Nayanmars

For other uses of the name, see Nayanar


Nayanars were Saivite saints from Tamil Nadu, who were active between the fifth and the tenth centuries CE. According to the Tamil Saiva hagiography Periyapuranam written during the thirteenth century CE, there were 63 Nayanars. Periyapuranam narrates the history of each of these Nayanars. The Jain hagiography Mahapurana, a ninth century Sanskrit work by Jinasena, which lists 63 Jain saints, probably formed the basis of Periyapuranam as well as the number of Nayanars.[1] However Sundarar's eighth century work Tiruttondartokai also lists 63 Saiva saints.[2]

Nayanars were from varied backgrounds. They ranged from kings to soldiers to the untouchables. The Nayanars who were considered as the foremost among the 63 are Appar, Sundarar and Sambandar.

List of Nayanars

  1. Aanaaya Nayanar
  2. Adhipaththa Nayanar
  3. Aiyadigal Kaadavarkon Nayanar, Pallava King Aiyadigal Perumaanaar
  4. Amarneethi Nayanar
  5. Appoodhi Adigal Nayanar
  6. Arivaattaaya Nayanar
  7. Chandesuvara Nayanar
  8. DhandiyadigaL Nayanar
  9. Enaathinatha Nayanar
  10. Eripaththa Nayanar
  11. Eyarkon Kalikkaama Nayanar
  12. Gananaatha Nayanar
  13. Idankazhi Nayanar
  14. Ilaiyaankudimara Nayanar
  15. Isaijnaniyaar, Female Nayanmar
  16. Iyarpakai Nayanar
  17. Kaari Nayanar
  18. Kalikkamba Nayanar
  19. Kaliya Nayanar
  20. Kanampulla Nayanar
  21. Kannappa Nayanar
  22. Karaikkal Ammaiyaar, Female Nayanmar. Also, Karaikkalammaiyar
  23. Kazharchinga Nayanar
  24. Kazharir-rarivaar Nayanar, Chera King, also Cheramaan perumaal
  25. Kochchenkat Chola Nayanar, A Chola King
  26. Kootrruva Nayanar
  27. Kotpuli Nayanar
  28. Kulachchirai Nayanar
  29. Kungiliyak Kalaya Nayanar
  30. Manakkanychaara Nayanar
  31. Mangaiyarkkarachiyaar, Female Nayanmar
  32. Meypporul Nayanar
  33. Moorkha Nayanar
  34. Moorthy Nayanar
  35. Munaiyaduvaar Nayanar
  36. Muruga Nayanar
  37. Nami Nandhi Adigal
  38. Narasinnga Munaiyaraiya Nayanar
  39. Nesa Nayanar
  40. Ninra Seer Nedumaara Nayanar
  41. Perumizhalaik Kurumba Nayanar
  42. Poosalaar Nayanar
  43. Pugal Chola Nayanar, A Chola King
  44. Pukazth Thunai Nayanar
  45. Saakkiya Nayanar
  46. Sadaiya Nayanar
  47. Saththi Nayanar
  48. Seruththunai Nayanar
  49. Sirappuli Nayanar
  50. Siruththonda Nayanar
  51. Somaachi Maarra Nayanar
  52. Sundaramoorthy Nayanar, Popularly known as Sundarar
  53. Thirugnana Sambanthar, Popularly known as Sambanthar
  54. Thirukkuripputh Thonda Nayanar
  55. Thirumoola Nayanar
  56. Thirunaalaippovaar Nayanar, Popularly known as Nandhanaar
  57. Thirunavukkarasar, Popularly known as Appar
  58. Thiruneelakanda Nayanar
  59. Thiruneelakanda Yaazpaana Nayanar
  60. Thiruneelanakka Nayanar
  61. Uruththira Pachupathi Nayanar
  62. Vaayilaar Nayanar
  63. Viranminda Nayanar

See also

Notes

1. ^ N.Subramaniam. Social and Cultural History of Tamilnad (to AD 1336). Ennes Publication Udumalpet 642 128. 
2. ^ Dr R. Nagasamy. Siva Bhakthi. Chapter 2.

References

Nayanar can refer to:
  • Nayanars- Shaivite saints from Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Nayanar (Nair Subcaste)- A sect of Nairs from Kerala, India
  • Nayanar- A subgroup of Khatris from Punjab, India

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Coordinates: city

Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு pronunciation  
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Tamil}}} 
Writing system: Vatteluttu 
Official status
Official language of:  India,[4][5]

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Periya Puranam (that is, the Great Puranas) or Tiruttontarpuranam (that is, The Puranas of the Holy Devotees) is a great Tamil work, depicting the legendary poetic account of the lives and time of the sixty-three Nayanmars.
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This page contains Indic text. Without rendering support, you may see irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts. More...

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Mahapurana (महापुराण) is a major Jain text [1] composed largely by Acharya Jinasena during the rule of Rashtrakuta Amoghavarsha and finished by his pupil Gunabhadra in the 9th century.
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Jinasena (जिनसेन) is the name of several famous Jain Acharyas of the Digambar tradition.
  • The author of Harivamsha Purana in the 8th century. He belonged to the Punnata branch of Jain monks.

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Sundaramurti Nayanmar(8th century C.E.), shortly known as Sundarar, was one of the four most prominent Nayanmars.

Early life

Sundarar was born as Nambi Arurar to Sadaiyanar and Isaignani in Thirunavalur village.
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In the Indian caste system, a Dalit, often called an untouchable, or an outcaste, is a person who according to traditional Hindu belief does not have any "varnas".
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Thirunavukkarasar (Tamil:திருநாவுக்கரசர), popularly known as Appar, was a Saivite saint who lived in Tamil Nadu during the seventh century CE.
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Sundaramurti Nayanmar(8th century C.E.), shortly known as Sundarar, was one of the four most prominent Nayanmars.

Early life

Sundarar was born as Nambi Arurar to Sadaiyanar and Isaignani in Thirunavalur village.
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Thirugnana Sambanthar was a Saiva saint, who lived in the Pandya country in the ancient Tamil Nadu during the reign of Ninrasir Nedumaran (c.7th century CE).[1] Sambanthar, is one of the 63 Nayanars, Tamil Saiva Bhakti saints, who lived between the sixth and the tenth
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The Pallava kingdom (Tamil: பல்லவர்) was an ancient South Indian kingdom. The Pallavas claimed to be "Brahma-Kshatriyas" and King Mahenda's title was "Samkirnajati" basically translating as mixed caste.
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monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. Monarchs almost always inherit their titles and are rulers for life; that is, they have no term limit. Historically monarchs have been more or less absolute rulers.
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Chandesha or Chandeshvara is one of the sixty-three Nayanmars. His image and iconography generally depicts him as a boy, with entwined locks of hair; and he is shown standing with his hands in Anjalimudra. He also hold an axe in his arm.
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Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, which produces ova (egg cells). The ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system, while the smaller, usually motile gamete, the spermatozoon is produced by the male.
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Kannapa, a tribal hunter who belonged to the Yerukula Tribe, was a devoted follower of Lord Siva and one of the 63 Nayanars. Once a priest at the temple objected to his offering meat to a Siva linga. Lord Siva wanted to test the extent of Kannapa's devotion.
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Karaikkal Ammaiyar, Karaikkalammaiyar (which means the mother from Karaikkal), one of the few females amongst the sixty three Nayanmars, is one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature.
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Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, which produces ova (egg cells). The ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system, while the smaller, usually motile gamete, the spermatozoon is produced by the male.
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monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. Monarchs almost always inherit their titles and are rulers for life; that is, they have no term limit. Historically monarchs have been more or less absolute rulers.
..... Click the link for more information.
History of Tamil Nadu

Chronology of Tamil history

Ancient Tamil country

Sources

Geography   Political history


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monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. Monarchs almost always inherit their titles and are rulers for life; that is, they have no term limit. Historically monarchs have been more or less absolute rulers.
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Manakkanychaara Nayanar was one of the 63 Nayanmars of the Saivite faith of South India. He lived in the village of Kancharur in the Chola kingdom during the eighth century CE. He belonged to the Vellala cast and was a heriditory commander in the Chola Military.
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Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, which produces ova (egg cells). The ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system, while the smaller, usually motile gamete, the spermatozoon is produced by the male.
..... Click the link for more information.
History of Tamil Nadu

Chronology of Tamil history

Ancient Tamil country

Sources

Geography   Political history


..... Click the link for more information.
monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. Monarchs almost always inherit their titles and are rulers for life; that is, they have no term limit. Historically monarchs have been more or less absolute rulers.
..... Click the link for more information.
Sundaramurti Nayanmar(8th century C.E.), shortly known as Sundarar, was one of the four most prominent Nayanmars.

Early life

Sundarar was born as Nambi Arurar to Sadaiyanar and Isaignani in Thirunavalur village.
..... Click the link for more information.
Sundaramurti Nayanmar(8th century C.E.), shortly known as Sundarar, was one of the four most prominent Nayanmars.

Early life

Sundarar was born as Nambi Arurar to Sadaiyanar and Isaignani in Thirunavalur village.
..... Click the link for more information.
Thirugnana Sambanthar was a Saiva saint, who lived in the Pandya country in the ancient Tamil Nadu during the reign of Ninrasir Nedumaran (c.7th century CE).[1] Sambanthar, is one of the 63 Nayanars, Tamil Saiva Bhakti saints, who lived between the sixth and the tenth
..... Click the link for more information.


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