Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve

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Statue at Place d'Armes in Montreal, Canada.


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Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve
Paul Chomedey, sieur de Maisonneuve (February 15, 1612September 9, 1676) was a French military officer and the founder of Montreal.

He was born into the aristocracy in Neuville-sur-Vanne in Champagne, France. He joined the military at the age of thirteen and had a successful career where he was noted for his ability and his piety. He was hired by Jérome le Royer de la Dauversiere, a Jesuit who was head of the Société de Notre Dame de Montréal. Based on a vision had by Royer de la Dauversiere, the society was attempting to build a mission on the Montreal Island in New France. Maisonneuve was hired to lead the colonists and ensure their security.

In 1641 he left from La Rochelle and after a difficult crossing of the Atlantic arrived in Quebec City and spent the winter there. There the governor attempted to dissuade the missionaries and Maisonneuve warning them of the danger of a settlement in the heart of Iroquois territory. Maisonneuve scoffed at the dangers and the next May he and the colonists left for the island.

There they founded Ville-Marie, building a chapel and a small settlement. A hospital under the command of Jeanne Mance was also established. They maintained peaceful relations with the Algonquins and the first year of the colony's existence was peaceful. In 1643 a flood threatened the city, Maisonneuve prayed to the Virgin Mary to stop the inundation and when it abated he erected a cross atop Mount Royal, and a cross remains there to this day.

In 1643 the Iroquois discovered the settlement and a long conflict erupted between the French and the Natives that saw the colony severely threatened. Maisonneuve commanded its defence, using his military training. In 1644 he was almost killed when a group of thirty Montrealers were surrounded by over two hundred Iroquois and Maisonneuve barely managed to make it back to the safety of the fort.

In 1645 Maisonneuve received news that his father had died and he returned to France. While there he was offered the position of governor of New France, but turned it down waiting to continue his leadership of Ville-Marie. Maisonneuve returned to Montreal in 1647 and the wars with the Iroquois continued. By 1652, the colony at Montreal had been so reduced, he was again forced to return to France to raise 100 volunteers to return to Montreal the following year. If the effort had failed, Montreal was to be abandoned and the survivors re-located downriver to Quebec City. When these 100 arrived in the fall of 1653, the population of Montreal was barely 50 persons, including a Jacques Archambault, who dug the first water well of the island in 1658, upon request by Maisonneuve. Over time the colony grew in size and eventually was large enough to be secure from the Iroquois threat.

In control of the colony was taken from the missionary society and taken up by the crown in 1663. After twenty-four years at the head of the colony Maisonneuve was recalled to France in 1665. Settling in Paris he died in relative obscurity in 1676.

See also: French colonization of the Americas.

Honours

The Maisonneuve pavilion, a dormitory at the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean was named in his honour.

External links

February 15 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Ville de Montréal
City of Montreal


Flag
Coat of arms
Nickname: 5-1-4, MTL, Heavy MTL, Mount Real, Real City
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Champagne is a historic wine region in the northeast of France, best known for the production of the sparkling white wine that bears the region's name. The area is about 100 miles (160 km) east of Paris.
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Society of Jesus, (Latin: Societas Iesu, S.J. and S.I.) is a Christian religious order of the Roman Catholic Church in service to the universal Church, whose members are called Jesuits,
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The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. It is separated from Île Jésus (Laval) by the Rivière des Prairies.
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New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) was the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River, by Jacques Cartier in 1534, to the cession of New France to Spain and
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Commune of
La Rochelle

Location and Coat of arms


Location
Longitude 01° 09' 00" W
Latitude 46° 09' 37" N

Administration
Country  France

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Quebec City, Quebec
Ville de Québec, Québec


Flag
Coat of arms
Nickname: La Vieille Capitale
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125,000
(80,000 in the U.S.
45,000 in Canada)

Regions with significant populations
 Canada
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Jeanne Mance (November 12, 1606 – June 18, 1673) was a French settler in Montreal.

She was born in Langres, in eastern France. From the very beginning, Jeanne believed that God created her to serve Canada.
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Algonquins (or Algonkins) are an aboriginal North American people speaking Algonquin, an Algonquian language. Culturally and linguistically, they are closely related to the Odawa and Ojibwe, with whom they form the larger Anicinàpe grouping.
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Mount Royal
Mount Royal's eastern slope
Type Municipal
Location Montreal
Coordinates
Size 233 metres (764 feet)
Opened 1876
Operated by City of Montreal
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125,000
(80,000 in the U.S.
45,000 in Canada)

Regions with significant populations
 Canada
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Jacques Archambault (c. 1604 - February 15, 1688) was a French colonist in Montreal.

Archambault married (around 1629) Françoise Tourault, with whom he had many children.
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French colonization of the Americas began in the 16th century, and continued in the following centuries as France established a colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere.
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Dormitory typically refers in the United States to sleeping quarters or entire buildings primarily providing sleeping and residential quarters for large numbers of people, often boarding school, college or university students. The U.K.
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Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (CMR) is a Canadian military academy located in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec.

In fall 2007, the federal government will reopen the military college at Saint-Jean, which was closed in 1995.
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The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published by The Encyclopedia Press.
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