Nepali literature

Nepali Literature (Nepali: नेपाली साहित्य) refers to literature written in the Nepali language. It is not necessarily written by Nepali nationals nor all the literature written in Nepal, because it is widely used in some parts of India and Bhutan. In fact the official language of Indian state of Sikkim is Nepali. There are many prominent writers of Nepali literature from other countries, especially from India like Parijat. Also there is a diversity of languages spoken in Nepal like Maithali, Bhojpuri, Nepal Bhasa etc.

The Nepali language evolved from Sanskrit and it is difficult to state the ancient history of Nepali literature because most scholars wrote in Sanskrit, especially religious literature. However Nepali literature can be roughly divided into five periods.

Pre-Bhanubhakta Era

Nepali literature certainly existed in oral and folklore forms for hundreds of years. There exists no evidence of a published literary work in Nepali language before Bhanubhakta, however.

Bhanubhakta Era

Most, if not all, Nepali language speakers honor Bhanubhakta as the "ADIKAVI" (literally meaning 'first poet') of the Nepali language. Bhanubhakta's single most important contribution to Nepali literature is probably his translation of the holy Ramayana into Nepali language. Bhanubhakta wrote the Ramayana in metric form, using meters used in Sanskrit.

Bhanubhakta wrote original poems on diverse subjects ranging from family morals advocacy to satire of bureaucratic red tape and poor conditions of prisoners.

Motiram Era

Motiram Bhatta is the figure who revived the legacy of Bhanubhakta and publicized the contributions of the latter. Motiram played such a fundamental role in the legacy of Bhanubhakta that some allege that Bhanubhakta was just a fabrication of Motiram's mind.

Pre-Revolution Era

A very prolific time despite lack of freedom of expression, independent magazine "Sharada" was the only print medium available for the publication of Nepali literature. Short stories had Laxmi Prasad Devkota, Guru Prasad Mainali, and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala as the recognized trident force. But this was one of the most significant periods for literature development. "Muna Madan" by Laxmi Prasad Devkota shows the life of a man who leaves his wife and goes abroad to make money and while returning he dies. It also shows the life of a poor woman who suffered much without her husband. Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala introduced psychology in literature. His literary works are "Teen Ghumti", "Doshi Chasma", "Narendra Dai",etc.

Post-Revolution Era

See also

  • List of Nepali poets from India
Nepali}}} 
Writing system: Devanagari script 
Official status
Official language of: Nepal, Sikkim (India)
Regulated by: Language Academy of Nepal
Language codes
ISO 639-1: ne
ISO 639-2: nep
ISO 639-3: nep


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Nepali}}} 
Writing system: Devanagari script 
Official status
Official language of: Nepal, Sikkim (India)
Regulated by: Language Academy of Nepal
Language codes
ISO 639-1: ne
ISO 639-2: nep
ISO 639-3: nep


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Motto
जननी जन्मभूमिष्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी   (Sanskrit)
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Coordinates:

Sikkim (Nepali: सिक्किम  , also Sikhim
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Bishnu Kumari Waiba, entitled Parijat (1937-1993) was a Nepalese writer. Her most acclaimed publication was Siris Ko Phul(Blue Mimosa), which has also been adapted in the literature curriculum of some colleges in English speaking countries.
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Maithili (मैथिली Maithilī) is a language of the family of Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Bhojpuri}}} 
Writing system: Devanagari, Kaithi
Language codes
ISO 639-1: bh
ISO 639-2: bho
ISO 639-3: bho

Bhojpuri ( 
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Nepal Bhasa }}} 
Writing system: Devanagari script, Ranjana script, Prachalit script, Brahmi script, Gupta script, Bhujimol script, Golmol script
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: new
ISO 639-3: new
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Nepali}}} 
Writing system: Devanagari script 
Official status
Official language of: Nepal, Sikkim (India)
Regulated by: Language Academy of Nepal
Language codes
ISO 639-1: ne
ISO 639-2: nep
ISO 639-3: nep


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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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'''

Bhanubhakta Acharya' (Nepali: भानुभक्त आचार्य) (1814-1868) was a Nepali poet who translated the Ramayana'' from Sanskrit to Nepali.
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Hindu scriptures

Vedas
Rigveda · Yajurveda
Samaveda · Atharvaveda
Vedic divisions
Samhita · Brahmana
Aranyaka  · Upanishad

Upanishad
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Laxmi Prasad Devkota
Born: 1909
Kathmandu, Nepal
Died: 1959
Nepal
Occupation: Poet
Nationality: Nepalese Laxmi Prasad Devkota (b. 1909 in Kathmandu, d. 1959), was a Nepali poet. He is best known for the poem "Muna Madan.
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Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala (1914-1982) was the Prime Minister of Nepal from 1959 to 1960. He led the NC Nepali Congress, a social democratic political party.

Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala (1914-1982) was the first democratically elected prime minister in Nepal's history.
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Laxmi Prasad Devkota
Born: 1909
Kathmandu, Nepal
Died: 1959
Nepal
Occupation: Poet
Nationality: Nepalese Laxmi Prasad Devkota (b. 1909 in Kathmandu, d. 1959), was a Nepali poet. He is best known for the poem "Muna Madan.
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Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala (1914-1982) was the Prime Minister of Nepal from 1959 to 1960. He led the NC Nepali Congress, a social democratic political party.

Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala (1914-1982) was the first democratically elected prime minister in Nepal's history.
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