Nizam

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The Asafia flag of Hyderabad
Nizam, a shortened version of Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator of the Realm, was the title of the native sovereigns of Hyderabad state, India, since 1719, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty. The dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din, a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal emperors from 1713 to 1721 and who intermittently ruled under the title Asaf Jah in 1724, and After Aurangzeb's death in 1707, the Mogul empire crumbled and the viceroy in Hyderabad, the young Asaf Jah, declared himself independent.

The scions, known as The Nizams, ruled a kingdom larger than France. They were among the wealthiest people in the world. Seven nizams ruled Hyderabad for two turbulent centuries until Indian independence in 1948.

The Asaf Jahi rulers were great patrons of literature, art, architecture,culture, Jewelry collection and rich food.

The Nizams ruled the state until its annexation into the Indian Union in 1948.

Origin of the title

Nizām-ul-mulk was a title first used in Urdu around 1600 to mean Governor of the realm or Deputy for the Whole Empire. The word is derived from the Arabic word, nizंām (نظام), meaning order, arrangement. The Nizam was referred to as Ala Hadrat/Ala Hazrat or Nizam Sarkar, meaning "His Exalted Highness".

Rise of the Nizams



The first Nizams ruled on behalf of the Mughal emperors. But, after the death of Aurangazeb, the Nizams split away from the Mughals to form their kingdom. When the British achieved paramountcy over India, the Nizams were allowed to continue to rule their princely states. The Nizams retained power over Hyderabad State until its annexation into the Indian Union in 1948, after Indian independence.

The Asaf Jah dynasty had only seven rulers; however there was a period of 13 years after the rule of the first Nizam when three of his sons (Nasir Jung, Muzafar Jung and Salabath Jung) ruled. They were not officially recognized as the rulers.

A legend about the first Nizam states that, on one of his hunting trips he was offered some kulchas (an Indian bread) by a holy man and was asked to eat as many as he could. The Nizam could eat seven kulchas and the holy man then prophesied that seven generations of his family would rule the state.

The Nizams, by an honored Hyderabad tradition that no Nizam has ever left India no matter how good a reason might exist for doing so, they believed, "the Sovereign is too precious to his people ever to leave India.".

Ever since Hyderabad stood aloof from the great Indian Mutiny of 1857, its Royal Family have been accorded by British Royalty special honors and the Nizam was given the official status of "Faithful Ally."

Palaces of the Nizams

The Asaf Jahis were prolific builders. Several palaces of HEH the Nizam were: The princely state had one of the finest palaces in India with rich adornments. Fine objects of art and furnishings in the palaces reflect the grandeur.

The landmarks like the Andhra Pradesh High Court, Jubilee Hall, Asifia Library, The Assembly building, the Osmania Arts College and the Osmania Medical College building are among their well-known constructions.

The Nizams liked the European styles and created a fusion of European traditions with Hindu and Islamic forms and motifs.

Operation Polo and the fall of the Nizam

After the British left India in 1947, Hyderabad state did not accede to either of the new dominion of India or Pakistan. In September 1948, the Indian government launched Operation Polo, swiftly overunning the Nizams' forces and annexed the state into India.

Each of the Nizams is buried in the royal graves at the Makkah Masjid, near Charminar, except for the last Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan, who has willed that he be buried in his mausoleum in the Judhi Mosque facing King Kothi Palace.

List of Nizams of Hyderabad

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A cover story by TIME in February 22, 1937 called the Nizam the Richest man in the world

References

  • Zubrzycki, John. (2006) The Last Nizam: An Indian Prince in the Australian Outback. Pan Macmillan, Australia. ISBN 978-0-3304-2321-2.

See also

Further reading

External links

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Hyderābād and Berar pronunciation   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
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A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a "house", e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg.
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Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan Asaf Jah I was the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty that ruled Hyderabad state from 1720 to 1749.

Birth

He was born to Nawab Ghazi ud-din Nawab Khan Bahadur (Farzand-i-Arjumand) and his first wife Wazir un-nisa Begum at Agra, 20 August 1671 as
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A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning "in the place of" and French roi, meaning king.
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Deccan Plateau (Marathi: डेक्कन) , also known as "The Great Countrie", is a vast elevated tableland area with widely varying terrain features making up the majority of southern India located between three ranges and extending over eight states.
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The Mughal Empire (Persian: سلطنت مغولی هند,
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Nizam, a shortened version of Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator of the Realm, was the title of the native sovereigns of Hyderabad state, India, since 1719, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty.
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    Aurangzeb (Persian: اورنگ‌زیب)

    Also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conquerer of the Universe) (Persian:
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    Motto
    Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
    "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
    Anthem
    "La Marseillaise"


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    Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan
    The Nizam of Hyderabad

    Reign 1911–1948
    Born April 8, 1886
    Purani Haveli, Hyderabad state
    Died February 24, 1967
    King Kothi Palace
    Buried Judi Mosque, King Kothi Palace

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    Hyderābād and Berar pronunciation   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر
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    Literature literally "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter) as in the first sense given in the Oxford English Dictionary, or works of art, which in Western culture are mainly prose, both fiction and non-fiction, drama and poetry.
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    Architecture is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. A wider definition often includes the design of the total built environment: from the macrolevel of town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture to the microlevel of construction details and,
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    Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate,") generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significant importance.
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    Jewels of the Nizams

    Sarpech(Turban Ornament)
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    The Jewels of the Nizams
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    Hyderabadi Cuisine, a princely legacy, to an extent, is a blend of Mughlai cuisine and Persian cuisines. A 400-year history is behind the Hyderabadi food , it evolved in the kitchens of Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jah rulers who elevated food to a sublime art form.
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    political integration of India established a united nation for the first time in centuries from a plethora of princely states, colonial provinces and possessions. Despite partition, a new India united peoples of various geographic, economic, ethnic, linguistic and religious
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    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
    1945 1946 1947 - 1948 - 1949 1950 1951

    Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII
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    Urdu}}} 
    Writing system: Urdu alphabet (Nasta'liq script) 
    Official status
    Official language of:  Pakistan ;
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    al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
    Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
    Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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    The Mughal Empire (Persian: سلطنت مغولی هند,
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      Aurangzeb (Persian: اورنگ‌زیب)

      Also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conquerer of the Universe) (Persian:
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      The doctrine of paramountcy is the legal principle that reconciles contradicting or conflicting laws in a federalist state. Where both the central government and the provincial or state governments have the power to create laws in relation to the same matters the laws of one
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      Hyderābād and Berar pronunciation   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر
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      Operation Polo refers to the successful Indian military operation which resulted in the integration of the State of Hyderabad and Berar into the Union of India on September 12, 1948. This Operation is often popularly referred to as a Police Action.
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