Petah Tikva

Petah Tikva

Hebrewפֶּתַח תִּקְוָה 
(Standard)Pétaḥ Tiqwa
Name MeaningOpening of hope
Founded in1878
GovernmentCity (from 1937)
Also SpelledPetah Tiqwa (officially) Petach Tikvah (unofficially)
DistrictCenter
Population182,800 (2006)
Jurisdiction39,000 dunams (39 km)
MayorYitzhak Ohayon


Petah Tikva (Hebrew: פֶּתַח תִּקְוָה‎, "Doorway to Hope") known as Em Hamoshavot ("Mother of the Colonies"), is a city in the Center District of Israel, north-east of Tel Aviv. Petah Tikva's jurisdiction covers 39,000 dunams (39 km² or 15 mi²). The population density is 4,600 people per km². According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, as of September 30, 2006, the city's population stood at 182,800, growing at an annual rate of 2.6%.

Etymology

The name of Petah Tikva was chosen by its founders in 1878 from the prophecy of Hosea (2:15), "And I will give her vineyards from thence, and the Valley of Achor for an opening of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt."

Petah Tikva's emblem appears on a postage stamp designed by Yitzhak Goldenhirsch, a founding member of Petah Tikva. The plow symbolizes Petah Tikva's origins as an agricultural settlement, the field symbolizes the drying of the Yarkon River swamps and cultivation of the land, and the orange tree symbolizes Petah Tikva's citrus industry, starting with the first tree planted by Rabbi Arye Leib Frumkin.

History

Enlarge picture
Petah Tikva in 1912
Petah Tikva was founded in 1878 by religious pioneers from Jerusalem, who were led by Yehoshua Stampfer, Yoel-Moshe Salomon, Zerach Barnett and David Gutmann as well as Lithuanian Rabbi Aryeh Leib Frumkin. It was the first modern Jewish agricultural settlement in Ottoman Palestine and has since grown to become one of Israel's most populous urban centres.

Originally intending to establish a new settlement in the Achor Valley, near Jericho, the pioneers purchased land in that area. However, the Turkish Sultan cancelled the purchase and forbade them from settling there, but they retained the name Petah Tikva as a symbol of their aspirations.

Undaunted, the settlers purchased a modest area (3.40 square kilometers) from the village of Mulabbis (variants: Mlabbes, Um-Labbes), near the source of the Yarkon River. The Sultan allowed the enterprise to proceed, but because their purchase was located in what was a malarial swamp, they had to evacuate when the malaria spread, founding the town of Yehud near the Arabic village Yehudiyya about 20 kilometers to the south. With the financial help of Baron Edmond de Rothschild they were able to drain the swamps sufficiently to be able to move back in 1883, joined by immigrants of the First Aliyah, and later the Second Aliyah.

During World War I, Petah Tikva served as a refugee town for residents of Tel Aviv and Jaffa, following their exile by the Turkish authorities due to their refusal to serve the Turkish army to fight the invading British forces. The town suffered heavily as it lay between the Turkish and British fronts during the war.

Petah Tikva became the school for thousands of pioneer workers, who studied the craft of farming there before they ventured out to establish dozens of settlements in all parts of the country. The agricultural schools are still active to this day.

Petah Tikva was also the birthplace of the Labor Zionist Movement, inspired and encouraged by the writings of A. D. Gordon who lived in Petah Tikva before moving to Degania in the Galilee.

In the 1930s, the pioneering founders of Kibbutz Yavneh from the Religious Zionist movement immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine, settling near Petah Tikva on land purchased by a Jewish-owned German company. Refining the agricultural skills they learned in Germany, these pioneers began in 1941 to build their kibbutz in its intended location in the south of Israel, operating from Petah Tikva as a base.

In the beginning of the 1920s Petah Tikva began to urbanise, including the development of industrial zones. In 1921, Petah Tikva was given the status of a local council by the British authorities, and in 1937 it was recognized as a city. Its first mayor, Shlomo Stampfer, was the son of one of its founders, Yehoshua Stampfer.

After the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, several adjoining villages - Amishav and Ein Ganim to the east, Kiryat Matalon to the west, towards Bnei Brak, Kfar Ganim and Machaneh Yehudah to the south and Kfar Avraham on the north - were merged into the municipal boundaries of Petah Tikva, giving it a significant population boost to 22,000.

Economy

Petah Tikva has the second largest industrial sector in Israel (after Haifa), divided into three industrial zones - Kiryat Arye, Kiryat Matalon, and Segula. Industries include textiles, metalwork, carpentry, plastics, processed foods, tires and other rubber products, and soap. In the last few years many high-tech enterprises and start-ups have moved into the Petah Tikva industrial zone, including the Israeli headquarters for the Oracle Corporation, IBM, Intel, SanDisk, ECI Telecom, and GlaxoSmithKline Pharmecuticals.

One of Israel's leading food processing corporations Osem opened in Petah Tikva in 1976. Since then, it has been joined by Osem's administrative offices, distribution center and sauce factory.

The extensive citrus groves that once ringed the city have disappeared as real-estate developers acquired the land for construction projects. Many new neighborhoods are going up in and around Petah Tikva. A quarry for building stone is located east of Petah Tikva.

Communications

  • The headquarters of the Bezeq International international phone company is located in the Kiryat Matalon industial zone.
  • The headquarters of Golden Lines Internet Service Provider is located in the Kiryat Matalon industrial zone.
  • The headquarters of Internet Gold Internet Service Provider is located in the Segula industrial zone.
  • The headquarters of Tadiran Telecom is located in the Ramat Siv industrial zone.
  • Arutz Sheva, the right wing Religious Zionist Israeli media network operates an internet radio studio in Petah Tikva, where Arutz Sheva internet TV is located as well as the printing press for its B'Sheva newspaper.

Transportation

While Petah Tikva is not a major transportation hub, a large number of intercity Egged buses stop here and the city has a network of local buses operated by the Kavim company. The Dan bus company operates lines to Ramat Gan, Bnei Brak and Tel Aviv.

Petah Tikva's largest bus terminal is the Petah Tikva Central Bus Station, while other major stations are located near Beilinson Hospital and Beit Rivka. A rapid transit/light rail system is in the works which will connect Petah Tikva to Bnei Brak, Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv and Bat Yam.

Israel Railways maintains a suburban railroad station in Segula, on the north-western edge of the city, with trains available to Kfar Saba, Rosh HaAyin, Bnei Brak, Tel Aviv, Lod, Be'er Ya'aqov, Rishon LeZion, Ramla, Bet Shemesh, and Jerusalem.

There are eight taxi fleets based in Petah Tikva, and the city is bordered by three of the major vehicle arteries in Israel: Geha Highway (Highway 4) on the west, the Trans-Samaria Highway (Highway 5) on the north, and the Trans-Israel Highway (Highway 6) on the east.

Petah Tikva is less than half an hour's drive away from Israel's major international airport, Ben Gurion International Airport in Lod.

Local government

Petah Tikva's history of government goes back to 1880, when the pioneers elected a council of seven members to run the new colony. From from 1880 to 1921, members of the council were David Meir Guttman, Yehoshua Stampfer, Ze'ev Brenda, Abraham Ze'ev Lipkis, Yitzhak Goldenhirsch, Chaim Cohen-Rice, Moshe Gissin, Shlomo Zalman Gissin and Akiva Librecht. This governing body was declared a local council in 1921, and Petah Tikva became a city in 1937.

The following have served as chairmen of the local council (1921-1937) and mayors (1937-date):

Type Name Years
Head of councilShlomo Zalman Gissin1921
Head of councilPinchas Meiri1922-1928
Head of councilShlomo Stampfer1928-1937
MayorShlomo Stampfer1938-1940
MayorYosef Sapir1940-1950
MayorMordechai Kraufman1951
MayorPinchas Rashish1951-1966
MayorYisrael Feinberg1966-1978
MayorDov Tavori1978-1989
MayorGiora Lev1989-1999
MayorYitzhak Ohayon1999-date

Kadima party headquarters

Kadima, the political party founded by former Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon and now headed by the current prime minister, Ehud Olmert, has its headquarters in Petah Tikva.[1]

Education

Petah Tikva is home to 300 educational institutions from kindergarten through high school, catering to the secular, religious and Haredi populations. There are over 43,000 students enrolled in these schools, which are staffed by some 2,400 teachers. In 2006, five schools participated in the nationwide Mofet program, which promotes academic excellence. Petah Tikva has nine public libraries, the main one located in the city hall building.

Religion

Some 5,000 Orthodox Jews live in Petah Tikva. The community of Petah Tikva is served by 300 synagogues[2], including the 100-year old Great Synagogue [3], six mikvaot (ritual baths) [4] and two major Haredi yeshivot, Lomzhe Yeshiva and Or-Yisrael (founded by the Chazon Ish, Rabbi Avraham Yeshayahu Karelitz). Yeshivat Hesder Petah Tikva, a modern-orthodox Hesder Yeshiva affiliated with the Religious Zionist movement, directed by Rabbi Yuval Sherlo, is also located in Petah Tikva. Petah Tikva's two cemeteries are Segula Cemetery to the east and the Yarkon Cemetery, to the northeast.

Landmarks and cultural institutions

Sports

Petah Tikva has two soccer teams - Hapoel Petah Tikva F.C. and Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C.. The local baseball team, the Petach Tikva Pioneers, plays in the Israel Baseball League.

Health

Petah Tikva has the most extensive health coverage of any city in Israel, relative to the size of its population. It has six hospitals :
  • The Rabin Medical Center:
  • Beilinson Campus
  • Beilinson Medical Center
  • Davidoff Oncologic Center
  • Geha Psychiatric Hospital
  • Schneider Pediatric Hospital[1]
  • Tel Aviv University Medical Research Facility
  • Golda Campus, containing HaSharon Hospital
  • Beit Rivka geriatric center
  • Institute for medical research of Kupat Holim sick fund
  • Ramat Marpe Private Hospital - a division of Assuta Hospital
The Schneider Pediatric Centre is the largest and most modern children's hospital in the Middle East In addition, there are many family health clinics throughout the city and suburbs, and many Kupat Holim clinics run by different Health maintenance organizations.

Terrorist incidents

During the Al-Aqsa Intifada, Petah Tikva suffered three terrorist attacks. On May 27, 2002 a suicide bomber blew himself up at a small cafe outside a shopping mall, leaving two dead, including a baby.[1] On December 25, 2003 a suicide bomber blew himself up at a bus stop near the Geha bridge, killing 4 civilians.[2] On February 5, 2006 a Palestinian got into a Sherut taxi, pulled out a knife and began stabbing passengers. A worker from a nearby factory hit him with a log, subduing him. Two civilians died.[3]

Sister cities

Famous residents

Miscellaneous

Enlarge picture
Bobsfog (the Israeli version of SpongeBob SquarePants at the World Record attempt on Yom Haatzmaut in 2006

References

1. ^ [2]
2. ^ [3]
3. ^ [4]
4. ^ [5] list of mikvaot in religious services

External links

Coordinates:
Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
Official status
Official language of:  Israel
Regulated by: Academy of the Hebrew Language

..... Click the link for more information.
Tel Aviv-Jaffa
Haifa
Rishon Lezion

..... Click the link for more information.
districts of Israel, known in Hebrew as mehozot (מחוזות; singular: mahoz) and fifteen sub-districts known as nafot (נפות; singular: nafa).
..... Click the link for more information.
Center District (Hebrew: מחוז המרכז‎, Meḥoz haMerkaz) of Israel is one of six administrative districts, including most of the Sharon region.
..... Click the link for more information.
A dunam or dönüm, dunum, donum is a unit of area used in the Ottoman Empire and still used, in various standardized versions, in many countries formerly part of the Ottoman Empire.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
Official status
Official language of:  Israel
Regulated by: Academy of the Hebrew Language

..... Click the link for more information.
Center District (Hebrew: מחוז המרכז‎, Meḥoz haMerkaz) of Israel is one of six administrative districts, including most of the Sharon region.
..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Hatikvah
The Hope


Capital
(and largest city) Jerusalem

Official languages Hebrew, Arabic
Demonym Israeli
..... Click the link for more information.
Tel Aviv-Yafo (Hebrew: תֵּל־אָבִיב-יָפוֹ[2]
..... Click the link for more information.
Israel

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Israel


  • Basic Laws
  • Jerusalem Law
  • Law of Return
  • President of Israel
  • Shimon Peres

..... Click the link for more information.
September 30 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.

..... Click the link for more information.
20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2003 2004 2005 - 2006 - 2007 2008 2009

2006 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
..... Click the link for more information.
Tanakh
Torah | Nevi'im | Ketuvim
Books of Nevi'im
First Prophets
1. Joshua
2. Judges
3. Samuel
4. Kings
Later Prophets
5. Isaiah
6. Jeremiah
7.
..... Click the link for more information.
A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. Usually a small paper rectangle or square that is attached to an envelope, the postage stamp signifies that the person sending the letter or package may have either fully, or perhaps partly, pre-paid for delivery.
..... Click the link for more information.
Yarkon River (Hebrew: נחל הירקון‎, Nahal HaYarkon)
Yarqon River
..... Click the link for more information.
Jerusalem (Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם  , Yerushaláyim; Arabic:
..... Click the link for more information.
Yehoshua Stampfer (1852 - 1908) was one of the founders of the city of Petah Tikva in Israel. Petah Tikva was founded in 1878 and is nicknamed "Mother of Settlements" since it was the first renewed modern Jewish agricultural settlement in Palestine at the time.
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"Tautos jėga vienybėje"
"The strength of the nation lies in unity"
Anthem
Tautiška giesmė


..... Click the link for more information.
Ottoman Empire or Ottoman Caliphate (1299 to 1922) (Old Ottoman Turkish: دولت عالیه عثمانیه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish:
..... Click the link for more information.
Achor - meaning trouble in Hebrew, is the name of a valley in the vicinity of Jericho. Eusebius (in Onomasticon) and Jerome (in Book of Sites and Names of Hebrew Places
..... Click the link for more information.
Jericho
أريحا יְרִיחו?

Near central Jericho

..... Click the link for more information.
Yarkon River (Hebrew: נחל הירקון‎, Nahal HaYarkon)
Yarqon River
..... Click the link for more information.
Malaria
Classification & external resources

Plasmodium falciparum ring-forms and gametocytes in human blood.
ICD-10 B 50.
ICD-9 084

OMIM 248310
DiseasesDB 7728
MedlinePlus 000621
eMedicine med/1385   emerg/305 ped/1357
..... Click the link for more information.
Yehud (Hebrew: יהוד) is a city in the Center District of Israel in Israel. The population of Yehud was in 2007 approximately 25,600 (not including Neve Monosson - see below).
..... Click the link for more information.
Baron Edmond Benjamin James de Rothschild (August 19, 1845 - November 2, 1934) was a philanthropist and activist for Jewish affairs and a member of the prominent Rothschild family.
..... Click the link for more information.
Aliyah to Israel and settlement

Prior to the founding of Israel
Pre-Zionist Aliyah The Yishuv First Aliyah Second Aliyah During WWI Third Aliyah Fourth Aliyah Fifth Aliyah During WWII Aliyah Bet

After the founding of Israel
..... Click the link for more information.
Aliyah to Israel and settlement

Prior to the founding of Israel
Pre-Zionist Aliyah The Yishuv First Aliyah Second Aliyah During WWI Third Aliyah Fourth Aliyah Fifth Aliyah During WWII Aliyah Bet

After the founding of Israel
..... Click the link for more information.
European
Balkans – Western Front – Eastern Front – Italian Front
Middle Eastern
Caucasus – Mesopotamia – Sinai and Palestine – Gallipoli – Persia
African
..... Click the link for more information.
Jaffa (Hebrew: יָפוֹ, Yafo Arabic: يَافَا Yāfā  ; also Japho
..... Click the link for more information.
Socialism

Currents
Communism
Democratic socialism
Eco-socialism
Guild socialism
Libertarian socialism
Market socialism
Revolutionary socialism
Social democracy
Utopian socialism


..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.