Musophobia

Fear of mice and rats is one of the most common specific phobias. It is sometimes referred to as musophobia (from Latin mus for "mouse") or murophobia (a coinage from the taxonomic adjective "murine" for the Muridae family that encompasses mice and rats), or as suriphobia, from the French souris, meaning mouse.[1]

The phobia, as an unreasonable and disproportionate fear, is distinct from the reasonable concern about rats and mice contaminating food supplies, which has been universal to all times, places, and cultures where stored grain attracts rodents, which then consume or contaminate the human food supply.

An exaggerated, phobic fear of mice and rats has traditionally been depicted as a stereotypical trait of women, with numerous pre-feminism books, cartoons, television shows, and films portraying hysterical women screaming and jumping atop chairs or tables at the sight of a mouse. Despite the gender-stereotyped portrayals prior to the 21st century, Western musophobia has always been experienced by individuals of both sexes.

In many cases a phobic fear of mice is a socially induced conditioned response, combined with (and originated in) the startle response (a response to an unexpected stimulus) common in many animals, including humans, rather than a real disorder. At the same time, as it is common with specific phobias, an occasional fright may give rise to abnormal anxiety that requires treatment. Fear of mice may be treated by any standard treatment for specific phobias.

Elephants and mice

There is a common Western folk belief that elephants are afraid of mice. The earliest reference to this claim is probably by Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia, book VIII. As translated by Philemon Holland (1601), Of all other living creatures, they [elephants] cannot abide a mouse or a rat. Despite being debunked by numerous zoos and zoologists, the myth of elephantine murophobia remains the basis of various jokes and metaphors.

Trivia

Irrational fear of rats is an element of the plot of the Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell. Ironically, most of parts of Nineteen Eighty-Four coincided with the Year of the Rat.

In 2002 the National Geographic Channel aired the program Phobia: Musophobia[2] as part of a television series about various phobias.[3]

References

1. ^ How To Treat Suriphobia undated page at eHow.com. Accessed August 10, 2007.
2. ^ Phobia: Musophobia credits and production data. National Geographic website, 2002. Accessed August 10, 2007.
3. ^ Phobia: New Series Goes Inside the World of Fear. National Geographic News September 30, 2002. Accessed August 10, 2002.
A specific phobia is a generic term for any kind of anxiety disorder that amounts to an unreasonable or irrational fear related to exposure to specific objects or situations.
..... Click the link for more information.
Latin}}} 
Official status
Official language of: Vatican City
Used for official purposes, but not spoken in everyday speech
Regulated by: Opus Fundatum Latinitas
Roman Catholic Church
Language codes
ISO 639-1: la
ISO 639-2: lat
..... Click the link for more information.
MOUSE was founded in 1997 by entrepreneur Andrew Rasiej and Founding Executive Director Sarah Holloway. Along with leaders from the "high tech" community in New York City, MOUSE spearheaded the process of wiring public schools for Internet access in New York City.
..... Click the link for more information.


Taxonomy is the practice and science of classification. The word comes from the Greek τάξις, taxis, 'order' +
..... Click the link for more information.
Muridae
Illiger, 1811

Subfamilies

Deomyinae
Gerbillinae
Lophiomyinae
Leimacomyinae
Murinae
Muridae is the largest family of mammals. It contains over 600 species found naturally throughout Eurasia, Africa, and Australia.
..... Click the link for more information.
wild rats. For pet rats, see Fancy rat. For other uses, see Rat (disambiguation).

Rats
Fossil range: Early Pleistocene – Recent

Black Rat (Rattus rattus)


Scientific classification
..... Click the link for more information.
French (français, pronounced [fʁɑ̃ˈsɛ]) is a Romance language originally spoken in France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Switzerland, and today by about 300 million people around the world as either
..... Click the link for more information.
Feminism is an ideology focusing on equality of the sexes.[1] Feminism comprises a number of social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies concerned with gender inequalities and discrimination against women.
..... Click the link for more information.
Stereotypes are ideas about people of other particular groups, based primarily on membership in that group. They may be positive or negative prejudicial, and may be used to justify certain discriminatory behaviors. Some people consider all stereotypes to be negative.
..... Click the link for more information.
Classical Conditioning (also Pavlovian or Respondent Conditioning) is a form of associative learning that was first demonstrated by Ivan Pavlov. The typical procedure for inducing classical conditioning involves presentations of a neutral stimulus along with a
..... Click the link for more information.
The startle reaction, also called startle response or alarm reaction, is the response of mind and body to a sudden unexpected stimulus, such as a flash of light, a loud noise, or a quick movement near the face.
..... Click the link for more information.
Anxiety is a physiological state characterized by cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components (Seligman, Walker & Rosenhan, 2001). These components combine to create the feelings that we typically recognize as fear, apprehension, or worry.
..... Click the link for more information.
Folklore is the body of expressive culture, including tales, music, dance, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, customs, and so forth within a particular population comprising the traditions (including oral traditions) of that culture, subculture, or group.
..... Click the link for more information.
Elephantidae
Gray, 1821

Subfamilia
  • See Classification
The elephants (Elephantidae) are a family in the order Proboscidea in the class Mammalia.
..... Click the link for more information.
Gaius or Caius Plinius Secundus, (AD 23 – August 24, AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder, was an ancient author, naturalist or natural philosopher and naval and military commander of some importance who wrote Naturalis Historia.
..... Click the link for more information.
Naturalis Historia (Latin for "Natural History") is an encyclopedia written circa AD 77 by Pliny the Elder.

Table of contents

In its present form the Natural History consists of 37 books,

..... Click the link for more information.
Philemon Holland (1552 - 1637) was an English translator.

His father, John Holland, was a clergyman who fled the Kingdom of England during the persecutions of Mary I of England.
..... Click the link for more information.
A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred.
..... Click the link for more information.
Zoology (from Greek: ζῴον, zoion, "animal"; and λόγος, logos, "knowledge") is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)

British first edition cover
Author George Orwell
Country England
Language English
Genre(s) Dystopian, Political Novel
Publisher Secker and Warburg (London)
..... Click the link for more information.
Eric Arthur Blair

Pseudonym: George Orwell
Born: May 25 1903(1903--)
Motihari, Bihar, India
Died: January 21 1950 (aged 48)
London, United Kingdom
Occupation: Writer; author, journalist
..... Click the link for more information.
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)

British first edition cover
Author George Orwell
Country England
Language English
Genre(s) Dystopian, Political Novel
Publisher Secker and Warburg (London)
..... Click the link for more information.
Rat ( or ) was welcomed in ancient times as a protector and bringer of material prosperity. It is an animal associated with aggression, wealth, charm, and order, yet also associated with death, war, the occult, pestilence, and atrocities.
..... Click the link for more information.
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV Channel 276
Dish Network Channel 186
Foxtel Digital Channel 612
Astro Malaysia Channel 52
Tata Sky India Channel 551
Sky Digital (UK) Channel 526
Sky Italia Italy Channel 402
Channel 403 (NGC +1)
Channel 404 (NGC HD)
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.