Nerf



NERF (or sometimes Nerf) is a type of toy, created for safe indoor play, that either shoots or is made of foam-like material. Most of the toys are weapons, but there were also several different types of NERF toys, such as balls for sports like football, basketball, and others. The most famous weapons are the "dart guns" (also known as blasters) that shoot projectiles made from NERF foam. As many such items were released throughout the 1990s, they often featured bright neon colors and, of course, soft textures similar to the flagship NERF ball. The product slogan frequently used in advertising was "It's NERF or nothing!"

Origin of the term

The exact origin of the term "NERF" is unknown. It is rumored to have been inspired by Star Wars creatures called "nerfs", but this is not possible, as the NERF brand was created in 1969, eight years before the release of Star Wars.[1] It has also been mentioned that NERF stands for "non-expanding recreational foam", but it has not been verified.[2]

NERF material

NERF is made from a solid, spongy cellular material produced by the reaction of polyester with a diisocyanate while carbon dioxide is liberated by the reaction of a carboxyl with the isocyanate. Polyester resin reacts with a compound while CO2 is simultaneously released by another reaction. It is this gas that creates open pockets within the polyurethane that, in turn, makes the material soft and light.[3]

History

Enlarge picture
Original NERF Ball Developed by Parker Brothers
Parker Brothers originally developed NERF, beginning with a four-inch polyurethane foam ball. In 1969, a games inventor came to the company with a volleyball game that was safe for indoor play. After studying the game carefully, Parker Brothers decided to eliminate everything but the foam ball. In 1970, the NERF ball was introduced as the "world's first official indoor ball". Marketed that one can "Throw it indoors; you can't damage lamps or break windows. You cant hurt babies or old people."[4] The ball filled a strong consumer need since by the year's end, and more than four million NERF balls had been sold.[5] The four-inch ball was followed closely by a large version called "Super NERF Ball". Shortly after, in 1972, a basketball game called "NERFoop" and the NERF football joined the family. The football fast became the most popular NERF ball.

The company continued to add to the NERF line until they handed the "ball" to Kenner Products, a sister company, in 1991,[6] when Hasbro acquired the NERF line through the acquisition of the Tonka Corporation.[7] Over the years, the company has continued to expand the line, adding new looks to existing products. The current line of NERF products range from various sport balls, blasters with both dart and ball ammunition, and, now, onto even video game accessories.[8]

Products

NERF has a wide range of foam balls that are molded to look like various sports balls. The are designed with different color schemes and features, and are less likely to cause damage since they are made from NERF material. The company also makes NERF Blasters, which are toy guns used to shoot ammunition made of the NERF Material in ball and dart form.[9] These can be used for NERF wars, which is similar to paintball or laser tag games, but use NERF blasters instead.[10]

NERF also has video game accessories for the Sony PlayStation 2, Nintendo DS Lite and The Nintendo Wii.[11] NERF worked with Pelican Accessories to create a light, soft controller for the Playstation 2,[12] for the Nintendo DS Lite, a protective case [13] and for the Wii Remote a protective case, [14] and other attachments to resemble sports equipment.[15]

In popular culture

NERF has been featured on several television series, including Inside the Actors Studio, The Simpsons, and Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide. On Inside the Actors Studio, Robin Williams compared having "an honorary degree from Juilliard" to "having a NERF vibrator". Homer, on a The Simpsons episode, described a car of his design as "powerful like a gorilla, yet soft and yielding like a NERF ball". In the children's show Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide, Ned shoots the school's security cameras with a NERF revolver. Also, on the VH1 special I Love Toys, NERF was ranked as the number 23 toy out of 100.

NERF has also been mentioned by stand-up comedians, such as Ray Romano, who suggested that cars should be made from the material to prevent injuries in accidents. There is also a "Snurf"-gun mentioned in the User Friendly comic strip, which has been said is a reference to a NERF-gun.

See also

References

1. ^ [1]
2. ^ [2]
3. ^ [3]
4. ^ [4]
5. ^ [5]
6. ^ [6]
7. ^ [7]
8. ^ [8]
9. ^ [9]
10. ^ [10]
11. ^ [11]
12. ^ [12]
13. ^ [13]
14. ^ [14]
15. ^ [15]

External links

NERF is a brand of toy and can also refer to the foam that these toys use.

Nerf may refer to:
  • Nerf, a bovine eaten by humans in the fictional Star Wars universe
  • N.E.R.F.

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Football is the name given to a number of different team sports. The most popular of these world-wide is association football (also known as soccer). The English word "football" is also applied to American football (also known as gridiron), Australian rules football, Canadian
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A slogan is a memorable motto or phrase used in a political, commercial, religious and other context as a repetitive expression of an idea or purpose.

Slogans vary from the written and the visual to the chanted and the vulgar.
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Advertising is paid, one-way communication through a medium in which the sponsor is identified and the message is controlled by the sponsor. Variations include publicity, public relations, etc..
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Polyester (aka Terylene) is a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Although there are many forms of polyesters, the term "polyester" is most commonly used to refe'Bold text'Bold text'Bold text
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Isocyanate is the functional group of atoms –N=C=O (1 nitrogen, 1 carbon, 1 oxygen), not to be confused with the cyanate functional group which is arranged as –O–C≡N.
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Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms covalently bonded to a single carbon atom. It is a gas at standard temperature and pressure and exists in Earth's atmosphere in this state.
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Carboxyl group or carboxy group -COOH or CO2H is a functional group present in amino acids and carboxylic acids. Its structure composed of one carbon atom attached to an oxygen atom by double bond and to a hydroxyl group by a single bond.
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Isocyanate is the functional group of atoms –N=C=O (1 nitrogen, 1 carbon, 1 oxygen), not to be confused with the cyanate functional group which is arranged as –O–C≡N.
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Polyester Resin - Unsaturated Polyester Resin. The term generally used for unsaturated (means containing chemical double bonds) resins formed by the reaction of dibasic organic acids and polyhydric alcohols, basic component of SMC/BMC.
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Wholly Owned Subsidiary
Founded 1883
Headquarters USA

Industry Games
Products Monopoly
Cluedo/Clue
Parent Hasbro

Parker Brothers is a toy and game manufacturer and brand.
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Kenner Products was a toy company founded in 1947 by three brothers, Albert, Phillip, and Joseph L. Steiner, in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, and was named after the street where the original corporate offices were located.
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Hasbro, Inc

Public (NYSE:  HAS )
Founded 1923[1]
Headquarters Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA

Industry Toys and games
Revenue 3.151 Billion USD (2006)
Net income 230.1 Million USD (2006)
Employees 5,900 (2005)
Website www.hasbro.
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Tonka is a toy company most known for its signature toy trucks and construction equipment.

A On September 19th, 1946 Mound Metalcraft was created in Mound, Minnesota with three men as partners, Lynn E. Baker, Avery F. Crounse, and Alvin F. Tesch.
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Ammunition, often referred to as ammo, is a generic term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. It is derived through French from the Latin munire (to provide). See also munition.
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Paintball is a sport in which participants eliminate opponents from play by hitting them with paintballs (spherical gelatin capsules containing primarily polyethylene glycol, other non-toxic and water-soluble substances, and dye) shot from a compressed-gas-powered "marker".
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Laser tag is a team or individual sport where players attempt to score points by engaging targets, typically with a hand-held infrared-emitting targeting device. Infrared-sensitive targets are commonly worn by each player and are sometimes integrated within arena in which the game
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video game is a game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device.

The word video in video game traditionally refers to a raster display device.
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Sony Corporation
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Public (TYO: 6758 ; NYSE:  SNE )
Founded May 7 1946 (adopted current name in 1958) by Masaru Ibuka and Akio Morita[1]
Headquarters Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan[1]
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PlayStation 2 in the original black colour]]
Manufacturer Sony Computer Entertainment
Type Video game console
Generation Sixth generation era
First available March 4, 2000
October 26, 2000
November 24, 2000
November 30, 2000
December 1, 2004
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Nintendo DS Lite (ニンテンドーDS Lite) (sometimes abbreviated DSLite, or simply Lite
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Nintendo Company, Limited
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Public
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Founded September 23 1889
Headquarters Kyoto, Japan
International:
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Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
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WII may refer to:
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  • Wii, a video game console released by Nintendo

See also

  • World War II (WWII)




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Pelican Accessories is an after-market video gaming peripheral company. They manufacture peripherals for Nintendo GameCube, PlayStation 2, Game Boy Advance, PSP, Xbox, Xbox 360, Wii, Nintendo DS and Nintendo DS lite. They have plans to manufacture accessories for the PlayStation 3.
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Wii Remote, also nicknamed "Wiimote", is the primary controller for Nintendo's Wii console. A main feature of the Wii Remote is its motion sensing capability, which allows the user to interact with and manipulate items on screen via movement and pointing through the use of
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Inside the Actors Studio is the Emmy-nominated, longest-running original series on the Bravo cable television channel, hosted by James Lipton. It is produced and directed by Jeff Wurtz.
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