Ogre (game)

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Ogre microgame cover image
Ogre is a board wargame first released in 1977, as the first Metagaming Microgame by Steve Jackson and has been reprinted many times since, most recently in 2000. After he founded his own company, Steve Jackson Games, Ogre and its sequel, G.E.V., were published there, along with further expansions. It is an asymmetric-forces hex-map game set in the late 21st century pitting one player's giant unmanned robot tank against the other player's headquarters defended by a mixture of conventional tanks, infantry, and artillery.

The concept was strongly influenced by Keith Laumer's novel Bolo (1976), and Colin Kapp's short story "Gottlos" (1969).[1] The Ogre itself is named after the large and strong mythological beast ogre.

Its basic premise is that of one player controlling a large number of pieces while the other player controls only one.

The game uses a hex map depicting barren terrain with only ridgelines and large, radioactive craters as obstacles. The defender sets up his forces in the more congested part of the map and the Ogre enters the opposite side at the beginning of the game. The basic version features the Mark III Ogre, while the advanced scenario gives the attacker the larger, more powerful Mark V Ogre versus an increased number of defenders. The defender is specified a certain number of infantry and 'armor units', but gets to decide the exact composition of his armored forces himself.

The different types of units encourage a combined-arms approach with each type being better than the others in different aspects. Heavy tanks have high attack and defense with moderate speed and low range. Missile tanks have moderate attack and defense with moderate range and low speed. G.E.V.s ("ground effect vehicle"—roughly heavily armored hovercraft) have very high speed (moving twice per turn), low attack, low range, and moderate defense. Howitzers have very high attack and range but are easily destroyed (once an attacker has managed to get close enough), immobile, and expensive.

Spinoffs

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An Ogre Mk.III and Mk.III-B, on the 'crater map' from the Ogre Deluxe set.
Ogre spawned a sequel, G.E.V., focusing on the G.E.V. hovertank and the other "conventional" armor and infantry types. G.E.V. introduced more realistic map terrain rules than Ogre's "clear land and craters" system, as well as rules for overrun combat, spillover fire, and cover. It also introduced a points-based victory condition system which made possible a variety of symmetrical and asymmetrical scenarios. (G.E.V. still featured an Ogre unit, the Mk IV, and had rules detailing interactions of Ogres with the new rules in G.E.V.)

Other games based on Ogre include:
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A Paneuropean Fencer-B and Fencer.
  • Deluxe Ogre is a re-issued version of the original Ogre, issued with miniatures rather than counters, and the original 'crater' map printed on a larger scale. Deluxe Ogre won the Wargamer Award for Excellence in 2001[3].
  • GURPS Ogre, a supplement for the role-playing game GURPS[4].

References

External links

wargame is a game that simulates or represents a military operation. Wargaming is the hobby dedicated to the play of such games, which are also called conflict simulations.
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Metagaming Concepts was a publisher of board games from 1975 to 1983 owned by Howard Thompson. Metagaming created and popularized the microgame format. It specialized in science fiction wargames; titles included Ogre, G.E.V.
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microgame (sometimes written "MicroGame") is a board game or wargame packaged in a small set. Microgames enjoyed popularity during the 1980s. The term generally refers to board games or wargames which were packaged and sold with instructions and maps or playing surfaces
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Steve Jackson (born ~1953) is an American game designer. After working for many years at Metagaming designing such games as Ogre and The Fantasy Trip, he left to found Steve Jackson Games (SJ Games) in the early 1980s.
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Steve Jackson Games

Private
Founded 1980
Headquarters Austin, Texas

Key people Steve Jackson
Industry Game publisher
Products Munchkin, Chez Geek, Car Wars, Ogre, GURPS
Website http://www.sjgames.
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21st Century is the present century of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. It began on January 1, 2001 and is due to end December 31, 2100. However, more modern methods of dating begin the century in the year 2000.
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Autonomous robots are robots which can perform desired tasks in unstructured environments without continuous human guidance. Many kinds of robots have some degree of autonomy. Different robots can be autonomous in different ways.
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Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. The corporate headquarters is the entity at the top of a corporation taking full responsibility managing all business activities.
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tank is a tracked armoured combat vehicle designed to engage enemies head-on, using direct fire from a large-calibre gun and supporting fire from machine guns. Heavy armour as well as a high degree of mobility give it survivability, while the tracks allow it to cross even rough
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Infantry or footmen are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means.
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Historically, artillery (from French artillerie) refers to any engine used for the discharge of large projectiles in war. The term also describes soldiers with the primary function of manning such weapons and is used organizationally for the arm of a nation's land
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John Keith Laumer (June 9 1925–January 23 1993) was an American science fiction author. Prior to becoming a full time writer, he was an officer in the U.S. Air Force and a U.S. diplomat.
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A Bolo is a fictional type of artificially intelligent super-heavy tank. They were first imagined by Keith Laumer, and have since been featured in science fiction novels by him and others.
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Colin Kapp (1928 - August 3 2007) was a British science fiction author.

Writing career

A contemporary of Brian Aldiss and James White, Kapp is best known for his stories about the Unorthodox Engineers.
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ogre (feminine: ogress) is a large, mean and hideous humanoid monster. Ogres are often depicted in fairy tales and folklore as feeding on human beings, and have appeared in many classic works of literature.
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hex map, hex board or hex grid is a gameboard design commonly used in wargames of all scales. The map is subdivided into small regular hexagons of identical size.
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Infantry or footmen are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means.
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Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects.

Though the lower-echelon units of a combined arms team may be of homogeneous types, a balanced mixture of such units are combined into an
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A missile tank is a hypothetical armoured fighting vehicle fulfilling the role of a main battle tank, but using only guided missiles for main armament. Several nations have experimented with prototypes, notably the Soviet Union during the tenure of Nikita Khrushchev (projects
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A Wing In Ground-effect vehicle (WIG), sometimes referred to as a flarecraft, is a vehicle that cruises little more than a few feet over flat surfaces, most often water. It can be seen as a transition between a hovercraft and an aircraft.
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Hovercraft, or Air-Cushion Vehicle (ACV), is an amphibious vehicle or craft, designed to travel over any sufficiently smooth surface - land or water - supported by a cushion of slowly moving, low-pressure air, ejected downwards against the surface close below it.
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howitzer is a type of artillery piece that is characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small explosive charges to propel projectiles at trajectories with a steep angle of descent.
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Miniature wargaming is a form of wargaming designed to incorporate miniatures or figurines into play. The miniatures are used to represent troops or vehicles (such as tanks, chariots, aircraft, ships, etc.).
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Diceland is a tabletop game played with collectible sets of dice designed by Toivo Rovainen and James Ernest and released in 2002 by Cheapass Games. Players roll paper cut-out octahedral dice into a combat arena.
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Origin Systems, Inc. (sometimes abbreviated as OSI) was a computer game developer based in Austin, Texas that was active from 1983 to 2004. It is most famous for the Ultima, Wing Commander and Crusader game series'.
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Apple II (sometimes written as Apple ][ or Apple //) was the first popular microcomputer manufactured by Apple. Its direct ancestor was the Apple I, a limited production circuit board computer for electronics hobbyists which pioneered many features that made the Apple
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Amiga is a family of personal computers originally developed by Amiga Corporation. Development on the Amiga began in 1982 with Jay Miner (1932-1994) as the principal hardware designer.
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The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers manufactured by Atari, starting in 1979. All are based on the MOS Technology 6502 CPU and were the first home computers designed with custom coprocessor chips.
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Type Personal computer
Released 1985
Discontinued 1993
Processor Motorola 68000 @ 8 MHz
Memory 512 kilobytes (512×210 bytes) or 1 megabyte (1×220 bytes)
OS Atari TOS

The Atari ST
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Type Home computer
Released August 1982
Discontinued April 1994
Processor MOS Technology 6510 @ 1.02 MHz (NTSC version) / 0.985MHz (PAL version)
Memory 64 KB
OS Commodore BASIC 2.
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