Oresund



Enlarge picture
Northern Oresund


Oresund or The Sound (Danish: Øresund, Swedish: Öresund) is the strait that separates the Danish island Zealand (Sjælland) from the south Swedish province Scania (Skåne). Its width is just 4 km at the narrowest point (between Helsingør, on Zealand, Denmark, and Helsingborg, Sweden).

Oresund is one of the three Danish Straits that connect the Baltic Sea to the Atlantic Ocean (via Kattegat, Skagerrak, and the North Sea), and is one of the busiest waterways in the world.

The Oresund Bridge was inaugurated on July 1, 2000 by King Carl XVI Gustav of Sweden and Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. Between Helsingborg and Helsingør (Elsinore) in the North of Oresund there are still ferries departing around the clock.

History

Political control of Oresund has been an important issue in Danish (and Swedish) history. Denmark maintained military control with the coastal fortress of Kronborg at Elsinore (Danish: Helsingør) on the west side and Kärnan at Helsingborg on the east, until the eastern shore was ceded to Sweden in 1658. Both fortresses are located where the strait is just 4 kilometers wide.

Sound Dues

In 1429 King Eric of Pomerania introduced the Sound Dues (Danish: Øresundstolden, Swedish: Öresundstullen.) Transitory dues on the use of waterways, roads, bridges and crossings were then an accepted way of taxing which could constitute a great part of a state's income.

All foreign ships passing through the strait, whether en route to or from Denmark or not, had to make a stop in Elsinore and pay a toll to the Danish Crown. If a ship refused to stop, cannons in both Elsinore and Helsingborg could open fire and sink it. In 1567, the toll was changed into a 1-2% tax of the cargo value, providing three times more revenue. In order to avoid ships simply taking a different route, tolls were also collected at the two other Danish straits, the Great Belt and the Little Belt.

The Sound Dues remained the most important source of income for the Danish Crown for several centuries, thus making Danish kings relatively independent of Denmark's Privy Council and aristocracy. After 1658, when the Danish lands on the Scandinavian peninsula were ceded to Sweden, the toll could not be enforced as well as before but Denmark retained its established right of the dues. Sweden had been exempted from the dues from the start, as she was then part of the Kalmar Union with Denmark, but this was ended after the Great Northern War of 1720, although the eastern shore was now Swedish.

The Copenhagen Convention of 1857 abolished the dues and made all the Danish Straits an International waterway free to all military and commercial shipping. It had been increasingly evident that the Sound Dues had a negative impact on the port and merchants of Copenhagen, although the dues delivered by then one eighth of the Danish state income. In compensation for the abolition, the Danish state received a one-time fee of 33.5 million Danish rix-dollars. [1]

Notable islands

See also

References

1. ^ [1]
  • Menefee, Samuel Pyeatt, "The Sound Dues and Access to the Baltic Sea" in Renate Platzoder and Philomene Verlaan (eds.), The Baltic Sea: New Developments in National Policies and International Co-Operation (1996), pp. 101-32.

External links

  • Oresunddirekt - Official public information site for the inhabitants of the Oresundregion
Coordinates:
Danish}}} 
Official status
Official language of:  Denmark
 Greenland
 Faroe Islands
 European Union
Nordic Council
Regulated by: Dansk Sprognævn ("Danish Language Committee")
Language codes
ISO 639-1: da
ISO 639-2:
..... Click the link for more information.
Swedish}}} 
Official status
Official language of:  European Union
 European Union (in Noarootsi along with Estonian) [1]
 Finland
 Sweden (de facto)
Nordic Council
..... Click the link for more information.
A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. The terms strait, channel, passage, sound, and firth
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
none
(Royal motto: Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke
"The Help of God, the Love of the People, the Strength of Denmark" )
Anthem
Der er et yndigt land  (national)
Kong Christian
..... Click the link for more information.
Zealand (Sjælland)
Island |

Country | Denmark

Region | Region Sjælland

Area |
..... Click the link for more information.
The provinces or landskap were the subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden (län). The 25 provinces have no administrative function today but remain historical legacies and the means of cultural identification, and their
..... Click the link for more information.
Scania ( Skåne   in Swedish) is a geographical region of Sweden on the southernmost tip of the Scandinavian peninsula, a historical province (landskap)
..... Click the link for more information.
Elsinore redirects here. For other places and things named Elsinore, see Elsinore (disambiguation).


Helsingør
City |


..... Click the link for more information.
Helsingborg

Coat of arms

..... Click the link for more information.
The Danish straits are the three channels connecting the Baltic sea to the North Sea through the Kattegat and Skagerrak. They transect Denmark, and are not to be confused with the Denmark Strait between Greenland and Iceland.
..... Click the link for more information.
Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. It is bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands. It drains into the Kattegat by way of the Øresund, the Great Belt and the Little Belt.
..... Click the link for more information.
Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest of the world's oceanic divisions; with a total area of about 106.4 million square kilometres (41.1 million square miles), it covers approximately one-fifth of the Earth's surface.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Kattegat (Danish), or Kattegatt (Swedish) is a sea area bounded by Jutland (Denmark) and Sweden. The Baltic Sea drains into the Kattegat through the Oresund and the Danish Straits.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Skagerrak strait runs between Norway and the southwest coast of Sweden and the Jutland peninsula of Denmark, connecting the North Sea and the Kattegat strait, which leads to the Baltic Sea.
..... Click the link for more information.
The North Sea is marginal, epeiric sea of the Atlantic Ocean on the European continental shelf between Norway and Denmark in the east, Scotland and England in the west, and Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France in the south.
..... Click the link for more information.
Oresund Bridge (Danish Øresundsbroen, Swedish Öresundsbron, joint hybrid name Øresundsbron) is a combined two-track rail and four-lane road bridge across the Oresund strait.
..... Click the link for more information.
July 1 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year.
..... Click the link for more information.
20th century - 21st century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
1997 1998 1999 - 2000 - 2001 2002 2003

2000 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
..... Click the link for more information.
Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the current Swedish monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. He is the only son of the late Prince Gustaf Adolf (1906-47) and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1908-72).
..... Click the link for more information.
    Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Şórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. Only very rarely is her name anglicized as Margaret II.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Helsingborg

    Coat of arms

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Elsinore redirects here. For other places and things named Elsinore, see Elsinore (disambiguation).


    Helsingør
    City |


    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Elsinore redirects here. For other places and things named Elsinore, see Elsinore (disambiguation).


    Helsingør
    City |


    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Motto
    (Royal) "För Sverige - I tiden" 1
    "For Sweden – With the Times" ²

    Anthem
    Du gamla, Du fria
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Motto
    none
    (Royal motto: Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke
    "The Help of God, the Love of the People, the Strength of Denmark" )
    Anthem
    Der er et yndigt land  (national)
    Kong Christian
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Military has two broad meanings. In its first sense, it refers to soldiers and soldiering. In its second sense, it refers to armed forces as a whole. Over the years, military units have come in all shapes and sizes.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the ocean. A coastline is properly a line on a map indicating the disposition of a coast, but the word is often used to refer to the coast itself.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Fortifications are military constructions and buildings designed for defense in warfare. Humans have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, in a variety of increasingly complex designs.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    State Party  Denmark
    Type Cultural
    Criteria iv
    Reference 696
    Region Europe and North America

    Inscription History
    Inscription 2000  (24th Session)
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Elsinore redirects here. For other places and things named Elsinore, see Elsinore (disambiguation).


    Helsingør
    City |


    ..... Click the link for more information.


    This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.