Nestorians

Eastern Assyrians
ܐܬܘܪ̈ܝܐ Āṯūrāyē / Sūryāyē / Sūrāyā
Total population
ca. 150,000[1]-300,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
Assyrian homeland
Iraq350,000[3]
Assyrian diaspora
United Statesca. 35,000[4]-120,000[5]
Germany10,000[6]
Australia5,000[7]
Languages
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
Religions
Syriac Christianity, Assyrian Church of the East, Chaldean Catholic Church
Related ethnic groups
Western Assyrians, Chaldeans, and other Assyrian ethnic divisions
Enlarge picture
A painting of a "Nestorian" Assyrian bishop from 1779.


The Eastern Assyrians (also "Nestorians" , after Nestorius), are ethnic Assyrians, primarily members of the Assyrian Church of the East. Though they do not usually call themselves "Nestorians", they have been designated with the prefix Nestorians by the Roman Catholic Church, after Nestorius was condemned over a theological dispute, for refusing to acknowledge Mary, mother of Jesus, as "Mary the Mother of God".[8][9] Nestorius is venerated as a saint in the Assyrian Church of the East. Although for the most part, the Assyrian Church of the East follows an Orthodox form of Christianity, they have been condemned by the Roman Catholic Church for adopting the "Nestorian errors".[10] However, relations have improved lately between the Assyrian Church of the East and the Roman Catholic Church.

Nestorian Assyrians usually call themselves Āṯūrāyē. The Nestorian Assyrians, have never called themselves Nestorians. However, this prefix has been enforced upon them, mainly because of the political power the Roman Catholic Church influenced in medieval times. This is similar to Protestants being called Lutherans after Martin Luther. A notable Nestorian Assyrian, is Bahira.

The Nestorian Assyrians speak Assyrian Neo-Aramaic. An estimated 15 million Nestorian Assyrians were killed by Timur's empire, the Timurid dynasty, in 1358.[11] Northern Iraq remained predominantly Assyrian Christian until the destructions of Timur.[12]

At present, there are an estimated 300,000 to 400,000 adherents of the Assyrian Church of the East.

Assyrian nationalism developed among the Eastern Assyrians, during the early 20th century.[13]

See also

External links

References

1. ^ Bishop, Peter & Michael Darton (editors). The Encyclopedia of World Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's Living Faiths. New York: Facts on File Publications (1987), p. 84.[1]
2. ^ Zuck, Jon. "Unofficial Home Page of The One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church " (last updated 21 Mar. 1999)[2].
3. ^ [3]
4. ^ Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 138-139.[4]
5. ^ Religions and Health Care " by Fr. J Mahoney, M.Div.; web page: "Membership Reported " (viewed 20 Feb. 1999); [Orig. source: J. Gordon Melton. Encyclopedia of American Religions, 6th edition, copyright 1999, Gale Publishing][5]
6. ^ Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst e.V. " [REMID: Religious Studies Media and Information Service, Marburg, Germany]; web page: "Informationen und Standpunkte " (viewed 2 Aug. 1999).[6]
7. ^ Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999)[7]
8. ^ [8]
9. ^ Assyrian Patriarch near Qudshanis (HTML) (English). MIDEASTIMAGE. “The Patriarch of the Assyrian Church,Mar Benjamin Shimon photographed by a visiting English Missionary, ca.1904-1905, riding outside his residence in the remote and unaccessible village of Qudshanis in the moutainous Hakari region in south east Turkey. His iconoclastic Church has been called at different times, the Nestorian, the Assyrian, the Chaldean, the Eastern Syrian, and the Persian Church. The church was named after the Bishop of Antioch in Syria (Nestorius), who was elected the Patriarch of Constantinople (served from A.D.428-431), to be condemned and exiled to the Libyan desert at the Council of Ephesus in A.D. 431, instigated by Cyril the bishop of Alexandria, for refusing to acknowledge the title of 'Mary the Mother of God'.
10. ^ Chaldean Christians (HTML) (English). Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 1908-11-01. “The name of former Nestorians now reunited with the Roman Church. Strictly, the name of Chaldeans is no longer correct; in Chaldea proper, apart from Baghdad, there are now very few adherents of this rite, most of the Chaldean population being found in the cities of Kerkuk, Arbil, and Mosul, in the heart of the Tigris valley, in the valley of the Zab, in the mountains of Kurdistan. It is in the former ecclesiastical province of Ator (Assyria) that are now found the most flourishing of the Catholic Chaldean communities. The native population accepts the name of Atoraya-Kaldaya (Assyro-Chaldeans) while in the neo-Syriac vernacular Christians generally are known as Syrians. From the fifth century, the Persian Church quietly, almost unconsciously, adopted the Nestorian errors.
11. ^ White, Matthew. Religious Martyrs (HTML) (English). “1358: Tamerlane destroys 15-million-strong Nestorians: 4M martyrs
12. ^ The annihilation of Iraq
13. ^ DeKelaita, Robert. The Origins and Development of Assyrian Nationalism (PDF) 19. “Although Assyrian nationalistic sentiments were more prevalent among the Nestorians (particularly those in Urmia) than among Chaldeans and Jacobites, nationalists were to be found among the latter as well.


The Assyrian homeland or Assyria (Assyrian: ܐܬܘܪ) or Beth Nahrain is a geographic and cultural region in the Middle East, inhabited traditionally by the Assyrian people.
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Motto
الله أكبر    (Arabic)
"Allahu Akbar"   (transliteration)
"God is the Greatest"
Anthem

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Since World War I, the Assyrian diaspora has steadily increased so that there are now more Assyrians living in western and eastern Europe, North America and Australia, than in the Middle East.
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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Anthem
"Das Lied der Deutschen" (third stanza)
also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
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Anthem
Advance Australia Fair [1]


Capital Canberra

Largest city Sydney
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Assyrian Neo-Aramaic}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: syr
ISO 639-3: aii

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language.
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Assyrian people

Culture
Music
Language
(Assyrian
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Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
Apostles Kingdom Gospel
History of Christianity Timeline
Bible
Old Testament New Testament
Books Canon Apocrypha
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The Chaldean Catholic Church aka the Chaldean Church of Babylon (Arabic: الكنيسة الكلدانية,
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Western Assyrians (also sometimes known as Syriac-Aramaic people or Syriac Assyrians (Suryoye Othuroye), and Jacobites
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Chaldean Christians (also known as Chaldean Assyrians, Chaldo-Assyrians, Assyro-Chaldeans, and sometimes, Keldani; Neo-Aramaic: ܟܠܕܝܐ Kaldaye
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The Assyrians (also called Syriacs; see names of Syriac Christians) are an ethnic group whose origins lie in what is today Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria, but many of whom have migrated to the Caucasus, North America and Western Europe during the past century.
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Nestorius, in Greek, Νεστόριος (c. 386–c. 451) was Archbishop of Constantinople from 10 April 428 to 22 June 431.
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The Assyrians (also called Syriacs; see names of Syriac Christians) are an ethnic group whose origins lie in what is today Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria, but many of whom have migrated to the Caucasus, North America and Western Europe during the past century.
..... Click the link for more information.
Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
Apostles Kingdom Gospel
History of Christianity Timeline
Bible
Old Testament New Testament
Books Canon Apocrypha
..... Click the link for more information.
Mary may refer to:

Christianity

  • Mary (mother of Jesus), the mother of Jesus of Nazareth
  • Blessed Virgin Mary, the Catholic and Orthodox conception of the mother of Christ

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Jesus (8–2 BC/BCE to 29–36 AD/CE),[2] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, and is also an important figure in several other religions.
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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Church launched the Protestant Reformation and, though it was not
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Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] theologian, and church reformer. He is also considered to be the founder of Protestantism.
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According to Islamic tradition, Bahira was an Assyrian Christian monk who foretold to the adolescent Muhammad his future prophetic career.[1][2]

In the Islamic tradition


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Assyrian Neo-Aramaic}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: syr
ISO 639-3: aii

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language.
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Tīmūr bin Taraghay Barlas (Chagatai Turkic: تیمور - Tēmōr, "iron") (1336 – February 1405), known in the West as Tamerlane, was a 14th century warlord of Turco-Mongol descent,[1]
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Timurids (Chaghatay/Persian: تیموریان - Tīmūrīyān), self-designated Gurkānī (Persian:
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Motto
الله أكبر    (Arabic)
"Allahu Akbar"   (transliteration)
"God is the Greatest"
Anthem

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The Assyrians (also called Syriacs; see names of Syriac Christians) are an ethnic group whose origins lie in what is today Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria, but many of whom have migrated to the Caucasus, North America and Western Europe during the past century.
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The term Assyrianism refers to a variant of Syriac Christian nationalism, originating in the 19th century, it is in direct opposition to Pan-Arabism.

Assyrianism is the ideology of a united Assyrian people, coupled with the irredentist quest for Assyrian independence.
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The Assyrians (also called Syriacs; see names of Syriac Christians) are an ethnic group whose origins lie in what is today Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria, but many of whom have migrated to the Caucasus, North America and Western Europe during the past century.
..... Click the link for more information.
Nestorianism is the doctrine that Jesus exists as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, or Logos, rather than as a unified person. This doctrine is identified with Nestorius (c. 386–c. 451), Archbishop of Constantinople.
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Chaldean Christians (also known as Chaldean Assyrians, Chaldo-Assyrians, Assyro-Chaldeans, and sometimes, Keldani; Neo-Aramaic: ܟܠܕܝܐ Kaldaye
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