National Assembly of Bulgaria

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The National Assembly of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Народно събрание, transliterated as Narodno sabranie) is the unicameral parliament and body of the legislative of the Republic of Bulgaria.

It was established in 1991 with Bulgaria's constitution, articles 62 to 91, as a successor to the National Assembly that has been in continuous operation since 1879.

Ordinary National Assembly

The National Assembly consists of 240 members elected for a four-year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies. Political parties must garner a minimum of 4% of the national vote in order to enter the Assembly. Bulgaria has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

The Assembly is responsible for enactment of laws, approval of the budget, scheduling of presidential elections, selection and dismissal of the Prime Minister and other ministers, declaration of war and deployment of troops outside of Bulgaria, and ratification of international treaties and agreements. It is headed and presided by the Chairman of the National Assembly of Bulgaria.

Grand National Assembly

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The National Assembly of Bulgaria building
In addition to the ordinary National Assembly, a Grand National Assembly (Велико народно събрание, Veliko narodno sabranie) may be convened in order for matters of national importance to be resolved, such as the adoption or change of a constitution, territorial changes, the election of a head of state or regents, etc.

As an organ, the Grand National Assembly was introduced with the Tarnovo Constitution of 1879, abolished in 1947 and reintroduced with the 1991 constitution. It consists of 400 deputies (as opposed to 240 in the ordinary one), 200 being elected by proportional representation and the other 200 by majoritarian representation. A qualified majority of 2/3 during three voting procedures on separate dates is required for a decision to be made. The Grand National Assembly can also serve as an ordinary National Assembly, taking care of regular legislative activities, until the election of one, when it is dissolved.

A total of seven Grand National Assemblies have been in operation in Bulgaria, the last one from 10 July 1990 to 12 July 1991 adopting the current constitution.
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Building

The building where the National Assembly sits is of historic significance and is proclaimed a monument of culture. Situated in the capital city of Sofia's very centre, it was constructed in Neo-Renaissance style between 1884 and 1886 by Konstantin Jovanović, a Serbian architect who received his education in Vienna and Switzerland and whose other works include the Parliament of Serbia building.

Current composition (2005-2009)

This is the composition of the 40th (ordinary) National Assembly of Bulgaria as established by the Bulgarian parliamentary election in 2005. Since the elections, slight changes have occurred in the composition of a number of coalitions and parties. Currently, the government consists of a coalition composed of the Coalition for Bulgaria, the National Movement Simeon II and the Movement for Rights and Freedoms aimed at the 2007 Accession of Bulgaria to the European Union.

discussedit
'''Summary of the 25 June 2005 National Assembly of Bulgaria Bulgarian parliamentary election, 2005>election results
Coalitions and parties Votes % Seats +/-
Coalition for Bulgaria (Koalicija za Bălgarija) 1,129,19634.082+34
National Movement Simeon II (Nacionalno Dviženie Simeon Vtori)725,31421.853-67
Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Dviženie za Prava i Svobodi)467,40014.134+13
National Union Attack (Nacionalno Obedinenie Ataka) 296,8488.921+21
United Democratic Forces (Obedineni demokratični sili) 280,3238.420-31
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria (Demokrati za Silna Bălgarija)234,7887.117+17
Bulgarian People's Union (Bălgarski Naroden Săjuz)
  • Bulgarian Agrarian People's Union-People's Union (Bălgarski Zemedelski Naroden Săjuz-Naroden Săjuz)
  • Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Bulgarian National Movement (Vătrešna Makedonska Revoljucionna Organizacija-Bălgarsko Nacionalno Dviženie)
  • Union of Free Democrats (Săjuz na svobodnite demokrati)
189,2685.713+13
Total (turnout 55.8%)3,648,177100.0240
Invalid votes99,616
Votes cast3,747,793
Registered voters6,720,941
Source: Centralna Izbiratelna Komisija, Bulgarian parliament and Adam Carr's Electoral Archive

External links

Motto
Съединението прави силата   (Bulgarian)
"Suedinenieto pravi silata"
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Bulgaria

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Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

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Georgi Sedefchov Parvanov (Bulgarian: Георги Седефчов Първанов
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The Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bulgarian: Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija or Българска социалистическа
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Bulgaria

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Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
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  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

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Sergey Dmitrievich Stanishev (Bulgarian: Сергей Дмитриевич Станишев, born May 5, 1966), Bulgarian politician, is Prime Minister of
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The Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bulgarian: Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija or Българска социалистическа
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Bulgaria

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Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

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Georgi Pirinski (Bulgarian: Георги Пирински) (born 10 September 1948) is a Bulgarian politician of the Bulgarian Communist Party and after 1990 of the Bulgarian
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The Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bulgarian: Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija or Българска социалистическа
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Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Meglena Shtilianova Kuneva (Bulgarian: Меглена Щилянова Кунева) (born 22 June 1957) is a Bulgarian and EU politician.
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Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty.
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Bulgarian}}} 
Official status
Official language of:  Bulgaria
 European Union
Regulated by: Institute of Bulgarian at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Институт за
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Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Many countries with unicameral legislatures are often small and homogeneous unitary states and consider an upper house or second chamber unnecessary.
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parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French parlement, the action of parler (to speak): a parlement
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republic, for all other uses see: republic (disambiguation)

List of forms of government
  • Anarchism
  • Aristocracy
  • Authoritarianism
  • Autocracy
  • Communist state
  • Democracy
Direct democracy

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Motto
Съединението прави силата   (Bulgarian)
"Suedinenieto pravi silata"
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Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of seats
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A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. It can be used to describe a business's customer base and shareholders, or a charity's donors or those it serves.
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Bulgaria

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bulgaria


  • President
  • Georgi Parvanov (BSP)
  • Prime Minister
  • Sergey Stanishev (BSP)

..... Click the link for more information.
The Chairman of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (Председател на Народното събрание на
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