Momine Khatun Mausoleum

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Mausoleum of Momine Khatun
The Mausoleum of Momine Khatun (or Mu'mine Khatun) is located in Nakhchivan City, the capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan. It was commissioned by Ildegizid Atabey Jahan Pahlawan (1175-1186) in honor of his first wife, Mu'mine Khatun, and completed in 1186-1187, as indicated on the Kufic style inscriptive plaque above the entrance. Its architect, Adjemi ibn Abubekr (or Adjemi Nakchivani) also built the nearby mausoleum of Yusuf ibn Kuseyir. Scholars mention that the mausoleum was originally built with a madrassa, and drawings and photographs of the site from the nineteenth century confirm that it existed as part of a religious and educational complex which no longer exists.

The mausoleum is a decagonal brick tomb tower, rising to a height of approximately twenty-five meters. It is built above a crypt and sits on a shallow base made of large blocks of red diorite. A flat roof raised on a tapering, decagonal drum covers the slightly pointed inner dome. The main entrance to the edifice faces east, while a secondary one leads to the crypt, whose vault is supported by a massive central pier.

The solid brick walls of the mausoleum are pierced by two small windows facing West, with an additional window above the main entrance. A band of inscription in Kufic characters composed of turquoise tiles runs below the muqarnas cornice. The recessed surface of its twelve exterior facets are covered with carved geometric motifs on brick, which are highlighted by turquoise tiles, and set in a rectangular frame that includes a small muqarnas crown. Inside, the burial chamber is circular in plan, with bare walls.

The Mausoleum of Mu'mine Khatun is representative of the Nakhchivan architectural tradition of the medieval era, which was heavily influenced by the works of the Azerbaijani architect Adjemi ibn Kuseyir. The Nakhchivani style differed from the Shirvani styles prevailing in Absheron in its use of brick as the basic construction material and the use of colored, especially turquoise enameled tiles, for decoration.

The mausoleum was most recently restored in 1999-2003, as part of the Azerbaijan Cultural Heritage Support Project of the World Bank.





Sources

  • Aslanapa, Oktay. 1979. Kirim ve Kuzey Azerbaycan'da Türk Eserleri. Istanbul: Baha Matbaasi, 19, 67-77.
  • Ayvazian, Argam. 1988. The Historical Monuments of Nakhchivan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 90-92.
  • Fatullayev, S.S. and R.S. Babasov. 2005. "Memarliq". Maison d'Azerbaidjan Website. http://www.azmaison.fr/az/. Accessed November 2, 2005
  • Gink, Kalory and Ilona Turanszky. 1979. Azerbaijan: Mosques, Turrets, Palaces. Budapest: Corvina Kiado, 29-30.
  • Michell, George (ed.). 1995. Architecture of the Islamic World: Its History and Social Meaning. London: Thames and Hudson, 259.
  • "Azerbaijan Cultural Heritage Support Project." World Bank Website.
mausoleum (plural: mausolea) is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons.
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Nakhchivan City (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan şəhəri), is the capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan. It was an ancient trading centre and some historians consider that it was founded in the 16th century BCE.
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Capital
(and largest city) Nakhchivan City
Official languages Azerbaijani
Government
 -  Parliamentary Chairman Vasif Talibov
Autonomous republic
 -  Establishment of the Nakhchivan ASSR

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Motto
none
Anthem
Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Himni
(March of Azerbaijan)
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Atabey is a town of Isparta Province, Turkey.


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11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
1150s  1160s  1170s  - 1180s -  1190s  1200s  1210s
1183 1184 1185 - 1186 - 1187 1188 1189

Politics
State leaders - Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
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11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
1150s  1160s  1170s  - 1180s -  1190s  1200s  1210s
1184 1185 1186 - 1187 - 1188 1189 1190

Politics
State leaders - Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
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Kufic is the oldest calligraphic form of the various Arabic scripts and consists of a modified form of the old Nabatean script. Its name is derived from the city of Kufa (in modern-day Iraq), although it was known in Mesopotamia at least 100 years before the foundation of Kufa.
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Ajami ibn Abubakr Nakhchivani (12th-13th centuries) is a distinguished person in Azerbaijan architecture and founder of the Nakhchivan school of architecture. The influence, which he has rendered on his contemporaries and followers, is reflected in monuments of Azerbaijan's
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Madrasah (Arabic: مدرسة, madrasa pl. madāris) is the Arabic word for any type of school, secular or religious (of any religion). It has been loaned into various other languages.
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Diorite (IPA: /ˈdʌɪərʌɪt/) is a grey to dark grey intermediate intrusive igneous rock composed principally of plagioclase feldspar (typically andesine), biotite, hornblende, and/or pyroxene.
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For the town in Iran see Shirvan

Shirvan (Persian: شروان ) Azerbaijani: Şirvan) or Shervan is a historic region in the Caucasus, historically a part of Persia, and today part of the Republic of Azerbaijan,
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Absheron (Azerbaijani: Abşeron), also spelled as Apsheron, is a peninsula and a rayon in Azerbaijan. The peninsula extends 37 miles (60 km) eastward into the Caspian Sea and reaches a maximum width of 19 miles (30
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The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty.
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