Oxford Group

Not to be confused with the Oxford Movement of the 19th century Anglican Church. See below.

The Oxford Group was a Christian organization founded by American Christian missionary Dr. Frank Buchman. Buchman was an American Lutheran minister of Swiss descent who, in 1908, had a strong spiritual experience that convinced him that moral compromise destroys human character, and that moral clarity is a prerequisite for building a just society. His ideas and emphasis on personal change took root at Oxford and in some American universities.[1] In 1928, a group of students influenced by Buchman carried these precepts to South Africa. There they were labeled the "Oxford Group" by the press, and the name stuck to the work which Buchman had started.[2]

Tenets and Influence

The group promoted a belief in divine guidance: one should wait for God to give direction in every aspect of life and surrender to that advice. Buchman's program emphasized acknowledgment of offenses against others, making restitution to those sinned against, and promoting the group to the public. Because of its positive influence on the lives of several highly prominent individuals, the Oxford Group attracted highly visible members of society, including members of the British Parliament and other European leaders[3] and such prominent Americans as the Firestone family, founders of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company of Ohio.[4] Though sometimes controversial (the group attracted opposition from the Roman Catholic Church[5]), the Oxford Group grew into a well-known, informal, and international network of people by the 1930s. The aim of the group remained adherence to what it called "the Four Absolutes" of absolute honesty, absolute purity, absolute unselfishness and absolute love.[6]

The London newspaper editor Arthur J. Russell joined the Oxford Group after attending a meeting in 1931. He wrote For Sinners Only in 1932, which inspired the writers of God Calling.

The founders of Alcoholics Anonymous, William G. ("Bill W.") Wilson and Dr. Robert H. ("Dr. Bob") Smith, were inspired by Oxford Group principles in the 1930s.[7]

Moral Re-Armament

Prior to World War II, the Oxford Group changed its name to Moral Re-Armament (MRA) and believed that divine guidance would prevent war from breaking out. Daphne du Maurier's Come Wind, Come Weather recounted inspirational stories derived from Oxford Group experiences during the early years of WWII.

In 1965, Up with People was founded by members, and with the support, of Moral Re-Armament.

In 2001, Moral Re-Armament became Initiatives of Change.

Confusion with Oxford Movement

The Oxford Group is occasionally confused with the Oxford Movement, an effort that began in the 19th century Anglican Church to encourage so-called High Church practice and demonstrate the Church's apostolic heritage. Though both had an association with members and students of the University of Oxford at different times in history, the Oxford Group and the Oxford Movement were unrelated.

References

1. ^ Sack, Daniel (2004). Men Want Something Real: Frank Buchman and Anglo-American College Religion in the 1920s. Journal of Religious History 28 (3), pp. 260–275.
2. ^ [1]
3. ^ Moral Rearmament. Time, September 19, 1938.
4. ^ Hartigan, Francis (2000). Bill W.: A Biography of Alcoholics Anonymous Cofounder Bill Wilson. New York: St. Martin's Press, pp. 78-79.
5. ^ Kurtz, Ernest (1988). AA: The Story, a revised edition of Not God: A History of Alcoholics Anonymous. New York: Harper & Row, p. 47.
6. ^ [2]
7. ^ Ibid.

External links

Oxford Movement was an affiliation of High Church Anglicans, most of which were members of the University of Oxford, who sought to demonstrate that the Church of England was a direct descendant of the Christian church established by the Apostles.
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Franklin Nathaniel Daniel Buchman (June 4, 1878 – August 7, 1961) was a Protestant Christian evangelist who founded the Oxford Group (known as Moral Re-Armament from 1938 until 2001, and as Initiatives of Change since).
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University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. for post-nominals, from "Oxoniensis"), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world.
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Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is an informal society for recovering alcoholics.[1] Members meet in local groups that vary in size from a handful to many hundreds of individuals.
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William Griffith Wilson (26 November 1895 - 24 January 1971) (also known as Bill Wilson or Bill W.), was the co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), a fellowship of self-help groups dedicated to helping alcoholics recover from their disease.
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Bob Smith (Robert Holbrook Smith, b. 8 August 1879; d. 16 November 1950) was a physician and surgeon from Akron, Ohio and co founder of Alcoholics Anonymous. He was also known as Dr. Bob.

He was born in St.
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Moral Re-Armament (MRA) was an international religious movement that, in 1938, grew out of the Reverend Frank N. D. Buchman's Oxford Group. Buchman headed the movement for 23 years, from 1938 until his death in 1961.
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Daphne du Maurier
Born: 13 May 1907

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Occupation: Novelist
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Up with People (UWP) is the name of both an organization and a musical performance, both related to each other.

The organization is fueled by troupes of international volunteers who sing and perform internationally.
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Initiatives of Change ("IofC") is a global organization dedicated to "building trust across the world's divides"[1] of culture, nationality, belief, and background.
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Oxford Movement was an affiliation of High Church Anglicans, most of which were members of the University of Oxford, who sought to demonstrate that the Church of England was a direct descendant of the Christian church established by the Apostles.
..... Click the link for more information.
Anglican Communion is a world-wide affiliation of Anglican Churches. There is no single "Anglican Church" with universal juridical authority, since each national or regional church has full autonomy.
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"High Church" relates to ecclesiology and liturgy in Christian theology and practice. Although now used with regard to many Christian denominations, it has traditionally been associated with the Anglican tradition in particular.
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University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. for post-nominals, from "Oxoniensis"), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world.
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