Music of Pakistan

The music of Pakistan is probably one of the most diverse selection of music in the whole world within one country; being at the crossroads of Central Asia, Iran, the Middle East and India, Pakistan has developed a multitude of different types of music and sounds. Major influences of Pakistani music are Arabic, English, Indian, Persian and Portuguese. Pakistani genres like sufi rock and bhangra have become popular throughout the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada and around the world. With the multiple influences, Pakistani music has emerged as a "fusion" of many other types of sounds together to form a distinctly Pakistani sound. Pakistani musicians now sell records not only in Pakistan but in many countries around the world.

Music of Pakistan

MTV Countdown
The Musik Top 10
AAG 10
IM Awards
Lux Style Awards (LSA)
The Musik Awards (TMA)
Classical • PakiPop • PakiRock
Sufi Rock
Major music publications
Other links

Classical music

See also: , , and
Enlarge picture
A sitar workshop in Islamabad, Pakistan.
Over time there has been a decrease in popularity of classical music is due to increased globalization; the young generation in Pakistan are more influenced by the western genres such as pop, rock and hip hop, which are currently flourishing in Pakistan. However, it can be said that if Pakistani music were to be represented by a pyramid, classical music would be the base holding it up. Almost all musicians, young or old, are taught under classical music first, before they moving ahead into other types of music.

Musical instruments which are used in classical music are: Today, many Pakistani folk and modern day music hold in one way or another, some classical element. Many modern day Pakistani musicians of ghazal, qawwali and also folk musicians are trained in subcontinent classical music; these types of musicians often belong to a gharana. One of the prominent gharana's in Pakistan is the Patiala gharana. Some of the most popular musicians that belonged to these groups were:
  • Ustad Amanat Ali Khan
  • Ustad Bade Fateh Ali Khan
  • Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan
Other established gharanas (and their main exponents) include the Kirana (Malika-e-Mausiqui Roshan Ara Begum), Gwalior ( Ustad Ghulam Hassan Shaggan), Talwandi (Ustad Hafiz Ali Khan), Agra (Ustad Asad Ali Khan), and Qawwal Bacchon ka Gharana (Ustad Chotte Ghulam Ali Khan) A recent documentary film, Khayal Darpan, traces the development of classical music in Pakistan since 1947. See details at [1]

Ghazal music

Main article: Ghazal

Ghazal is the name of a poetic form, but musically "Ghazal Gayaki" refers to the form of music in which a poem is sung. Ghazal Gayaki is often termed semi-classical music. Most Ghazal singers are trained in classical music and sing in either Khyal or Thumri. Mehdi Hassan Khan Sahib was considered the greatest Ghazal singer in South Asia and was globally known for his devotion to ghazal music. Some of the most famous Pakistani Ghazal singers are:

Qawwali music

Main article: Qawwali
Enlarge picture
Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and his Qawwali group wearing Sherwani and Karakuli hat performing on PTV
One of the most dynamic and popular types of Pakistani music is qawwali, which has been internationally popularized by stars like the Sabri Brothers, Aziz Mian and Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan. Qawwali, is a form of Sufi music and exists in multiple forms. It is widespread throughout Pakistan and Northern India.

Qawwali refers to both the performance and the genre of music. Qawwals typically consist of a lead vocalist, two back-up vocalists and any number of percussionists. Qawwalis are traditionally led by a sheikh and are meant to help the audience realize the mystical ideals of Sufism and Islam. Amir Khusrau is said to have invented qawwali in the 13th century; the legendary poet and composer is also said to have invented the tabla and sitar. The idea of music (sama) inspiring an understanding and love for the divine and communication with spiritual guides is known from at least the 9th century. Orthodox Muslims sometimes criticize qawwali for its erotic imagery and sometimes frank sensuality.

Qawwali consists of three components: Poetic verses are usually mixed with a chorus and instrumental passages. Traditional languages used include: Some of the most popular Pakistani Qawwali singers/groups are:
  • Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (Late)
  • Rahat Fateh Ali Khan
  • Aziz Mian
  • Sabri Brothers
Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan was a huge legend, not just physically, but in his stature, he was adored by millions of fans worldwide. Unlike many singers of today, he was admired purely on his amazing vocal skills and also the passion and spirituality he displayed in his amazing improvisations. He was not afraid to mix the sacred with the profane, the popular with the niche, and a meeting of the East with the West, which has led to his popularity and longevity. Khan died in 1997 aged just 49. His legacy shall not be forgotten. Many of his followers who wished to take the art forward however none till this day have been able to even come close to what he did. His collaborations with Michael Brook, a Canadian record producer, resulted in the unexpected hit of "Mustt Mustt", which was remixed by Massive Attack and popularized by its use in a Coca-Cola television commercial.

Nusrat's compositions have also been used in films such as:

Folk music

Main article: Pakistani folk music

Folk music has been influential on classical music, which is viewed as a higher art form. In Pakistan, each province has its own variation of popular folk music. The arrival of western sounds, also weakened folk music's popularity as it did classical music. Well known Pakistani folk artists include: Pakistani pop singers such as Abrar ul Haq, Rahim Shah and Jawad Ahmed have been known to mix their performances with traditional folk music. The most popular artist to be known for mixing his music with folk and classicial types was Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, a world-renowned Pakistani qawwali and folk artist.


The music of Balochistan province is very rich and full of varieties due to the many different types of languages which are spoken in the province, including Balochi, Pashto, Brahui, Persian and Saraiki. Balochi music stems basically from Persian Music . The musical instruments used also stem from Persia and these include: Balochi music are in several different forms and divided into the following:
  • Sepad - means praise; are a series of melodies which are sung after the birth of a child
  • Shabtagi - Hymns sung after birth of the baby for the good health of the mother and child
  • Vazbad - Similar to Sepad and Shabtagi
  • Lullaby - Similar to Sepad and Shabtagi
  • Zayirak - Songs for separation, complaining about hard times, which is the most melancholy Balochi form of music
Although Balochi singers have still not made a mark on the Pakistani music scene, there are many Balochi singers and these include:
  • Ali Reza Askani
  • Aref Baloch
  • Asim Baloch
  • Bakshi Baloch
  • Noorkhan Bezanjo
  • Saeed Borhanzahi
  • Shah Jaan Dawoodi
  • Gulam Rasool Dinarzahi
  • Jaadok


Pashto music is commonly found in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, North West Frontier Province and in Pakistan's major urban centres such as Karachi, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Sialkot and Multan, genres include Tappa, Charbeta, Neemkai, Loba, Shaan and Badala. The Tappa is believed to be one of the oldest forms of Pashto poetry; it comprises two unequal meters, with the second longer than the first. Charbetta is the most popular form of poetry, and epic poem which focuses on heroic figures. The music is sung at a fast tempo by two or more singers. Neemakai is composed by Pashto women, expressing a range of issues from daily life. Loba is another form of Pashto folk song composed as a dramatic dialogue, often to tell romantic tales. Shaan is a celebratory song performed at occasions such as marriage and child birth. Although Badala is a type of Pashto folk music, it is normally sung by professional musicians. It is an epic poem set to composed music which is performed with instruments such harmonium, drums and tabla. The Rubab, a kind of lute is an essential part of Pasthtu folk music. This music is uncommon as the ruling MMA has restricted the use of music in the province. In recent years, the Pashto music industry has been given official patronage through television and increased support by Pakistani listeners who have begun to appreciate classic and traditional Pashto poetry.


Music from the Punjab province includes many different varieties. The traditional music utilizes instruments like the dhol, flute, dholak, and tumbi. The most commonly recognized form of Punjabi music, bhangra, is based on drum rhythms of the dhol. Its modern popularity has led to the use of new instruments and electronic sound sampling. Bhangra is a Punjabi folk dance that has become popular all over Pakistan. Bhangra and Panjabi folk songs have been an integral part of the fertile provinces cultural history and many themes are related to harvest and cultivation. Others still draw on the poetic history of the province which transcend ethnic and religious boundaries.


Music from Sindh province is sung in Sindhi, and is generally performed in either the "Baits" or "Waee" styles. The Baits style is vocal music in Sanhoon (low voice) or Graham (high voice). Waee instrumental music is performed in a variety of ways using a string instrument. Waee, also known as Kafi, is found in the surrounding areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Rajasthan. Common instruments used in Sindhi regional music include the Yaktaro, Narr, and Naghara.


Siraiki is spoken by 13.9 million people in southern Punjab and northern Sindh. It has its own culture and life style and most speakers of [Siraiki] love to listen to the Music in their native Language as would the speakers of any other language. Atta Ullah Essa Khelvi is one of the most famous name in promoting [Siraiki] Songs and Music. Essa Khelvi belongs to Essa Khail, a part of district [Mianwail] and originated his music from the city of Mianwali. Recent media developments have now brought more talent into the field of entertainment specially the channel The KOOK TV broadcasted locally has been a major contributor of Siraiki language into National Media. The Seraiki language is often considered the sweetest of all Pakistani languages.


Farsi is spoken mainly in the North West of Pakistan but there are also considerable Farsi speaking inhabitants in Pakistan's major urban centres of Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad. During and after the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and subsequent arrival of millions of Afghan refugees to Pakistan, much of the Afghan (Dari/Persian) music industry was kept alive by performances and recordings made in Pakistan. After more than 20 years, Persian folk music has made considerable and often subtle contributions the overall Pakistani music industry. Persian and Afghan singers regularly perform throughout Pakistan particularly at weddings and other formal functions.


The predominant language found in Pakistan's Northern Areas has an extensive oral history which dates back several thousand years. With the increase in tourism to Pakistan's Northern Areas and increased domestic as well as international awareness of the local folk music, the Shinha folk traditions have managed to stay alive and vibrant.


A dardic language with considerable persian influence is found in Pakistan's Chitral region in the North West of the country. Khowar folk music had considerable patronage particularly during the rule of the Mehtars in the last century. Folk music in this region has remained relatively pure and unscathed by modern influences due to the relative isolation of this district. The arrival of many refugees from the adjacent Nuristan province of Afghanistan and the subsequent increase in commercial activity in Chitrali bazaars allowed this local form of music to flourish in the past few decades.

Filmi music

Main articles: Cinema of Pakistan and Filmi

Pakistan's film industry known as "Lollywood" is based in Lahore. One of the most famous singers of the Pakistan film industry is Madame Noor Jehan (Malika-e-Tarranum). Noor Jehan had a brief and successful acting career before devoting herself completely to music. She sang extensively for Pakistani films and also sang Ghazals, folk songs and patriotic songs (milli naghmay) for Pakistan television.

Until the 1960’s Pakistani film music enjoyed a robust period of creative activity with a great number of songs acquiring popularity across the sub-continent. The major music directors of this period (with the noted exception of Khawaja Khurshid Anwar) were mostly rababis. Some of the great names were: Ustad Inayat Hussain, G.A. Chishti, Rashid Attre, Ustad Tasadduq, Master Abdullah, Firoze Nizami, Tufail Farooqi and Ustad Nazar.

During the early 1960s Urdu film and music quality declined as the result of various factors. The dominance of trend-setting music directors who had experience of seasoned pre-partition artists declined and they were replaced by a new and younger generation who tapped the Punjabi film market. Music from India's film industry, Bollywood, is also very popular in Pakistan. It combines Indian classical music, with its sophisticated, melismatic vocals and traditional instruments, with catchy tunes and stylings from Western pop music. Bollywood has also not helped the music industry in Pakistan, it has affected many regional markets as Bollywood songs became more popular.

East meets West

As the new century began, so did a new type of music in Pakistan, which has become popular not only in Pakistan, but also in many other parts of the world too such as UK, USA, Canada, Iran, Middle East and India. This new type of music had a rich blend of classical/folk with western sounds leading the music industry to rebuild and re-establish itself. The industry really began to pick up in late 2003, when media laws in Pakistan became more relaxed, and resulted in a mass explosion of private Pakistani television channels. While many "fusing" bands have produced genuine and equilibrium music, there are some who just managed to produce native language charbas(Pakistani slang for media meaning ripoff) of Western songs. Most old-school Pakistani music lovers deride this fusion as charbas and remain loyal to the classic ghazal and qawwalis.

Pop music

Main articles: History of Pakistani pop music and Pakistani pop music
Enlarge picture
Vital Signs made a significant contribution to Pakistani Pop worldwide
Artists such as Nazia Hasan, Zoheb Hasan, Muhammad Ali Shehki, Alamgir and the Benjamin Sisters were pioneers of Pakistani pop music in the 1980s, but the real breakthrough for the music industry came with the hit song 'Dil Dil Pakistan' by Vital Signs (band) which gave birth to the current music scene in Pakistan. Dil Dil Pakistan was voted the 3rd most popular song in the world by a BBC poll. Some very popular Pakistani music acts include: See List of Pakistani pop singers

Rock music

Main articles: Pakistani black metal, Pakistani_rock, and Sufi rock

Rock music in Pakistan has become very popular not only in Pakistan but across South Asia. All these groups have millions of fans across the world including in other parts of South Asia. A landmark event occurred in 2003 when the Pakistani group Strings's song, Najane Kyun became a featured single on the Urdu Soundtrack for Spider-Man 2. Rock music has developed so much in Pakistan, that it already has two sub-genere's. The Pakistani band Junoon popularised a genre of music called Sufi rock (influenced from legend Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan) that blended traditional Pakistani folk and Sufi music with western rock. Pakistani black metal has just recently begun, with many underground bands in cities such as Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and even Peshawar. Popular Pakistani Rock Bands are: Underground Rock Scene in Lahore: There are number of Underground Bands in Lahore, some of them proved themselves to be a complete rock bands. EP, Call and Noori have been integral in revitalizing the rock culture in Pakistan, but many now feel that the future of rock music is in the hands of underground bands like Black Warrant, Paranoid, Kain, Lithium, Drainage, Cultural Jukebox, Genocide, Hypnotix-2000 and many more.

Moreover, Bands like Mizraab, have played a big role in promoting Metal Music in Pakistan. Headed by Faraz Anwar, this Band is probably the first Metal Band in Pakistan, with their Songs Meri Tarha and Insaan being the favorites of many Metal Fans.

For all the information and video, audio and picture galleries of the Underground rock bands at Lahore visit:The Underground Act:Lahore

The West Connection

There are more than 10 million expatriates who live outside of Pakistan mainly in countries like Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, the United States, United Arab Emirates, Malaysia and many other countries. With this large population lots of musical talent has been produced, some of which is world recognized!

Hip Hop

Although hip hop and rap have not taken root in Pakistan, many musicians of Pakistani origin have begun to enter the hip hop industry. Some popular Pakistani hip-hop & rap artists includes:
  • 8T2 - This Pakistani MC is making waves all across the UK
  • Aky - Hip Hop Artist from London, Uk
  • Bohemia - Roger David (Raja da Punjabi Rapper)
  • THE PAK The Original PAKMAN"Da Desi Rapper"®™ PAKMAN From Los angeles/Punjab. PAK
  • Pak - Patti a.k.a "Pirate Asian King" punjabi rapper from islamabad , Pakistan Website
  • Mr. Capone-E - Website
  • Faz MC - Hip Hop Artist from Australia
  • Jihad - Rapper from Cerritos, California. Beat Jin in a 2002 freestyle battle Website
  • Kostal - Urdu R&B artist from Sugar Land, Texas Website
  • Lazarus - Kamran Rasheed Khan from Detriot, Michigan Website
  • PakMan - The Original Punjabi Rapper-American Desi Rapper from Corona, California - Website
  • RZK - Hip Hop Artist from Australia
  • ShahRick - Produces and Hip Hops in French, from Geneva, Switzerland Website
  • Sir Aah - Website
  • Waqas Ali Qadri - A member of Outlandish; the fastest Urdu rapper in the world from Copenhagen, Denmark Website
  • PakArmz - New recent Hip Hop artist hailing from Queens, New York Website
  • Desi Ji - Website
  • Metz & Trix - Website (From Manchester, UK, their first album Danger was an international mega-success, and was produced by RDB).

UK Bhangra

The UK Asian music scene is full of talent and the most popular is often referred to as UK Bhangra, is a rich blend of Punjabi sounds with western beats such as hip hop and techno; some popular UK Bhangra artists include:
  • 8T2 - This Pakistani MC is making waves all across the UK
  • Riz Ahmed - Rizwan Ahmed, also known as Riz Ahmed or MC Riz, is an MC and British Actor
  • Khiza - Owner of Khiza Records from Birmingham, England Website
  • Legacy - Tariq Khan from Manchester, England - Website
  • Notorious Jatt - Website
  • Bona Fide - Maz & Ziggy from Manchester, England Website
  • Angrez Ali - UK Pakistani vocalist from Coventry
  • DJ Vix aka DJ Vips - Famous DJ from London, UK
  • Gupsy Aujla - UK Sikh DJ from Bradford
  • Aman Hayer - DJ and Producer from Coventry
  • Hunterz - Producers of the "Streets of Bollywood" 1 & 2
  • Jinx - Successful Producers and DJs from the Midlands
  • Kray Twinz - Desi, Bhangra and Grime/Garage Producers, produced for Lethal Bizzle, Twista and Gappy Ranks
  • Northern Lights - Producer Duo from Glasgow
  • Tanveer Gogi - Punjabi Vocalist from Glasgow

Pop, Rock & R&B

Pop & Rock music hadn't seen many Pakistani artists until of late. Some popular Pakistani pop & rock artists include:
  • Imran Khan - Imran Khan-Niazi from Holland
  • Deeyah - Deepika from Oslo, Norway Website
  • Josh The Band - Qurram Hussain from Toronto, Canada and Rupinder Magon from Montreal, Canada Website
  • CarMa - A Rock/Alternative act based in Toronto, Canada Website
  • Nadia Ali - A former member of ilo from New York City (popularized by the hit single Rapture)- The Next Pakistani Electronic Diva Website
  • Tariq Hussain - A Canadian singer-songwriter and radio personality from Cowansville, Canada Website
  • Falak The Band - A South Asian fusion rock band from Toronto, Canada Website
  • Kashif - An upcoming English R&B artist based in Montreal, Canada Website
  • Zameer - The band is based out of Toronto and consists of three brothers, Zameer, Hussain, and Ali who have been writing and performing together from a very early age. They were previously known as Dead Shyre, and independently sold over 2000 copies of their CD Poet of the Season. Website
  • Zzen - A Progressive Rock/Metal outfit coming out of Toronto, Canada Website
  • Zeeshan A young singer with Pop & Rock music and great compositions from Lahore, PakistanWebsite

Music Producers

Music production seems to have stayed in the shadows in the Pakistan music industry. Behind the successes of some of the top talent in the country, there were almost always music producers who never got their due credit. Some of them include:
  • Rohail Hyatt - Member of the Band Vital Signs. He has produced all the Vital Signs albums and various other artists like Awaz, Rahet Fateh Ali Khan, Ali Azmat to name a few. He has worked with big names such as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Ustaad Saami and Fareed Ayaz. His production 'Jiya Dhadak Dhadak Jaye' for the film 'Kalyug' with Rahet Fateh Ali Khan on vocals, went to number one on the Indian charts for 6 weeks in 2005. He has also produced the background score and main score of the film 'Khuda Kay Liye'(In the name of God) Website
[PAKMAN(Yousaf)]_ Member of Pendoo Productionz Producer/Musician He has produce big hits"Soniye" War Gamez" Azadi", Shake It"

Throwing his 1st Underground LP under Grimm mind state, now working with Pendoo productionz for 2nd Album' Groovy"

Did a main score in the Desi/udru/Punjabi Hiphop. More info: [2]

Music Journalism

Music journalism in Pakistan has grown tremendously over the years, especially with the growth of the country's pop music industry and underground rock culture. Popular music journalism was uncommon in the country till about 1985 when Karachi's tabloid, The Star started printing reviews written by Farrukh Moriani who is also considered to be the country's first ever pop music critic. At the end of the eighties and with the coming of the Liberal government of Benazir Bhutto in 1988, the once repressed and frowned upon (by the Islamist dictatorship of General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq), Pakistani pop music emerged from the underground and started gaining mainstream popularity. With this came another pioneering Pakistani music and fashion critic Fifi Haroon who was amongst the first in the country to undertake full features on the growing local music scene. Another frontrunner in this regard was Mohammed Ali Tim, but it wasn't until the arrival of the iconoclastic Nadeem F. Paracha in 1990 that music journalism started to be taken as a serious form of journalism in Pakistan. With Paracha was Farjad Nabi (at The The News International) and Aysha Aslam (at The Herald).

See also

South Asian music
Afghanistan - Bangladesh - Bhutan - India - Maldives - Nepal - Pakistan - Sri Lanka
Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. Though various definitions of its exact composition exist, no one definition is universally accepted. Despite this uncertainty in defining borders, it does have some important overall characteristics.
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Sorūd-e Mellī-e Īrān Â²

(and largest city) Tehran

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Middle East is a historical and political region of Africa-Eurasia with no clear boundaries. The term "Middle East" was popularized around 1900 in Britain, and has been criticized for its loose definition.
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
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اتحاد، تنظيم، يقين محکم
Ittehad, Tanzim, Yaqeen-e-Muhkam   (Urdu)
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Arabic music (Arabic,الموسيقى العربية) includes several genres and styles of music ranging from Arab classical to Arabic pop music and from secular to sacred music.
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The Folk Music of England has a long history. The United Kingdom, like most European countries, underwent a roots revival in the last half of the 20th century. English music has been an instrumental and leading part of this phenomenon, which peaked at the end of the 1960s and into
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Indian music may refer to:
  • Music of India or other music of South Asia, the Indian subcontinent, also South Asian music in the United States, Indo-Caribbean music

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music of Iran has thousands of years of history dating back to the Neolithic age, as seen in the archeological evidence of Elam, one of the earliest world civilizations, which was located in southwestern Iran.
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Portugal São Tomé and Príncipe Sri Lanka

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The term Sufi rock describes the sound of famous Pakistani rock band Junoon. Nadeem F. Paracha claims to have coined the term in 1993 to define Junoon's then pioneering process of fusing conventional rock music with subcontinental Sufi music and imagery.
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Bhangra (Punjabi: ਭੰਗੜਾ, بھنگڑا,
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"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
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Free-To-Air on Paksat 1 at 38.0°E
Free-To-Air on AsiaSat 3S at 105.5°E
Free-To-Air on Measat 3 at 91.5°E

MTV (Music Television) Pakistan is the Pakistani subsidiary of MTV, a cable television network headquartered in New York.
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The Musik

Type cable television network
Branding The Musik
Country  Pakistan
Availability    Pakistan, worldwide
Founder Mohammed Abdul Hamid (ARY)
Owner ARY Group
Launch date 2004
Website www.
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Type cable television network
Branding GEO TV
Country  Pakistan
Availability     Pakistan
 United States
Middle East
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Indus Media Group (IMG) is Pakistani company broadcasting a mix of free-to-air news and entertainment channels via satellite.

IMG owns and operates the INDUS brand of television channels in various global markets.
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The Lux Style Awards is an award ceremony held annually in Pakistan since 2002. The awards celebrate "style" in the Pakistani entertainment industry, and honour the country's best talents in film, television, music, and fashion.
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The Musik

Type cable television network
Branding The Musik
Country  Pakistan
Availability    Pakistan, worldwide
Founder Mohammed Abdul Hamid (ARY)
Owner ARY Group
Launch date 2004
Website www.
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Official status
Official language of: Balochistan
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: bal
ISO 639-3: variously:
bal  — Baluchi (generic)

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Punjab is a region in the world which has a diverse style of music. However, it is musically best-known as the home of bhangra, a lively folk dance that evolved into a popular form of electronic music among overseas Punjabis in the United Kingdom and United States.
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Music from the Sindh province includes many different varieties. Sindhi music is generally performed in either the “Baits” or “Waee” styles. The Baits style is vocal music in Sanhoon, low voice, or Graham, high voice.
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Pashto (پښتو‎, IPA: [pəʂ'to] also known as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto
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For other uses, see Kashmiri (disambiguation)

Kashmiri (कॉशुर, کٲشُر Koshur
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Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: ine
ISO 639-3: khw

Khowar is classified as a Dardic language. It is spoken by 400,000 people in Chitral in Northwest Pakistan, in Yasin Valley and Gupis in neighboring Gilgit,
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Seraiki (Urdu: سراییکی), also called Multani (Hindi: मुल्तानी, Urdu: ملتانی) is a language mostly spoken in the provinces of South Punjab in central
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fɒːɾˈsiː in Perso-Arabic script (Nasta`liq style):  
Pronunciation: [fɒːɾˈsiː]
Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and areas of Uzbekistan and Pakistan.
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This page contains Indic text. Without rendering support you may see irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts. More...
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