Pennsylvania Main Line



The Main Line is a collection of towns in the western suburbs of Philadelphia named after the Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad (currently Amtrak's Keystone Corridor and SEPTA's R5 line).

History

The area comprising the Main Line was once home to the Lenni Lenape Indians. The Main Line was settled by Europeans in the 1600s, when William Penn sold a tract of land (the Welsh Tract) to a group of Welsh Quakers for ten cents an acre.

The Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad (also known as the "Paoli Local") was constructed during the nineteenth century. At the time, the Railroad owned much of the land surrounding the tracks and encouraged the development of this picturesque environment. The construction of sprawling estates attracted Philadelphia elite, many of whom had one house in the city and another larger "country home" on the Main Line.

The railroad placed stops approximately two minutes apart starting with Overbrook. The surrounding communities became known for the railroad station names which started at Suburban Station in downtown Philadelphia and went on to 30th St. Station, and then the stops were named: Overbrook, Merion, Narberth, Wynnewood, Ardmore, Haverford, Bryn Mawr, Rosemont, Villanova, Radnor, St. Davids, Wayne, Strafford, Devon, Berwyn, Daylesford, finally ending at Paoli.

The actual railroad line then continued on with the major stops being Lancaster, Harrisburg and Pittsburgh. The railroad, since taken over by Amtrak, is still in service. It also serves the R5 line of the SEPTA Regional Rail.

The Main Line today

Today the Main Line is another name for the western suburbs of Philadelphia along Lancaster Avenue (U.S. Route 30) and the former Pennsylvania Railroad Main Line, extending from the city limits to approximately Paoli, Pennsylvania comprising an area of approximately 200 square miles. The upper/upper middle class enclave outside of Philadelphia is often believed to be the setting for the classic Hepburn/Grant/Stewart motion picture The Philadelphia Story. The principal municipalities comprising the Main Line are (from east to west) Lower Merion Township, Narberth Borough, Radnor Township, Tredyffrin Township, Easttown Township, and Village of Paoli. With diverse topography, steep cliffs along the Schuylkill River, rolling hills, and open meadows, the Main Line has benefited from the early planning of William Penn. The Main Line is known for its multimillion-dollar stone Colonial homes, exclusivity, and upscale shopping. The Main Line is also home to some of the best public and private schools in the state, and many small private colleges.

Main Line in Books, Movies, Music and Television

Communities on the Main Line

The Main Line proper is a line of communities extending northwest from the City of Philadelphia. From Philadelphia, the stations on what is now referred to as the R5 train line are: Overbrook,[1] Merion, Narberth, Wynnewood, Ardmore, Haverford and Bryn Mawr, which inspired the mnemonic "Old Maids Never Wed And Have Babies". The other rail line communities extending past Bryn Mawr are Rosemont, Villanova, Radnor, St. Davids, Wayne, Strafford, Devon, Berwyn, Daylesford, and Paoli.

In recent years, the R5 train service has extended to the west of Malvern.

Other communities, most notably Bala Cynwyd and Gladwyne are included in what is commonly accepted as the Main Line, as they both are typical Main Line communities and are adjacent to Main Line towns. Neither, however, is located on the rail line for which the area is named and therefore they may be considered culturally rather than geographically on the Main Line.

A list of communities on the Main Line follows:

School districts

Colleges and universities

Notes

1. ^ The community of Overbrook is a neighborhood within the city limits of Philadelphia and so is generally not regarded as being part of the Main Line.

External links

New Jersey Transit

Locale New Jersey, Rockland and Orange counties in New York,
interstate service to New York City, Philadelphia, and Wilmington
Transit type(s) Commuter rail, Light rail, Bus
Began operation 1979
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Erie Railroad

Reporting marks ERIE
Locale Jersey City, NJ to Chicago, IL
Dates of operation 1832 – 1960

Successor line Erie Lackawanna
Track gauge 4 ft 8 in (1435 mm) (standard gauge), converted from 6 ft (1829 mm) broad gauge on June 22,
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Long Island Rail Road

Reporting marks LI
Locale Long Island, New York
Dates of operation 1836 – present
(PRR-operated from 1928 to 1949)

Track gauge 4 ft 8 in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)

Headquarters Jamaica, New York The
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Flag
Seal
Nickname: "City of Brotherly Love", "The City that Loves you Back", "Cradle of Liberty", "The Quaker City", "The Birthplace of America", "Philly".
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The Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad was a rail line in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, connecting Philadelphia with Pittsburgh via Harrisburg. It is still an important cross-state corridor, composed of Amtrak's Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line and the Norfolk Southern
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Amtrak

Reporting marks AMTK, AMTZ
Locale Continental United States, as well as routes to Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal
Dates of operation 1971 – present

Track gauge 4 ft 8 in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)

Headquarters Washington, D.C.
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Keystone Corridor is a Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) "designated high speed corridor" with a 349-mile (562 km) railroad line between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with a top speed of 110 miles per hour (177 km/h).
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septum (Latin: something that encloses; plural Septa) is a partition separating two cavities or spaces. Examples include:
  • Nasal septum: the cartilage wall separating the nostrils of the human nose.

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The SEPTA R5 is a route of the SEPTA Regional Rail (commuter rail) system. One end of the route serves the western suburbs of Philadelphia, USA, and the other the northern suburbs.
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Lenape or Lenni-Lenape (later named Delaware Indians by Europeans) were, in the 1600s, loosely organized bands of Native American peoples with shared cultural and linguistic characteristics.
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William Penn (October 14, 1644 – July 30, 1718) was founder and "Absolute Proprietor" of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
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The Welsh Tract, also called the Welsh Barony, was a portion of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania settled largely by Welsh-speaking Quakers. It covers 40,000 acres (160 km²) to the north-west of Philadelphia.
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Religious Society of Friends, whose members are commonly known as Quakers was founded in England in the 17th century as a Christian religious denomination by people who were dissatisfied with the existing denominations and sects of Christianity.
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In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals 1/100 of various countries' basic monetary units. The word also refers to the coin which is worth one cent.

In the United States, Canada and Ireland, the 1¢ coin is generally known by the nickname penny
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Pennsylvania Railroad

Reporting marks PRR
Locale Chicago and St. Louis to New York City and Washington, DC
Dates of operation 1846 – 1968

Successor line Penn Central
Track gauge 4 ft 8 in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
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Flag
Seal
Nickname: "City of Brotherly Love", "The City that Loves you Back", "Cradle of Liberty", "The Quaker City", "The Birthplace of America", "Philly".
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Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Skyline of Lancaster city, dominated by the W.W. Griest Building.

Seal
Nickname: The Red Rose City
Location of Lancaster County in Pennsylvania
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Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Downtown Harrisburg and the Pennsylvania State Capitol, as seen from the Susquehanna River

Seal
Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates:
Country
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Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Flag
Seal
Nickname: City of Bridges, Steel City, City of Champions, The 'Burgh, Iron City, Steel Town, The College City, Roboburgh
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Amtrak

Reporting marks AMTK, AMTZ
Locale Continental United States, as well as routes to Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal
Dates of operation 1971 – present

Track gauge 4 ft 8 in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)

Headquarters Washington, D.C.
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U.S. Route 30

Lincoln Highway
Maintained by PennDOT, DRPA

324 mi (0 km)
1926 (1924 as PA 1; 1913 as the Lincoln Highway)

US 30 near Chester, WV

I-676/US 30 in Camden, NJ

Pennsylvania State Routes
< PA 29
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The Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad was a rail line in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, connecting Philadelphia with Pittsburgh via Harrisburg. It is still an important cross-state corridor, composed of Amtrak's Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line and the Norfolk Southern
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Paoli
Census-designated place |

Country | United States
State | Pennsylvania
County | Chester
Townships |
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IMDb profile
The Philadelphia Story is a 1940 romantic screwball comedy starring Cary Grant, Katharine Hepburn, and James Stewart. Based on a Broadway play of the same name by Philip Barry, the film is about a bride-to-be whose plans are complicated by the
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Lower Merion Township
Township |

Country | United States
State | Pennsylvania

County | Montgomery

Area | 23.
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Borough of Narberth
Borough |

Country | United States
State | Pennsylvania

County | Montgomery

Area | 0.
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Radnor Township
Township |

The main house at Chanticleer Garden in Radnor Township


Country | United States
State |
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Tredyffrin Township
Township |

Country | United States
State | Pennsylvania

County | Chester

Area | 19.
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Easttown Township
Township |

Country | United States
State | Pennsylvania

County | Chester

Area | 8.
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