Myanmar Navy

Myanmar Navy

Naval Staff
16,000 (including two naval infantry battalions)
Headquarters
Naval headquarters (Naypyidaw)
Strategic Naval Command (Yangon)
Naval Training Command (Seikkyi)
Irrawaddy Regional Command (Yangon)
Danyawaddy Regional Command (Sittwe)
Panmawaddy Regional Command (Hainggyi Island)
Mawyawaddy Regional Command (Mawlamyaing)
Tanintharyi Regional Command (Mergui)
History
Military History of Myanmar
Armed Forces Day: 27th of March
Personnel
List of senior officersOfficer rank insignia


The Myanmar Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of Myanmar with 16,000 men and women. The Myanmar Navy currently operates more than 122 vessels. Before 1988, the Myanmar Navy was small and its role in the many counterinsurgency operations against insurgents was much less conspicuous than those of the army and air force. Yet the navy has always been, and remains, an important factor in Myanmar's security and it was dramatically expanded in recent years to a provide blue water capability and external threat defence role in Myanmar's territorial waters.

History

Before 1988

The Myanmar Navy was formed in 1940 and, although very small, played an active part in Allied operations against the Japanese during the Second World War. In December 1947, the Union of Burma Navy was formed with 700 men. The fleet initially consisted of a small but diverse collection of ships transferred from the UK under the arrangements made for Burma's independence in January 1948. It included UBS Mayu, ex-Royal Navy River class frigate and four Landing Craft Gun (Medium). Armed with two 25-pounder (88mm) guns and two 2-pounder (44mm) guns, these landing craft were used as support gunboats.[1] In 1950 and 1951, the US provided 10 coast guard cutters (CGC) under the Mutual Defence Assistance Program (MDAP). The Myanmar Navy played an important part in the government's fight against the ethnic and ideological insurgent groups which threatened the Union Government in its early days. The Myanmar Navy performed both defensive and offensive roles, protecting convoys, carrying supplies, ferrying troops and giving much-needed fire support. It was instrumental in relieving the port city of Moulmein, which was captured by Karen insurgents in 1948, and the Irrawaddy delta town of Bassein. Although one armed patrol boat defected to the Karen insurgents, throughout the turbulent years of post independance in Myanmar, the navy was largely unopposed and managed to maintain control over Myanmar's crucial inland waterways. [2]
Enlarge picture
UMS Anawrahta, a 77 meter corvette of Myanmar Navy. Myanmar Navy shipyard has built three corvettes between 1997 to 2006 and two more corvettes and a 108-metre frigates are being built.


In 1956 and 1957, Myanmar government acquired five 50-ton Saunders-Roe Dark class convertible motor torpedo/motor gunboats, followed by an 1040-tons Algerine class minesweeper in 1958 from United Kingdom.[3]In the late 1950s and early 1960s, United States sold Myanmar Navy six PGM type coastal patrol crafts and seven CGC type patrol boats[4]. In the mid 1960s, Myanmar Navy took delivery of ex-US Navy 640-tons PCE-827 class corvette and 650-tons Admirable class minesweeper, both of which were commissioned in the mid 1940s. In 1978, United States provided Myanmar Navy with six small river patrol crafts.[5] In 1958, Myanmar Navy took delivery of 10 Y-301 class river gunboats from Yugoslavia, followed by 25 smaller Michao class patrol crafts.

Efforts were made to produce locally made Naval vessels with assistance from Yugoslavia. In 1960, Myanmar Navy commissioned two 400-ton Nawarat Class corvettes. Their armaments include 25 pounder field gun and 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft gun[6]. Myanmar shipyards also built the navy a number of smaller patrol crafts and a number of landing crafts. Landing crafts and auxiliary ships are usually armed with Oerlikon 20 mm cannons, 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft guns and Heavy machine guns[7]. Although Myanmar Navy has expanded rapidly during 1950s and 1960s, however, the navy was unable to keep pace with loss or deterioration of older vassels in 1970s until naval replacement program was initiated by BSPP Government in 1979. In 1980, Myanmar Navy acquired six Carpentaria class inshore patrol boats from Australia followed by three 128-ton Swift type coastal patrol boats from Singapore and three 385-ton Ospery class offshore patrol vessels built in Denmark. The Ospery and Swift class boats have a range of 4,500 and 1,800 miles respectively and were armed with Oerlikon 20 mm cannons and 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft guns. In the early years of 1980s, Myanmar shipyards built three 128-ton PGM type patrol boats based upon US PGM Class patrol boats. Each were armed with two 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft guns and two 12.7mm Heavy machine guns.

A naval infantry battalion (of 800 men) was formed in 1964, followed by a second battalion in 1967. They were deployed mainly to the Arakan and Tenasserim areas, and to the Irrawaddy delta, to assist in counter-insurgency operations, but also performed other security duties.

By 1988, Myanmar Navy's strength was about 100 vessels, with displacements ranging from 8 tons to 650 tons.

Commander-in-Chief (NAVY) 1. Commander Khin Maung Bo 2. Commodore Than Pe 3. Commodore Thaung Tin 4. Rear-Adm. Chit Hlaing 5. Rear-Adm. Maung Maung win 6. Vice-Adm. Maung Maung Khin 7. Vice-Adm. Thein Nyunt 8. Vice-Adm. Tin Aye 9. Vice-Adm. Nyunt Thein 10.Vice-Adm. Kyi Min 11.Vice-Adm. Soe Thein
Vessel Type Quantity
Corvettes4
Offshore Patrol Boats3
Coastal Patrol Crafts12
Inshore Patrol Boats6
River Patrol Craft36
Gunboats21
Suvery Ships2
Support Ships2
Transport/Landing Ships14

Role

The primary task of Myanmar Navy was patrolling the country's rivers and inshore waters in support of the army's counterinsurgency operations. One third of the fleet was dedicated for this operation under "Strategic Naval Force" (Sit Byu Ha Yay Yin Su) at any time. The navy was used for reconnaissance, provide fire support and help maintain static defence around strategic towns. Myanmar Navy also help supplement the army's logistics supply system during counterinsurgency campaigns.

The secondary task was coastal surveillance and fisheries protection for 148,000 kilometre maritime zone against fish poaching, smuggling, insurgent movements and pirate activities. Long-range patrols were conducted by the navy's larger warships although operations further afield were rare. The navy's flagship, UBS Mayu made several longer voyages including a number diplomatic visits to regional countries before it was decommissioned.

Myanmar navy does not operate a separate fleet air arm. If needed navy drew resources from Myanmar Air Force for maritime surveillance and other forms of fleet air support.
Enlarge picture
a 45 metre Missile FAC. Myanmar Naval Shipyard(Thilawar) has built ten ships of this class and another four are being built

Order of Battle

Administrative and Support Units

  • Naval headquarters, Ministry of Defence ( Naypyidaw)
  • Strategic Naval Command (headquarters in Yangon)
  • Naval Training Command (Seikkyi)
  • Naval Shipyard Headquarters (Yangon)
  • Central Naval Hydrographic Depot (Yangon)
  • Central Naval Diving and Salvage Depot (Yangon)
  • Central Naval Engineering Depot (Yangon)
  • Central Naval Stores Depot (Yangon)
  • Central Naval Communications Depot (Yangon)
  • Central Naval Armaments Deport (Seikkyi)

Naval Regional Commands and Bases

  • Irrawaddy Regional Command (headquarters in Yangon)
  • Thanhklyet Soon Naval Base
  • Bassein Naval Base
  • Coco Island Base (Naval Radar Unit)
  • Danyawaddy Regional Command (headquarters in Sittwe)
  • Kyaukpyu Naval Base
  • Thandwe (Sandoway) Naval Base
  • Panmawaddy Regional Command (headquarters on Hainggyi Island)
  • Mawyawaddy Regional Command (headquarters in Moulmein)
  • Tanintharyi Regional Command (headquarters in Mergui)
  • Zadetkyi Island Naval Base
  • Mali (Tavoy) Naval Base
  • Palai Island Naval Base
  • Kadan Naval Base
  • Sakanthit Naval Base
  • Lambi Naval Base
  • Pearl Island Naval Base
  • Zadetkale Naval Base (Radar Unit)

Ships

Enlarge picture
a 45 meter missile FAC of Myanmar Navy


Class or name Builder Type Quantity Year Entered Service Serial Armanent
??Frigate1?F1081 × Oto Melara 76 mm Super Rapid Canon
4 × 30 mm AK 230
4× C-802 Surface-to-Surface Missile
RBU
Yan Gyi Aung (Admirable class)Willamette Iron & Steel, Portland, Oregon,  United Statespatrol corvette11947/1960s42 - Yan Gyi Aung1 76.2mm SP, 2 40mm, 2 dual 20mm
River class frigate United Kingdomfrigate11943 as HMS Hal; later as UBS Mayu?2 x QF 4 in /40 Mark XIX on 2 single mounts CP Mk. XXIII, 4 x 40 mm Bofors A/A on single mounts Mk. VII 1 x Hedgehog 24 barrel A/S projector up to 150 depth charges
Nawarat Classlocally built Corvette31996-2007771, 772, 7732 × Oto Melara 76 mm Super Rapid Canons
2 × 30 mm AK 230
4× C-802 Surface-to-Surface Missile
??corvette4??
Houxin classQiuxin Shipyards, Shanghai,  People's Republic of ChinaFAC Missile61996-1997471 - Maga, 472 - Saittra, 473 - Duwa, 474 - Zeyda, 475, 4764 × C-802 Surface-to-Surface Missile
2 × 30 mm AK 230
2 × Type 69 14.5 mm twin Anti-Aircraft Guns
Myanmar class?FAC Missile5?556,557, 558, 559, 5604 × C-802 Surface-to-Surface Missile
2 × 30 mm AK 230
2 × Type 69 14.5 mm twin Anti-Aircraft Guns
Myanmar class(Yugoslavia)FAC Gun5?551, 552, 553, 554, 5551 × Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon
2 × Type 87 - 25 mm twin guns
2 × Type 69 14.5 mm twin Anti-Aircraft Guns
Hainan/Yan Sit Aung classDalian, Qiuxin and Huangpu Shipyard,  People's Republic of ChinaFAC Submarine chaser101991-1993441-450 - 441, Yan Sit Aung, Yan Myat Aung, Yan Nyein Aung, Yan Khwinn Aung, Yan Min Aung, Yan Ye Aung, Yan Pang Aung, Yan Win Aung, Yan Aye Aung, Yan Zwe Aung2 × Type 66 - 57mm twin guns
2 × Type 87 - 25 mm twin guns
2 × Type 69 14.5 mm twin Anti-Aircraft Guns
RBU
In Daw/Osprey Class-50Danyard A/S, Frederikshavn,  People's Republic of ChinaLarge Patrol Boat31980-1982Indaw, Inya, Inma1 40 mm, 2 20 mm
Carpentaria classAustralia patrol boats61978-1980??
P-90Yugoslavia small patrol boats31990??
PGM 43 classMarinette Marine, WI; last two by Peterson Builders, Sturgeon Bay, WI,  United Statessmall patrol boats61959-1961401-4061 40 mm, 2 dual 20 mm, 2 12.7 mm MG
412 classBurma Naval Dockyard, Rangoon small patrol boats51983-1984412-4162 40 mm, 2 12.7 mm machine gun
421 class/Swift classSwiftships, Morgan City, LA / Vosper, Singaporesmall patrol boats21979/1980-1982422-4232 40 mm, 2 20 mm, 2 12.7 mm machine gun
Y311 class - modified Y301Similak, Burma river patrol boats21967Y311-Y3122 40 mm, 2 20 mm
Y301 classUljanik SY, Pola, Yugoslavia river patrol boats21957-1960Y301-Y3102 40 mm
Thu Tay ThiTito SY, Belgrade, Yugoslavia survey ship11965801 - Thu Tay Thi2 40 mm, 2 20 mm
802 classMiho Zosen, Shimizu, Japancoastal survey ship11969/19948022 20 mm
608 classWatenabe Zosen K.K., Hakata, Japancoastal tanker11969/1991608None
609 classShimoda Dockyard, Shimoda, Japancoastal tanker11975/1986609None
Pyi Daw Aye?coastal logistics ship11975Pyi Daw AyeNone
AyidawayaA/S Nordsovaerftet, Ringkobing,  Norwaycoastal logistics ship11975/1991AyidawayaNone
Yan Long AungJapandive tender11967Yan Long Aung1 40 mm, 2 12.7 mm machine gun

Retired Ships

Class or name Builder Type Quantity Year Entered Service Serial Armanent
? United Kingdom ex-RNfrigates41947??
? United Kingdom ex-RNgunboats41947??
? United States ex-USCGpatrol boats41950-1951??
??mixed craft27???
? United Kingdom ex-USNcorvettes21940s??
Saunders-Roe Dark ClassBeaumaris, Anglesea,  United Kingdomgunboats51955T201-205x 21in Torpedo Tubes, or 2 x 21in with a forward mounted 40mm Bofors gun. A single 4.5ins Gun mounted on the forward mounting with a 40mm Bofors mounted aft or carry up to 16 Mines
Algerine class minesweeper United Kingdomminesweeper11944/sold 1958 (retired 1982)HMS Mariner (ex RCN Kincardine) - renamed Yan Myo Aung?
PCE-827 class United Statespatrol boat1late 50s??
Admirable class United Statesminesweepers1???
PGM United Statescoastal patrol craft6???
? United Statesriver patrol craft6???
CGC United Statespatrol boats7late 50s??
Michao classpatrol craft25???

References

1. ^ p.28, Janes Fighting Ships 1963-64
2. ^ Hugh Tinker, Union of Burma, p.325
3. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships 1963-1964 p.28
4. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships 1982-83 p.60
5. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships 1997-1998 p.79
6. ^ Janes Fighting Ships 1997-98 p.79
7. ^ Janes Fighting Ships 1997-98 p.82

See also

Naypyidaw

also spelled
Nay Pyi Taw
Naypyidaw City Hall

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Yangon
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River

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Yangon
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River

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Sittwe (Burmese: စစ္‌တ္ဝေမ္ရုိ့; MLCTS: sac twe mrui.
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Mawlamyaing


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Mergui or Myeik (Burmese: မ္ရိတ္‌မ္ရုိ့; MLCTS: mrit mrui.
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Myanmar Armed Forces

Military manpower
Total armed forces 428,250 (Ranked 12th)
Active troops 428,250 (Ranked 12th)
Total troops 500,250 (Ranked 26th)
Paramilitary 72,000 (Ranked 26th)
Conscription age 16 years of age
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Counter-insurgency, commonly abbreviated COIN, is a type of military campaign used in an occupation or a civil war to quell rebellion. Counter-insurgency is usually conducted in conjunction with conventional military operations, propaganda, and psychological operations.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1937 1938 1939 - 1940 - 1941 1942 1943

Year 1940 (MCMXL
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The Empire of Japan (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国; pronounced Dai Nippon Teikoku; officially Empire of Greater Japan
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Allied powers:
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
...et al. Axis powers:
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
...et al.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1944 1945 1946 - 1947 - 1948 1949 1950

Year 1947 (MCMXLVII
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1945 1946 1947 - 1948 - 1949 1950 1951

Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII
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UBS MAYU is the first flag ship of the Burmese Navy. She was commissioned on 25 May, 1947 and saw 32 years of active service during which she participated in many counter insurgency campaigns, safe guarding Myanmar (Burma) territorial water and also served as
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    For the bird, see Frigatebird.


    A frigate is a warship. The term has been used for warships of many sizes and roles across eras.
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    Mawlamyaing


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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
    1945 1946 1947 - 1948 - 1949 1950 1951

    Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII
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    Irrawaddy can mean:
    • Ayeyarwady River, the primary river of Myanmar
    • Ayeyarwady Division, an administrative division of Myanmar
    • The Irrawaddy, a Burmese news publication based in Chiang Mai, Thailand

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    Bassein can refer to:
    1. Vasai, a city in Thane District, Maharashtra, known as Bassein during the Portuguese rule in India.
    2. Bassein Fort, a fort near Vasai, built by the Portuguese
    3. Pathein

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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
    1953 1954 1955 - 1956 - 1957 1958 1959

    Year 1956 (MCMLVI
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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
    1954 1955 1956 - 1957 - 1958 1959 1960

    Year 1957 (MCMLVII
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    The Algerine class was a class of minesweepers of the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy. 110 ships of the class were launched between 1942 and 1944 and served in World War II.
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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
    1955 1956 1957 - 1958 - 1959 1960 1961

    Year 1958 (MCMLVIII
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    Motto
    "Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
    "God and my right"
    Anthem
    "God Save the Queen" [3]
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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1930s  1940s  1950s  - 1960s -  1970s  1980s  1990s
    1957 1958 1959 - 1960 - 1961 1962 1963

    Year 1960 (MCMLX
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    Motto
    "In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
    "E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
    Anthem
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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1930s  1940s  1950s  - 1960s -  1970s  1980s  1990s
    1957 1958 1959 - 1960 - 1961 1962 1963

    Year 1960 (MCMLX
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    corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft. During the Age of Sail, corvettes were smaller than frigates and larger than sloops-of-war, usually with a single gun deck.
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    The Admirable class was the largest and one of the most successful classes of minesweepers the United States Navy ordered during World War II. Typically, the minesweeper detected and removed mines before the rest of the fleet arrived, thereby ensuring safe passage
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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
    1975 1976 1977 - 1978 - 1979 1980 1981

    Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII
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