ''144,28140.8% ''223,863
198050.7% ''265,88840.2% ''210,868
197640.5% ''211,14858.1% ''303,047
197258.9% ''256,52940.8% ''177,693
196837.0% ''135,22248.4% ''176,689
196436.0% ''117,48064.0% ''208,941
196042.3% ''134,50657.7% ''183,114


Unlike a consolidated city-county, where the city and county governments merge into a single entity, these two entities remain separate. Instead there are two "tiers", or levels, of government: city and county. There are 35 municipalities in the county, the City of Miami being the largest.

District Commissioner
1stBarbara J. Jordan
2ndDorrin D. Rolle
3rdAudrey Edmonson
4thSally A. Heyman
5thBruno A. Barreiro, Chairman
6thRebeca Sosa
7thCarlos A. Gimenez
8thKaty Sorenson
9thDennis C. Moss
10thJavier D. Souto
11thJoe A. Martinez
12thJosé Pepe Diaz
13thNatacha Seijas
Cities are the "lower tier" of local government, providing police and fire protection, zoning and code enforcement, and other typical city services within their jurisdiction. These services are paid for by city taxes. The County is the "upper tier", and it provides services of a metropolitan nature, such as emergency management, airport and seaport operations, public housing and health care services, transportation, environmental services, solid waste disposal etc. These are funded by county taxes, which are assessed on all incorporated and unincorporated areas.

Of the county's 2.2 million total residents (as of 2000), approximately 52% live in unincorporated areas, the majority of which are heavily urbanized. These residents are part of the Unincorporated Municipal Services Area (UMSA). For these residents, the County fills the role of both lower- and upper-tier government, the County Commission acting as their lower-tier municipal representative body. Residents within UMSA pay an UMSA tax, equivalent to a city tax, which is used to provide County residents with equivalent city services (police, fire, zoning, water and sewer, etc.). Residents of incorporated areas do not pay UMSA tax.

Structure of county government

The Executive Mayor of Miami-Dade County is elected countywide to serve a four-year term. The Mayor is not a member of the County Commission. The Mayor appoints a County Manager, with approval and consent of the Board of County Commissioners, to oversee the operations of the County Departments. The Mayor has veto power over the Commission. The current mayor is Cuban-born Carlos Alvarez.

The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative body, consisting of 13 members elected from single-member districts. Members are elected to serve four-year terms, and elections of members are staggered. The Board chooses a Chairperson, who presides over the Commission, as well as appoints the members of its legislative committees. The Board has a wide array of powers to enact legislation, create departments, and regulate businesses operating within the County. It also has the power to override the Mayor's veto with a two-thirds vote.

The election of Commissioners from single member districts came to be in 1992 after a group led by attorney and City of Miami Commissioner Arthur Teele, Jr. with the support of some African American and Hispanic civic leaders, challenged the at large election system in the courts, arguing that the present system did not allow for the election of minority commissioners, despite the fact that African American Commissioner Barbara Carey-Shuler had been elected several times. The court, under the ruling of Judge Graham, created the single member district election system.

Enlarge picture
Outside the Miami-Dade County Courthouse in Downtown Miami.
Florida's Constitution provides for four elected officials to oversee executive and administrative functions for each county (called "Constitutional Officers"): Sheriff, Property Appraiser, Supervisor of Elections, and Tax Collector. Each of these offices were reorganized and became subordinate County Departments. Today these positions are appointed by and report to the Mayor.

The most visible distinction between Miami-Dade and other Florida counties is the title of its law enforcement agency. It is the only county in Florida that does not have an elected sheriff, or an agency titled "Sheriff's Office." Instead the equivalent agency is known as the Miami-Dade Police Department, and its leader is known as the Metropolitan Sheriff and Director of the Miami-Dade Police Department. The judicial offices of Clerk of the Circuit Court, State Attorney, and Public Defender are still branches of State government and are therefore independently elected and not part of County government.

Mayors of Miami-Dade County

  • 1965–70 - Chuck Hall
  • 1970–72 - Stephen P. Clark
  • 1972–74 - Jack Orr
  • 1974–93 - Stephen P. Clark
  • 1993–96 - Post of Mayor abolished
  • 1996–2004 - Alex Penelas
  • 2004— - Carlos Alvarez

Public services

Fire Rescue

Further information: Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department
Enlarge picture
Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department logo.
The Miami-Dade County Fire Rescue Department is the agency that provides fire protection and emergency medical services for Miami-Dade County, Florida. The department serves 28 municipalities and all unincorporated areas of Miami-Dade County from 60 fire stations[14]. The Department also provides fire protection services for Miami International Airport, Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport and Opa-Locka Airport.[15]

The communities served are Aventura, Bal Harbour, Bay Harbor Islands, Biscayne Park, Doral, El Portal, Florida City, Golden Beach, Hialeah Gardens, Homestead, Indian Creek, Islandia, Medley, Miami Lakes, Miami Shores, Miami Springs, North Bay Village, North Miami, North Miami Beach, Opa-locka, Palmetto Bay, Pinecrest, South Miami, Surfside, Sweetwater, Sunny Isles Beach, Virginia Gardens, and West Miami.[16]

Miami-Dade Fire Rescue is also the home to Urban Search and Rescue Florida Task Force 1 as well as EMS operations consisting of 57 Advanced Life Support units staffed by 760 state-certified paramedics and 640 state-certified emergency medical technicians.

Police Department

Further information: Miami-Dade Police Department
Enlarge picture
Miami-Dade Police Department logos.
The Miami-Dade Police Department is full service metropolitan police department serving Miami-Dade County's unincorporated areas, although they have lenient mutual aid agreements with other municipalities, most often the City of Miami Police Department. The Miami-Dade Police Department is the largest police department in the state of Florida with over 5,000 employees. The Department is still often referred by its former name, the Metro-Dade Police or simply Metro.

The Miami-Dade Police Department operate out of nine districts throughout Miami-Dade County and have two special bureaus. The current director of the Miami-Dade Police Department is Robert Parker, who succeeded Carlos Alvarez, the current mayor of Miami-Dade County. The Department's headquarters are located in Doral, Florida.

Water and Sewer Department

Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department (MDWASD) is one of the largest public utilities in the United States, employing approximately 2,700 employees as of 2007. It provides service to over 2.4 million customers, operating with an annual budget of almost $400 million.Approximately 330 million gallons of water are drawn everyday from the Biscayne Aquifer for consumer use.MDWASD has over 7,100 miles of water lines, a service area of 396 square miles and 14 pump stations. MDWASD has over 3,600 miles of sewage pipes, a service area of 341 square miles and 954 pump stations [17]

Education

In Florida, each county is also a school district. Miami-Dade County Public Schools, is operated by an independently-elected School Board. A professional Superintendent of Schools manages the day-to-day operations of the district, who is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the School Board. The Miami-Dade County Public School District is currently the 4th largest public school district in the nation.

The Miami-Dade Public Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 42 branch locations, and 8 branch locations currently being built/not officially opened.

Colleges and Universities

Miami-Dade County is home to many private and public universities and colleges. Total approximate college/university student enrollment in the county in 2006 was about 245,000, one of the largest number for university students in the USA.

Transportation

Public transit

Public transit in Miami-Dade County is served by Miami-Dade Transit, and is the largest public transit in Florida. Miami-Dade Transit operates a heavy rail metro system Metrorail, an elevated people mover in Downtown Miami, Metromover and the bus system, Metrobus. Currently, expansion of Metrorail is underway with the construction of two new lines. The northern line to extend from Miami International Airport (MIA) to Dolphin Stadium and the western line from MIA to Florida International University.

Major expressways

In Florida a Tolled State Road is denoted by having the word "TOLL" printed on the top of the State Road shield.

Miami-Dade County has 10 major expressways and 1 minor expressway in Downtown Miami.

Street grid

A street grid stretches from downtown Miami throughout the county. This grid was adopted by the City of Miami following World War I after the United States Post Office threatened to cease mail deliveries in the city because the original system of named streets, with names often changing every few blocks and multiple streets in the city sharing the same name, was too confusing for the mail carriers.[18] The new grid was later extended throughout the county as the population grew west, south, and north of city limits. The grid is laid out with Miami Avenue as the meridian going North-South and Flagler Street the baseline going east-west. The grid is primarily numerical so that, for example, all street addresses north of Flagler and west of Miami Avenue have NW in their address (eg. NW 27th Avenue). Because its point of origin is in downtown Miami which is close to the coast, the NW and SW quadrants are much larger than the SE and NE quadrants. Many roads, especially major ones, are also named, although- with a few notable exceptions, the number is in more common usage among locals. Although this grid is easy to understand once one is oriented to it, it is not universal in the entire county. Hialeah uses its own grid system which is entirely different in its orientation. Coral Gables and Miami Lakes use named streets almost exclusively, and various smaller municipalities such as Florida City and Homestead use their own grid system along with the Miami-Dade grid system adding to the confusion.

Sites of interest

Museums

Entertainment

Other areas and attractions

Parks

Sports venues

Miami-Dade County holds the majority of sports arenas, stadiums and complexes in South Florida. Some of these sports facilities are:

Sister Cities

Miami-Dade County has 24 sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

Famous people from Miami-Dade County

Main article: Famous people from Miami-Dade County

References

1. ^ US Census Bureau Estimates retrieved May 26, 2007
2. ^ Parks, Arva Moore. Miami: The Magic City. Miami, Fl: Centennial Press, 1991. ISBN p 12.
3. ^ Parks, p 13
4. ^ Parks, p 14
5. ^ Parks, p 14-16
6. ^ History of Miami-Dade county retrieved January 26, 2006
7. ^ Miami-Dade County Annual Report for Bondholders. For the Fiscal Year of 1998.. Miami-Dade County, Florida (1998). Retrieved on 2007-04-07.
8. ^ History of Indian Key - retrieved September 13, 2007
9. ^ Muir, Helen. (1953) Miami, U.S.A. Coconut Grove, Florida. Hurricane House Publishers. Pp. 33, 100
10. ^ Miami-Dade County Government
11. ^ [1]
12. ^ Modern Language Association Data Results of Miami-Dade County
13. ^ Modern Language Association Data Results of Miami-Dade County
14. ^ Locations. Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department. Miami-Dade County. Retrieved on August 30, 2006.
15. ^ Airport Fire Rescue Division. Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department. Miami-Dade County. Retrieved on August 30, 2006.
16. ^ Cities Served. Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department. Miami-Dade County. Retrieved on August 30, 2006.
17. ^ [2]
18. ^ Muir, Helen. (1953) Miami, U.S.A. Coconut Grove, Florida: Hurricane House Publishers. Pp. 136-7.

External links

Government links

County departments and agencies

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism

    [ e]
South Florida metropolitan area
Counties Miami-Dade County | Broward County | Palm Beach County
200,000–500,000 Miami | Hialeah
100,000–200,000 Fort Lauderdale | Pembroke Pines | Hollywood | Coral Springs | West Palm Beach | Miramar | Miami Gardens | Pompano Beach
50,000–100,000 Sunrise | Miami Beach | Boca Raton | Plantation | Davie | Kendall | Deerfield Beach | Boynton Beach | Delray Beach | Weston | Fountainbleau | Lauderhill | Tamarac | North Miami | Kendale Lakes | Wellington | Margate | Tamiami | Jupiter
10,000–50,000 Aventura | Belle Glade | Boca Del Mar | Brownsville | Coconut Creek | Cooper City | Coral Gables | Coral Terrace | Country Club | Country Walk | Dania Beach | Doral | Gladeview | Glenvar Heights | Greenacres | Hallandale Beach | Hamptons at Boca Raton | Homestead | Ives Estates | Kendall West | Key Biscayne | Kings Point | Lake Worth | Lake Worth Corridor | Lauderdale Lakes | Leisure City | Lighthouse Point | Miami Lakes | Miami Springs | North Lauderdale | North Palm Beach | Oakland Park |Olympia Heights | Opa-Locka | Ojus | Palm Beach Gardens | Palmetto Bay | Palm Springs |Palmetto Estates | Parkland | Pinecrest | Pinewood | Princeton | Richmond West | Riviera Beach | Royal Palm Beach | Sandalfoot Cove | South Miami | South Miami Heights | Sunny Isles Beach | Sunset | Sweetwater | The Crossings | The Hammocks | University Park | West Little River | Westchester | West Park, Florida | Westwood Lakes | Wilton Manors
Sports Florida Marlins (baseball) | Miami Heat (basketball) | Miami Dolphins (football) | Florida Panthers (ice hockey)
Airports Miami International Airport (Miami-Dade) | Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport (Miami-Dade) | Opa-locka Airport (Miami-Dade) | Homestead General Aviation Airport (Miami-Dade) | Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport (Broward) | Palm Beach International Airport (Palm Beach) | Boca Raton Airport (Palm Beach) | Palm Beach County Park Airport (Palm Beach)
Notes † - County Seat
A list of cities under 10,000 is available here.


Coordinates:
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Motto
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founded Lima, the capital of Peru.
  • 1562 - Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session.
  • 1670 - Henry Morgan captures Panama.
  • 1701 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia.
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  • 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
    1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -  1840s  1850s  1860s
    1833 1834 1835 - 1836 - 1837 1838 1839

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    A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. In the Northeast United States, the statutory term often is shire town, but colloquially county seat is the term in use there.
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    Miami, Florida
    Miami's downtown skyline

    Flag
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    Nickname: The Magic City
    Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
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    Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. The term Surface area is the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object.

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    Units for measuring surface area include:
    square metre = SI derived unit

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    Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
    • 1,000,000 m²
    • 100 ha (hectare)
    Conversely:
    • 1 m² = 0.

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    square mile is an imperial and US unit of area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. It should not be confused with the archaic miles square, which refers to the number of miles on each side squared.
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    Biological population densities


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    Francis Langhorne Dade (1793? – December 28, 1835) was a major in the U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment, United States Army, during the Seminole Wars. Dade was killed in a battle with Seminole Indians that came to be known as the "Dade Massacre".
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    List of the largest counties in the United States (by population).

    The following are the population estimates for July 1, 2006.

    Rank County Population County Seat or Courthouse
    1 Los Angeles County, California 9,948,081 Los Angeles
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    Miami–Fort Lauderdale–
    Pompano Beach


    Common name: South Florida
    Largest city
    Other cities Miami
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     - Fort Lauderdale
     - West Palm Beach
     - Miami Beach
     - Hollywood

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    Miami, Florida
    Miami's downtown skyline

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    Nickname: The Magic City
    Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
    Coordinates:
    Country
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    city is an urban settlement with a particularly important status which differentiates it from a town.

    City is primarily used to designate an urban settlement with a large population. However, city may also indicate a special administrative, legal, or historical status.
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    unincorporated area is a region of land that is not a part of any municipality. To "incorporate" in this context means to form a municipal corporation, i.e., a city or town with its own government.
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    Urbanization or Urbanisation (see difference in spelling) means the removal of the rural characteristics of a town or area, a process associated with the development of civilisation.
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    High Rise

    Cover of first edition (hardcover)
    Author J. G. Ballard
    Country United Kingdom
    Language English
    Genre(s) Novel
    Publisher Jonathan Cape
    Publication date 1975
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    central business district (CBD) (also called 'Downtown' in American English) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city. In the United Kingdom, Australia, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hong Kong, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore and parts of South Africa, the
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    Downtown Miami is the central business district of Miami-Dade County and Miami, Florida. Brickell Avenue/Biscayne Boulevard is the main north-south road in downtown, and Flagler Street is the main east-west road in the Central Business District.
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    Location Florida, USA
    Nearest city Florida City
    Coordinates
    Area 1,508,571 acres (6,104 km²)
    1,494,970 acres (6,049 km²) federal
    Established December 6, 1947
    Total visitation 954,022 (in 2006)
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    Biscayne Bay (Bahía Vizcaina, in Spanish) is a lagoon that is approximately 35 miles (56 km) long and up to 8 miles (13 km) wide located on the Atlantic coast of south Florida.
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    Location Florida, USA
    Nearest city Miami
    Coordinates
    Area 172,924 acres (700 km²)
    Established June 28, 1980
    Total visitation 608,836 (in 2006)
    Governing body National Park Service


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    metropolitan area is a large population centre consisting of a large metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence, or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central cities and their zone of influence.
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