Nevesinje

Невесињ?
Nevesinje
Coat of arms
Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Shown in bright red (click to enlarge)
The light red indicates the Republika Srpska entity
General Information
EntityRepublika Srpska
Municipality area904 km
Population
- (est.)

18,000
- (1991 census)14,448
Settlements56 (1991.)
Coordinates
Area code+387 59
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
Politics
MayorBranislav Miković (SDS) [1]


Nevesinje (Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in eastern Herzegovina between Mostar and Gacko. It is administratively part of the Republika Srpska entity.

Geography and climate

Geography

The municipality of Nevesinje is located in southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina and administratively it is part of the Republika Srpska entity. This mountaneus municipality covers 1040 km² and average elevation is 860 m above the sea level. A large Karst plain dominates the municipality.

Climate

Nevesinje has a typical European continental climate with long and cold winters and short, dry and hot summers. The largest amounts of precipitations are in early spring and in the late fall.

Population

The last census was done in 1991 so present population facts are based on estimates. Currently, municipality's population is estimated to be around 18,000. Approximately 10,000 of those are permanent residents while the remaining 8,000 are listed as refuges. Many of these refuges ended up in Nevesinje as a result of population shifts that occurred during the civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995 and have lived In Nevesinje for over 10 years. Almost 25% of people living in the municipality are over 60 years of age. The unemployment rate is very high and many younger people are leaving Nevesinje looking for employment in other parts of the former Yugoslavia, or even further in Europe or overseas.

year of census total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs others
~1991~14,44810,711 (74.13%)3,313 (22.93%)210 (1.45%)123 (0.85%)91 (0.62%)
~1981~16,32611,587 (70.97%)3,853 (23.60%)276 (1.69%)521 (3.19%)89 (0.54%)
~1971~19,33314,479 (74.89%)4,370 (22.60%)384 (1.98%)28 (0.14%)72 (0.37%)

The town of Nevesinje

year of census total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs others
~1991~4,0683,247 (79.81%)634 (15.58%)39 (0.95%)104 (2.55%)44 (1.08%)

Settlements in Nevesinje municipality, 1991.

total: 56

Batkovići, Bežđeđe, Biograd, Bojišta, Borovčići, Bratač, Budisavlje, Donja Bijenja, Donji Drežanj, Donji Lukavac, Dramiševo, Gaj, Gornja Bijenja, Gornji Drežanj, Gornji Lukavac, Grabovica, Hrušta, Humčani, Jasena, Jugovići, Kifino Selo, Kljen, Kljuna, Kovačići, Krekovi, Kruševljani, Lakat, Luka, Miljevac, Nevesinje, Odžak, Plužine, Podgrađe, Postoljani, Presjeka, Pridvorci, Prkovići, Rabina, Rast, Rilja, Rogače, Seljani, Slato, Sopilja, Studenci, Šehovina, Šipačno, Trtine, Trusina, Udrežnje, Zaborani, Zalom, Zalužje, Zovi Do, Žiljevo, Žuberin and Žulja.

History

The annals of Patriarchate of Peć (Pećka Patrijarsija) mentioned Nevesinje in 1219, which is the earliest appearance of the municipality of Nevesinje in preserved historical sources.

The Nevesinje region was under the rule of different medieval lords until the end of the 15th century. The most significant ruler of Nevesinje from this period was Stjepan Vuksic Kosaca, known as Herceg Stjepan. The whole land Hercegovina was named after him. Stjepan's lands were under the constant treat from advancing Turkish forces in the 15th century. Hercegovina, and thus Nevesinje were gradually incorporated into the Turkish Empire by the first quarter of the 15th century (1422).

During the period of Turkish rule Nevesinje was mostly part of Bosnian Pashaluk and was a seat of a qadi. Nevesinje was at the heart of the Great Eastern Crisis, 1875-1878 when peasants of the region rebelled against Turkish tax collectors. The rebellion soon spread to the rest of Herzegovina and to Bosnia Province and other parts of the Ottoman Empire. Neighbouring states, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria got involved in the conflict which in turn pulled in great powers of the time. The conflict ended with Congress of Berlin in 1878 and the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina was placed under the administration of Austria-Hungary. At the same time Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro were declared independent principalities.

People of Nevesinje continued their struggle against foreign rule with an uprising against Austria-Hungary in 1882. This uprising is interesting because it was the first time that Orthodox Serbs and Muslim Bosniaks fought on the same side under the slogan: "For the holy cross and the faith of Muhammad" (Za krst časni i vjeru Muhamedovu).

References

  • Virtualna Hercegovina. www.virtualnahercegovina.com
  • Kapidžić, dr Hamdija: Hercegovački ustanak 1882.godine, Sarajevo, "Veselin Masleša", 1958.
 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina


Coordinates:
Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina


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Motto
"Srbija do Tokija"
Patron Saint
Saint Stephen2
The Republika Srpska (red) within Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Brčko District (green) belongs to both entities.

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population is the collection of people or organisms of a particular species living in a given geographic area or mortality, and migration, though the field encompasses many dimensions of population change including the family (marriage and divorce), public health, work and the
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The 1991 Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Census was the last census of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina taken before the Bosnian War.

It was conducted during the final week of March 1991.
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Settlement may refer to:
  • Settlement (migration), a new or small community
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This is a list of dialing codes in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The country calling code of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 387.

Republika Srpska

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Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used as a summer daylight saving time in most European and some North African countries. During the winter, Central European Time (UTC+1) is used.
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Bosnia and Herzegovina

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina


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Cyrillic alphabet

Sister systems Latin alphabet
Coptic alphabet
Armenian
Unicode range U+0400 to U+052F
ISO 15924 Cyrl

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Motto
"Jedna lasta, men' s' čini proljeće"
Anthem
Intermeco


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Herzegovina (natively: Hercegovina or Херцеговина) is a historical and geographical region in the Dinaric Alps that comprises the southern part of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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Mostar (Мостар) is a city and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the center of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation. Mostar is situated on the Neretva river and is the fifth-largest city in the country.
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Gacko (Cyrillic: Гацко) is a town and municipality by the same name in southeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the Foča Region.

Geography

The town is in a short distance from Montenegro.
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Motto
"Srbija do Tokija"
Patron Saint
Saint Stephen2
The Republika Srpska (red) within Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Brčko District (green) belongs to both entities.

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Motto
"Jedna lasta, men' s' čini proljeće"
Anthem
Intermeco


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Motto
"Srbija do Tokija"
Patron Saint
Saint Stephen2
The Republika Srpska (red) within Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Brčko District (green) belongs to both entities.

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Karst topography is a landscape shaped by the dissolution of a soluble layer or layers of bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite. These landscapes display distinctive surface features and underground drainages, and in some examples there may be little or no
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The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian (Cyrillic only): Socijalistička federativna republika Jugoslavija or Социјалистичка
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Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia.
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Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni/Jugoslaveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani
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