Officer Candidate School

Officer Candidate School or Officer Cadet School (OCS) are institutions which train civilians and enlisted personnel in order for them to gain a commission as officers in the armed forces of a country.

How OCS is run differs between countries and services. Typically, it is of a short duration (less than a year), and the focus of the course is on military skills and leadership. This is in contrast with service academies which include academic instruction leading to a Bachelor degree.

Australia

Main article: OCS Portsea
Officer Cadet School of Australia - Portsea (OCS Portsea) commenced training officers for the Australian Army in 1951 and continued through to the end of 1985. Since OCS Portsea's closure in 1985, all Australian Army Officer training has been conducted at the Royal Military College, Duntroon in Canberra.

Singapore

In Singapore, Officer Cadet School is a school within SAFTI Military Institute, which serves as the main center for training officers of all ranks. Other schools within the SAFTI MI complex include SAF Advanced Schools and Singapore Command and Staff College.

Like the other schools on SAFTI MI, OCS is a tri-service institution which trains officers of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. A great deal of symbolism exists within the SAFTI MI complex to remind officers and aspiring officers of the tri-service nature of the Singapore Armed Forces.

Unlike other countries, OCS is the only route to a commission in the SAF. Even selected cadets who hold scholarships to train in friendly service academies must complete two thirds of OCS and receive their commission before undergoing further training overseas.

OCS in Singapore lasts approximately 38 weeks. The first term consists of military knowledge applicable to all services, including military history and military law. Subsequently, Officer Cadets are streamed into their services based on aptitude and personal preference, and receive training specific to their service.

Republic of the Philippines

In the Philippines, Officer Candidate School was originally formed out from the defunct Reserve Officer's Service School or ROSS that was established pursuant to the provisions of then Philippine Commonwealth Act Number 1 or otherwise known as "The National Defense Act of the Philippines" in the 1930's. This was created in preparation for the Defense capability of the Philippines-10 year program of training of Filipino Servicemen and Civilian Volunteers (Reserve) forming the Philippine Army as the main ground forces of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. A transfiguration took place with some military personnel from the Philippine Constabulary as its nucleus to form the Philippine Army. However, that 10 year program would not be completed at the outbreak of World War II in the Pacific, ROSS training was stopped, and with enough enlisted personnel trainees to be officers were immediately called to active duty to serve the war most particularly with the U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE). The need for commissioned officers after the U.S. liberation of the Philippines in 1940's prompt the ROSS to reemmerge as the School for Reserve Commission before it became the Officer Candidate School. Early trainings were held in Camp Tinio, Bangad, Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija, Nichols Air Base in Pasay City and Fort Bonifacio in Metro Manila. Some graduates of these class were sent in both conflicts in Korea and Vietnam. Later, OCS training location was moved to Camp Capinpin, Tanay, Rizal and had its glorious turn out of graduates from Class 1 in 1987 to Class 27 in 2005. The officer candidates with the rank of Probationary Second Lieutenant and Probationary Ensign have to undergo and pass the 12-month Officer Candidate Course before they can be commissioned as Regular and Reserve Officers in the Philippine Army, the Philippine Constabulary, the Philippine Air Force, the Philippine Navy and the Technical Service (Medical Administrative Corps and Women's Auxiliary Corps). In 1993, OCS started accepting two foreign officer candidates from the Royal Brunei Armed Forces which joined the Officer Candidate Course "Balikatan" Class 12-94. Some Filipino officer candidates were also sent to train in Australia, New Zealand, Singapore and the United Kingdom. Today, Officer Candidate School in the Philippines were distributed on each armed services of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) - Philippine Army, Philippine Air Force and Philippine Navy, these armed services conducts each of their officer's training annually on separate locations such as Philippine Air Force Aviation OCS in Fernando Air Base, Lipa City; Philippine Army OCS in Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac; and Philippine Navy OCS in San Antonio, Zambales.

United States

In the United States Armed Forces, Officer Candidate School (OCS) or the equivalent is a training program for non-commissioned officers, soldiers, sailors, Marines, airmen and recent college graduates to earn commissions as officers. The courses generally last from ten to seventeen weeks and include classroom instruction in military subjects, physical training, and leadership.

People may earn a commission in the United States Armed Forces through OCS or OTS, by staff appointment, through Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), or through one of the four military academies.
An enlisted rank in the Military of the United States is generally any rating below that of a commissioned officer. The term can be inclusive of non-commissioned officers or NCO for short. In its most exclusive sense, the term applies only to the lowest ranks of military service.
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An officer is a member of an army, navy, air force or, in some cases, other uniformed service who holds a position of responsibility.
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A military academy (American English), or service academy (British English) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the military (officer corps of the Army), naval service or air force or provides education in a service environment, the exact
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OCS Portsea is the abbreviated title of the Officer Cadet School of Australia-Portsea. OCS Portsea commenced training officers for the Australian Army in 1951 and continued through to the end of 1985. 3,166 cadets graduated from OCS Portsea during this time.
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The Royal Military College, Duntroon is Australia's military academy where Staff Cadets train for commissioning into the Australian Army as a part of the Australian Defence Force.

The college is situated in the suburb of Duntroon Canberra, ACT, Australia.
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The Royal Military College, Duntroon is Australia's military academy where Staff Cadets train for commissioning into the Australian Army as a part of the Australian Defence Force.

The college is situated in the suburb of Duntroon Canberra, ACT, Australia.
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Canberra
Australian Capital Territory

Location of Canberra within Australia

Population:
• Density: 323,056 (2006 Census) (8th)
137.
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Officer Cadet School (OCS) is one of the several training establishments within the SAFTI Military Institute camp complex. Its role is to train officers of all three services of the Singapore Armed Forces.
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The SAFTI Military Institute (Abbreviation: SAFTI MI, Simplified Chinese: 新加坡武装部队军训学院) is a tri-service military training institution for officers of all ranks of the Singapore Armed Forces
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The Singapore Command and Staff College (SCSC) is one of five officer schools of the SAFTI Military Institute of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). The inaugural Command and Staff Course commenced in 1969 and the College was officially opened in February 1970 by the Prime Minister
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Minister of Defense: Teo Chee Hean
Personnel
Active personnel: 72,500 (incl. 39,800 conscripts)
Reserve personnel: 312,500 (2005 est.)
Military age population: males age 18-49: 1,292,471 (2004 est.
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An officer is a member of an army, navy, air force or, in some cases, other uniformed service who holds a position of responsibility.
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A military academy (American English), or service academy (British English) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the military (officer corps of the Army), naval service or air force or provides education in a service environment, the exact
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Military history is composed of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. This may range from a melee between two tribes to conflicts between proper militaries to a world war affecting the majority of the human population.
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Military law is a distinct legal system to which members of armed forces are subject. Most countries have special additional laws, and often a legal system, which are applicable to members of their military but not usually to civilians.
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Armed Forces of the Philippines or AFP (Filipino: Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas; Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Filipinas) originated in the establishment of the Philippine Scouts in 1901 by the United States to assist in combating the revolution then led by
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USAFFE (United States Armed Forces in the Far East) included the Philippine Department, Philippine Army (2 regular and 10 reserve divisions), and the Far East Air Force (formerly, Philippine Army Air Corps). USAFFE Headquarters was created on July 26, 1941, at No.
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The Philippine Army (PA) is the ground arm of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas.

History

The Philippine Army does not have a strong collective military tradition.
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The Philippine Constabulary (PC) was one of two national police forces of the Philippines and was organized in 1901 by the United States appointed administrative authority. It was later replaced by the current Philippine National Police.
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The Philippine Air Force (PAF) is the air force of the Philippines. Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas.

History

The Philippine Air Force became a separate military service on July 1, 1947, when President Manuel Roxas issued Executive
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The Philippine Navy (PN) is the naval arm of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Dagat ng Pilipinas.

Mission


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Armed Forces of the Philippines or AFP (Filipino: Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas; Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Filipinas) originated in the establishment of the Philippine Scouts in 1901 by the United States to assist in combating the revolution then led by
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The Philippine Air Force (PAF) is the air force of the Philippines. Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas.

History

The Philippine Air Force became a separate military service on July 1, 1947, when President Manuel Roxas issued Executive
..... Click the link for more information.
The Philippine Army (PA) is the ground arm of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas.

History

The Philippine Army does not have a strong collective military tradition.
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The Philippine Navy (PN) is the naval arm of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Dagat ng Pilipinas.

Mission


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United States Armed Forces is the military service of the United States and is structured into five branches.
  • U.S. Army
  • U.S. Marine Corps
  • U.S. Navy
  • U.S. Air Force
  • U.S.

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A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or Noncom, is an enlisted member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer.
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solid gold coin brought in after a reform of the Roman money system. The common origin for the words soldier and payment survives not only in French (soldat and solde) but also in other languages, like German (Soldat and Sold
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sailor or mariner is a person who navigates water-born vessels or assists in their operation, maintenance, or service. The term can apply to professional mariners, military personnel, and recreational sailors as well as a plethora of other uses.
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