Naval Weapons Station Earle

Naval Weapons Station Earle is a United States Navy base on Sandy Hook Bay in New Jersey.

Naval Weapons Station Earle's history began in 1943, when a pressing need developed for an ammunition depot in the greater New York metropolitan area to support the war effort. A board was established to locate a suitable site, and chose Earle's present location in New Jersey because it offered many advantages. The location provided ships with a safe and operationally advantageous port to take on ammunition, and it also had access to commercial rail facilities with lines coming from the west, where the majority of ammunition shipments originated. The rural location of the site also allowed for minimal dislocation of the local population.

On August 2, 1943, construction began on what was to be Naval Ammunition Depot Earle, named after Rear Admiral Ralph Earle, the Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance during World War I. The depot was commissioned on December 13, 1943, though much additional work was still required in building the military road and railway connecting mainside complex, the waterfront complex and the pier.

The pier stretches 2.2 miles into the Sandy Hook Bay and comprises 2.9 miles of pier / trestle surface area. Earle continued to develop after World War II, keeping pace with the changing needs of the Navy. In 1974, Earle's name was officially changed to Naval Weapons Station Earle. The Station is divided into two sections: Mainside, located in Colts Neck Township, and the Waterfront Area (which includes the pier complex), on Sandy Hook Bay, located in the Leonardo section of Middletown Township. Both areas are connected by Normandy Road, a 15-mile military road and rail line.

School-aged children at Naval Weapons Station Earle in grades K through 8 attend the schools of the Tinton Falls School District. Students in grades 9 through 12 attend Monmouth Regional High School in Tinton Falls, part of the Monmouth Regional High School District.

Facilities

  • Mainside—The 10,000+ acres in Colts Neck, house the majority of Earle's departments and facilities. The Atlantic Ordnance Command, Detachment Earle perform the station's primary mission—storing and providing ammunition to the fleet. An integrated work force of military and civilian personnel operate the inland storage, renovation, transshipment and demilitarization facilities.
  • Waterfront—At the Waterfront complex, the Atlantic Ordnance Command provides ammunition for nearly every class of ship operated by the United States Navy and Coast Guard as well as commercial vessels from other countries.
  • Pier Complex—The Station's Pier complex is one of the longest "finger piers" in the world. It is presently comprised of a two-mile long trestle which connects to three finger piers—which are Piers 2, 3, and 4. One mile from the shore the trestle branches off to Pier 1. At the junction of Piers 2, 3 and 4, a concrete platform exists which supports a forklift/battery recharging shop and the port operations building. This area is known as the "wye".

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United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. The U.S. Navy currently has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and nearly 128,000 in the Navy Reserve.
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Sandy Hook Bay is a triangular arm of Raritan Bay, along the coast of northern New Jersey in the United States. It is formed along the south side of Lower New York Bay by Sandy Hook, a spit of land that protects the bay from the open Atlantic Ocean.
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Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank that is usually two-star rank ranking below Vice Admiral. It originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons and can trace its origins to the Royal Navy.
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Ralph Earle (3 May 1874 - 13 February 1939), born in Worcester, Massachusetts, graduated from the Naval Academy in 1896.

He served at sea in several ships, among them Massachusetts (BB-2), Essex, and Hornet.
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The Bureau of Ordnance (BuOrd) was the U.S. Navy's organization responsible for the procurement, storage, and deployment of all naval ordnance, between the years 1862 and 1959.
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Clockwise from top: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks, and German Albatros D.
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December 13 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
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Colts Neck, New Jersey

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Leonardo, New Jersey

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Middletown, New Jersey

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The Tinton Falls School District is a regional elementary school district in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Students in grades K through 8 attending the three schools in the district.
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Monmouth Regional High School is a regional, four-year public high school and public school district in Tinton Falls, Monmouth County, New Jersey that serves almost 1,200 students in grades 9 to 12.
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Tinton Falls, New Jersey

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Monmouth Regional High School is a regional, four-year public high school and public school district in Tinton Falls, Monmouth County, New Jersey that serves almost 1,200 students in grades 9 to 12.
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United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. The U.S. Navy currently has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and nearly 128,000 in the Navy Reserve.
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United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the U.S. military, a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. The Coast Guard has eleven statutory missions: Migrant Interdiction, Defense Readiness, Drug Interdiction, Ports, Waterways and
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