Moisei Uritsky

Enlarge picture
Moisei Solomonovich Uritsky was a Bolshevik revolutionary leader whose assassination helped precipitate the Red Terror.
Moisei Solomonovich Uritsky (Моисей Соломонович Урицкий; 1873August 30 1918) was a Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia.

He was born in the town of Cherkasy, Ukraine, to a Jewish family. His father, a merchant, died when Moisei was little. Moisei's mother raised her son in a Jewish religious environment that was discriminated by Russian authorities.

Moisei studied at the University of Kiev. During his law studies he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and organized a network for importing and distributing political literature. In 1897 came arrest and exile for running an illegal mimeograph press. Becoming involved in the revolutionary movement, he participated in the revolutionary Jewish Bund. In 1903, he become a Menshevik. his activities in Petersburg during the 1905 revolution earned him a further term of exile. Along with Parvus he was active in dispatching revolutionary agents to infiltrate the Russian Tsarist security apparatus.

In 1914 he emigrated to France and contributed to the Party newspaper Our Word. Back in Russia in 1917 Uritsky was member of the Mezhraiontsy group. A few months before the October Revolution of 1917, he joined to Bolsheviks, to whose Central Committee he was elected in July 1917. Uritsky played a leading part in the Bolsheviks' armed take-over in October. Later, he was made head of the Petrograd Cheka, or secret police. Under this position Uritsky coordinated the pursuit and prosecution of members of the high nobility, military officers and ranking clerics of the Russian Orthodox Church who opposed the Bolsheviks.

Because Uritsky was against the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, he resigned his charge in 1918, like Bukharin, Bubnov, Piatakov, Dzherzhinsky and Smirnov. On March 4, 1918 Petrograd committee published the first number of the journal Kommunist, directed by Radek and Uritsky, and it was the public organ of the "right communist" opposition. The Extraordinary Seventh Congress of the Bolshevik party, which was held between March 6 and March 8 in 1918, rejected the Theses on the Present Situation that was submitted as a resolution by the "Left Communists". The "Right Communists" Lomov and Uritsky, who were elected to the Central Committee, stated at the Congress that they would not work in the Central Committee, and did not begin work there for several months in spite of the insistent demands of the Central Committee.

Civil war began on May 25, 1918, with the rise of the Czechoslovakian Legion. The capitalist world supported the "white armies" in whole country. Mirbach, German Ambassador in Moscow, was assassinated (July, 1918). Then Uritsky retook his post.

A young military cadet, poet and Orthodox Christian with Jewish ancestry converted to Christianity and German ancestors of lower nobility, Leonid Kanegeiser, assassinated Uritsky on August 17, 1918 in retaliation for the execution of his friend and other officers. Following this event, along with the assassination attempt on Vladimir Lenin by Fanya Kaplan on August 30, the Bolsheviks began a wave of persecution known as the Red Terror.
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1840s  1850s  1860s  - 1870s -  1880s  1890s  1900s
1870 1871 1872 - 1873 - 1874 1875 1876

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
August 30 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1574 - Guru Ram Das became the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.

..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1880s  1890s  1900s  - 1910s -  1920s  1930s  1940s
1915 1916 1917 - 1918 - 1919 1920 1921

Year 1918 (MCMXVIII
..... Click the link for more information.
Bolsheviks (Russian: Большеви́к IPA: [bəlʲʂɨˈvʲik], derived from bolshinstvo
..... Click the link for more information.
revolution (from Late Latin revolutio which means "a turn around") is a significant change that usually occurs in a short period of time. Variously defined revolutions have been happening throughout human history.
..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Hymn of the Russian Federation


Capital
(and largest city) Moscow

..... Click the link for more information.
Cherkasy
Черкас?

Coat of arms
Location
Map of Ukraine with Cherkasy highlighted.
..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Ще не вмерла України ні слава, ні воля  
..... Click the link for more information.
Kiev University or National Taras Shevchenko University of Kiev (Ukrainian Київський національний
..... Click the link for more information.

..... Click the link for more information.
The General Jewish Labour Union of Lithuania, Poland and Russia, in Yiddish the Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln un Rusland (אַלגעמײַנער ײדישער
..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -  1910s  1920s  1930s
1900 1901 1902 - 1903 - 1904 1905 1906

Year 1903 (MCMIII
..... Click the link for more information.
The Mensheviks (Russian: Меньшевики IPA: [mʲɪnʲʂɨˈvʲɪ'kʲi]
..... Click the link for more information.
Russian Revolution (1905) was an empire-wide struggle of violence, both anti-government and undirected, that swept through vast areas of the Russian Empire. It was not controlled or managed, and it had no single cause or aim, but instead was the culmination of decades of unrest and
..... Click the link for more information.
Alexander Parvus (Russian: Александр Парвус) (September 8 [O.S.
..... Click the link for more information.
Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian: Pоссiйская Имперiя, Modern Russian: Российская империя,
..... Click the link for more information.
Mezhraiontsy or Mezhraionka (Russian: межрайонцы), usually translated as the interdistrictites (from the Russian "mezh-", i.e. "inter-", and "raion", i.e.
..... Click the link for more information.
October Revolution in Russia, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, is a coup d'état traditionally dated to October 24, 1917 (November 7, N.S.). [1] It was the second phase of the overall Russian Revolution of 1917, after the February Revolution of the same year.
..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1880s  1890s  1900s  - 1910s -  1920s  1930s  1940s
1914 1915 1916 - 1917 - 1918 1919 1920

Year 1917 (MCMXVII
..... Click the link for more information.
Bolsheviks (Russian: Большеви́к IPA: [bəlʲʂɨˈvʲik], derived from bolshinstvo
..... Click the link for more information.
Санкт-Петербург
Saint Petersburg

The English Embankment with Saint Isaac's Cathedral

Flag Coat of arms
Nickname
"Piter"
Location
..... Click the link for more information.
Cheka (ЧК - чрезвычайная комиссия) was the first of a succession of Soviet state security organizations.
..... Click the link for more information.
Secret police (sometimes political police) are a police organization which operates in secrecy to maintain national security against internal threats to the state. Secret police forces are typically associated with totalitarian regimes.
..... Click the link for more information.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, at Brest-Litovsk (now Brest, Belarus) between the Russian SFSR and the Central Powers, marking Russia's exit from World War I.
..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1880s  1890s  1900s  - 1910s -  1920s  1930s  1940s
1915 1916 1917 - 1918 - 1919 1920 1921

Year 1918 (MCMXVIII
..... Click the link for more information.
Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (Russian: Никола́й Ива́нович Буха́рин), (October 9 [O.S.
..... Click the link for more information.
Karl Berngardovich Radek (October 31 [O.S. October 19] 1885 - May 19, 1939) was a Bolshevik and an international Communist leader.

He was born in then Lemberg (now L'viv in Ukraine, then in Austro-Hungary), as Karol Sobelsohn, to a Jewish family.
..... Click the link for more information.
The 7th (extraordinary) Congress of the RSDLP(b) (Russian Social Democratic Labor Party) is also known as the Extraordinary 7th Congress of the RCP(b) (Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)) was held during 6-8 March 1918.
..... Click the link for more information.
Civilian casualties probably over 13 million.
At least 1 million refugees left Russia permanently.
History of Russia
East Slavs
Rus' Khaganate
Khazars
Kievan Rus'
Vladimir-Suzdal
Novgorod Republic
Volga Bulgaria
Mongol invasion
Golden Horde
..... Click the link for more information.
Czechoslovak Legions (Československé legie in Czech and Slovak; sometimes improperly called only České legie in Czech) were Czech and Slovak volunteer armed forces fighting together with the Entente powers during World War I.
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.