Monterey Canyon

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NOAA 3-D computer image depicting the Monterey Canyon system
Monterey Canyon is a submarine canyon in Monterey Bay, California often studied by the scientists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and the Moss Landing Marine Laboratories.

Monterey Canyon begins at Moss Landing, California (long. = -121.79; lat. = 36.80), the middle of the Monterey Bay, and extends approximately 95 miles into the Pacific Ocean (to about long. = -122.62; lat. = 36.4) where it terminates at the Monterey Fan, reaching depths of up to 3,600 m (11,800 ft) below surface level at its deepest. Though the canyon's bottom is about 2 miles below the surface, the actual canyon itself is only about 1 mile deep, making it of comparable depth to the Grand Canyon. It is a part of the greater Monterey Bay Canyon System, which consists of Monterey, Soquel, and Carmel Canyons. The canyon's depth and nutrient availability (due to the regular influx of nutrient-rich sediment) provide a habitat suitable for many marine life forms.

External references

A Submarine canyon is a steep-sided valley on the sea floor of the continental slope. Many submarine canyons are found as extensions to large rivers; however there are many that have no such association.
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Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. The roughly semicircular bay is ringed by a segment of California State Route 1 which connects Santa Cruz at the north end to Monterey at the south end.
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The Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) is a not-for-profit oceanographic research center in Moss Landing, California affiliated with the Monterey Bay Aquarium. It was founded in 1987 by David Packard of Hewlett-Packard fame.
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The Moss Landing Marine Laboratories is a multi-campus research facility of the California State University, administered by San Jose State University (SJSU), and located in Moss Landing, California.
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Moss Landing, California
Location in Monterey County and the state of California
Coordinates:
Country United States
State California
County Monterey
Area
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Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. The roughly semicircular bay is ringed by a segment of California State Route 1 which connects Santa Cruz at the north end to Monterey at the south end.
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Earth's oceans
(World Ocean)
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean
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The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum
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Abyssal fans, also known as deep-sea fans, underwater deltas, and submarine fans, are underwater structures that look like deltas formed at the end of many large rivers, such as the Nile or Mississippi Rivers.

Formation

Abyssal fans are formed due to underwater currents.
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Grand Canyon is a colorful steep-sided gorge carved by the Colorado River in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is largely contained within the Grand Canyon National Park — one of the first national parks in the United States.
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