newspaper of record

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A "newspaper of record" is a colloquial term that generally refers to a newspaper that meets at least one of two criteria:
  1. high standards of journalism, the articles of which establish a definitive record of current events, for use by future scholars, and/or
  2. compliance with the legal requirements necessary to be recognized by the government as permitted to carry public or legal notices and have the notices be recognized as being made public by publication in that newspaper. Newspapers qualifying under this provision are sometimes also referred to as a newspaper of public record.


In its more common meaning, a newspaper of record is generally any public newspaper that has a large circulation and whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered professional and typically unbiased.

Newspapers of record are usually found internationally at newsstands as representative of the publishing country's news. Newspapers of record generally have strong editors and proprietors, and are allowed to hold independent views from those of their proprietor.

Controversy

Some editors of top Western newspapers consider the term obsolete and meaningless, when used in its strict, "record keeping" meaning. In that meaning, the term is considered a legacy of a time when newspapers were required to print official bulletins, shipping schedules, and the like, before the advent of the more literary forms of modern journalism. Daniel Okrent, at the time the public editor of the New York Times, wrote on April 25, 2004[1] that his paper is no longer a newspaper of record, and that this change is to be welcomed. In his view, the journalism of a "newspaper of record" is "as much stenography as reporting, as much virtual reprinting of handouts (in the form of verbatim transcripts of unexceptional speeches) as provocative journalism." John Geddes, the managing editor of the New York Times, expressed this even more strongly: "I don't think there can be a 'paper of record.' The term implies an omniscient chronicler of events, an arbiter that perfectly captures the significance and import of a day in our lives. I don't work at that place."

Broadsheet, compact and tabloid

In a number of countries newspapers of record have generally been broadsheet, although now some of these publications have switched or are planning to switch to a tabloid/compact format, partially as a cost-cutting measure but also to appeal more to the commuter (as the smaller sizes are more suitable to reading on public transport).

List of newspapers of record

Newspapers that meet one or both of the abovementioned criteria to be considered a "newspaper of record" include (classified by language):

Newspapers of record in English, by country

Australia

Bermuda

Canada

Egypt

Hong Kong

India

Ireland

Israel

Lebanon

Malaysia

New Zealand

Pakistan

Philippines

Singapore

South Africa

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

England
Scotland
Wales
Northern Ireland

United States

Because of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, and U.S. Supreme Court decisions such as Near v. Minnesota, the government does not (and can not) define certain papers as having a right to print, or otherwise promote, restrict, or license newspapers. Therefore, in the U.S. a newspaper of record is generally held to be any public newspaper that has a large circulation (in many states, public notices are required to be published in a paper "of general circulation"), professional editorial and news-gathering functions, and generally unbiased/objective reporting.

There are provisions whereby a newspaper may file an application to be recognized by the local government as a newspaper of public record for the purpose of publishing legal notices. This is generally done for revenue purposes, as certain types of legal publications (such as fictitious name registrations, mortgage and trust deed foreclosure and notices dealing with a lawsuit) may require publication in a newspaper that is not merely a de facto newspaper of record, but one that has specifically registered with the government as one and been recognized as such. However, being a "newspaper of public record" does not make you what is known as a "newspaper of record."

This is why, despite its having a large circulation, a newspaper such as The National Enquirer is not considered a newspaper of record (its news-gathering functions are not considered professional, nor are its stories considered unbiased, or even factual), while a paper such as the Washington Post, with a smaller circulation, is generally considered a newspaper of record.

Examples of some newspapers that many would regard as appropriate "newspapers of record" would likely include:

Others

Newspapers of record in Arabic, by country

International

Egypt

Israel

Lebanon

Newspapers of record in Dutch, by country

Belgium

The Netherlands

Newspapers of record in Portuguese, by country

Brazil

Portugal

Newspapers of record in French, by country

Canada

France

Lebanon

Switzerland

Newspapers of record in German, by country

Austria

Germany

Luxembourg

Switzerland

Newspapers of record in Spanish, by country

Argentina

Bolivia

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Dominican Republic

Guatemala

Mexico

Nicaragua

Peru

Spain

United States

Venezuela

Newspapers of record in Chinese, by territory

People's Republic of China

  • The People's Daily: National Note that it qualifies chiefly because it is a newspaper of public'' record, i.e. that the PRC government uses it to publish legal notices.

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Hong Kong

North America

Croatian newspapers of record

Danish newspapers of record

Finnish newspapers of record

Greek newspapers of record

Hebrew newspapers of record

Icelandic newspapers of record

Italian newspapers of record

Japanese newspapers of record

Korean newspapers of record

Norwegian newspapers of record

Serbian newspapers of record

Swedish newspapers of record

Polish newspapers of record

Turkish newspapers of record

Urdu newspapers of record

Vietnamese newspapers of record

References

Topics in journalism
Professional issues
Ethics & objectivity
Sources & attribution
News & news values
Reporting & writing
Fourth estate • Libel law
Education & books
Other topics

Fields
Advocacy journalism
..... Click the link for more information.
Topics in journalism
Professional issues
Ethics & objectivity
Sources & attribution
News & news values
Reporting & writing
Fourth estate • Libel law
Education & books
Other topics

Fields
Advocacy journalism
..... Click the link for more information.
A newsagent (British English), newsagency (Australian English) or newsstand (American English), is often a small business that sells newspapers, magazines, stationery, snacks and often items of local interest such as postcards and clothing emblazoned with sports team
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Daniel Okrent (born April 2, 1948) is an American writer, editor and baseball fan. He is best known for having served as the first public editor of the New York Times newspaper.

Daniel Okrent graduated from Cass Technical High School in Detroit.
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The May 8, 2007 front page of
The New York Times
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner The New York Times Company
Publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr.
Staff Writers 350
Founded 1851
Price USD 1.
..... Click the link for more information.
Broadsheet is the largest of the various newspaper formats and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically 22 inches or more). The term derives from types of popular prints usually just of a single sheet, sold on the streets and containing various types of matter, from
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Newspaper sizes in August 2005. Le Monde is in the Berliner format. The Guardian was (until September 2005) in the British broadsheet format, whereas the Daily Mail is a tabloid, and The Times a "compact".
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compact newspaper is a British term referring to a broadsheet-quality newspaper printed in a tabloid format. The term came into use in its current form when The Independent
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Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner News Corporation
Editor Chris Mitchell
Founded 1964
Headquarters 2 Holt Street, Surry Hills, Sydney,
New South Wales,  Australia


Website: The Australian The Australian
..... Click the link for more information.
The term national is an adjective (adverb form: nationally) used to describe a product or publication that is distributed across an entire nation, e.g., a national magazine. It implies that the item is available for purchase or access anywhere in the country.
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The Australian Financial Review is the leading business newspaper in Australia which is published daily from Monday to Saturday in a tabloid format by the media company Fairfax Media. In August 1951 The Australian Financial Review was started as a weekly newspaper.
..... Click the link for more information.
The term national is an adjective (adverb form: nationally) used to describe a product or publication that is distributed across an entire nation, e.g., a national magazine. It implies that the item is available for purchase or access anywhere in the country.
..... Click the link for more information.


The front page of The Sydney Morning Herald
on March 30, 2007.
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner Fairfax Media
Editor Alan Oakley
Founded 1831
Price AU$1.20 Monday–Friday
AU$2.
..... Click the link for more information.
Sydney
New South Wales

Location of Sydney within Australia

Population:
• Density: 4,280,190 (2006 Census) (1st)
345.
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Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner Fairfax Media
Editor Andrew Jaspan
Founded 1854
Political allegiance Social Democratic
Headquarters 250 Spencer Street,
Melbourne, Australia
ISSN 0312-6307


Website: www.
..... Click the link for more information.
Melbourne
Victoria

Location of Melbourne in Australia

Population:
• Density: 3,744,373 (2006 estimate) (2nd)
479.
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The Royal Gazette is a newspaper of record on the island nation of Bermuda. Founded in 1828, it is Bermuda's only daily newspaper. The Royal Gazette's sister paper, the Mid-Ocean News, is published on Fridays and focuses more heavily on human interest features, sports, travel and
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The term national is an adjective (adverb form: nationally) used to describe a product or publication that is distributed across an entire nation, e.g., a national magazine. It implies that the item is available for purchase or access anywhere in the country.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Globe and Mail

The April 23, 2007 front page of The Globe and Mail
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner CTVglobemedia
Publisher Phillip Crawley
Editor Edward Greenspon
Founded 1844
Price $1.
..... Click the link for more information.
The National Post

The front of the redesigned National Post, September 28, 2007
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner CanWest Global Communications
Editor-in-Chief Doug Kelly
Founded 1998
Language English
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Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner Torstar
Editor Fred Kuntz
Founded 1892
Price CAD 0.75 Monday-Friday
CAD 2.00 Saturday
CAD 1.
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City of Toronto

Flag
Coat of arms
Nickname: T.O., Hogtown, The Big Smoke, T-Dot, Toronto the Good
Motto: Diversity Our Strength
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Al-Ahram Weekly is the leading English-language newspaper in Egypt. It was established in 1875 by the Al-Ahram newspaper which also runs a French-language version, Al-Ahram Hebdo.

See also

  • Al-Ahram

External links

  • Al-Ahram Weekly

..... Click the link for more information.
Cairo
القـــاهـــر?


Flag
Seal
Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center)
Coordinates:
Government
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South China Morning Post
Type Daily newspaper
Format broadsheet


Owner SCMP Group
Founded 1903
Headquarters Hong Kong, China


Website: Official Site

The South China Morning Post
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The Standard (Traditional Chinese: 英文虎報 Pinyin:Yīngwén Hǔbào) is an English free newspaper of Hong Kong.
..... Click the link for more information.


Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet


Owner Kasturi & Sons Ltd.
Publisher N. Ram
Editor N. Ram
Founded September 20, 1878
Political allegiance Left-leaning, Independent [1]
Headquarters Chennai


Website:
..... Click the link for more information.
Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை), formerly known as Madras  
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This article or section needs sources or references that appear in reliable, third-party publications. Alone, primary sources and sources affiliated with the subject of this article are not sufficient for an accurate encyclopedia article.
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Coordinates: Delhi (Hindi: दिल्ली, Punjabi: ਦਿੱਲੀ, Urdu:
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