Nurbanu

Nur-Banu (born Cecilia Venier-Baffo) (15251583) was a Venetian-born Jewish woman of noble birth, and was the daughter of Nicolo Venier, the Doge of Venice. Her mother was a member of Baffos.Cecilia was caught by Ottoman when the Turks concerned the Aegean (Egean) island of Paros in 1537 and taken to Istanbul, where she was renamed Sultana Nur-Banu, "Princess of Light". She became the most favored wife of Sultan Selim II, and the mother of Sultan Murad III.

When Selim II died in 1574, she concealed his death and hid his corpse in an icebox until her son arrived from Manisa, where he was governor, twelve days later and became the sultan.

Nur-Banu ran the government together with the Grand Vizir Sokollu Mehmet Pasha and became the first Valide sultan who acted as the co-regent with the sultan in the Sultanate of Women. She corresponded with queen Catherine de' Medici of France, and during her nine years of regency (1574-1583) maintained such a pro-venetian politics that she became hated by the Republic of Genoa; some have even suggested that she was poisoned by a Genoese agent. Whatever the case, she did die a suspicious death in 1583. She is known to struggle with Safiye Sultan, the wife of Murad III.

References

  • Goodwin, Jason, Lords of the Horizons, (1998) - page 160
15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1490s  1500s  1510s  - 1520s -  1530s  1540s  1550s
1522 1523 1524 - 1525 - 1526 1527 1528

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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1550s  1560s  1570s  - 1580s -  1590s  1600s  1610s
1580 1581 1582 - 1583 - 1584 1585 1586

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Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Venice (VE)
Mayor Massimo Cacciari (since April 18 2005)

Area km
Population
 - Total (as of January 1 2004)
 - Density /km
Time zone
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Historical Jewish languages
Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others
Liturgical languages:
Hebrew and Aramaic
Predominant spoken languages:
The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and
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Doxe), a rare but not unique Italian title derived from the Latin Dux, as the major Italian parallel Duce and the English Duke. Doges of Venice were elected for life by the city-state's aristocracy. Commonly the person selected as Doge was the shrewdest elder in the city.
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Ottoman Empire or Ottoman Caliphate (1299 to 1922) (Old Ottoman Turkish: دولت عالیه عثمانیه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish:
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1500s  1510s  1520s  - 1530s -  1540s  1550s  1560s
1534 1535 1536 - 1537 - 1538 1539 1540

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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State Party  Turkey
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv
Reference 356
Region Europe and North America

Inscription History
Inscription 1985  (9th Session)
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Selim II (Ottoman Turkish: سليم ثانى Selīm-i sānī, Turkish:II.Selim)(May 28, 1524 – December 12, 1574) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1566 until his death.
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Murad III (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثالث Murād-i sālis, Turkish:III.Murat) (July 4, 1546 – January 15, 1595)
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1540s  1550s  1560s  - 1570s -  1580s  1590s  1600s
1571 1572 1573 - 1574 - 1575 1576 1577

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A Vizier (Persian,وزير - wazīr) (sometimes also spelled Vazir, Vizir, Vasir, Wazir, Vesir, or Vezir - grammatical vowel changes are common in many oriental languages), literally "burden-bearer" or "helper", is a term,
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Valide Sultan was the title held by the mother of a ruling sultan in the Ottoman Empire. The title can also be translated as Queen Mother.

The position was arguably the most important position in the Ottoman Empire, after the sultan himself.
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The Sultanate of Women (Turkish: Kadınlar Saltanatı) is the nearly 130-year period, in the 16th and 17th centuries, during which the women of the Harem of the Ottoman Empire exerted extraordinary political influence.
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Catherine de' Medici
Queen consort of France

Catherine de' Medici, by François Clouet.
Coronation 10 June 1549, Saint-Denis
Born 13 April 1519
Florence
Died 5 January 1589
Château de Blois
Buried Saint-Sauveur, Blois.
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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The Republic of Genoa (Italian: Repubblica di Genova) was an independent state in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast from the 11th century to 1797, when it was invaded by armies of Revolutionary France under Napoleon.
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Safiye Sultan was the wife of Ottoman Sultan Murad III and mother of Sultan Mehmed III. It is believed she was of Albanian descent. Her name "Safiye" means "the pure one". She was born about 1550, but her date of death is uncertain between 1605 and 1619.
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Murad III (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثالث Murād-i sālis, Turkish:III.Murat) (July 4, 1546 – January 15, 1595)
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