# Ordinary (heraldry)

Ordinaries
In heraldry, an ordinary is a simple geometrical figure on the arms, wider than a line or division of the field. There are also some geometric charges known as subordinaries, which are given lesser status by heraldic writers, even though most have been in use just as long as the traditional ordinaries. Diminutives of ordinaries are charges of the same shape, though narrower, though some such charges are not defined as diminutives of the larger charge(s).

Examples of ordinaries include:
• Bend: diagonal bar **Bendlets: in theory, half the width of the bend, though this is not strictly adhered to
• Chevron: upward pointing
• Chevronels: more than one chevron
• Chief: horizontal bar at the top
• Cross: vertical/horizontal cross +
• Fess: horizontal bar in the centre
• Bars: more than one fess (this is not necessarily any narrower than a fess, being of indeterminate width; it is only necessary to show it as narrower when there is only one bar, to distinguish it from the fess, that is then shown wider)
• Pale: a vertical bar
• Pallets: more than one pale
• Pall: a Y-shape
• Pile: downward pointing triangle
• Saltire: diagonal cross ×
Examples of subordinaries include:
• Bordure: a border around the shield
• Canton: a square in the upper corner
• Flaunch: semi-circle to one side

## Ordinaries

Ordinaries (sometimes called "honourable ordinaries") are almost like partitions, but are handled like objects. Though there is much debate as to exactly which geometrical charges constitute ordinaries, certain ones are agreed on by everyone. A pale is a vertical charge starting from the top of the shield, ending at the bottom, and wide as a third of the shield's width. (The "Canadian pale", identical to the pale but taking up one-half the shield's width, was invented in 1964 by Conrad Swan, retired Garter King of Arms) [1]; it can be seen in the arms of Rehder. [2]

A fess is the same thing as a pale, only horizontal.

A chevron looks like a saw's tooth, arching from the middle of the left side of the shield to the middle of the right.

The arms of the 364th Regiment of the United States Army show a fess the middle third metamorphosed into a chevron.[3]

There are also bends, saltires, flaunches and crosses, as well as chiefs, piles, and chevrons.

A chief is a fess situated in the upper third of the shield. It can be associated with the fillet, a quite narrow horizontal band running along the bottom of the chief, [4] although it can be difficult if not impossible sometimes to distinguish between a fillet and a chief fimbriated, as the fimbriation of a chief occurs only along the lower line. (Fimbriation is the narrow bordering of the outline of a charge, with is then said to be fimbrated or fimbriated; a "fimbriation containing six diagonal 'tics' radiating" occurs in the badge of the 25th Flying Training Squadron of the United States Air Force.)[5] The term edged is sometimes used in a similar context. There is at least one example of a triple fimbriation.[6]) The fillet is sometimes inaccurately described as a diminutive of the chief, but the chief has no diminutive. It is important to note that a chief "enhanced" (which gives it a narrower appearance), as in the arms of Martin F. J. Matthews [7], is not a diminutive.

Probert [8], Guillim [9] and others say that if one chief is "surmounted of another" (one chief is charged on another chief) it will have the appearance of a chief divided by a line running along the upper part of the "chief". The rare "chief couped" is a chief that falls short of reaching the dexter and sinister sides of the shield; the representation of Stonehenge in the arms of Sir Cecil Chubb, "the Baronet who owned Stonehenge and gifted it to the nation", show an example.[10] Chiefs are more commonly seen, though not blazoned as, couped when within a tressure.[11]

A simple cross

The pall is a Y-shaped charge throughout the field, common to Scotland.

## Subordinaries

A bordure is a border around the shield. A bordure separated from the outside of the shield, which looks like a shield with another shield cut out of it, is an orle. Although the orle has no diminutive, there is nevertheless an example of a "fillet orle" (an orle narrower than usual).[12] An orle may not have other charges charged on it.

Confusingly, when a number of charges (by default, eight) are arranged in the position that a bordure (not an orle) would be in, they are said to be "in orle".

A quarter is the top left (dexter chief in heraldry) quarter of the shield; this is the default position. The top right quarter is a sinister quarter.

## Diminutives

There are diminutives of ordinaries as well. The diminutive forms are typically narrower, usually in order to fit two or more of them on the same field.

The diminutive of the pale is the pallet and the diminutive of the fess is the bar. (The diminutive of the bar is the barrulet; barrulets are never borne singly. Bars are likewise rarely borne singly, though the arms of Scheffeld are amazingly blazoned as having one-and-a-half bars.[13]) "Barry of <number>" means that the background is divided into that number of horizontal stripes. There are diminutives of most partitions, like "bendy of" or "paly of". For "barry" or "paly", there must be an even number of stripes; otherwise it is a field of x tincture and y pallets or bars. Thus the shield of the United States of America, though officially described as "Paly of thirteen argent and gules, a chief azure", is correctly called "Argent, six pallets gules and a chief azure".

The diminutive of the bend sinister is the scarpe.

The diminutive of the chevron is the chevronel.

The diminutive of the quarter is the canton, a square occupying, in theory, the upper left third of the shield. In theory a canton is never an original part of the shield, but some form of later addition, but this is not true in practice. Another charge can be completely hidden by the canton (sometimes, if the charge is not part of a predictable pattern of like charges laid out elsewhere on the shield, it is impossible to correctly blazon the shield yet nevertheless mandatory for one to do so); the charge so hidden is then called "absconded". (A highly unusual example of a quarter absconding charges can be seen when Robert Stewart, Lord of Lorn, marshalled his arms with those of Lorn: "Or a fess chequy of four tracts Azure and Argent between two buckles in chief and a garb in base of the Second; a sinister quarter Or bearing a lymphad Sable with sail set absconding one of the buckles and part of the fess; in the dexter base another quarter of the same absconding part of the fess". [14]) When a shield contains both a fess and canton they are always shown in their theoretical size, and with no dividing line between them; as they appear to be one continuous thing, blazoning a shield with a fess and canton can be confusing for the novice. The canton can be borne sinister (unless blazoned "a canton sinister" the canton is dexter), but this rarely happens.

The diminutive of the canton is the chequer of the chequy field (but this never occurs alone).

Any type of charge, but usually ordinaries and subordinaries, can be "voided"; without further description, this means that the charge has been "emptied" with a hole in the shape of the charge revealing the field behind it, and only a border has been left. It is possible, however, though highly unusual, that the voiding, the hole, is of a different tincture than the field behind the charge, which tincture must then be specified; for example, "Argent, a mullet gules, voided or". It is also possible that the voiding is of a different shape than the voided charge, as in the arms of Newton Technical High School in South Africa: "Quarterly gules and sable; a lozenge or voided of a quatrefoil; at its centre a cog wheel argent; the whole within a border or".

Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms.[1] To most, though, heraldry is the practice of designing, displaying, describing, and recording coats of arms and badges.
The lines of partition used to divide and vary fields and charges in heraldry are by default straight, but may have many different shapes. (Care must sometimes be taken to distinguish these types of lines from the extremely unusual and non-traditional use of lines as charges,
Divisions of the field is a heraldic term referring to the pattern on a shield. The field of a shield in heraldry can be divided into more than one tincture (as can the various charges).
In heraldry, a bend is a colored band that runs from the upper right (from the point of view of a person bearing the shield) corner of the shield to the lower left. Writers differ in how much of the field they say it covers; most say approximately one-fifth, but some say it covers
In heraldry, a bend is a colored band that runs from the upper right (from the point of view of a person bearing the shield) corner of the shield to the lower left. Writers differ in how much of the field they say it covers; most say approximately one-fifth, but some say it covers
A chevron (also spelled cheveron, especially in older documents) is a V-shaped pattern. The word is usually used in reference to a kind of fret in architecture, or to a badge or insignia used in military or police uniforms to indicate rank or length of service, or in
A chevron (also spelled cheveron, especially in older documents) is a V-shaped pattern. The word is usually used in reference to a kind of fret in architecture, or to a badge or insignia used in military or police uniforms to indicate rank or length of service, or in
chief is a term used in heraldic blazon to describe a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the top edge of the shield. Writers disagree in how much of the shield's surface is to be covered by the chief, ranging from one-fourth to
cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars perpendicular to each other, dividing one or two of the lines in half. The lines usually run vertically and horizontally; if they run diagonally, the design is technically termed a saltire.
fess is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally and centrally across the shield. Writers disagree in how much of the shield's surface is to be covered by the fess, ranging from one-fifth to one-third.
pale is a term used in heraldic blazon and vexillology to describe a charge on a coat of arms (or flag), that takes the form of a band running vertically down the center of the shield.
Pall may refer to:
• Pall (heraldry), a Y-shaped heraldic charge
• Pall Corporation, a global business
People with the surname Pall:
• David Pall (1914-2004), founder of Pall Corporation

A saltire, Saint Andrew's Cross, or crux decussata
In heraldry, a bordure is a contrasting border around a shield, traditionally one-sixth as wide as the shield itself. It encloses the whole shield, with two exceptions:

Canton is a charge placed in the upper dexter corner. It is classed by some heraldic writers as one of the honorable ordinaries; but, strictly speaking, it is a diminutive of the Quarter, being two-thirds the area of that ordinary.
flaunch, in heraldry, is regarded as an ordinary or subordinary, one of two (as the flaunch is never borne singly) semicircles protruding into the field from the sides of the shield.
Canadian pale is a centre band of a vertical triband flag (or a charge in heraldry) that covers half the length of a flag (rather than a third in most triband designs). It takes its name from the Canadian flag, the most prominent exemplar, and should only be used in describing
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1930s  1940s  1950s  - 1960s -  1970s  1980s  1990s
1961 1962 1963 - 1964 - 1965 1966 1967

Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator).

Sir Conrad Marshall John Fisher Swan, KCVO, KGCN, FSA, FRHSC (b. 1924) was a long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. Having been first appointed to work at the College in 1962, he rose to the office of Garter Principal King of Arms in 1992.
Garter Principal King of Arms is the senior King of Arms, and the senior Officer of Arms of the College of Arms. The office takes its name from the Order of the Garter. Henry V of England instituted the office of Garter in 1415 just before sailing for France.
Alfred Rehder was a horticulturist and taxonomist who worked at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. Rehder was a newspaper writer from Germany who was originally hired as a laborer at the Arnold Arboretum.
fess is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally and centrally across the shield. Writers disagree in how much of the shield's surface is to be covered by the fess, ranging from one-fifth to one-third.
The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. Like all armies, it has the primary responsibility for land-based military operations.
In heraldry, a bend is a colored band that runs from the upper right (from the point of view of a person bearing the shield) corner of the shield to the lower left. Writers differ in how much of the field they say it covers; most say approximately one-fifth, but some say it covers
A saltire, Saint Andrew's Cross, or crux decussata
flaunch, in heraldry, is regarded as an ordinary or subordinary, one of two (as the flaunch is never borne singly) semicircles protruding into the field from the sides of the shield.
cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars perpendicular to each other, dividing one or two of the lines in half. The lines usually run vertically and horizontally; if they run diagonally, the design is technically termed a saltire.
chief is a term used in heraldic blazon to describe a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the top edge of the shield. Writers disagree in how much of the shield's surface is to be covered by the chief, ranging from one-fourth to
A chevron (also spelled cheveron, especially in older documents) is a V-shaped pattern. The word is usually used in reference to a kind of fret in architecture, or to a badge or insignia used in military or police uniforms to indicate rank or length of service, or in